USS Tallulah - Geskiedenis

USS Tallulah - Geskiedenis



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Tallulah
(AO-50: dp. 21.650 (tl.), 1. 523'6 "; b. 68'0", dr. 30'10 "(lim.), S. 14.5 k, cpl. 338, a. 1 5 ", 4 3", cl. Suamico: T. T2-SE-A1)

Tallulah (AO-50) is op 1 Desember 1941 neergelê ingevolge 'n Maritime Commission-kontrak (MC-romp 321) te Chester, Pa., Deur die Sun Shipbuilding ~ Drydock Co .; gelanseer op 25 Junie 1942, geborg deur mev. H. Bowing, verkry deur die vloot op 30 Julie 1942; en in opdrag op 5 September 1942 het Comdr. Jesse B. Goode in bevel.

Nadat sy by New York uitgekom het, het sy opleiding in Norfolk uitgevoer. Tallulah het op 17 Oktober 1942 na New York begin met Chemung (AO 30), Jenkins (DD-447) en Chevalier (DD-451). 'N Week later vertrek sy uit New York in geselskap met 32 ​​handelskepe wat deur HMS Havalock en vier korvette begelei word en ry verder via Guantanamo Bay, Kuba en Aruba na Panama. Sy het op 9 November deur die kanaal gegaan en drie dae by Balboa gebly. Op die 12de is sy weswaarts, via Bora Bora in die Society Islands, na Nieu-Caledonië. Tallulah het van 12 tot 19 Desember in Noumea gebly; Daarna het sy na die weskus gegaan en op 4 Januarie 1943 in San Francisco aangekom.

Gedurende die volgende jaar het sy nog vyf reise heen en weer na die Suidelike Stille Oseaan onderneem. Op drie hiervan het die oliemotor vliegtuie saam met haar gewone olievrag vervoer. Op die eerste van die vyf, van 4 Januarie tot 19 Maart, het die olieman die Salomonseilande besoek, benewens Nieu -Caledonië en Espiritu Santo. Op 15 Februarie, net nadat sy na Guadalcanal moes gaan, het een van haar begeleiers 'n duikbootkontak aangemeld en aangeval. Laat die middag duik Japannese torpedo -bomwerpers op die konvooi in enkelspel en pare; maar die geallieerde skepe het radikaal gemanoeuvreer en 'n hael vuurwapenvuur opgestel. Tallulah het geen treffers gekry nie, en die naaste torpedo het 12 meter agter hom verbygesteek. Vir die dag se optrede het haar kanonniers een sprankel en nog twee moontlike moordenaars geëis. Sy het by Lunga Point aangekom en op die 18de begin met brandstof. Die volgende week het sy tussen Guadaleanal, Florida Island en Tulagi getrek en die skepe aangevuur wat die stryd om Guadalcanal ondersteun. Op 27 Februarie bereik sy Espiritu Santo en gaan drie dae later terug na die Verenigde State.

Die middelste seereise was grootliks sonder probleme. Sy seil van die weskus met olie, winkels en vliegtuie na verskillende basisse in die Suidelike Stille Oseaan. Benewens Noumea het die olieman Samoa, Fidji en Efate besoek. Op 16 Oktober vertrek sy uit San Pedro, Kalifornië, op haar vyfde en laaste heen- en terugreis, en arriveer op 5 November in die hawe van Havannah, Efate-eiland, en bly daar vir agt dae om die skepe in die hawe aan te brand. Op die 13de het sy begin met die brandstof op see onderweg na Funafuti in die Ellice-eilande, waar sy vier dae later geanker het. Van 19 tot 21 November was sy weer by Task Group (TG) 50.4 op see. Na nog vier dae om skepe by Funafuti te laat brand, staan ​​sy uit die hawe om die tenks oorlogskepe aan te vul wat die inval van die Gilbert -eilande ondersteun gedurende die eerste week in Desember. Na voltooiing van die taak het die olieman via Pearl Harbor teruggegaan na San Pedro, Kalifornië.

Op 13 Januarie 1944, na 'n kort opknapping, het sy weer die westelike koste verlaat. Hierdie keer was haar bestemming egter die sentrale Stille Oseaan. Gedurende die volgende vyf maande het Tallulah olie en vrag van Pearl Harbor na die voorwaartse ankerplek in die nuut gewende Majuro -atol gestuur. Vroeg in Junie was daar ook ankerplekke verder wes by Kwajalein en Eniwetok gevestig. Op 3 Junie vertrek sy uit Majuro, en na 'n tussenstop by Kwajalein van 4 tot 13 Junie, arriveer sy op 14de in Eniwetok. Die volgende dag het sy elemente van die 5de vloot op die see gestook net voor die Filippynse seefase van die Marianas -veldtog. Tydens daardie geveg het die draers van die Task Force 68 die rug van Japanse seevliegtuie eens en vir altyd gebreek. Twee dae na die groot luggeveg het sy TG 58.3 aangevul, gebou rondom twee van die magtige oorwinnaars, Enterprise (CV-6) en Lexington (CV-16). Van 1 tot 27 Julie het sy brandstofbedrywighede in en om Eniwetok uitgevoer en daarna na die weskus gegaan.

Stoomend via Pearl Harbor, het Tallulah op 11 Augustus Terminal Island, Kalifornië, bereik en begin met opknapping. Sy het op 26 September weer uitgestaan ​​en, nadat sy 'n seevaart onderweg aangevuur het, weer op 4 Oktober Pearl Harbor binnegekom. Sy het oornag en die volgende oggend verder gegaan na die westelike Stille Oseaan. Na 'n stop by Eniwetok die aand van 13 en 14 Oktober, bereik sy Ulithi op die 19de. Op 4 November vaar sy weer ter see om die Leyte -aanval te ondersteun. Tallulah keer op 17 November terug na die strandmeer by Ulithi en bly tot die 23ste.

Op die 20ste, terwyl sy nog in die Ulithi -strandmeer was, is die ankerplek aan 'n kaiten -aanval onderwerp. Minstens drie van die eenman-onderzeese stropers is gesink. Mississinewa (AO-59), veranker van Tallulah se stuurboog, het net voor 0600 geslaan en teen 0900 was dit onder in die strandmeer. Tallulah het slaapplekke verskuif om vlam en vlieënde puin te vermy, terwyl lede van haar bemanning die oorlewendes van die gesinkte oliehouer bygestaan ​​het.

Op 23 November het die oliehouer op pad na Hollandia, Nieu -Guinee, waar sy 'n maand lank aan oefeninge en brandstofbedrywighede deurgebring het. Sy het op 30 Desember uit Nieu-Guinee vertrek en via Mangarinbaai, Mindoro, gestoom-na die Lingayen-golf, Luzon. Sy ondersteun die inval in Luzon tot einde Januarie 1945 toe sy terugkeer na Ulithi. Op 1 Februarie is Tallulah oorgeplaas van die 7de na die 5de vloot vir die Iwo Jima -inval. Sy het die 16de in die see gesteek en brandstof-tot-see-operasies uitgevoer tot 3 Maart, toe sy teruggekeer het na Ulithi vir onderhoud. Tien dae later verlaat sy weer die strandmeer en hervat die vloot.

Vir die res van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog werk Tallulah vanaf die basis by Ulithi ter ondersteuning van die invalsmagte in Okinawa en die Fast Carrier Task Force tydens sy aanvalle op Japan en haar voorposte in China en Suidoos -Asië. Sy keer af en toe terug na Ulithi vir onderhoud en vars olie. Toe haar tenks vol was, het sy haar kosbare vrag na die vegmagte geneem. Benewens Ulithi, besoek sy die basis by Leyte Gulf, die voorste basis by Kerama Retto, net wes van Okinawa- en Bucknerbaai op die eiland self.

Die oorlog in die Stille Oseaan het op 15 Augustus geëindig, terwyl Tallulah brandstofbedrywighede in Bucknerbaai uitgevoer het. Sy het nog 'n heen- en terugreis na Ulithi gemaak, tussen 17 Augustus en 1 September, en het op die 20ste noordwaarts gevaar om skepe aan te dryf wat in die omgewing van Jinsen, Korea, werk. Gedurende die daaropvolgende drie maande besoek sy China-by Taku Bar, die Golf van Pohai, en Tsingtao-asook Nagoya, Kure, Yokohama en Yokosuka in Japan. Op 14 Desember staan ​​Tallulah uit Yokohama op pad na Pearl Harbor en huis toe.

