Voorsienheid III - Geskiedenis

Voorsienheid III - Geskiedenis



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III Voorsienigheid

(Gundalow: 1. 53'4 "; b. 15'6", dph. 3'10 "; cpl. 45, a. 1 12-pdr.
2 9 stuks .; 8 draai)

Tydens die Revolusionêre Oorlog is Providence, 'n gundalow, in Skenesboro, N.Y., aan die Champlainmeer gebou deur die Kontinentale Weermag vir Brigadier-Generaal Benedict Arnold se vloot aan die Champlainmeer in 1776.

Onder bevel van kaptein Simonds, 'n weermagoffisier, het sy op 11 Oktober 1776 deelgeneem aan die verlowing tussen die vloot van Arnold en 'n Britse eskader op Valeour -eiland. agtervolging en die volgende oggend (die 12de) is Providence, wat ernstig beskadig is, op haar eiland op Sehuyler gesink om haar gevangenskap te voorkom. Hierdie taktiese nederlaag was 'n strategiese oorwinning vir die Amerikaners, aangesien Arnold se klein vloot die opstandige koloniste in staat gestel het om voor te berei op die hernieude Britse aanslag die volgende somer, wat eindig in die nederlaag van Burgoyne by Saratoga.


Voorsienigheid

Ons redakteurs gaan na wat u ingedien het, en bepaal of hulle die artikel moet hersien.

Voorsienigheid, die kwaliteit in goddelikheid waarop die mensdom die geloof in 'n welwillende ingryping in menslike aangeleenthede en die aangeleenthede van die wêreld baseer. Die vorme wat hierdie oortuiging aanneem, verskil, afhangende van die konteks van die godsdiens en die kultuur waarin dit funksioneer.

In een opsig kan die konsep van voorsienigheid, goddelike sorg vir mense en die heelal die godsdienstige antwoord genoem word op die behoefte van mense om te weet dat dit saak maak, dat hulle versorg word, of selfs dat hulle bedreig word, want in hierdie siening is dat alle godsdienste gesentreer is op mense wat individueel en gesamentlik voortdurend gerusgestel moet word dat hulle nie onbeduidend is in 'n onverskillige wêreld nie. As 'n mens nie getroos kan word nie, is bedreiging beter as om alleen te wees in 'n leë leegte van niks. In antwoord op so 'n heelal moet godsdienste 'n samehangende siening bied van 'n goddelike, transendente of bonatuurlike teenwoordigheid of orde en 'n soortgelyke verstaanbare weergawe van die wêreld en die mensdom. Hulle moet ook mense en hul fisiese of psigiese welstand, of albei, 'n prominente plek in so 'n wêreldbeskouing gee. In alle godsdienste is goddelike voorsienigheid of die ekwivalent daarvan 'n belangrike element.


Inhoud

In 1840 het suster St. Sy was vergesel deur vyf ander susters: suster St. Vincent Ferrer (Victoire) Gagé, suster Basilide (Josephine) Sénéschal, suster Olympiade (Therese) Boyer, suster Mary Xavier (Francis Louise) Lerée en suster Mary Liguori (Louise Frances) Tiercin .

Na 'n rowwe reis oor die Atlantiese Oseaan en die oostelike Verenigde State, arriveer die susters op 22 Oktober 1840 in Saint Mary-of-the-Woods, Indiana. [6] Hulle het by 'n plaaslike gesin, Joseph en Sarah Thralls, gebly. (Hierdie plek word nou vereer met 'n historiese merker van die Indiana Historical Bureau.) [7]

Die Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the Woods is as 'n aparte gemeenskap gestig as die stigtingsgemeente in Ruillé-sur-Loir. Die reëls en grondwette het in 1887 finale goedkeuring van die Heilige Stoel ontvang. [6]

Onderwysbediening Redigeer

Opvoeders het van die begin af begin, die susters het in 1840 'n skool vir meisies begin bou, genaamd "The Academy". Die eerste student by die akademie het op 4 Julie 1841 vir inskrywing aangekom. Die Akademie staan ​​nou bekend as Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College en is die oudste Rooms -Katolieke kollege vir vroue in die Verenigde State. Reeds in 1846 is 'n handves verleen deur die staat wat die instelling bemagtig om akademiese eerbewyse en kollegiale grade toe te ken. [6]

Die susters was gou in beheer van of personeel van verskeie plaaslike skole, waaronder St. Joseph's Parochial Catholic School, St. Benedict's German Catholic School en St. Patrick's Day School, alles in die nabygeleë Terre Haute. [8] Namate hul reputasie toeneem, sou die Sisters of Providence uiteindelik skole in Indiana beman. Hulle sou ook hul bediening uitbrei na Illinois, Massachusetts, Kalifornië, Florida, Texas, Oklahoma, ander state en die District of Columbia. Hulle het ook skole internasionaal beman in China, Taiwan en by Colegio San José in Arequipa, Peru. [ aanhaling nodig ]

Burgeroorlog Redigeer

In Mei 1861 word die Sisters of Providence gevra om die administrasie van die City Hospital in Indianapolis oor te neem toe masels in die nabygeleë kamp opgeslaan het. Die Amerikaanse regering het dit gedurende die oorlog in 'n militêre hospitaal verander. In Junie 1864 is vyf en sewentig Hoosiers uit Sherman se weermag uit hospitale in Louisville en Jeffersonville oorgeplaas. Die hospitaal het ook gewonde Konfederale soldate versorg. Onder leiding van Mary Cecilia Bailly neem die susters die verantwoordelikheid vir die was, kook en skoonmaak van verskeie susters wat as verpleegsters gedien het. In 'n "Verslag van die chirurge van die militêre hospitaal" aan die inspekteur -generaal, het dokters John M Kitchen en P.H. Jameson het geskryf: "Ten slotte voel ons dat die sukses van die bestuur van die hospitaal in groot mate te wyte is aan die edele en opofferende pogings van die sagmoedige en waardige vroue-die susters van die Voorsienigheid." [9]: 31

'N Konfederale gevangenis was ook in Indianapolis geleë, wat op 'n tyd 7 000 gevangenes aangehou het. Volgens kolonel Oran Perry van die 69ste regiment van Indiana, "is dit waarskynlik dat al die susters in die diens in die stad soms in hierdie gevangenis aan diens was.. Die susters was oral op die bote te sien, in die kaserne, in die strate, en gee altyd die grootste sorg aan die soldate. ” [9]: 52

Na die Slag van Fort Donaldson het die biskop van Vincennes die gebruik van die kweekskool vir siekes en gewondes en die hulp van die susters aangebied om vir hulle te sorg. Soldate van die 19de Illinois Regiment is by hierdie noodgeval versorg. Die susters het ook 'n besmettingsafdeling by die kollege in Vincennes beman. [9]: 62

Aan die einde van die oorlog is die hospitaal teruggekeer na die stad en die Susters het die St John's Infirmary oopgemaak vir soldate sonder 'n heenkome, maar nog nie sterk genoeg om te reis nie.

Mission in Asia Edit

Die Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods was die eerste gemeente van Amerikaanse godsdienstige vroue wat 'n sending in China gestig het.

Bediening in Kaifeng Edit

In die somer van 1919 het biskop Joseph Tacconi van Kaifeng, China, met die meester van die susters van Providence, moeder Mary Cleophas Foley, vergader om susters aan te vra vir 'n skool vir jong vroue in Kaifeng. Suster Marie Gratia Luking het hierdie groep susters na Kaifeng gelei om 'n laerskool en 'n junior middelskool vir meisies te open. Luking en haar metgeselle het op 24 November 1920 in Kaifeng aangekom. Kort nadat hulle aangekom het, het die susters 'n mediese apteek en die Hua Mei -skool vir meisies geopen. Die susters het hier bedien tot 1927 toe die kommunistiese leër van Mao Zedong Kaifeng bereik het. Die susters moes noodgedwonge vertrek en skuil by die Maryknoll Sisters in Korea.

In 1929 keer hulle terug na Kaifeng en open 'n weeshuis sowel as 'n nuweling vir vroue wat die godsdienstige lewe wil betree. Hierdie inheemse gemeente, die Providence Sister-Catechists, het in 1932 pouslike goedkeuring ontvang. Ching I Middle School is op 12 September 1932 geopen.

Tweede Wêreldoorlog Wysig

Japan het China teen 1935 begin bedreig, en lugaanvalle, bombardemente en aanvalle deur soldate het algemeen geword. Kaifeng is op 25 Maart 1938 gebombardeer. Binnekort het die skool en die nuweling 'n toevlugsoord geword vir mense wat 'n veilige hawe soek. Hoewel Kaifeng die Japannese op 6 Junie 1938 te beurt val en die lewe vir die susters moeiliker geword het, het hulle in hul woonplek gebly.

Op 8 Desember 1941 word die susters se samestelling in Kaifeng deur Japannese soldate aangeval. Die susters uit die Verenigde State is verplig om na 'n Baptiste sendingkompleks te verhuis en daarna na 'n Benedictine Sisters -kompleks in Kaifeng. Op 22 Maart 1943 is die Sisters of Providence en alle ander Amerikaanse sendelinge geïnterneer in die Weihsien Compound, 'n konsentrasiekamp in Shandong. Vyf maande later is Amerikaanse gevangenes weer verplaas, hierdie keer na Peking waar hulle onder huisarres geplaas is saam met die Spaanse dogters van Jesus.

