Etimologie van Pine Street in San Francisco

Etimologie van Pine Street in San Francisco



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Waarna is Pine Street in San Francisco, Kalifornië, vernoem?

Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etymologies_of_place_names_in_San_Francisco en ander internetbronne oor SF -straatname gee geen inligting rakende hierdie straatname nie.


Pine Street, Pine Lake, Laurel ... ek sê die natuur. Wat die strate wat na mense vernoem is, verwys ek hierna: http: //www.sfgenealogy.com/sf/history/hgstr.htm ;-)


Streetwise: Katolieke skole in San Francisco

Die superlys van parogiale skole in San Francisco af en toe.

Streetwise: Katolieke skole in San Francisco

deur Frank Dunnigan
Julie 2018

Die dae is verby dat nonne eiehandig klaskamers met meer as 50 studente gehardloop het en die klas $ 6 per maand beloop het/per gesin. Vandag is daar nog net 'n handjievol nonne wat as onderwysers of administrateurs dien. Baie Katolieke laerskole in die sentrale en oostelike dele van San Francisco het gesluit of saamgesmelt, terwyl skole in die Richmond en Sunset wat eens 500-800+ studente gehuisves het, nou meer as die helfte van die inskrywings het. Die jaarlikse klasgeld in die meeste plaaslike K-8 Katolieke skole is ongeveer $ 8,000 (dikwels $ 20,000+ op hoërskoolvlak), met tot 50% van die studente wat afslag op grootskaal ontvang vir veelvuldige broers/susters/finansiële behoeftes. Meer as die helfte van die studente word deur hul gesinne as kinders van kleur geïdentifiseer.

Daar is vandag 28 Katolieke laerskole in San Francisco werksaam. Onderwysers (meestal leke vroue en mans) het 'n baccalaureusgraad, Kalifornië -onderrigbewyse, en baie het ook 'n meestersgraad. Skole aanvaar Katolieke en nie-Katolieke studente, bied finansiële hulp aan en is oop vir almal-tradisionele "gemeentegrense" word nie meer toegepas nie. Die meeste skole sluit klaskamerhulp, beraders, leerspesialiste, tegniese personeel, musiekonderwysers, godsdienskoördineerders, liggaamlike opvoedingsinstrukteurs, plus wetenskap- en rekenaarlaboratoriums in. Baie bied naskoolse programme vir uitgebreide sorg teen 'n ekstra vergoeding, en almal word saamgeneem, behalwe soos aangedui.

  • Klooster van die Heilige Hart: K-8-skool vir meisies met die hoofkwartier in die voormalige Flood Mansion op 2222 Broadway, en deel van Schools of the Sacred Heart, wat sy oorsprong in San Francisco na 1887 herlei.
  • De Marillac Akademie: Die skool, wat in 2001 in die Tenderloin-woonbuurt aangrensend aan die St. Boniface-kerk geopen is, bied onderrigvrye onderwys aan 119 studente in graad 4-8.
  • Ecole Notre Dame des Victoires: Die K-8-skool, wat in 1924 gestig is langs sy naamgenoot in Bushstraat, bedien 300 studente met daaglikse onderrig in die Franse taal.
  • Epifanie: Die skool is in 1938 geopen en oorspronklik beman deur die Sisters of the Presentation, en het vinnig uitgebrei en teen 1948 het dit een van die vele plaaslike Katolieke laerskole geword met twee klasse per graadvlak - en behou dit steeds, met 400+ studente in graad K-8.
  • Vader Sauer Akademie: Ignatius College Prep in 2017 geopen as 'n onderrigvrye middelbare skool vir hoëpresterende seuns/dogters van die 6de graad uit minderwaardige gemeenskappe, en brei uit tot 90 studente (graad 6/7/8) teen 2019.
  • Heilige Naam: In 1941 in die Sunset-distrik geopen as 'n K-8-skool met Sisters of Mercy en later Canossian Sisters. Vandag bedien dit 315 studente met 'n lek -fakulteit. 'N Voorskoolse skool is in 2012 bygevoeg.
  • Mission Dolores Academy: Gestig deur die samesmelting van Megan Furth Katolieke Akademie in 2011 (self gevorm deur 'n konsolidasie van twee Western Addition -skole in 2003, Sacred Heart en St. Dominic), met Mission Dolores School om die nuwe Akademie te vorm. Volgens die webwerf van die Akademie, "Die geskiedenis van die skool strek tot in 1852, wat dit die langste katolieke skool in San Francisco maak."
  • Our Lady of the Visitacion: Een van die nuwer parochiale skole in San Francisco, Our Lady of the Visitacion, is in 1963 geopen in 'n gemeente wat sy oorsprong tot 1907 herlei het. Vandag bedien die K-8-skool 267 studente.
  • Sint Anne van die sonsondergang: Die Pre-K-8-skool, wat in 1920 gestig is, bied tradisionele onderrig, plus taalklasse in Kantonees en Mandaryns. In 2017 word dit die eerste plaaslike Katolieke laerskool wat die nodige seismiese/toegangsaanpassings voltooi het.