Kort nadat sy teruggekeer het na die Verenigde State, is Tallulah op 2 April 1946 uit diens gestel. Op 3 Oktober is sy aan die War Shipping Administration oorgedra en haar naam is van die Navy -lys geskrap. Op 2 Februarie 1948 is sy egter weer deur die vloot verkry en op 1 Oktober 1949 oorgeplaas na die Militêre Seevervoeringsdiens, nou die Militêre Seëlhyser

Opdrag, om te dien as USNS Tallulah (TAO-50). Sedert daardie tyd beman deur 'n burgerlike bemanning, het sy die oseane van die wêreld gelê, die meeste groot hawens besoek en die vloot voorsien van olie en ander belangrike vloeibare vragte. Tallulah is in Mei 1975 by die vloot van die Maritieme Administrasie in James River, Va., Aangewys, waar sy tot Oktober 1979 gebly het.

Tallulah het tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog sewe gevegsterre verdien.


Suamico-klas oliehouer

Die Suamico klas was 'n klas van 25 Amerikaanse vlootolieerders tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog. Gebou aan die Maritieme Kommissie T2-SE-A1 (Suamico klas), -A2 (Escambia klas) en -A3 (Cohocton) ontwerpe, gebruik hulle turbo-elektriese transmissie, wat die noodsaaklikheid van reduktorsing vermy het, wat 'n groot probleem was in die Amerikaanse massaproduksie-skeepsbou.

    , Chester, Pennsylvania, Sausalito, Kalifornië
  • 5,782 lang ton (5,875 t) lig
  • 21.880 lang ton (22.231 t) vol
  • 1x5 "/38 kaliber dubbele doelwapen
  • 4 x 3 "/50 kaliber gewere
  • 4 × tweeling 40 mm gewere
  • 4 × tweeling 20 mm gewere

Tallulah Bankhead

Ons redakteurs gaan na wat u ingedien het, en bepaal of hulle die artikel moet hersien.

Tallulah Bankhead, tenvolle Tallulah Brockman Bankhead, (gebore 31 Januarie 1902, Huntsville, Alabama, VS - oorlede op 12 Desember 1968, New York, New York), Amerikaanse aktrise wat net so beroemd was vir haar persoonlike lewe as vir haar teaterprestasies.

Bankhead, die dogter van die kongreslid van Alabama en toekomstige speaker van die Huis William Brockman Bankhead, is vernoem na haar ouma aan vaderskant, wie se naam geïnspireer is deur Tallulah Falls, Georgia. Ondanks die streng opvoeding van die klooster, was Bankhead 'n moedswillige, eiesinnige kind met 'n merkwaardige geleentheid om aandag te trek. Nadat sy op 15 -jarige ouderdom 'n plaaslike skoonheidskompetisie gewen het, het sy haar foto by 'n film -tydskrif ingedien en gevolglik 'n paar rolprente in 'n paar stille films wat in 1918 gemaak is. Dieselfde jaar maak sy haar debuut op Broadway in Squab Farm. Alhoewel sy nie opleiding en dissipline gehad het nie, het sy 'n skitterende teenwoordigheid op die verhoog, en haar stemmige stem het 'n fassinerende kontras met haar mooi voorkoms. Met 'n vinnige klim na ster, het sy net so bekendheid verwerf vir haar spitsvondige uitgesprokenheid en haar onvermoeide partytjie.

In 1923 reis sy na Engeland om teenoor Gerald DuMaurier in te verskyn Die tou dansers en daardeur begin wat moontlik die mees skouspelagtige Londense verhoogloopbaan van die 1920's was. Haar berekend verregaande openbare gedrag, haar veelvuldige romanse en haar gewoonte om skraal lingerie op die verhoog te dra, of die draaiboek dit vereis of nie, het haar aanhangers geliefd gemaak - veral haar eie kleed, "The Gallery Girls", wat by elke optrede verskyn het hul lawaaierige afgodediens terwyl hulle haar afvalliges irriteer. Na 'n opeenvolging van middelmatige "seksdramas" wat min eise aan haar talent gestel het, het Bankhead haar kritici verwar met haar briljante optrede as 'n onrustige jong kelnerin in die Londense produksie van Sidney Howard's Hulle het geweet wat hulle wou hê (1925).

In 1931 keer sy terug na die Verenigde State om in films vir Paramount en MGM te speel. Onverklaarbaar het die ateljeebestuurders probeer om haar te omskep in 'n 'tweede Marlene Dietrich', wat tot gevolg gehad het dat melodramas soos My sonde (1931) en Duiwel en die diepte (1932). Toe sy opgee op Hollywood, keer Bankhead terug na Broadway, waar sy die een na die ander stadium se triomf kry. Haar teaterloopbaan bereik sy hoogtepunt met haar optredes in Die klein jakkalsies (1939) en Die vel van ons tande (1942), wat albei aan haar die New York Drama Critics Circle -toekenning besorg het. Dit was ook gedurende hierdie tydperk dat sy kortliks met die akteur John Emery getroud was. In 1943 besluit sy om Hollywood weer 'n tweede poging te gee; die uitslae was teleurstellend, met die opvallende uitsondering van haar uitstekende veelsydige optrede in Alfred Hitchcock se Reddingsboot (1944). Sy het aansienlik meer sukses op die netwerkradio geniet, en was die gasheer van die all-star-reeks Die groot vertoning (1950–52).

Teen die laat veertigerjare en vroeë vyftigerjare het Bankhead se hedonistiese leefstyl en oormatige drinkery sy tol geëis. Sy het gesê: "My pa het my gewaarsku oor mans en drank, maar hy het nooit 'n woord oor vroue en kokaïen genoem nie." Die meeste van haar Broadway-pogings gedurende hierdie dekade was flops, en kritici het gekla dat sy 'n selfkarikatuur geword het. Sy het haar loopbaan kop bo water gehou deur 'n topverkoper-outobiografie te publiseer, terwyl sy in toneelstukke soos Privaat lewe (1948) en Beste Charles (1955) en die hoofrol van haar eie nagklub -optrede. In 1965 maak sy haar laaste rolprentverskyning deur 'n moorddadige godsdienstige fanatikus in die Britse riller Sterf! Sterf! My liefling! Tallulah Bankhead se laaste waarnemende opdragte bevat 'n "spesiale gaste -skurk" in die TV -reeks Batman (1966–68) toe sy meegedeel is dat die reeks as 'n hoë kamp beskou word, was haar antieke Tallulah -antwoord: 'Vertel my nie van die kamp nie, dahling! Ek het dit uitgevind! ”

Die redakteurs van Encyclopaedia Britannica Hierdie artikel is onlangs hersien en bygewerk deur Amy Tikkanen, bestuurder van korreksies.


Tallulahrivier

Die Tallulah -rivier is 'n 47,7 myl lange (76,8 km) [1] rivier in Georgia en Noord-Carolina. Dit begin in Clay County, Noord -Carolina, naby Standing Indian Mountain in die suidelike Nantahala -wildernis en vloei suidwaarts na Georgië en steek die staatslyn na Towns County. [2] Die rivier loop deur Rabun County en eindig in Habersham County. Dit sny deur die Tallulah Dome -rotsformasie om die Tallulah -kloof en sy verskeie watervalle (gesamentlik bekend as Tallulah -watervalle) te vorm. Die Tallulah -rivier kruis met die Chattooga -rivier om die Tugaloo -rivier by die Tugalo -meer in Habersham County te vorm. Dit sluit aan by die Seneca -rivier van South Carolina by die Hartwell -meer (ook geskep deur 'n damoploop) om die Savannah -rivier te vorm, wat suidooswaarts in die Atlantiese Oseaan vloei.

Van die oploop tot die samevloeiing met die Tugaloo -rivier, die Tallulah -rivier is ongeveer 77 myl lank. Die Tallulah -rivierkom dreineer ongeveer 480 km2, soos gemeet by die Tallulah Falls -hidro -elektriese aanleg in Habersham County, Georgia, naby die onderkant van die Tallulah -kloof. [3]

Die onderste deel van die rivier bevat 'n string mensgemaakte mere langs die rivier wat geskep is deur hidro-elektriese damme wat deur Georgia Power bedryf word. Die eerste (en noordelikste) meer in die reeks is Lake Burton, gevolg deur Lake Seed, Lake Rabun en Lake Tallulah Falls. Vanaf die Tallulah Falls -meer vloei die onderste deel van die rivier deur die Tallulah -kloof en eindig nou as 'n arm van die Tugalo -meer, die ander deel van die meer word gevorm deur die Chattooga -rivier. Vanaf 'n punt ongeveer 0,80 myl stroomaf van die dam vir die Tallulah Falls -meer, volg die grenslyn tussen die provinsies Habersham en Rabun die loop van die Tallulah -rivier tot sy einde.