In September 1945 nadat die oorlog geëindig het, keer die susters terug na Kaifeng en herstel hulle kompleks, I Ching School, en die nuweling. China is egter gou polities geteister deur interne twis tussen die kommuniste en die nasionaliste. Terwyl die kommunistiese leërs na Kaifeng gevorder het, het die Amerikaanse konsulaat -generaal Amerikaanse burgers aangeraai om te vertrek. Die susters het 'n geruime tyd by die Religious of the Sacred Heart in Sjanghai deurgebring.

Taiwan Wysig

Toe China onder die kommunistiese bewind val, verhuis 23 Sisters of Providence en Providence Sister-Catechists na Taiwan, destyds bekend as Formosa, en vestig hulle in Taichung. Luking en die ander susters het 'n nuwe kollege begin bou. Die skool, nou bekend as die Providence University, het in 1949 geopen en in 1987 na Shalu, Taichung, verhuis. [10]

Tans werk Sisters of Providence in verskeie ministeries in Taiwan. Benewens die Providence -universiteit, werk susters by verskeie geriewe vir die versorging van kinders en volwassenes met verstandelike en/of fisiese gestremdhede, waaronder St. Theresa Opportunity Center in Yucheng, Reed School in Hsinchu, St. Camillus de Lellis Sentrum vir verstandelik gestremdes in Penghu, en Miracle Place in Taishan.

Volgens hul missieverklaring is Sisters of Providence "toegewy aan die missie om God se voorsienigheid in die wêreld te wees deur ons te verbind tot werke van liefde, barmhartigheid en geregtigheid in diens van God se volk." [4]

Individuele susters is vry om op hul eie manier en bedieningsplekke te aanbid. Op die moederhuisterrein van Saint Mary-of-the-Woods het die gemeente daaglikse massa beskikbaar in die Church of the Immaculate Conception. Die terrein is ook die tuiste van talle heiligdomme en heilige plekke, waaronder die Heilige Sakramentekapel, die Saint Anne Shell -kapel, die Grot van Our Lady of Lourdes, die National Shrine of Our Lady of Providence en 'n wandelende labirint. 'N Buitenstel van die kruisstasies lei na die Sisters of Providence Convent Cemetery. [11]

Sisters of Providence werk op die gebied van onderwys, gesondheidsorg, vrede en geregtigheid, maatskaplike dienste en geestelike ontwikkeling. Benewens die individuele bedieninge van sy susters, finansier die gemeente verskeie bedieningsorganisasies.

Providence Spirituality & amp Conference Center Wysig

Providence Spirituality & amp Conference Centre is die verwelkomingsentrum vir pelgrims en besoekers aan die Sisters of Providence in Saint Mary-of-the-Woods. Dit bied retreats en ander geleenthede. Die fasiliteit dien as die ingang van die heiligdom van die heilige moeder Theodore Guerin. In die sentrum word ook 'n stel van twaalf historiese dioramas bewaar, begin deur Henri Marchand en voltooi deur Gregory Kamka. [12]

Daar is ook 'n geskenkwinkel, eetdienste in die O'Shaughnessy -eetsaal en die National Shrine of Our Lady of Providence.

White Violet Sentrum vir Eco-Justice Redigeer

White Violet Sentrum vir Eko-Geregtigheid fokus op organiese landbou, onderwys in eko-geregtigheid, geestelike ekologie en sosiale voorspraak. Die sentrum, wat in 1995 gestig is, onderhou 'n trop alpakkas, 1,39 km2 staatsgesertifiseerde organiese landbougrond, bye, 'n bessievlek, 'n boeremark, geklassifiseerde bos en vrugteboorde. [13] White Violet Center word deur die Yale University Forum on Religion and Ecology beskou as 'n 'betrokke projek'. [14]

Guerin Outreach Ministries Redigeer

Guerin Outreach Ministries bestaan ​​uit twee ministeries: Providence Family Services in West Humboldt Park, Chicago, en Providence in die woestyn in die suide van Kalifornië. Hierdie bedienings bied onderrig in geletterdheid/GED vir volwassenes, onderrig vir kinders op skoolgaande ouderdom, klasse Engels as 'n tweede taal, burgerskapsklasse, musiekklasse, rekenaargeletterdheidsklasse en tweetalige berading. [15]

Die gemeente het gekies om op verskeie sosiale geregtigheidskwessies te fokus: vroue in die kerk/samelewing, eko-geregtigheid, rassisme, gewelddadige strategieë vir vrede en ontwapening, immigrantregte en mense wat in armoede leef.

Verskeie ministeries van die Sisters of Providence behandel hierdie kwessies, waaronder White Violet Center for Eco-Justice, Guerin Outreach Ministries, Providence Self Sufficiency Ministries.

Die Sisters of Providence administreer toelaes aan nie-winsgewende sistemiese veranderingsgroepe met beperkte toegang tot ander befondsing deur hul armoede- en geregtigheidsfonds. Hulle is ook 'n stigterlike gemeente en borglid van die 8th Day Center for Justice, gebaseer in Chicago. [16]

Doodstraf en hervorming van die tronk Bewerk

Talle Sisters of Providence neem deel aan die gevangenisbediening, besoek en skryf aan gevangenes. Die Algemene Raad van die Sisters of Providence het in 1995 'n openbare standpunt teen die doodstraf aanvaar in samewerking met die Leadership Conference of Women Religious. Sisters of Providence beplan gebedswake, skryf briewe aan regeringsleiers en verleen ondersteuning vir mediaverhoudinge vir hierdie saak.

Die enigste federale teregstellingskamer in die Verenigde State is geleë in die Federal Correctional Complex, net suid van Terre Haute, Indiana, net vyf kilometer van die moederhuis van die Sisters of Providence in Saint Mary-of-the-Woods, Indiana.

Geweldloosheid Redigeer

Die Sisters of Providence Anti-Racism Team werk om sistemiese rassisme binne die Sisters of Providence, hul geborgde instellings, bedieningsplekke en die groter samelewing af te skaf. The Sisters of Providence Litany of Non-geweld lui gedeeltelik: "Verlos ons van die stilte wat toestemming gee vir mishandeling, oorlog en kwaad. Gee ons die begeerte en die moed om die risiko te spreek en op te tree vir die algemene belang." [17]

Gewetensgevangenes Redigeer

Sedert 1990 was talle Sisters of Providence betrokke by School of the Americas Watch uit protes teen die opleiding van hoofsaaklik Latyns -Amerikaanse militêre offisiere deur die Amerikaanse ministerie van verdediging, by die School of the Americas in Fort Benning, Georgia.

Verskeie Sisters of Providence het gekies om uit protes regstreekse stappe te doen, met regsgevolge in die gesig om die federale eiendom in Fort Benning oor te steek. Vir optrede in November 2001 is suster Kathleen Desautels skuldig bevind aan federale betreding en het hy 'n vonnis van ses maande in die Federal Prison Camp in Greenville, Illinois, uitgedien. [18] Ander susters is gearresteer en gevonnis tot huisarres, gemeenskapsdiens en proeftydperk.

Groen projekte Redigeer

Die Sisters of Providence hou 'n belangrike herwinningsprogram in werking en gebruik 'n volhoubare besproeiingstelsel vir hul organiese tuine en boorde. [19]


Geskiedenis van die staat Rhode Island en Providence Plantations: Biografies

GEORGE LUTHER PIERCE - Die naam Pierce was op 'n baie vroeë ouderdom algemeen in Engeland en het baie maniere om te skryf, soos Parr, Piers, Pierce, Pears, Pearce, Pearse, Peers, Peirce en Purse. Dit dateer uit 'n afgeleë tydperk en is wyd versprei in die Verenigde State, en daar is 'n rede om te glo dat sommige van die draers daarvan, indien nie almal nie, hul oorsprong het in die ou Percy -familie van Northumberland (die Hotspurs van die Noord). Dit beskik nie net oor 'n eerbare koloniale rekord nie, maar dit was ook prominent in die oorlog vir nasionale onafhanklikheid, en word veral onderskei deur die veertiende president van die Verenigde State. Hierdie tak van die Pierce -familie is 'n jarelange en onder die eerste setlaars in New England. Die naam is uiteenlopend gespel in die Massachusetts- en Rhode Island -rekords, en die moderne vorm, Pierce, is deur die meeste afstammelinge van die naam in hierdie land aangeneem. In die ou wêreld was die lede van hierdie familie redelik prominent, en die naam kan teruggevoer word deur 'n lang en duidelike lyn terug na die dae van die Normandiese verowering.

(I) Kaptein Michael Pierce, seun van Richard Pierce, Jr., van die twintigste generasie in direkte afkoms van Brave Galfred, is gebore in Engeland omstreeks 1615 en is deur die Indiërs doodgemaak, Sondag 28 Maart 1676 in King Philip's Oorlog. Hy vestig hom in Hingham, en daarna in Scituate, Mass. Sy eerste vrou sterf in 1662, en hy trou (tweede) omstreeks 1663, Hannah James, weduwee, met 'n seun, Mark James, en 'n dogter, Abigail James, wat met Charles getroud is Stockbridge, seun van John, ongeveer 1638. Sy huis was aan die Cohasset -pad, 'n kilometer van die huidige North Meeting House af. Hy was in die Narragansett -geveg, in Desember 1675. Kaptein Michael Pierce was prominent in die amptelike lewe van die kolonie, en was in 1669 deur die Algemene Hof aangestel as kaptein en luitenant daarvoor. In die lente van 1676 was hy onder leiding van 'n ekspedisie teen die Indiane onder Canonchet, word hy naby Pawtucket aangeval deur 'n superieure mag en sy bevel is byna vernietig. Die verhaal van die geveg, wat deur Mather en ander vertel word, is bekend in die geskiedenis. Kaptein Pierce het vroeg in die geveg geval. Vyf en vyftig van die drie-en-sestig Engelse is vermoor, en tien van die twintig Indiese bondgenote. Die Indiërs was onder bevel van Nanuntenoo, beter bekend as Canonchet, en die plek van die geveg word nou Quinsniket genoem.

Kaptein Pierce se testament is op 15 Januarie 1675 gedateer, 'nou op afspraak van God wat teen die Indiane gaan oorlog voer'. Hy het gehelp met die bou van die eerste saagmeule in die kolonie, verbrand deur die Indiane, 20 Mei 1676. Kinders: 1. Persis, gedoop 1646. 2. Benjamin, gedoop 1646. 3. John, getroud met Patience Dobson. 4. Efraim, hieronder genoem. 5. Eliza. 6. Deborah. 7. Anna. 8. Abia. 9. Rut. 10. Abigail, getroud met John Holbrook.

(II) Ephraim Pierce, seun van kaptein Michael Pierce, woon 'n tyd lank in Weymouth, Mass., Waarvandaan hy na Warwick, RI, verhuis, waar sy eerste kind gebore is. Hy is 'n vryman van die kolonie Rhode Island in Providence, 3 Mei 1681, en sterf op 14 September 1719. Sy testament, 18 Julie 1718, is bewys op 23 September 1719 in Warwick, RI. Hy trou met Hannah Holbrook, en het kinders gehad: 1. Azrikim. 2. Efraim (2), hieronder genoem. 3. Michael, gebore in 1676. 4. Rachel, gebore in 1678. 5. Hannah, gebore in 1680. 6. Ervaring, gebore in 1682. 7. John, gebore in 1684. 8. Benjamin, gebore in 1686.

(III) Ephraim (2) Pierce, seun van Ephraim (1) en Hannah (Holbrook) Pierce, is gebore in 1674, waarskynlik in Warwick, RI. Hy trou met Mary Low en woon later in Rehoboth en Swansea, Mass., Waar hy was 'n prominente en gerespekteerde burger. Kinders: 1. Mial, hieronder genoem. 2. Maria, gebore 16 November 1697. 3. David, gebore 26 Julie 1701. 4. Elizabeth, gebore 30 Mei 1703. 5. Clothier, gebore 24 Mei 1708. 6. Efraim.

(IV) Diaken Mial Pierce, seun van Efraim (2) en Mary (Laag) Pierce, is gebore 24 April 1692 en is oorlede op 18 Oktober 1786, vier en negentig jaar oud. Hy trou met Judith Ellis, dogter van regter Ellis. Sy is gebore in 1686 en sterf op 6 Oktober 1744. Hulle was inwoners van Warwick, RI, en van Rehoboth en Swansea, Mass. Kinders: 1. Ephraim, gebore op 9 November 1712. 2. Wheeler, gebore op 11 Julie, 1714. 3. Nathan, hieronder genoem. 4. Mary, gebore 18 Oktober 1718. 5. Judith, gebore 21 Oktober 1720. 6. Mial, gebore 24 Maart 1722. 7. Jobe, gebore 25 April 1723. 8. Caleb, gebore 8 Junie, 1726. 9. Josua.

(V) Ds Nathan Pierce, seun van diaken Mial en Judith (Ellis) Pierce, is gebore op 21 Februarie 1716 en sterf op 14 April 1793. Ds Nathan Pierce was 'n Baptiste predikant en het veertig jaar lank in een kerk gepreek, die Pierce Meeting House genoem. Sy seun, ds Preserved Pierce, het ook veertig jaar lank in dieselfde huis gepreek. Ouderling Daniel Martin, seun van diaken Melatiah Martin, is op 8 Februarie 1753 as predikant van die Pierce of Tweede Kerk in Rehoboth georden, en daar was tussen dertig of veertig lidmate onder sy sorg. Ouderling Martin is op 18 November 1781 oorlede, 'n paar jaar nadat Nathan Pierce georden is. Eerwaarde Nathan Pierce trou op 6 Oktober 1736 met Lydia Martin, dogter van Ephraim Martin, gebore op 17 Julie 1718, oorlede op 21 Desember 1798. Sy was van Barrington, RI, en word gesê dat sy ''n merkwaardige slim vrou' was , kort, met swart oë en mooi, bekend vir haar leer. Hulle woon in Rehoboth en Swansea, Mass. Die testament van eerwaarde Nathan Pierce is bewys op 4 Junie 1793, terwyl Hiskia Martin eksekuteur was, en haar testament is op 18 Januarie 1799 bewys, terwyl Hezekiah Martin as eksekuteur optree. Kinders: 1. David, gebore 11 April 1739. 2. Lydia, gebore 1 April 1741. 3. Freelove, gebore 8 Oktober 1742. 4. Nathan, gebore 22 Januarie 1745. 5. Joseph, gebore Sept. 7, 1746. 6. Benjamin, gebore 29 Januarie 1748. 7. Verskoning, gebore 23 Oktober 1749. 8. Mary, gebore 23 Maart 1751. 9. Martin, gebore 15 Februarie 1752. 10. Juda, gebore 23 Oktober 1754. 11. Hiskia, gebore 25 Januarie 1755. 12. Peleg, gebore 15 November 1756. 13. Bewaar, gebore 28 Julie 1758. 14. Isaac, hieronder genoem. 15. Chloe, gebore 18 November 1765.

(VI) Isaac Pierce, seun van eerwaarde Nathan en Lydia (Martin) Pierce, is gebore op 22 September 1763, oorlede op 26 November 1849 in die stad Rehoboth, waar hy gewoon het. Isaac Pierce het in die Amerikaanse Revolusie gedien toe hy net sestien was toe die Britte in Newport was. Hy woon 'n tyd lank na sy huwelik met sy oupa, diaken Mial Pierce, en keer na twee jaar terug na sy pa se plaas, waar hy die res van sy lewe geleef het. Hy het op agtienjarige ouderdom by sy vader se kerk aangesluit, maar is op vyf-en-twintigjarige ouderdom uitgesluit omdat hy twee keer na 'n Universalistiese prediker gaan luister het. Hy trou (eerste) op 7 Oktober 1782 met Anna Fitch, dogter van kaptein Amos Fitch, van Swansea. Sy is gebore op 1 Maart 1763, oorlede op 15 November 1809 en is begrawe in die begraafplaas van Pierce in Rehoboth. Hy trou (tweede) 1 November 1810, Polly Bowen, seremonie uitgevoer deur ouderling Preserved Pierce sy is gebore op 21 Augustus 1789, oorlede op 10 Maart 1838. Hy is getroud met (derde) Elizabeth Carpenter. Kinders: 1. Hannah, gebore 18 September 1783. 2. Nancy, gebore 15 April 1786. 3. Cyrus, gebore 9 Junie 1788, oorlede in Maart 1789. 4. Isaac, gebore 21 Desember 1789. 5. Mahala, gebore 29 April 1792. 6. Angia, gebore 1 Junie 1794. 7. Levi, gebore 8 Junie 1797. 8. Mary A., gebore 29 Mei 1799. 9. Waterman, hieronder genoem. 10. Hiram W., gebore 19 Februarie 1804. 11. Betey, gebore 3 Februarie 1807. 12. Lymon, gebore 1 Januarie 1813. 13. Holofanes, gebore 21 Februarie 1816. 14. Jeremiah, gebore 20 Aug. 1820. 15. Delana, gebore 13 Julie 1823 getroud, 29 Desember 1844, Philip Allen Munroe. 16. Laura A., gebore 18 Mei 1825. 17. Sephrona, gebore 12 Augustus 1827.

(VII) Ds Waterman Pierce, seun van Isaac Pierce, is gebore in Rehoboth, Mass., 24 Desember 1801. Hy trou op 15 Junie 1820, negentien jaar oud, met Betsey Baker, en kort nadat sy huwelik verwyder is. na Seekonk, RI Eerwaarde Waterman Pierce was predikant van die Free Will Baptist Church in Barneyville, North Swansea, Mass., en het daardie amp vir meer as veertig jaar beklee, gedurende 'n gedeelte van die tyd wat hy die kansel met sy kleinseun gedeel het. Hy was die vader van die volgende kinders, al sy seuns wat 'n groot mate van onderskeiding in die openbare lewe in Providence behaal het: 1. Bradford B., gebore op 7 November 1821. 2. Sarah F., gebore op 25 Julie 1826. 3. Elisha W., gebore 22 Januarie 1829. 4. Mary E., gebore 27 April 1831, oorlede 10 Maart 1845. 5. Maria B., gebore 1 Februarie 1835. 6. George Luther, genoem hieronder. 7. Julia E., gebore 16 November 1839. 8. Mercy A., gebore 14 Julie 1842 getroud, 17 Junie 1864, Burden Munroe. 9. Richmond, gebore 2 Julie 1847 oorlede 13 Maart 1848.