Die boonste stroomgebied van die Tallulah -rivier loop uit na die gedeelte van die Tallulah -rivier wat stroomop van die Burtonmeer is. Dit sluit in die noordwestelike Rabun County, noordoostelike Towns County en 'n deel van Clay County, Noord -Carolina. Die United States Geological Survey versamel data vir die boonste Tallulah -rivierkom vanaf die meetstasie op die punt waar die rivier Plum Orchardweg kruis. [4] Die boonste stroomgebied van die Tallulah -rivier bevat 'n gedeelte van die rivier wat ongeveer 23 km lank is, wat 'n oppervlakte van 146 km² beslaan. [2] [5] Jaarliks ​​kry die gebied minstens 72 sentimeter reënval en is dit heeltemal binne die grense van die Chattahoochee National Forest. Ongeveer 'n derde van die grond val in die suidelike Nantahala-wildernis en ongeveer 'n vyfde is in private besit. [2] Die primêre sytakke van die Tallulah -rivier in Rabun County is Colemanrivier en Persimmon Creek.

Die boonste Tallulah -rivierkom is net so skilderagtig soos ruig. Die hoogste hoogtes word aangetref in Noord -Carolina op Standing Indian Mountain, hoogte van 4999 voet, waar die golwe van die Tallulah -rivier geleë is. [2] Nadat hy in Georgia gekom het en deur die ou myn- en houtkapstad Tate City, Georgia in die ooste van Towns County, gegaan het, loop die rivier in wat bekend staan ​​as die boonste kloof van Tallulah, of die Rock Mountain Gorge. [6] Hierdie boonste "kloof" is baie minder dramaties as die meer bekende Tallulah -kloof. Dit begin net stroomop van die samevloeiing van die rivier met Colemanrivier en loop amper 5 km verby Rock Mountain aan die westekant van die rivier. Die skilderagtige "kloof" is toeganklik via 'n rit langs die Tallulahrivierpad (Forest Service Road 70). Die Tallulah River Road volg 'n ou spoorwegbed voordat dit eindig in die Southern Nantahala Wilderness [6] en bied die enigste toegang tot Tate City, Noord -Carolina. Die boonste Tallulah-rivierkom, wat vandag swaar bebos is, is in die dertigerjare byna kaal gestroop deur 'n duidelike houtkap voordat die Chattahoochee National Forest opgerig is. [2]

Alhoewel Georgiërs al lankal aangeneem het dat Tallulah 'n Cherokee -taalwoord was, gegewe die prominensie van die geskiedenis van Cherokee in die staat, betwis geleerdes die afleiding van die naam van die rivier. Hierdie gebied was lank deel van die uitgebreide Cherokee -tuislande in die suidooste. Toerisme -promotors in die laat 19de eeu het dit gesê tallulah beteken "donderende waters" in Cherokee. Sommige geleerdes het dit later teoretiseer tallulah beteken 'verskriklik' in Cherokee, of is moontlik afgelei van 'n aantal ander woorde. Dit is meer waarskynlik dat daar geen vertaling vir die woord is nie. [7] Dit het geen betekenis by Cherokee nie.

Maar antropoloë glo nou dat die woord waarskynlik afkomstig is van die Okonee -woord talula, wat 'stad' beteken. Die Okonee -mense het honderde jare voor die koms van die Cherokee noordoos -Georgië en noordwestelike Suid -Carolina beset.

Gebaseer op argeologiese studies, blyk dit dat die Cherokee byvoorbeeld in die middel tot laat 16de eeu 'n deel van hul vaderland gevestig het. dag Noord -Carolina. [8]

Die Overhill Cherokee het ook die term gebruik, en dit was bekend dat hulle 'n stad met die naam Tallulah gehad het, geleë aan die gedeelte van die Klein Tennessee wat aan die westekant van die Appalachiese berge gevloei het. Muscogee Creek het ook 'n deel van hierdie gebied beset voordat dit deur die Cherokee uitgestoot is. [9]


Diensgeskiedenis [wysig | wysig bron]

Tweede Wêreldoorlog [wysig | wysig bron]

Na vier maande se inpassing en afskud, Woodworth het die res van 1942 in die suidwestelike Stille Oseaan gebied begelei. Sy stop by baie hawens tussen Australië en Guadalcanal. Woodworth was in Januarie 1943 verbonde aan die Task Force (TF) 65 en het patrollies en oefeninge by die westelike ingang van Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides uitgevoer.

Op 2 Februarie, Woodworth oorgegee aan die beheer van vise -admiraal Richard P. Leary, wat TF 69 uit sy vlagskip beveel het, New Mexico. Twee dae later is die formasie saamgevoeg met TF 18 bestaande uit Wichita, twee vliegdekskepe, drie ligte kruisers en vier vernietigers. 'N Olieman en nog 'n vernietiger het ook op die 5de aangesluit. Februarie was gewy aan die patrolleer en begeleiding van vervoer in waters tussen die Salomonseilande en die Nuwe Hebrides. Na vervoer op 1 Maart na die Fidji -eilande, Woodworth keer terug na Espiritu Santo op die 13de en sluit aan by TF 15 wat georganiseer is Onderneming. Woodworth het op 21 Maart die hawe by Espiritu Santo binnegekom en die volgende dag met die beskikbaarheid van tender begin. Op 3 April het sy teruggekeer na die Solomons, waar sy op die 5de in Tulagi aangekom het vir toegangspatrollie. Die volgende dag, Woodworth begelei Tappahannock na Kukum en daarna haar patrollie hervat.

Op die 7de, terwyl ek begelei word Tappahannock in die omgewing van Solomons, Woodworth het onder vyandelike lugaanval gekom deur ses vliegtuie noord van die eiland Rua Sura. Vier bomme het naby aan boord geval Tappahannock. Twee het die see aan stuurboord getref en aansienlike water oor die skip gegooi. Die aanval, wat ongeveer vier minute geduur het, het geen personeellede en slegs geringe materiële skade veroorsaak. Woodworth het die res van April en begin Mei deurgebring in taktiese oefenings, begeleiding en patrollie in waters tussen die Nieu -Hebrides en Nieu -Caledonië. Van 8 Mei tot 29 Junie, Woodworth vervoer vervoer met versterkings na Guadalcanal en het gehelp om TF 10 - bestaande uit twee draers, drie slagskepe, een kruiser en verskeie vernietigers - na Nouméa te vertoon. Woodworth vervolg na Auckland, Nieu -Seeland, waar sy 'n beperkte beskikbaarheid ondergaan het voordat sy begelei het Tallulah na Nouméa. Woodworth Vervolgens gekeurde vervoer wat stoom van Espiritu Santo na Guadalcanal.

Op 30 Junie, terwyl amfibiese magte na Rendova -eiland, Salomonseilande begelei word, Woodworth het onder 'n lugaanval gekom deur 12 lae-vlieënde Japannese torpedobomwerpers. Woodworth Sy maneuvers het haar in staat gestel om die torpedo's te vermy, en sy het slegs een personeellid en blote oppervlakkige skade opgedoen as gevolg van drie masjiengeweer treffers.

Op 2 Julie 1943 het Woodworth en Jenkins Japanse posisies op Wickham -eiland, Vonguna, New Georgia, gebombardeer om die troepe aan wal te bevorder. Die volgende dag, Woodworth het na Tulagi gevaar, by Port Purvis en Rendova -hawe aangekom en op 5 Julie 1943 by Rice Anchorage aangekom om aan die eerste landingsoperasies daar deel te neem. Later die dag is sy op pad na Port Purvis. Op 11 Julie, Woodworth, saam met Kilty, Crosby, en Schley, het deelgeneem aan die tweede landingsoperasies by Rice Anchorage. Terwyl ons die volgende oggend terugkeer na Guadalcanal, Taylor aangevuur, diepte gelaai, maar kon nie sink nie Ek-25.