(VIII) George Luther Pierce, seun van eerwaarde Waterman en Betsey (Baker) Pierce, is gebore op 9 September 1837. Hy het sy opleiding ontvang in die skole van die stad Seekonk, Mass., Waar hy hom voorberei het vir die Fort Edward Institute , van die Washington -distrik in die staat New York, wat hy later bygewoon het. Hy besluit op 'n sakeloopbaan eerder as 'n professionele lewe, en keer na sy kursus terug na Providence en betree die groot kleinhandel- en groothandelbedryf van EW Pierce & amp Company, waarvan sy broers Elisha W. en Bradford B. Pierce was die uitvoerende hoofde. Hy was uiters geskik vir die sakelewe en bewys sy waarde in die firma kort nadat hy sy diens aangegaan het. In 1854 word George Luther Pierce toegelaat as 'n vennoot van die firma en behou hy sy verbintenis met die onderneming vir meer as vyf en dertig jaar en word hy bekend as een van die voorste en bekwaamste mense in die sakekring en kommersiële kringe van Providence. en die omliggende gebied. Hy was 'n skerp beoordelaar van waardes, en sy advies en advies is ingewin in die uitvoerende rade van baie van die groot handelsondernemings in die stad. Hy was bekend as 'n man met die strengste integriteit en regverdige handel in al sy verhoudings, en is in baie kringe in Providence vereer en gerespekteer.

Mnr. Pierce was aktief in die politieke lewe van die stad en word gereeld met openbare amp vereer. Hy was lid van die Republikeinse party en het jare lank 'n prominente plek beklee in sy rade, in die stad en die staat. Hy was etlike jare lid van die Republikeinse komitee van die stad Providence, begin in 1886 of 1887. In 1886 word hy verkies tot lid van die Providence City Council, en vervul sy pligte so goed in hierdie hoedanigheid dat hy na die kantoor elke jaar vir 'n aantal jare. Van 1886 tot 1895 was hy lid van die Common Council of Providence, en van 1895 tot 1898 lid van die Raad van Wethouers. Vanaf Januarie 1895, tot die tyd van sy dood, was hy kommissaris van die North Burying Ground, van Providence. Pierce word erken as 'n openbare man van die hoogste en mees ongeïnteresseerde tipe, en is voortdurend gesoek vir sy amp. Van Mei 1886 tot 1887 was hy lid van die Algemene Vergadering van Rhode Island, en in die lente van 1898 is hy weer gekies as 'n lid van die Huis, wat tot 1902 ingesluit het. Hy is in November 1904 herkies vir die jaar 1905, met 'n buitengewoon groot meerderheid. Vir 'n tydperk van drie jaar was mnr. Pierce lid van die komitee oor finansies, twee jaar lank in die komitee oor staatsgeliefdhede en korreksie, en 'n jaar lank in die komitee oor militêre aangeleenthede. Hy was hoog gerespekteer gedurende die hele termyn van sy staatsdiens en het gedurende die tydperk baie voordelige en nodige wetgewing bereik.

George Luther Pierce trou met Sarah E. Cory, wat op 24 Augustus 1910 oorlede is. Hulle was die ouers van die volgende kinders: 1. Archie LeGrand, sterf as kind. 2. Wilton Cory, oorlede as kind. 3. Grace, 'n gegradueerde aan die Brown -universiteit, wat met groot lof afgestudeer het, was president van haar klas vir 'n tydperk in die grammatikale grade van die Point Street School, met wie sy getroud was met Russell W. Richmond, hulle het twee seuns: Cory Pierce Richmond en Parsons Pierce Richmond , en 'n dogter, Barbara, wat op die ouderdom van twee en 'n half jaar oorlede is. 4. Ethel, tweeling van Grace, is 'n gegradueerde van die Rhode Island School of Design en was tekenopsigter in Warwick, R. I., en leer nou teken in die Technical High School of Providence. 5. Chauncy Giles, oorlede as kind. 6. Bertha. 7. George Luther, jr., Gebore op 2 Oktober 1886 studeer aan die Providence Technical High School en Brown University. Hy is getroud met Ruth Brooks, en hulle het een seun, George Raymond, gebore op 26 Augustus 1916. George L. Pierce, Jr., was in die kantoor van die verkeersingenieur van die Providence Telephone Company, toe hy met griep getref is en skielik gesterf het. , 30 September 1918.

George Luther Pierce sterf in sy somerhuis in East Providence, RI, 21 Oktober 1909.
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WILLIAM H. HOUT - Hout is 'n plaaslike naam in sy oorsprong en beteken 'in die bos'. Dit is algemeen in elke Middeleeuse register in Engeland.

Vir die man wat in homself die begeerte om te slaag besit, is daar geen te groot hindernis om die pad na prestasie te blokkeer nie. Die mans wat misluk, is diegene wat die lewensprobleme aanval en met 'n halfhartige bereidwilligheid om te slaag werk as die moeite om dit te doen nie te groot is nie. Benewens die noodsaaklikheid om vir sy onderhoud te werk, het mnr. Wood ook die begeerte na prestasie gehad, wat hom 'n sukses in die lewe sou gemaak het sonder die aansporing tot ambisie wat die voormalige omstandigheid gebied het. Tensy die noodsaaklikheid om te werk ondersteun word deur die begeerte om te werk, is sukses onmoontlik.

William H. Wood is gebore in Providence, R. I., 13 November 1849, die seun van William en Delia (Bundy) Wood. Sy pa, 'n boorling van Engeland, kom skaars minder as 'n eeu gelede na Amerika, vergesel van sy vrou. Hulle vestig hulle in Providence. R. I. Toe die goue koors die land met sy gepaardgaande stormwind van prospekteer en mynbou betrap, het William Wood, senior, by die geledere van die 'veertig-negers' aangesluit en is weswaarts na Kalifornië, waar hy kort na sy aankoms gesterf het. Die dood van sy vader het plaasgevind toe William H. Wood nog maar 'n klein seuntjie was, en dit het hom so gou moontlik bygestaan ​​om die gesin te ondersteun. Hy het egter die grootste kans gekry om 'n opleiding in die plaaslike openbare skole te kry. Dit is egter vroeg ingekort, maar hy studeer tuis en na ure en word 'n man met goeie opvoeding en 'n gekweekte smaak op die gebied van letterkunde. Hy waardeer opvoeding net soos diegene wat die voorregte daarvan belet kan word, en het alles in sy vermoë gedoen om sy werk in die openbare skole aan te vul, en dit was wonderlik. Hy het 'n sterk ambisie gehad om te slaag en het in elke posisie wat hy beklee, die beste in hom gebring. Mnr. Wood het sy eerste werk gekry in die kantoor van Jason Stone, 'n handelaar in naaimasjiene, en hy het 'n paar jaar lank in die werk voortgegaan.

Met 'n skerp intellek en 'n analitiese verstand, wou hy graag die regsberoep betree en het hy alles in sy vermoë gedoen om die studie daarvoor te voltooi. Hy was egter nie in staat om hierdie ambisie te verwesenlik nie, en laat vaar uiteindelik die idee. Mnr. Wood het die gebied van vaste eiendom betree, waarin hy later 'n mag in die stad Providence geword het, op voorstel van wyle Daniel Lyman, van die plek. Hy begin sy loopbaan as agent vir die groot eiendomsbesit van mnr Lyman, en het vanaf hierdie relatief onbelangrike begin geleidelik gestyg tot die posisie van prominensie wat hy later beklee het. Mnr. Wood was uiters geskik vir sukses in hierdie reeks. Hy was 'n skerp beoordelaar van sakewaardes en voorsien in baie gevalle die neiging tot die ontwikkeling van eiendom in Providence en die omliggende land. Hy was bekend vir die billikheid van sy sakebeginsels en is toevertrou aan baie van die grootste eiendomstransaksies wat in sy tyd in die stad Providence aangegaan is. Hy het 'n baie uitgebreide onderneming bedryf, en 'n baie winsgewende onderneming. Ten tyde van sy dood het hy die groot eiendomme van die landgoed Vinton en Barnaby en die landgoed Nancy K. Bishop in sy besit gehad. Mnr. Wood se eerste kantoor was in Providence, op die hoek van Exchange- en Westminsterstraat, en hy het daar sake gehou tot en met sy dood.

As een van die leidende figure in die eiendomswêreld, is mnr. Wood intiem geïdentifiseer met die grootste sake- en finansiële belange van die stad. Hy was tesourier van die Rhode Island Investment Company en die Beckwith Land Company. He was appointed by the heirs of the Lemuel Bishop estate administrator of the funds received from the French spoilation claims, rising out of the destruction of the brigantine 'Nancy' in the year 1799.

Mr. Wood was also identified with the political and public life of the city of Providence, and always active in any movement which had for its end the betterment of conditions in the city of Providence. He served as a member of the City Council from 1883 to 1885, and in the latter year was elected to the State Legislature, where he served honestly and well the interests of the people, unswayed by partisan lines of influence. He was defeated for reelection to this office by which is known in the politics of Rhode Island as the 'May Deal'. The obvious unfairness of this treatment was the direct cause of Mr. Wood's premature retirement from public life, and was responsible for a loss to the city of Providence, and the State of Rhode Island, of a man who had conserved with all his strength the interests of both, and gave promise of greater achievement in the future. Mr. Wood was a Republican in political affiliation, and upheld the finest and best of the traditions of the Grand Old Party.

He was also active in the social and club life of Providence. He was a man of magnetic personality and fine character, and possessed numerous friends in all walks of life. He was a member of the Masonic fraternity, and was prominent in the affairs of the What Cheer Lodge and St. John's Commandery. He was a member of the Hope Club, and the Metacomet Golf Club of Providence.

William Henry Wood married, October 2, 1872, Adele S. Remington, daughter of William H. and Jane (Smith) Remington. Mrs. Wood is a native of Providence, and actively identified with the social life of the city. She is a woman of wide culture, and has also greatly traveled, having made a trip around the world in 1910. (See Remington IX.) Mr. and Mrs. Wood were the parents of two children: 1. William Remington, born in Providence, Jan. 14, 1876 received his education in the Providence High School, and was graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on completing his training he became a naval architect, gaining a position of prominence in this field, in which he was engaged at the outbreak of the war upon America's entry into the conflict he offered his services to Secretary Daniels and was commissioned assistant superintendent of the Hull division buying department of the Mare Island Naval Base, San Francisco Mr. Wood is now engaged in this work he married Caroline Jonsen, of Boston, Mass. Mr. Wood owns a large ranch in California. Children: i. Remington, who after making a determined effort to enlist in some branch of service in the United States Army or Navy, who is now but sixteen years of age, went to Canada, enlisted in the Canadian army, and is now serving with Canadian troops. ii. Richard. iii. Elizabeth. 2. Florence, born Jan. 28, 1878, in Providence, R. I. married George Owen, an instructor in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in the department of marine architect they reside at Newton, Mass. Children: i. George. ii. Florence.

Mr. Wood died suddenly on May 8, 1905, at Wilmington, Del., while on his way from Washington to Providence, passing away on the train.

Remington is an English surname of local derivation, meaning 'of Rimmington', a township in the parish of Gisburn, West Riding, York. It has also been found in Lancashire for a number of centuries.

(I) John Remington, progenitor of the branch of which the late William Humphrey Remington was a member, was a native of England, and emigrated to America from Yorkshire. He arrived in the Massachusetts Colony in 1637, and settled first in Newbury, where he was made a freeman, May 22, 1639. He later removed to Rowley, where he remained for considerable period. About 1662 he removed to Roxbury, Mass. in the early Colonial records of Massachusetts he calls himself late of Rowley, now of Roxbury. He became a man of prominence in the community. John Remington received a two-acre lot in the division of public lands in Rowley. His home was located on Wethersfield street. In 1647 he was a lieutenant of militia under Captain Sebastian Brigham. He died in Roxbury, June 8, 1667. He married (first) in England, prior to his coming to America, and his wife, Elizabeth, accompanied him here. She died on December 24, 1658. He married (second) Rhoda ----- . John Remington had two sons, John and Thomas, whose names are not found on the records of Rowley. Children, whose names are recorded in Rowley: 1. Jonathan, born Feb. 12, 1640. 2. Daniel, born Oct. 2, 1641. 3. Hannah, born June 19, 1643. 4. Elizabeth, born April 5, 1645, died in 1646. 5. Elizabeth, born about 1648. 6. Mary, born March 31, 1653, died in 1654.

(II) John (2) Remington, son of John (1) and Elizabeth Remington, was born about 1628 or 1630 in Yorkshire, England, and accompanied his parents to America. He resided first in Rowley, Mass., but later removed to Andover, where there is record of him from 1654 to 1656. He settled in Haverhill, Mass., as early as the year 1661. Shortly after 1664 he was a member of the colony at Jamestown, R. I., and later removed to Warwick, R. I., where he took up his permanent abode, and died in 1709. He married Abigail ----- . Their children were: 1. John, born in Rowley, March 12, 1651. Abigail, born in Rowley, Sept. 14, 1652. 3. Joseph, born Nov. 29, 1654. 4. Thomas, born Feb. 4, 1656. 5. Prudence, born in Rowley, July 14, 1657. 6. Joseph, mentioned below. 7. Daniel, born Oct. 18, 1661. 8. Hannah, born July 3, 1664, in Haverhill, as was also David.

(III) Joseph Remington, son of John (2) and Abigail Remington, was born about the year 1658, according to Rhode Island records. He was a resident of Jamestown, R. I. Records, further than the fact that he served on the jury at Jamestown, on September 5, 1682, cannot be found of him.

(IV) John (3) Remington, son of Joseph Remington, was born in Jamestown, R. I., on April 12, 1680, and resided there all his life.

(V) John (4) Remington, son of John (3) Remington, was born in Jamestown, R. I., and resided there during his entire life-time. He married Susanna ----- . Their children were: 1. Benjamin, born Sept. 19, 1733. 2. Peter, born July 1, 1737. 3. Penelope, born April 15, 1739. 4. Sarah, born March 21, 1741. 5. Abigail, born in May, 1743. 6. John, born Jan. 6, 1745. It is thought within a reasonable degree of certainty, that he, John (4) Remington, was also the father of Enoch Remington, mentioned below.

(VI) Enoch Remington, son of John (4) and Susanna Remington, was born in Jamestown, R. I., about 1735. He later removed to Warren, R. I., with his wife, Molly. Two children are recorded in Warren: 1. Molly, born Nov. 11, 1757. 2. Lydia, born July 20, 1765. They are thought to have been the parents also of Enoch, mentioned below.

(VII) Enoch (2) Remington, son of Enoch (1) and Molly Remington, was born in Warren about 1768. He resided in the town of Barrington, R. I., and died there January 1, 1795. He married in Barrington, R. I., August 5, 1790, Ruth Armington, daughter of John and Ruth (Kent) Armington. (See Armington IV.) Their children were: 1. Samuel Watson, born Jan. 4, 1791. 2. Enoch, mentioned below. 3. Ruth, born Dec. 28, 1794. Ruth (Armington) Remington was a member of a prominent New England family established here in the early part of the eighteenth century. She was born in Rehoboth, Mass., June 29, 1771.

(VIII) Enoch (3) Remington, son of Enoch (2) and Ruth (Armington) Remington, was born in Barrington, R. I., May 3, 1792. He was a citizen of considerable prominence in the affairs of the community, and was a farmer on a large scale. He died in Providence, August 6, 1864. Enoch Remington married, March 13, 1814, Phebe Short, daughter of John and Betsey (Scott) Short. She was born April 9, 1797, and died July 31, 1870. John Short was born in Warren, R. I., February 14, 1757, the son of John and Phebe Short married in Barrington, September 30, 1779, Elizabeth (Betsey) Scott, of Cumberland. Their daughter, Phebe Short, married Enoch Remington. Children: 1. Samuel Watson, born Sept. 30, 1817. 2. Lucretia S., born June 15, 1820. 3. William Humphrey, mentioned below. 4. George A., born Sept. 26, 1824. 5. Jeremiah S., born Sept. 6, 1827. 6. Daniel S., born March 3, 1829. 7. Phebe A., born March 12, 1831. 8. George A. (2), born March 31, 1833.

(IX) William Humphrey Remington, son of Enoch (3) and Phebe (Short) Remington, was born in Barrington, R. I., March 29, 1822. He received his early educational training in Barrington. Early in life he embarked on a business career for himself, and secured his first employment in the dry goods business in Providence, R. I., to which city he went because he realized that it presented greater opportunities. He entered the business in the capacity of a clerk, and solely through his own efforts and energy, intelligently applied, he became a proprietor. After a period spent in learning the business in every detail, and in becoming thoroughly grounded in its inner workings, he engaged independently as a fancy dry goods merchant. Shortly afterward he went into partnership with his brother, Jeremiah S. Remington, and opened a store in the Arcade, in Providence. This business prospered greatly, and came to have a reputation for the highest principles of business dealing. The one store was found inadequate to meet the demands of the trade, and another was added to it. At the time of Mr. Remington's death the one store had grown to four, and it is highly probable that he would have been influential in increasing his business to greater size had he lived longer. His death occurred in the very prime of life, at the age of forty-two years, on September 9, 1844. William Humphrey Remington was one of the most thoroughly respected and honored business men of his day.

He married Jane Smith, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (Phillips) Smith, of Providence, R. I., a descendant of one of the oldest families of New England (See Smith VIII). Mrs. Remington died July 17, 1902. She was a devoted member of the Baptist church. Their children were: 1. Florence, died 1860. 2. William R., died in 1873. 3. Adele W., married William H. Wood, of Providence (deceased) resides in Providence, R. I. (See Wood).

Arms -- Per chevron or and azure, in chief two lions rampant combatant of the second, in base a lion rampant of the first.

The Armington family in America dates from the opening years of the eighteenth century. Joseph Armington, the founder and ancestor of all of the name in America, whose ancestry is traced to the Colonial period, was a native of England. It is judged from the fact that he returned to the mother country on affairs of business that he was a man of large interests. A genius for mercantile and financial affairs has been largely evident in one line of his descendants. There have been professional men among them also. Southeastern Massachusetts and that part of the Colony and later the State of Rhode Island which borders upon it has been the home of the family since the time of its founding in America. The family, though comparatively small, contributed many of its sons to the defence of the Nation in the American Revolution, the War of 1812 and the Civil War.

(I) Joseph Armington, immigrant ancestor, was born on the Island of Guernsey, Great Britain. He came to the New England Colonies from England in 1714, settling in Boston, where he remained for a year. In 1715 he returned to England, and died there in that year. His wife, who had accompanied him to America, was a woman of excellent education, well-born and cultured.. After her husband's death she established a school in Roxbury, Mass., where she taught French.

(II) Joseph (2) Armington, son of Joseph (1) Armington, was born in the year 1707 on the Island of Guernsey, Great Britain, and accompanied his parents to New England in 1714. He settled in Rehoboth, Mass., on attaining his majority, and followed the trade of brickmaker there until his death. He married, May 27, 1729, Hannah Chaffee, daughter of Jonathan and Hannah (Carpenter) Chaffee, who was born October 3, 1707, and died February 22, 1799, at Rehoboth. Joseph Armington died in Rehoboth, August 15, 1746.