Op 13 Julie, as deel van Task Group (TG) 36.1, het Wood-worth deelgeneem aan die Slag van Kolombangara, een van 'n reeks vlootverbintenisse vir die beheer van die waters tussen Vella La Vella en Kolombangara in die suide en Choiseul in die noorde . Die Japanse mag bestaan ​​uit een kruiser en vyf vernietigers. Woodworth vier torpedo's afgevuur, en 'n vyfde het 'n fout gemaak. Tydens die aksie is sy met 'n blik op die agterstewe geslaan Buchananveroorsaak oorstromings en ligte skade, maar sy het voortgegaan om te kyk St. Louis wat deur 'n torpedo getref is. Gwin is ook getref en ontplof. Niks kon van die vernietiger gesien word nie, behalwe 'n 300 voet hoë kolom rook. Skadebeheerpogings vir Gwin was tevergeefs, en sy het geknak. Woodworth het geen personeellede gely nie.

Woodworth het patrollie- en begeleidingsoperasies tussen Espiritu Santo en Guadalcanal uitgevoer tot 7 Oktober toe sy by TF 38 aangesluit het. Na oefenoefeninge vertrek sy op 29 Oktober uit Espiritu Santo met TF 38 rondom Saratoga en Princeton. Hulle het op 1 en 2 November 1943 lugaanvalle op Buka, Shortland -eilande geloods, en op 5 en weer op 11 November aanvalle op Rabaul uitgevoer voordat hulle op die 14de van TF 38 losgemaak is.

Woodworth het op 16 November na Guadalcanal gevaar in die begeleiding van Pinkney, het toe deelgeneem aan patrollie -operasies in die Solomon -gebied tot laat Desember as deel van TG 36.1. Op 26 Desember, Woodworth Espiritu Santo vertrek om 'n dekvrag van 1,500 rondes 5-duim-projektiele en 1,500 rondes 5-duim-poeierladings na Port Purvis naby Tulagi te vervoer.

Die aand van 8 Januarie 1944 het Woodworth het aan die bombardement van die Shortland -eilande deelgeneem en 'n ondoeltreffende terugbrand van die kus af teëgekom. Sy het begeleide en patrollie -operasies tussen die noordelike Solomons en die Bismarck -argipel uitgevoer tot 13 Januarie toe sy by Destroyer Squadron (Des Ron) 12 aangesluit het en saam met Farenholt, Lansdowne, en Buchanan, het 'n bombardement van kusinstallasies, aakskonsentrasies en opvoerplekke aan die noordoostelike kus van Bougainville, Baniu -hawe en Ruri Bay, Solomon -eilande uitgevoer, maar sy het geen terugkeervuur ​​en geen lug- of oppervlakopposisie teëgekom nie. Terwyl u deur die Bougainville Straat gaan, Woodworth het vyf salwe op 'n Japannese tentkamp op die noordwestelike punt van die eiland Choiseul afgevuur. Daarna spandeer sy die res van Januarie en Februarie, tot en met die 13de, in begeleide en oefenoefeninge na Torokina, by die jag van Bougainville, die begeleiding na Port Purvis en begeleiding en opleiding in Sydney, Australië.

Op 13 Februarie, Woodworth, in die geselskap van TF 38, het die vordering van die aanranding op Green Island gedek. Die volgende dag is die taakmag aangeval deur 'n groep van ses vyandige duikbomwerpers. St. Louis is getref en het 23 mans gely. Verskeie snoepers het later die taakspan genader en is onder skoot geneem, Woodworth Die gewere van een was verantwoordelik vir een terwyl sy en haar susterskepe geen ongevalle of skade opgedoen het nie. Op 14 en 15 Februarie, Woodworth, met Farenholt, Buchanan, Lansdowne, en Lardner, het 'n antisip -sweep van die St. George's Channel noord van Rabaul, New Britain, uitgevoer, maar het geen Japannese vaartuie teëgekom nie. Op 17 en 18 Februarie het dieselfde vernietigers Rabaul en walbatterye op Praed Point gebombardeer. Woodworth torpedo's afgevuur op twee skepe wat die hawe van Simpson verlaat en later op groot groepe skepe in Kerviabaai. Sy het ook haar gewere op teikens naby Timber Point en Cape Gazelle afgevuur. Op 24 Februarie, terwyl sy 'n vee teen Tipping-Kavieng, Nieu-Ierland, afgelewer het, ongeveer 60 kilometer noordwes van Kavieng, het sy radarkontak gemaak met 'n Japannese handelsskip en 'n groot, tenk gelaai tenkskip. Woodworth het 38 rondes met 'n kaliber van 38 cm op die handelsskip gevuur wat deur DesDiv 24 gesluit en gesink is. Woodworth op verskillende tye visstert om skulpe van die strandbatterye te vermy. Twee vyandelike skepe is in die hawe gesink, en een ander is beskadig en het laat brand. Die Amerikaanse oorlogskip het ook talle vaartuie in Steffenstraat aan die brand gesteek en Japannese walbatterye ingeskakel. Woodworth het op 26 Februarie by Port Purvis, Florida -eiland aangekom.

Van 1 tot 21 Maart, Woodworth opleidingsoefeninge, begeleide missies, soektogte na onderzeeërs en operasies op jag op die Salomonseilande uitgevoer. Sy het op vyandelike posisies geskiet en geen opposisie teëgekom nie. Woodworth vertrek op 22 Maart uit Port Purvis met Buchanan, op pad na Pearl Harbor. Sy het by TG 35.6 aangesluit met 'n handelskonvooi van vyf skepe van Guadalcanal af en is daarmee Hawaii toe. Op 9 April, Woodworth Pearl Harbor skoongemaak en na San Francisco gestoom. Sy is op 15 April 1944 by die Mare Island Navy Yard opgedroog.

Die verwoester het 'n opknapping en opknapping gedoen tot 21 Julie toe sy by TG 12.1 aangesluit het en op 'n presidensiële vaart na Hawaii gestoom het. Dunlap, Cummings, Fanning, en Baltimore. Baltimore het president Franklin D. Roosevelt na Pearl Harbor geneem om toekomstige strategie in die Stille Oseaan met admiraal Chester Nimitz en generaal Douglas MacArthur te bespreek. Na die historiese konferensie het die taakspan die president noordwaarts na Alaska en die Aleoetiese eilande geneem. Mnr. Roosevelt is weg Baltimore op 8 Augustus in Kodiak, Alaska, en het daarna na Bremerton, Washington, gegaan Cummings. Woodworth arriveer op 14 Augustus 1944 in San Francisco, Kalifornië, maar vaar die volgende dag na Pearl Harbor, waar sy op 20 Augustus vir meer as een maand se oefenoefeninge aangekom het. Op 30 September het sy die Ulithi -atol binnegegaan vir patrollie teen duikbote, en op 7 Oktober het sy by TG 38.1 aangesluit.

Aan die einde van 1944, terwyl u op die see brandstof gevul het Salamaua, "Woodworth" het talle oppervlakkige skade opgedoen as gevolg van 'n botsing met middel van die hervulling. Eerste klas kwartiermeester LG Chacona, terwyl hy die wiel beman het tydens die oefening, het gesukkel teen 'n hawe-afwyking totdat die skip van koers af weggedraai het om die hawserline, waarvan die gebruik gestaak is as gevolg van die ongeluk, te verbind en die twee boë vas te maak . Kort daarna het die brandstoflyne ook gebars en 'n brandstofstorting oor die dekke veroorsaak. Toe die bote bots, Woodworth het groot skade langs die hawe se brug opgedoen. Salamaua het slegs 'n gat opgedoen van die gaatjie van Woodworth ' s hawe -anker, wat lei tot Salamaua met die bynaam "The Can-Opener". "Woodworth" het teruggekeer na die hawe van Salerno vir herstelwerk voordat hy weer aan diens was.

Die draers van Woodworth Die taakgroep het op 10 Oktober 'n lugaanval op Okinawa geloods, en die vliegtuie het later toegeslaan op Japannese installasies in Aparri, noord van Luzon. Op 12 Oktober is die eerste aanvalle op Formosa geloods. Woodworth was op 'n stasie 12 myl oos van die formasie toe sy op 1815 deur Japannese torpedovliegtuie aangeval is. Die skip het swaar weerskade opgedoen en 160 rondes 5-duim-ammunisie, 100 rondes 40-millimeter en 320 rondes 20-millimeter bestee. Die volgende dag val vyf Japannese vliegtuie met twee motors op die grond die formasie aan. Woodworth het een vliegtuig neergeskiet wat in vlamme neergestort het nadat dit oor die waaierstert gegaan het. Tydens die aksie, Canberra is deur 'n torpedo getref en het groot skade opgedoen. 'N Derde dag van aanvalle op Formosa op die 14de het drie golwe lugaanvalle deur die Japannese ontbied. Vriendelike vegters het die eerste twee aanvalle onderskep en afgeweer. Die derde golf het uit agt of nege vyandelike vliegtuie bestaan Woodworth beweer dat hy drie neergeskiet het: "Twee vliegtuie het gesien vlamvat. Dit was 'n mooi gesig." Al die vernietigde vliegtuie word toegeskryf aan die gebruik van Mk 32 projektiele waarvan Woodworth 75 persent gebruik. In hierdie aksie, Houston is getorpedeer en erg beskadig.

Op 15 Oktober het TG 38.1 begin met voorbereidings vir aanvalle op Japannese installasies in die Filippyne. Die eerste hiervan het op 18 Oktober op Luzon, Filippynse Eilande, plaasgevind. Hierdie aanvalle het tot die einde van die maand voortgegaan ter ondersteuning van die eerste fase van generaal -majoor Douglas MacArthur se bevryding van die Filippyne. Woodworthis daarna van TG 38.1 losgemaak en na die Leyte -golf gestoom om by TG 30.3 aan te sluit voordat dit na Ulithi seil.

Woodworth November deurgebring in siftingsoefeninge, patrollie teen onderzeeërs by Eniwetok en 'n konvooi na die Palau -eilande begelei. Sy het Desember deurgebring by Pateliu en die Angaur -eiland in die Palau -groep, terwyl sy onafhanklike patrollies teen die duikboot uitgevoer het en 'n konvooi na die Golf van Leyte begelei het. Woodworth en McCalla vertoon daarna 'n konvooi met vyf skepe na Ulithi op 2 Januarie 1945. Daar, Woodworth tender beskikbaar was tot 11 Januarie. Die volgende dag het sy gehelp met die redding van LCI (L) -600 en deelgeneem aan jagter-moordenaar operasies met McCalla.

Woodworth het op 15 Januarie aan die gang gekom as TU 94.18.12 vir skietoefeninge. Sy het aan boord gegaan deur kapt. W. P. Burford en personeel en het gedurende Februarie as 'n stasieskip gedien vir skietoefeninge by Kossol Roads, Palau. Op 12 Maart onthef kaptein Burford kommandeur D. E. Brown as CTU 94.6.21. Dus, Woodworth het die stasieskip geword vir die Ulithi Surface Patrol and Escort Group en het vir die res van Maart deelgeneem aan soek- en reddingsoperasies. Woodworth het daarna 'n tender beskikbaar gehad en op 25 April die patrolliestasie by die Mugai -kanaal by die ingang van die Ulithi -hawe geneem. Sy het deelgeneem aan begeleide en skietoefeninge met Onderneming en Hubbard tot 5 Mei.

Woodworth sy het die volgende dag op 9 Mei die vervoer -ankergebied suidwes van Okinawa gepatrolleer, het sy begelei Makin -eiland na die Kerama Retto -hawe en het daar aangesluit by 'n taak -eenheid wat bestaan ​​uit ses CVE's en nege begeleiers. Van 10 Mei tot 28 Mei, Woodworth het deelgeneem aan daaglikse lugaanvalle op Okinawa. Op 28 Mei het sy en Henley begelei Natoma Bay na Kerama Retto, Okinawa Shima, waar Woodworth herstelwerk ondergaan tot 6 Junie. Die volgende dag, terwyl lugaanvalle op Miyako Retto van Sakishimo Gunto uitgevoer is, het twee onopgemerkte vyandelike vliegtuie die formasie gesluit en selfmoordduik op die CVE's gemaak. Die een het in Natomabaai vasgery en die ander in die see.

Woodworth ondersteun lugaanvalle op Okinawa Kyūshū, Japan en verskillende eilande van die Ryukyus van 8 Junie tot 21 Junie toe sy 'n vlieënier wat neergestort het van Steamer Bay. Sy het 22 en 23 Junie deurgebring op radarpaaltjies buite Okinawa en vertrek op 24 Junie uit die Ryukyus, op pad na die Leyte -golf. Sy het van 1 tot 10 Julie tender beskikbaar gehad toe sy haar aandag vestig op die ondersoek na die brandstof en aanvulling van TF 38 (Fast Carrier Force) en die res van Julie daaraan bestee om logistieke operasies vir die Fast Carrier Force te ondersteun tydens aanvalle op die belangrikste eilande van Japan.

Op 2 Augustus, Woodworth begelei Neshanic via Guam na Ulithi. Op die 12de, Woodworth het aangesluit in 'n poging om 'n vlieënier neer te red, maar hy was dood toe hulp opgedaag het. Op 14 Augustus, Woodworth is beveel om onafhanklik na Iwo Jima te gaan om pos en passasiers vir die Fast Carrier Force op te haal. Sy het op 18 Augustus deelgeneem aan die hervulling en aanvulling van die woonstelle. On 22 August, she was then assigned to a task unit organized around Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague in Ticonderoga which was charged with providing air coverage for the first occupation force to go to the Japanese homeland. On 5 September, Woodworth took part in firing practices and replenishment until 10 September when she anchored in Tokyo Bay. But for brief training and escort periods at sea, she remained there through the end of the month.

On 1 October, Woodworth got underway for Okinawa and left that island on 6 October, bound for home with 50 men and eight officers embarked as passengers for the voyage. She arrived in Portland, Oregon, on 19 October and, 10 days later, headed south for San Pedro, California.

Post War and the Italian Navy [ edit | wysig bron]

Woodworth was transferred to the Atlantic Fleet in November and proceeded through the Panama Canal to Charleston, South Carolina. After inactivation overhaul there,the destroyer was placed out of commission, in reserve, on 11 April 1946. She was placed in service on 30 January 1947 for Naval Reserve training duty. Placed in full commission on 21 November 1950, the ship was briefly assigned to the 3rd Naval District before she was decommissioned at the New York Naval Shipyard on 14 January 1951 and overhauled to prepare her for transfer to the Government of Italy. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 22 January 1951, and she was turned over to the Italian Navy on 11 June 1951.

She served Italy as Artigliere (D-553), operating as a command ship for motor torpedo boat flotillas—until struck from the Italian Naval Vessel Register in January 1971 and scrapped.

Named 'Artigliere' by the Italians, and used for turbine instruction for naval cadets, one of her propellors - with the name 'Woodworth' inscribed - stands on a plinth in front of the naval school of Cala Chiesa, La Maddalena, Sardinia. Raised and taken to Naples for scrapping after lying half sunk in front of the Italian Naval School for a number of years. It can be presumed that she sank from neglect, though there are suggestions she was sunk deliberately to obtain the break-up contract.


USS Tallulah - History

56 Tons
80' x 20' 8" x 5'
1 x 40mm
1 x 37mm cannon
1 x 20mm cannon
2 x Twin .50 cal MG
4 x Torpedo Tubes

Ship History
Built Electric Boat Company (Elco) in Bayonne, NJ. Laid down March 21, 1942. Launched July 3, 1942. Completed July 18, 1942. Delivered to the U.S. Navy (USN) as PT-112.

Oorlogsgeskiedenis
Assigned to Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 5 (MTBRon 5) under the command of Commander Henry Farrow, USN. Assigned to the Panama Canal zone during September 1942.

On September 22, 1942 assigned to Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Two (MTBRon 2) under the command of Lt Rollin E. Westholm, USN. During early October 1942, loaded aboard USS Tallulah (AO-50) as deck cargo along with PT-111 and shipped to the South Pacific.

On January 10, 1943 during the evening, PT-112 under the command of Lt. Westholm departed with PT-43, PT-40 on a mission to intercept eight Japanese destroyers expected off after midnight and patrolled off the north coast of Guadalcanal between Cape Esperence and Aruligo. Another group including PT-59, PT-46 and PT-36 patrolled between Tassafaronga to Doma.