(III) John Armington, son of Joseph (2) and Hannah (Chaffee) Armington, was born June 12, 1735, at Rehoboth, Mass., where he resided during the greater part of his life. In his latter years he removed to Waterford, Vt., where he died. He married (first) January 11, 1757, Ruth Kent, born March 3, 1737, daughter of Hezekiah and Ruth (Cooper) Kent. He married (second) January 13, 1788, Chloe Newman, of Rehoboth.

(IV) Ruth Armington, daughter of John and Ruth (Kent) Armington, was born June 29, 1771, in Rehoboth, Mass. She married, August 5, 1790, Enoch Remington, of Barrington, R. I. (See Remington VII.)

The Smith immigrants to America in the seventeenth century were numerous, and their progeny forms one of the greatest of American families of Colonial date. Rhode Island, which has been the home of the family herein under consideration since the year of the founding of Providence when John Smith, called the Miller, to distinguish him from others who came after him, was one of the five men who accompanied Roger Williams to Rhode Island in the spring or summer of 1636, and made the first settlement of white persons in the territory.

(II) John (2) Smith, son of John (1) and Alice Smith, was born probably about 1630 in England, and died in Providence, in 1682. He was a miller and succeeded his father in the management of the property, which was confirmed to him and his mother by the town after the father's death. He purchased two shares in the town, April 27, 1655, and drew twenty-one acres in his father's right at a division made February 19, 1665. He had various parcels confirmed to him by the town, May 24, 1673. His house was burned by the Indians, March 30, 1676, and with difficulty he saved the town records which were in his custody, by throwing them into the mill pond. John Smith was ensign of the military company, November 6, 1654 in 1661 he was juryman, deputy 1666 and 1672, and town clerk, from 1672 to 1676. He married Sarah Whipple, born in 1642, died after 1687, daughter of John and Sarah Whipple.

(III) William Smith, son of John (2) and Sarah (Whipple) Smith, was born in 1682, and died December 11, 1753, in Smithfield, R. I. He built the county court house, for which he received six hundred and sixty-four pounds, nine shillings. For many years he was major in the militia, and one of the foremost men in the colony. He was deputy to the General Court, in 1714-16-1720-21-24-27-29 assistant in 1729-30-31, and moderator of Smithfield in 1733-34-35-40, deputy from Smithfield to the General Court, in 1735-44. The inventory of his estate amounted to £547 6s. Major William Smith married Mary Sayles, born May 30, 1689, died after 1754, daughter of John and Elizabeth Sayles.

(IV) Daniel Smith, son of Major William and Mary (Sayles) Smith, was born September 28, 1712, in Providence. He resided in Smithfield, and in Burrillville, which was a part of the original town of Smithfield. He married in Smithfield, August 3, 1735, Mary Aldrich, who was born in Mendon, Mass., February 15, 1714, daughter of Moses and Hannah (White) Aldrich.

(V) Martin Smith, son of Daniel and Mary (Aldrich) Smith, was born October 15, 1747, in Burrillville, and was married in Smithfield, November 4, 1764, to Mary Mowry, who was born October 30, 1745, daughter of Uriah and Urania Mowry.

(VI) Pitts Smith, son of Martin and Mary (Mowry) Smith, was born October 10, 1766, in Smithfield, R. I., resided there all his life, and married, May 31, 1795, Susanna ----- . (No record of the surname of his wife has been found it was possibly Steere.)

(VII) Richard Smith, son of Pitts and Susanna Smith was born May 15, 1796, in Smithfield, and died in Providence, August 28, 1864. In early life he resided in Glocester, and when a young man, in 1820, removed to Providence, and took possession of the Bull Dog Tavern, which was built in 1798 at Bull Dog Square, now known as Randall Square. He succeeded Calvin Dean in the management of the hotel, and continued until 1840, when it was sold to Mary Ann Madden. During the time Richard Smith conducted the hotel, the large assembly room in it was devoted on Sunday to religious meetings, with steadily increasing congregations, until the attendance was gathered into the Fourth Baptist Church Society. Baptisms were performed in the Moshausick river, which flowed near the tavern. Later Colonel Smith conducted successfully the Franklin House, the Eagle House and American Hotel, and was one of the best known hotel men in the State in his day. He was among the 'forty-niners', who went to California in search of gold, but soon returned to Providence, and continued to make his home there until his death. He married Elizabeth Phillips, daughter of David Phillips. The Phillips coat-of-arms is as follows:


There is so much Black history in Providence, and still so much to learn

Take a self-guided tour that explores Providence’s Black history from the early days of the Rhode Island colony to today.

We didn’t know that Frederick Douglass, the great Black abolitionist and orator, spent an enormous amount of time in Providence, advocating for an end to slavery, Black suffrage and a woman’s right to vote. “In one trip, he spoke six times,” says Ray Rickman, cofounder of Stages of Freedom, a nonprofit dedicated to empowering city youth and showcasing Rhode Island’s African-American history.

We didn’t know that America’s first Black opera diva, who sang for four US presidents, grew up in Providence, or that the first artist in America to receive a national award was a Black man named Edward M. Bannister, who cofounded the Providence Art Club, the second oldest art club in the country.

We didn’t know that University Hall at Brown University was built by enslaved men, and that by the mid-1700s, Rhode Island slave traders were a dominant force in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. We didn’t know that the state was also one of the largest producers of “Negro cloth,” supplying the plantation market with cheap, low-quality fabric worn by enslaved people.

Apparently, we were not alone in our ignorance.

University Hall on Brown University's campus in Providence, in 2012. Gretchen Ertl for The Boston Globe

“The most surprising thing about Black history in Providence is that it is so unknown,” says Debra Sharpe, executive director of the Center for Reconciliation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to fostering racial justice and racial reconciliation. “We don’t teach it, and we don’t do a good job lifting it up, and that’s why the trail was developed.”

Sharpe is talking about the Early Black History Walking Tour, part of the “Providence Walks” series produced by the Providence Warwick Convention & Visitors Bureau, in collaboration with The Center for Reconciliation, Stages of Freedom, and Rhode Island Historical Society.

“We realized how little people know about Providence’s rich and compelling African-American history,” says Rickman about the impetus to create the trail. “The tour teaches Providence’s deep involvement in the slave trade and reveals Black folks’ extraordinary accomplishments in politics, religion, the arts, business, education, and the economy of Providence.”

Edward Mitchell Bannister cofounded the Providence Art Club, the second oldest art club in the country. Wikipedia

The trail includes a map and descriptions that you can download here. It’s a compact tour, with 18 sights and four other points of interest within about a 25-block radius.

We began at the North Burial Ground. Established in 1700, the cemetery sprawls some 110 acres and includes more than 40,000 gravestones. We were looking for the gravestone of Patience Borden, who, according to our map, was a free woman of color who donated all of her money to “the relief of poor people of colour.” It’s a simple gravestone, but clearly stated her pride of being free, and wealthy enough to provide for others. It’s representative of the types of gravestones that free African-Americans bought for themselves after emancipation.

We left the cemetery and walked to the Rhode Island State House and nearby Roger Williams National Memorial, with a cluster of notable sites, including the Cathedral of St. John & Burial Ground. The church, where enslaved people and enslavers both worshipped, was built in 1722 with money earned from the Triangle Trade. In the burial ground is the grave of an enslaved family, marked with one stone.

The burial ground behind the Cathedral of St. John has the grave of an enslaved family, marked with one stone. Pamela Wright

We learned that the State House was built on the site of Snowtown, a predominantly Black community. “Following the Gradual Emancipation Act of 1784, newly emancipated, indentured and freeborn Black Rhode Islanders needed places to live, work, play and build community,” we read. “In a pattern typical to the U.S., a statewide social, legal and economic system of white supremacy replaced the social, legal and economic system of slavery.” Black residents settled in marginalized Providence neighborhoods like Snowtown, which were often targets of oppression and violence. A nearby plaque recalls the 1831 Snowtown Riot, when a white mob terrorized the neighborhood for four days, resulting in the death of five people, and the damage and destruction of 18 buildings.

It began to snow as we made our way up Main Street to the next cluster of sites along the trail: the 1769 Old Brick School House, which, beginning in 1828, housed a separate school for “students of color,” and the Congdon Street Baptist Church, the oldest continually operating Black church in Providence. We hopped back in the car to warm up, enjoyed sandwiches we’d brought from home, and read about some other Providence personalities. Thomas Howland was the first Black man elected to public office in Providence but was denied a US passport. Pero Paget was an enslaved laborer and stonemason who worked on buildings throughout the city, including Market House and Brown’s University Hall. The “Shoemaker Family” was enslaved to Jacob Shoemaker, and when Jacob died, they became the property of Providence. They were freed on the condition that their labor was not needed to pay their enslaver’s debts.

We bundled up — neck-ups, hats, gloves and masks — to complete the tour. We saw the grand Stephen Hopkins House, where the 10-time governor of Rhode Island and signer of the Declaration of Independence enslaved at least six people. The Sally Gallery at John Brown House was closed because of COVID-19. However, we later took a virtual look inside, where exhibits tell the somber and cruel story of the slave ship Sally and its devastating 1764-1765 passage from Providence to West Africa to Antigua and back. (Virtual visits are held on Saturdays, $5 per connecting device, www.rihs.org/locations/the-john-brown-house-museum). Original bookkeeping ledgers show that deaths were marked as a “business expense.” The house was owned by John Brown, who’s family’s shipping business included privateering and the Triangle Trade.

It’s not a pretty history, but as Rickman says, “It’s essential that all of us engage with our shared Black and white history, the good and the bad, as we move toward creating a unified community.”