Sinking History
On January 11, 1943 at 12:30am while patrolling off Guadalcanal a quarter mile offshore spotted four destroyers to the southeast roughly a mile offshore, the last destroyer turned back towards Savo Island while the other three continued on their course. PT-112 motored in close to the target and fired all four torpedoes, one of which hit Hatsukaze, severely damaging the destroyer and putting a huge column of water into the air.

After the attack, PT-112 had to turn hard left to avoid a collision and passed astern of the Hatsukaze as other ships opened fire. Turning east under fire, PT-112 was hit twice at the waterline and near the forward bulkhead of the engine room. Damaged, Lt. Westholm ordered the crew to abandon ship and was the last to leave.

The crew deployed their life raft while PT-112 remained afloat. At 1:30am, Westholm attempted to return to the vessel and paddled to within 100' when the ship exploded and settled by the stern. By dawn, PT-112 sank into Iron Bottom Sound roughly one mile east of Cape Esperence on Guadalcanal.

Fates of the Crew
Afterwards, the crew was rescued by other PT Boats active that night and returned to duty.

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Alabama's history: Three generations of Bankheads were the state's shining stars

From the beginning of the Civil War until the end of the Second World War, no family had as dramatic an impact on our state as the Bankheads of west Alabama. Members of the family graced the covers of Tyd magazine, presidents attended their funerals, and without their support, Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal legislation might never have passed. This is their story.

In September 1842, Alabama had been a state for barely two decades. It was fewer than 20 years before a civil war would convulse the entire country, with the sons and fathers of the South and North doing bloody battle for four long, heart-stricken years that would leave over 600,000 Americans dead on battlefields from the blistering plains of Texas to the wooded valleys of Pennsylvania.

John Hollis Bankhead (Courtesy Alabama Department of Archives and History)

To this era was born John Hollis Bankhead (1842-1920) in Lamar County. John Hollis enlisted in the Confederate Army at the age of 19 and was wounded in several battles but emerged from the war whole of limb with a captain's rank. A member of both the House of Representatives and the State Senate during Reconstruction, in 1881 this ambitious man secured an appointment as warden of the state's penitentiary in Wetumpka.

In 1886, he rose to national prominence after winning the Sixth Congressional District that included Walker, Lamar, and Fayette counties. Bankhead served in the U.S. House for 20 years before his appointment to the Senate in 1907 (U.S. Senators were then elected or appointed by state legislatures) where he served until his death in 1920.

With his wife, Tallulah Bankhead (formerly Brockman), John Hollis had five children: Louise, Marie, John Hollis II, William, and Henry. The two oldest sons would rise to positions of prominence that would rival their father's remarkable achievements.

John Hollis Bankhead II (1872-1946) attended schools in Wetumpka and Fayette before receiving degrees at the University of Alabama and Georgetown Law School. In 1894, he moved to Jasper and married his high-school sweetheart, the daughter of a local merchant. Like his father, John Hollis went into politics and served at the 1901 Alabama constitutional convention. Elected to the U.S. Senate in 1930, John Hollis was a key supporter of President Roosevelt's New Deal policies. He died of a heart attack in 1946 and is buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Jasper.

The most notable child of the first John Hollis Bankhead was William B. Bankhead (1874-1940) who served as the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. Like his older brother, William attended county schools in west Alabama before also receiving degrees at the University of Alabama and Georgetown Law School.

After a brief stint as Huntsville's city attorney, he moved to Jasper in 1905 to practice law with his older brother. From 1910 to 1914, William served as a local prosecutor, before winning a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1916. In 1935 William was elected House majority leader and then Speaker of the House in 1936.

William B. Bankhead (Courtesy Alabama Department of Archives and History)

As Speaker, William B. Bankhead was one of the most powerful men in the country. Like his brother, William was a staunch supporter of FDR's New Deal policies that had a momentous impact on the South. Of perhaps greater significance, Speaker Bankhead opposed isolationist sentiment in Congress in the years leading up to World War II and helped defeat a proposed Constitutional amendment requiring a national referendum for a declaration of war.

Bankhead died in 1940 after an abdominal hemorrhage. Contemporary accounts estimated that 40,000 people attended his funeral at the First Methodist Church in Jasper. Among the attendees were President Roosevelt, Vice-President Truman, members of Roosevelt's Cabinet, and numerous Congressmen

The most colorful character of the family was actress and socialite Tallulah Bankhead (1902-1968), the daughter of William and granddaughter of John Hollis Bankhead. Born in Huntsville, Tallulah was determined from an early age to be an actress, a not-altogether respectable profession for young ladies at the time. But through a mixture of talent, shrewdness, and grit, the young actress ascended to the heights of the film industry in its earliest days in the 1920s and 30s, co-starring in films with Gary Cooper and Cary Grant.

In 1944, acclaimed movie director Alfred Hitchcock tapped her for a starring role in Lifeboat, adapted from a John Steinbeck short story. Tallulah's career arc probably reached its apex in 1948 when Tyd magazine put her on its cover as the magazine lauded her role in Broadway's Private Lives. A life-long opponent of segregation, Tallulah in her later years wrote articles calling for racial equality.

The Bankhead family is singular for its impact on the history and culture of Alabama and the nation. This summer, I encourage you to find out more about this fascinating family. The Bankhead House and Heritage Center in Jasper is a wonderful place to visit, and the Department of Archives and History in Montgomery is also an excellent source for additional information.

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Karl Wallenda’s Walk Across Tallulah Gorge-July 18, 1970

How do you revive interest in a resort town featuring spectacular waterfalls plunging through a 750-foot-deep gorge?

Why, obviously, you would hire a 65-year-old daredevil to walk across the gorge on a tightrope.

That is exactly what happened in Tallulah Falls 50 years ago on July 18, 1970.

Karl Wallenda, founder of the famous Flying Wallendas, was hired to reignite Tallulah Falls tourism by “tightroping” his way across Tallulah Gorge.

Reverend James Turpin, pastor of Tallulah Falls United Methodist Church, gave the invocation for Wallenda before his walk. “We prayed him across, we just prayed him across,” Turpin later recalled later. Praying with him were 30,000 spectators, who paid $5 each for the privilege. Children were admitted for $2. The entry fee was waived for Georgia Governor Lester Maddox.

The huge crowd watched as Wallenda gingerly stepped along a 5/8-inch-thick steel cable, strung more than 1,000 feet across the Gorge. He interrupted his walk with two handstands. After 18 minutes, he hopped off the cable on the other side, where his wife handed him a congratulatory martini despite the fact that Rabun County officially was dry.

One of the towers embedded in a concrete platform that held the wire is still visible along the trail on the north side of Tallulah Gorge. And the suit Wallenda wore for his crossing is on display at the Tallulah Gorge Interpretive Center.

Karl Wallenda continued amazing people around the world with his daredevil stunts for eight more years. On March 22, 1978 at the age of 73, he plunged to his death while attempting to walk a cable strung between two towers of the 10-story Condado Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Karl’s great-grandson, aerialist Nik Wallenda, announced in 2015 that he would recreate the Tallulah Gorge stunt on its 45th anniversary. Only he would do it with a high-tech twist.

The BBC had recorded the 1970 crossing, and Nik planned to superimpose Karl’s image against his own during the commemorative walk across the Gorge. “To be able to walk literally in his footsteps is what my life’s about, ” he told the Associated Press.

But Nik canceled the event, saying that the technology “isn’t there yet. It’s under development, and we’re waiting for that.”

Apparently, Nik is still waiting.

Despite the attention showered on Karl Wallenda, the honor for the first tightrope crossing of Tallulah Gorge goes to J.A. St. John, known as Professor Leon.

The Professor was quite the entertainer in his day. The stuntman had come to Atlanta in 1886, where, among other feats, he walked across a tightrope strung between buildings on Peachtree Street.

At that time, Tallulah Falls was coming into its own as a major tourist destination thanks to the Tallulah Falls Railroad, which reached the town in 1882. To generate even greater tourist interest, a hotel owner challenged Professor Leon to tightrope over the Gorge in the summer of 1886. The Professor accepted the challenge.

It was reported that a crowd of approximately 6,000 came to town to watch the event.

As Professor Leon approached the manila rope at a point called Devil’s Pulpit, his wife reportedly threw her arms around him and begged him not to go. He promised this would be his last stunt he solemnly bowed to the crowd and he boldly took his first step across the Gorge.