Notas

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Thanks to you our first ever Virtual 5K raised over $28,000 with 108 participants and over 300 individual donors! Whether you participated in the walk or donated toward a friend or family member's efforts, we're so grateful you chose to celebrate the moms in your life by supporting the moms in our residences!

The outpouring of pain, sadness, and outrage we’ve seen across the country recently highlights more than ever the need for non-violence and compassion in our world. Every day brings more images of turmoil and grief that reminds us how much work is ahead for individual and community healing, but seeing our nation come together and not remain silent has offered an encouraging glimpse of hope.

Providence House has been committed to advancing social and racial justice since 1979 by providing women and families with a safe place and resources to advance themselves, while fighting for greater availability of services, criminal justice reform, and policies that assist the most vulnerable. These goals can only be pursued in an open and collaborative community, and we are eternally grateful to our residents, volunteers, donors, board, and staff for creating such an uplifting community.

Providence House will continue to do everything we can to fight racism and we vow to keep our organization responsive and proactive. We will be reaching out to even more women and families, providing opportunities for stability, healing, and empowerment, and advocating for the types of programming that let our communities lift themselves up. Most importantly, we’ll stay focused on our core values of community, hospitality, non-violence, and compassion. These values are needed today more than ever.


Paul Adams, III

Born September 14, 1940, Paul Joseph Adams III learned the value of education from his parents, Patsy Lois and Paul Adams, Jr., who enrolled him in private elementary and high schools in his hometown of Montgomery, Alabama. Na ontvangs van 'n B.A. from Alabama State University, Adams moved north to Chicago, where he worked in mental health education while earning his M.A. in psychology from Northeastern Illinois University.

In 1971, Adams was hired as director of guidance for Providence-St. Mel School, a private Catholic high school in Chicago. He became the school's principal a year later. When the Archdiocese of Chicago withdrew funding for the school in 1978, Adams spearheaded a national campaign to raise money for the school. In response to his publicity-seeking efforts and the support of the Providence-St. Mel students and community, the school received local and national media attention. Donations poured in from across the country, and Adams transitioned Providence-St. Mel into a not-for-profit independent school.

At Providence-St. Mel, Adams focused on developing a strong academic standard while enforcing strict disciplinary codes. To guarantee the safety of his students, he moved into the vacant convent inside the school to ward off thieves and vandals. His dedication became legendary and during the next two decades, Adams successfully transformed Providence-St. Mel into a premier learning institution for African American students.

Since 1996, Adams has served as president of Providence-St. Mel School, managing an annual budget in excess of $6 million. He is still very active in planning the curriculum for the school, which has expanded to include elementary and middle grades. Under Adams' leadership, every one of Providence-St. Mel's graduating seniors has been accepted to institutions of higher learning.

Adams has received numerous awards for his efforts, including the McDonald's Education Achievement Award, the African-American Male Image Award, the Rozell R. Nesbitt Community Education Award, and four honorary doctorates. Adams was named an American Hero in Education by Reader's Digest and was voted Man of the Year by the Chicago Urban League.


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About Richard Pearce, of Providence

Azrika and his family were the first of this lineage to come to America from Bristol, England. It was at this time the spelling of the name in this lineage was changed from Percy to Pearce and Peirce. They arrived on the ship "Lyons" which his brother William Pierce was the master. Not sure exactly when they arrived in America, but it must have been prior to 1639 based on his brother Williams known history. This was a period in history when the "Indian Wars" were just getting started as settlers started to claim their land. Slavery already had a foothold in the southern colonies, and it had been only 20 years since the "Pilgrims" settled in the new country.

Fabricated genealogy

See Captain Michael Pierce and the Fake Genealogy of Frederick Clifton Pierce for an excellent examination of the misinformation about the Pierce family. skakel