The crossing did not proceed exactly as planned. One of the guywires supporting the rope broke, forcing Professor Leon to straddle the rope with his legs until the problem was corrected. It was speculated that the guywire had been cut by a gambler, who bet the Professor would not complete his crossing.

Although the guywire was repaired, the rope continued to shake with every step he took. Halfway across the gorge, Professor Leon seemed to tire to the point of exhaustion. “Like a drunken man, he staggered on,” wrote one reporter. “Veins in his face were swollen like whiplashes.”

After 30 minutes, Professor Leon neared the finish. Eager hands reached out to pull him to safety. He fell flat to the ground exhausted and asked for a doctor.

He initially had planned to walk the rope back to the other side. Because of his condition, he was advised not to take the chance much to the relief of his wife.

The gambler betting on the Professor’s demise probably would have preferred another try.

This article by Society member Richard Cinquina was originally published in the Clayton Tribune on July 16, 2020.

About the Rabun County Historical Society

The Rabun County Historical Society is dedicated to keeping alive Rabun County’s 200-year history in the Appalachian Mountains of Georgia. We collect, preserve and display important historic artifacts, photographs and records in our 2,300-square-foot museum and archives located at 81 North Church Street in downtown Clayton, Georgia. The Society is a not-for-profit organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, making membership dues and donations fully tax deductible. For more information, please contact us.


D 553 - ITS Artigliere

USS Woodworth (DD-460) was a Benson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Commander Selim E. Woodworth.

Woodworth was laid down on 13 January 1941 at San Francisco, California, by the Bethlehem Steel Company launched on 29 November 1941 sponsored by Mrs. Selim E. Woodworth, niece and daughter-in-law of Commander Woodworth and commissioned on 30 April 1942, Lieutenant Commander R. C. Webb, Jr., in command.


Service history (USS Woodworth)

Tweede Wereldoorlog

After four months spent in fitting out and shakedown, Woodworth spent the remainder of 1942 performing escort duty in the Southwest Pacific area. She stopped at many ports between Australia and Guadalcanal. Woodworth was attached to Task Force (TF) 65 in January 1943, conducting patrols and exercises at the western entrance to Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides.

On 2 February, Woodworth passed to the control of Vice Admiral Richard P. Leary who commanded TF 69 from his flagship, New Mexico. Two days later, that formation was merged with TF 18 consisting of Wichita, two aircraft carriers, three light cruisers, and four destroyers. An oiler and another destroyer also joined the force on the 5th. The month of February was devoted to patrolling and escorting transports in waters between the Solomon Islands and the New Hebrides. After escorting transports to the Fiji Islands on 1 March, Woodworth returned to Espiritu Santo on the 13th and joined TF 15 organized around Enterprise. Woodworth entered port at Espiritu Santo on 21 March and the following day commenced tender availability. On 3 April, she headed back to the Solomons, arriving at Tulagi on the 5th for entrance patrol. The next day, Woodworth escorted Tappahannock to Kukum and then resumed her patrol.

On the 7th, while escorting Tappahannock in the Solomons area, Woodworth came under enemy air attack by six planes north of Rua Sura Island. Four bombs dropped close aboard Tappahannock. Two struck the sea on the starboard side and threw considerable water over the ship. The attack, which lasted about four minutes, caused no personnel casualties and only minor material damage. Woodworth spent the remainder of April and early May in tactical training exercises, escort, and patrol in waters between the New Hebrides and New Caledonia. From 8 May to 29 June, Woodworth escorted transports carrying reinforcements to Guadalcanal and helped to screen TF 10 - consisting of two carriers, three battleships, one cruiser, and several destroyers - to Noum a. Woodworth continued on to Auckland, New Zealand, where she underwent restricted availability before escorting Tallulah to Noum a. Woodworth then screened transports steaming from Espiritu Santo to Guadalcanal.

On 30 June, while escorting amphibious forces to Rendova Island, Solomon Islands, Woodworth came under air attack by 12 low-flying Japanese torpedo bombers. Woodworth's maneuvers enabled her to avoid the torpedoes, and she suffered only one personnel casualty and mere superficial damage from three machine gun hits.

On 2 July 1943, Woodworth and Jenkins bombarded Japanese positions on Wickham Island, Vonguna, New Georgia, to assist the advance of troops ashore. The next day, Woodworth sailed for Tulagi, touched at Port Purvis and Rendova Harbor, and arrived off Rice Anchorage on 5 July 1943 to participate in the first landing operations there. Later that day, she headed for Port Purvis. On 11 July, Woodworth, along with Kilty, Crosby, and Schley, took part in the second landing operations at Rice Anchorage. While returning to Guadalcanal the following morning, Taylor fired on, depth charged, but failed to sink I-25.

On 13 July, as part of Task Group (TG) 36.1, Wood-worth took part in the Battle of Kolombangara, one of a series of naval engagements for control of waters between Vella La Vella and Kolombangara to the south and Choiseul to the north. The Japanese force consisted of one cruiser and five destroyers. Woodworth fired four torpedoes, and a fifth misfired. During the action, she was struck a glancing blow to the stern by Buchanan, causing some flooding and light damage, but she continued to screen St. Louis which was hit by a torpedo. Gwin was also hit and exploded. Nothing could be seen of that destroyer but a 300-foot-high column of smoke. Damage control efforts for Gwin were futile, and she was scuttled. Woodworth suffered no personnel casualties.

Woodworth conducted patrol and escort operations between Espiritu Santo and Guadalcanal until 7 October when she joined TF 38. Following training exercises, she departed Espiritu Santo on 29 October with TF 38 organized around Saratoga and Princeton. They launched air attacks on Buka, Shortland Islands, on 1 and 2 November 1943 and conducted raids on Rabaul on 5 and again on 11 November before becoming detached from TF 38 on the 14th.

Woodworth sailed for Guadalcanal on 16 November in the escort of Pincvkney, then took part in patrol operations in the Solomon area until late December as part of TG 36.1. On 26 December, Woodworth departed Espiritu Santo to carry a deck cargo of 1,500 rounds of 5-inch projectiles and 1,500 rounds of 5-inch powder charges to Port Purvis near Tulagi.

On the evening of 8 January 1944, Woodworth took part in the bombardment of the Shortland Islands and encountered ineffective return fire from the shore. She conducted escort and patrol operations between the northern Solomons and the Bismarck Archipelago until 13 January when she joined Destroyer Squadron (Des Ron) 12 and, with Farenholt, Lansdowne, and Buchanan, conducted a bombardment of shore installations, barge concentrations, and staging points on the northeast coast of Bougainville, Baniu Harbor, and Ruri Bay, Solomon Islands but she encountered no return fire and no air or surface opposition. While transiting Bougainville Strait, Woodworth fired five salvoes at a Japanese tent camp on the northwest tip of Choiseul Island. She then spent the remainder of January and February, through the 13th, in escort and training exercises to Torokina, barge-hunting off Bougainville, escort to Port Purvis, and escort and training exercises at Sydney, Australia.

On 13 February, Woodworth, in the company of TF 38, covered the advance of the assault on Green Island. The following day, the task force was attacked by a group of six enemy dive bombers. St. Louis was hit and suffered the loss of 23 men. Several snoopers later approached the task force and were taken under fire, Woodworth's guns accounted for one while she and her sister ships sustained no casualties or damage. On 14 and 15 February, Woodworth, with Farenholt, Buchanan, Lansdowne, and Lardner, conducted an antishipping sweep of St. George's Channel north of Rabaul, New Britain, but encountered no Japanese vessels. On 17 and 18 February, the same destroyers bombarded Rabaul and shore batteries on Praed Point. Woodworth fired torpedoes at two ships leaving Simpson Harbor and later at large groups of ships in Kervia Bay. She also fired her guns at targets near Timber Point and Cape Gazelle. On 24 February, while conducting an antishipping sweep along Truk-Kavieng, New Ireland, shipping lanes about 60 miles northwest of Kavieng, she made radar contact with a Japanese merchant vessel and a large, heavily laden tanker. Woodworth fired 38 rounds of 5"/38-caliber at the merchant vessel which was closed and sunk by DesDiv 24. Woodworth fishtailed at various times to avoid shells from the shore batteries. Two enemy ships were sunk in the harbor, and one other was damaged and left burning. The American warship also set numerous barges afire in Steffen Strait and engaged Japanese shore batteries. Woodworth arrived at Port Purvis, Florida Island, on 26 February.

From 1 through 21 March, Woodworth conducted training exercises, escort missions, antisubmarine searches, and barge-hunting operations throughout the Solomon Islands. She fired at enemy positions and encountered no opposition. Woodworth departed Port Purvis with Buchanan on 22 March, bound for Pearl Harbor. She joined TG 35.6 with a merchant convoy of five ships off Guadalcanal and proceeded to Hawaii with it. On 9 April, Woodworth cleared Pearl Harbor and steamed to San Francisco. She was drydocked at the Mare Island Navy Yard on 15 April 1944.

The destroyer underwent an overhaul and refresher training exercises until 21 July when she joined TG 12.1 and steamed to Hawaii on a presidential cruise with Dunlap, Cummings, Fanning, and Baltimore. Baltimore was carrying President Franklin D. Roosevelt to Pearl Harbor to discuss future strategy in the Pacific with Admiral Chester Nimitz and General Douglas MacArthur. Following the historic conference, the task force took the President north to Alaska and the Aleutian Islands. Mr. Roosevelt left Baltimore at Kodiak, Alaska on 8 August, and proceeded to Bremerton, Washington, on Cummings. Woodworth arrived at San Francisco, California on 14 August 1944, but sailed the following day for Pearl Harbor, where she arrived on 20 August for more than one month of training exercises. On 30 September, she entered Ulithi Atoll for antisubmarine patrol and, on 7 October, she joined TG 38.1.

In late 1944, while refueling at sea from Salamaua, "Woodworth" sustained numerous superficial damages as a result of a mid-refueling collision. First Class Quartermaster L. G. Chacona, while manning the wheel during the exercise, struggled against a port-ward drift until the ship veered off course enough to cause the hawserline, whose usage was discontinued as a result of the accident, connecting the two bows to snap. Soon after the fuel lines also snapped causing a fuel spill over the decks. As the boats collided, Woodworth sustained heavy damage along the port side bridge. Salamaua sustained only a hole from puncture of Woodworth's port anchor, resulting in Salamaua being nicknamed "The Can-Opener". "Woodworth" returned to the port of Salerno for repairs before returning to duty.

The carriers of Woodworth's task group launched an air strike on Okinawa on 10 October, and the planes later raided Japanese installations at Aparri, northern Luzon. On 12 October, the first strikes on Formosa were launched. Woodworth was on a picket station 12 miles east of the formation when she was attacked by Japanese torpedo planes at 1815. She fired at several planes but failed to score any hits. The ship sustained heavy weather damage and expended 160 rounds of 5-inch ammunition, 100 rounds of 40-millimeter, and 320 rounds of 20-millimeter. The following day, five Japanese twin-engine, land-based planes attacked the formation. Woodworth shot down one plane which crashed in flames after passing over the fantail. During the action, Canberra was hit by a torpedo and sustained heavy damage. A third day of strikes against Formosa on the 14th summoned three waves of air attacks by the Japanese. Friendly fighters intercepted and repelled the first two strikes. The third wave consisted of eight or nine enemy aircraft Woodworth claimed to have shot down three: "Two planes were seen to burst into flames. It was a pretty sight." All the planes destroyed were credited to the use of Mk 32 projectiles of which Woodworth used 75 percent. In this action, Houston was torpedoed and heavily damaged.

On 15 October, TG 38.1 began preparations for attacks on Japanese installations in the Philippines. The first of these occurred on 18 October at Luzon, Philippine Islands. These attacks continued through the end of the month to support the first phase of Major General Douglas MacArthur's liberation of the Philippines. Woodworthwas then detached from TG 38.1 and steamed to Leyte Gulf to join TG 30.3 before it sailed for Ulithi.

Woodworth spent November in screening exercises, antisubmarine patrol at Eniwetok, and escorted a convoy to the Palau Islands. She spent December patrolling off Peleliu and Angaur Island in the Palau group conducting independent antisubmarine patrol and escorting a convoy to Leyte Gulf. Woodworth and McCalla then screened a five-ship convoy to Ulithi on 2 January 1945. There, Woodworth underwent tender availability until 11 January. The next day, she assisted in the rescue of LCI(L)-600 and participated in hunter-killer operations with McCalla.

Woodworth got underway as TU 94.18.12 on 15 January for gunnery practice. She was boarded by Capt. W. P. Burford and staff and served as a station ship for gunnery practice off Kossol Roads, Palau, throughout February. On 12 March, Captain Burford relieved Commander D. E. Brown as CTU 94.6.21. Thus, Woodworth became the station ship for the Ulithi Surface Patrol and Escort Group and participated in search and rescue operations for the remainder of March. Woodworth next underwent tender availability and took patrol station off Mugai Channel at the entrance to Ulithi Harbor on 25 April. She took part in escort and gunnery exercises with Enterprise and Hubbard until 5 May.

Woodworth patrolled the transport anchorage area southwest of Okinawa on 9 May the following day, she escorted Makin Island to Kerama Retto harbor and there joined a task unit consisting of six CVEs and nine escorts. From 10 May through 28 May, Woodworth took part in daily air strikes on Okinawa. On 28 May, she and Henley escorted Natoma Bay to Kerama Retto, Okinawa Shima, where Woodworth underwent repairs until 6 June. The following day, while conducting air strikes on Miyako Retto of Sakishimo Gunto, two undetected enemy planes closed the formation and made suicide dives on the CVE's. One crashed into Natoma Bay and the other into the sea.

Woodworth supported air strikes on Okinawa Kyūshū, Japan and various islands of the Ryukyus from 8 June until 21 June when she rescued a crashed pilot from Steamer Bay. She spent 22 and 23 June on radar picket duty off Okinawa and departed the Ryukyus on 24 June, bound for Leyte Gulf. She underwent tender availability from 1 to 10 July when she turned her attention to screening the fueling and replenishing of TF 38 (Fast Carrier Force) and devoted the remainder of July to assisting logistic operations for the Fast Carrier Force during strikes on the main islands of Japan.

On 2 August, Woodworth escorted Neshanic via Guam to Ulithi. On the 12th, Woodworth joined in an attempt to rescue a downed pilot, but he was dead when help arrived. On 14 August, Woodworth was ordered to proceed independently to Iwo Jima to pick up mail and passengers for the Fast Carrier Force. She joined in the refueling and replenishment of the flattops on 18 August. On 22 August, she was then assigned to a task unit organized around Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague in Ticonderoga which was charged with providing air coverage for the first occupation force to go to the Japanese homeland. On 5 September, Woodworth took part in firing practices and replenishment until 10 September when she anchored in Tokyo Bay. But for brief training and escort periods at sea, she remained there through the end of the month.

On 1 October, Woodworth got underway for Okinawa and left that island on 6 October, bound for home with 50 men and eight officers embarked as passengers for the voyage. She arrived in Portland, Oregon, on 19 October and, 10 days later, headed south for San Pedro, California.


Post War and the Italian Navy

Woodworth was transferred to the Atlantic Fleet in November and proceeded through the Panama Canal to Charleston, South Carolina. After inactivation overhaul there,the destroyer was placed out of commission, in reserve, on 11 April 1946. She was placed in service on 30 January 1947 for Naval Reserve training duty. Placed in full commission on 21 November 1950, the ship was briefly assigned to the 3d Naval District before she was decommissioned at the New York Naval Shipyard on 14 January 1951 and overhauled to prepare her for transfer to the Government of Italy. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 22 January 1951, and she was turned over to the Italian Navy on 11 June 1951.

She served Italy as Artigliere (D-553), operating as a command ship for motor torpedo boat flotillas - until struck from the Italian Naval Vessel Register in January 1971 and scrapped.


The Evil Boll weevil invades the Parish in 1907, threatening its major cash crop, cotton. In 1913, entomologists were sent to the Parish to eradicate them. This made a big impact on the population of the Parish.

As a result of crop dusting experiments, a new business was realized "Crop Dusting". From a Dusting business came today's Delta Airlines.


Madison Parish Courthouse was built in 1887 and renovated in 1937 by Works Progress Administration. The second most photographed courthouse in the state.

Stately Gazebo on the grounds was donated to the Parish by the ladies of the Tallulah Book Club organized in 1902 in order to provide a public library to the public. First public library begun after World War II.

Christmas on the Bayou


Kyk die video: Rare Photos Not Appropriate for History Books