  • Pearce genealogy, being the record of the posterity of Richard Pearce, an early inhabitant of Portsmouth, in Rhode Island, who came from England, and whose genealogy is traced back to 972. With an introduction of the male descendants of Josceline de Louvaine .. (1888)
  • From the foregoing historical sketch of the English branch of the Percies it will be seen that Peter17 Percy* was son of Ralph16 Percy he (Peter17) was born in 1447 and his descent is as follows from the first ancestor: Galfred1, William2, Alan3, William4, William5, Agnes6, Henry7, William8, Henry9, Henry10, Henry11, Henry12, Henry13, Henry14, Henry15, Ralph16.
  • Peter17 Percy had a son Richard18. The father was standard bearer to Richard the Third at the battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.
  • Richard18 founded Pearce Hall in York, England, where he lived and died leaving an eldest son Richard19, Jr.
  • Richard19, Jr. resided on the homestead of his father and had two sons Richard20, Jr., b. 1590, and William20. It was at this time that the spelling of the name in this branch was changed from Percy to Pearce.
  • Richard20 Pearce, Jr. (Richard19) b. 1590 m. in England Martha ---- .
  • He resided in Bristol, England, and came to America in the ship "Lyons" from that place. His brother, Capt. William Pearce, was master of the ship. Kinders:
    • ‘. ek. Richard21, b. 1615 m. Susannah Wright.
    • ’. ii. John21, b. --- m. Mary ---, and Mrs. Rebecca Wheeler.
    • iii. Samuel, b.
    • iv. Hannah, b.
    • v. Martha, b.
    • vi. Sarah, b.
    • vii. William, b.
    • viii. Mary, b..
    • Richard Pearce's Will. . ens.
    • ‘+i. Richard, b. Oct. 3, 1643 m. Experience --- .
    • ii. Martha, b. Sept. 13, 1645 m. Mahershallalhashboz Dyer of Portsmouth, born about 1643 d. 1670. He was the son of William and Catharine Dyer of England, Boston, Portsmouth and Newport. March 22, 1661, he signed certain articles relative to Westerly lands. She d. s. bl. Feb. 24, 1744.
    • ’+iii. John, b. Sept. 8, 1647 m. Mary Tallman.
    • “. iv. Giles, b. July 22, 1651 m. Elizabeth Hall.
    • v. Susannah, b. Nov. 22, 1652 m. Dec. 4, 1673, George Brownell, b. 1646. She d. Dec. 24, 1743. Ch.— Susanna, b. Jan. 25, 1676 m. John Reed of Freetown, who was town clerk there for thirty-five years Sarah, b. June 14, 1681 Mary, b. Dec. 8, 1683 m. William Hall Martha, b. Feb. 18, 1686 m. Samuel Forman Thomas, b. June 1, 1688 Joseph, b. Dec. 5, 1690, m. Ruth Cornell he was a representative to the General Court for six years Wait, b. Oct. 3, 1693 m. Joshua Sandford Stephen, b. Dec. 3, 1695, m. Martha Earle. George, d. April 20, 1718, in Portsmouth. In 1699-1702 he was deputy 1706-7-8-9-10-11 an assistant 1708, April, he was appointed on the committee in regard to vacant lands in Narragansett. His will is proved May 12, 1718, with wife Susannah executor. His inventory was 򣥡 5s 10d. George was the eldest son of Thomas and Ann ( ---- ) Brownell, who was in Pourtsmouth as early as 1647.
    • vi. Mary, b. May 6, 1654, m. 1678 Thomas Brownell, Jr., b. 1650. Ch.— Thomas, b. Feb. 16, 1679 John, b. Feb. 21, 1682 George, b. Jan. 19, 1685 Jeremiah, b. Oct. 10, 1689 Mary, b. Mar. 22, 1692 Charles, b. Dec. 23, 1694, d. 1694 Thomas, d. May 18, 1732. She d. May 4, 1736 in Portsmouth, R. I.
    • Thomas Brownell, Jr., was the son of Thomas and Ann ( ---- ) Brownell of Portsmouth. His will was
    • proved June 20, 1732 wife Mary and son Thomas executors. His inventory was ਱,807. Mary's will was presented for probate June 9, 1735 and proved Nov. 19, 1736. Her brother George was executor. She gives her brother George a mare by his paying to her son John ਸ. Her inventory was £l75 12s 4d.
    • vii. Jeremiah b. Nov. 17, 1656. He res. in Narragansett or South Kingston, R. I.
    • viii. Isaac, b. Dec. 1658. He res. in Newport, R. I.
    • ”. ix. Samuel, b. Dec. 22, 1664 m. ---- ---- .
    • •. + George, b. July 10, 1662 m. Alice Hart and Temperance Kirby.
    • American ancestry: giving name and descent, in the male line, of . Volume 4 edited by Thomas Patrick Hughes, Frank Munsell
    • Pg.97
    • PEARCE, WALDO A. of Boston, Mass., b. at Warren, R. I., Mar. 14, 1837 (m. Nov. 29, 1864, Emma C. Webster) son of Abner T. of Santiago, Chile, South America, b. at Llittle Compton, R. I., Oct. 4, 1811, d. at Valparaiso, Chile, Dec. 3, 1864 (m. Sept. 1, 1831, Sarah R. Briggs) son of Thomas of Little Compton, R. I., b. there Sep. 6, 1784, d. there (m. Feb. 26, 1810, Eliphal Tompkins) son of Wright of Little Compton, b. there July 27, 1750, d. there Apr. 8, 1829 (m. 1771 Antrace Sawyer) son of James of Little Compton, b. there Sep. 24, 1719, d. there Sep. 14, 1767 (m. Sep. 14, 1749, Sarah Simmons) son of James of Little Compton, b. there Sep. 4, 1691, d. there Sep. 24, 1755 (m. 1712, Martha Wilbur) son of George of Portsmouth, R. I., b. at Little Compton, July 10, 1662, d. at Portsmouth Aug. 30, 1752 (m. Apr. 7, 1687, Alice Hart) son of Richard of Portsmouth, R. I., b. in England 1615, d. at Portsmouth 1678 (m. 1642, Susannah Wright) son of Richard of Bristol, Eng., who came to America in the ship Lyons commanded by his brother, Capt. William Pearce. At that time the spelling of the name was changed from Percy to Pearce and the record follows back to Peter Percy, b. 1447, son of Ralph.
    • Pierce DNA Project Northern U.S. and the U.K.
    • ID Ancestry 1 (Group H)
    • 1. Richard Pearce was born 1590 in England. He married Martha.
    • 2. Richard Pearce was born 1615 in England, and died 1678 in Portsmouth, Rhode Island. He married Susanna Wright. She was born 1620, and died Bef. 1678.
    • 3. George Pierce/Pearce was born July 10, 1662 in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, and died August 30, 1752 in Little Compton, Rhode Island. He married Alice Hart. She was born March 08, 1663/64, and died March 11, 1717/18 in Little Compton, Rhode Island.
    • 4. James Pierce/Pearce was born 1691, and died 1755. He married Martha Wilbore. She was born 1690, and died 1760.
    • 5. William Pierce/Pearce was born January 19, 1712/13 in Little Compton, Rhode Island. He married Elizabeth Woodman. She was born September 10, 1713 in Rhode Island, and died 1752.
    • 6. James Pierce/Pearce was born October 09, 1740 in Little Compton, Rhode Island, and died 1821 in Little Compton, Rhode Island. He married Deborah Hunt. She was born May 06, 1739 in Little Compton, Rhode Island.
    • 7. William L. Pierce was born June 07, 1766, and died 1846. He married Eleanor Pearce. She was born January 05, 1769, and died January 23, 1834.
    • 8. Henry Leighton Pierce was born April 30, 1793 in Little Compton, Rhode Island, and died June 13, 1861 in Athens, Michigan. He married Hailey Turner Manley. She was born December 17, 1792 in Little Compton, Rhode Island, and died December 30, 1859 in Naples, New York.
    • 9. William Henry Pierce was born February 13, 1818, and died 1868 in Bristol, New York. He married Rowena T. Carpenter. She was born July 10, 1819 in Middlesex, New York, and died December 29, 1893 in Canandaigua, New York.
    • 10. George Washington Pierce was born April 19, 1860 in Bristol, New York, and died August 05, 1951 in Canandaigua, New York. He married Fannie F. Francis. She was born September 12, 1865 in Elyria, Ohio, and died September 29, 1947 in Canandaigua, New York.
    • 11. Irmin Leighton Pierce was born October 16, 1886 in Bristol, New York, and died January 03, 1962 in Canandaigua, New York. He married Mary Isabel Fox. She was born July 09, 1894 in East Bloomfield, New York, and died February 23, 1979 in Canandaigua, New York.
    • 12. Sherwood George Pierce was born February 26, 1927 in Canandaigua, New York, and died September 28, 1995 in Canandaigua, New York. He married Dorothy Mae Mumerow. She was born July 30, 1931 in Canandaigua, New York, and died May 03, 1981 in Rochester, New York.
    • This information was taken from Pearce Genealogy Being the Record of the Posterity of Richard Pearce an Early Inhabitant of Portsmouth, in Rhode Island, Who came from England, and whose Genealogy is traced back to 974 with an Introduction of the Male Descendants of Josceline De Louvaine, the Second House of Percy, Earls of Northumberland, Barons Percy and Territorial Lords of Alnwick, Warkworth and Prudhoe Castles in the County of Northumberland, England, by Col. Frederick C. Pierce, Author of Peirce History, Pierce Genealogy, etc. Member of the British Harlequin and other historical societies. 1888 Rockford, Illinois.
    • Page 36
      • THE AMERICAN BRANCH.
      • ‘. ek. RICHARD21, b. 1615 m. Susannah Wright.
      • ’. ii. JOHN21, b. _____ m. Mary ____, and Mrs. Rebecca Wheeler.
      • iii. SAMUEL, b.
      • iv. HANNAH, b.
      • v. MARTHA, b.
      • vi. SARAH, b.
      • vii. WILLIAM, b.
      • viii. MARY, b.
      • ‘. i RICHARD, b. Oct. 3, 1643 m. Experience ____.
      • ii. MARTHA, b. Sept. 13, 1645 m. Mahershallalhashboz Dyer of Portsmouth, born about 1643 d. 1670. He was the son of William and Catharine Dyer of England, Boston, Portsmouth and Newport. March 22, 1661, he signed certain articles relative to Westerly lands. She d. s.p. Feb. 24, 1744.
      • ’. iii. JOHN, b. Sept. 8, 1647 m. Mary Tallman.
      • “. iv. GILES, b. July 22, 1651 m. Elizabeth Hall.
      • v. SUSANNAH, b. Nov. 22, 1652 m. Dec. 24, 1743. Ch.-Susanna, b. Jan.25, 1676 m. John Reed of Freetown, who was town clerk there for thirty-five years Sarah, b. June 14, 1681 Mary, b. Dec. 8, 1683 m. William Hall Martha, b. Feb. 18, 1686 m. Samuel Forman Thomas, b. June 1, 1688 Joseph, b. Dec. 5, 1690, m. Ruth Cornell he was a representative to the General Court for six years Wait, b. Oct. 3, 1693 m. Joshua Sandford Stephen, b. Dec. 3, 1695, m. Martha Earle. George, d. April 20, 1718, in Portsmouth. In 1699-1702 he was deputy 1706-7-8-9-10-11 an assistant 1708, April, he was appointed on the committee in regard to vacant lands in Narragansett. His will is proved May 12, 1718, with wife Susannah executor. His inventory was 򣥡 5s 10d. George was the eldest son of Thomas and Ann (____) Brownell, who was in Portsmouth as early as 1647.
      • vi. MARY, b. May 6, 1654, m. 1678 Thomas Brownell, Jr., b. 1650. Ch. ___ Thomas, b. Feb. 16, 1679 John, b. Feb. 21, 1682 George, b. Jan. 19, 1685 Jeremiah, b. Oct. 10, 1689 Mary, b. Mar. 22, 1692 Charles, b. Dec. 23, 1694, d. 1694 Thomas, d. May 18, 1732. She d. May 4, 1736 in Portsmouth, R.I. Thomas Brownell, Jr., was the son of Thomas and Ann (--) Brownell of Portsmouth. His will was.
      • Richard Pearce, III
      • Birth: 1590 Waltham, Essex, England
      • Death: Oct. 7, 1666 Portsmouth, Newport County, Rhode Island, USA
      • Richard is a direct descendant of Joscelin, Count of Louvain [Belgium] and Agnes de Percy of Alnwick, Northumberland, England and the first of this line to immigrate to America.
      • Family links:
      • Spouse:
      • Martha [Unknown] Pearce*
      • Kinders:
        • Richard Pearce (1615 - 1678)*
        • Richard Pearce
        • M, #26282, b. 1590, d. 7 October 1666
        • Father Richard Pearce b. c 1563
        • Richard Pearce was born in 1590 at of Pearce Hall, Yorkshire, England. He married Martha in 1615. Richard Pearce died on 7 October 1666 at Portsmouth, Newport, RI.
        • Family Martha
        • Kind
          • Richard Pearce+ b. 1615, d. 1678

          1630- Departed Bristol, England for America on the ship Lyon. His children remained in England. He settled in Portsmouth, RI.

          1639- Author of an almanac.

          1641- Killed at Providence, RI.

          Was granted land near Jamestown, Va. in 1636.

          Richard PEARCE was born in 1590 in York Co., ENG. He immigrated in 1632 to Cambridge, Middlesex Co., MA. He died in RI. He arrived on the ship Lyon.

          He was married to Martha (Mrs. Richard Pearce) in ENG.

          Children were: Richard PEARCE , John PIERCE, Samuel PEARCE , Hannah PEARCE, Martha PEARCE, Sarah PEARCE, William PEARCE, Mary PEARCE.


          Providence

          So when Providence scored the first 10 points, it wasn’t much of a shock.

          Georgetown will now have at least a full week in between games if it’s able to play at Providence on Saturday.

          In nearby Providence , another 600-bed field hospital in the city’s convention center is accepting patients.

          Among the cities currently considering some form of rent control are Chicago, Philadelphia, Providence , and Orlando.

          So that company goes from 100 employees in Providence , Rhode Island, to zero employees.

          “Basically, I was contacted and asked if an appeal could be opened on my behalf,” she told me from her home in Providence .

          Buddy Cianci knows the soul of Providence —and voters apparently know the ex-mayor a little too well to forgive and forget.

          That crazy image stayed in my mind all the way up from Washington on a train, which I fell out of in Providence , R.I.

          The ex-convict mayor of Providence , Rhode Island is coming back for more.

          How do you frame this guy as the mayor of a 21st-century Providence ?

          Providence , interposing, made him a painter, and the gaiety of nations has been increased by the possession of some storks.

          Divine Providence is about to place independence within our reach, in a manner most acceptable to a free and independent people.

          "The feelin' you 'ave in your 'eart for a father, wot's planted there by Providence ," explained Jane.

          This would be an awful blow to us out here, would be a sign that Providence had some grudge against the Dardanelles.

          Think of the immeasurable wealth of a Providence who could create such a wonder for just two insignificant human beings.


          Kyk die video: God sorg en voorsien!