Seuns van die 6de klas by St. Anne van die Sunset Katolieke Skool het op kerktrappe gaan sit. Name soos onthou deur Pat Cunneen:
Boonste ry: Hank Millane,?, Ed Hourihan, Patrick Garcia (slegs hier vir 6 maande en enigste kleurling), Donald Pierce, John Hill.
Derde ry: Guy Valenti, Mike McAuliffe, Benson, Vince Kehoe,?, John Mcmillan, Bill Langbehn, Wayne Brass
Tweede ry: Richard Cullen, George Schmidt, Joe Hession, Ed Cook, John Rogers, Rich Scramaglia, Bobby Williams, Joe Cronin, Robert Stewart.
Voorry: John Ginella, John McArthur, Dan Dobleman, Pat Cunneen, Eddy Crosetti, Bill Vogel, Danny Quinn, George Stanley, Bob La France,?, Paul Dachauer., 1945 -

Twintig Katolieke laerskole het gesluit of saamgesmelt weens die afname in die aantal inskrywings sedert die Tweede Wêreldoorlog - byna die helfte daarvan in hierdie millennium. Die bisdom Oakland het soortgelyke uitdagings beleef en het vyf van hul laerskole in 2017 gesluit.

  • All Hallows School (Bayview): Gesluit in die 1980's.
  • Convent of the Good Shepherd (Bayview): Die skool, wat in 1932 gestig is om meisies wat by die regstelsel betrokke is, te dien, het in 2010 verander na die fokus van 'n gelisensieerde herwinningskoshuis vir volwasse vroue.
  • Corpus Christi (Excelsior): Gesluit in 2011.
  • Morning Star (Western Addition): Gesluit in die 1990's.
  • Allerheiligste Verlosser (Castro): Gesluit in die 1990's.
  • Heilige hart (Westerse toevoeging): Saamgesmelt met St. Dominic om in 2003 Megan Furth Katolieke Akademie te word, wat in die voormalige St. Dominic School -gebou in Pine & Steiner werk. In 2011 het Megan Furth saamgesmelt met Mission Dolores School om Mission Dolores Academy te word, wat op 16de & Kerkstraat werksaam was.
  • St. Agnes (Haight-Ashbury): Gesluit in 1996.
  • Boniface -skool (Tenderloin): Gesluit in die 1960's.
  • St. Charles (sending): Gesluit in 2017.

Op die oomblik is daar 7 katolieke hoërskole in San Francisco:

  • Aartsbiskop Riordan: Die skool, wat in 1949 geopen is, is een van die twee seuns-enigste Katolieke hoërskole in San Francisco met 700 studente. Dit het in 2011 'n instapprogram begin vir studente uit die buiteland, en het onlangs 'n vierjarige honneursingenieurswese-program begin aanbied.
  • Klooster van die Heilige Hart: Convent, wat deel uitmaak van die Schools of the Sacred Heart, is een van drie katolieke hoërskole in San Francisco wat slegs vir meisies werk, en werk saam met ongeveer 200 studente in die ou Flood Mansion op Broadway.
  • ICA-Christo Rey Akademie: Toelating tot voorheen Onbevlekte bevrugting is nou beperk tot meisies uit huishoudings met 'n lae inkomste, met 'n werkstudieprogram van 4 jaar.
  • Genade: Dit is in 1952 gestig en bly een van die drie katolieke hoërskole wat slegs meisies is. Vanaf 1956-1990 was Mercy se inskrywing ongeveer 800 meisies-200 per graadvlak-maar toe Sacred Heart-Cathedral en St. Ignatius mede-onderwyser was (onderskeidelik 1987 en 1989), het Katolieke mede-opvoeding 'n nuwe opsie geword. Mercy se koptelling het gou tot 'n totaal van 400 gestyg - 100 per graad. Vanjaar se senior klas het 86 gegradueerdes ingesluit en die inkomende eerstejaarsklas vir die herfs 2018 bestaan ​​uit 55 negende klas.
  • Sacred Heart Cathedral: Cathedral High School (meisies) en Sacred Heart High School (seuns) het in 1987 saamgesmelt en bedien tans 1,315 studente.
  • Sint Ignatius: Die skool, wat sedert 1855 in Marketstraat gestig is, vier in 2019 50 jaar in die Sunset-distrik, en bedien tans 1 485 studente.
  • Stuart Hall: Die katolieke hoërskool van alle mans is in 2000 geopen as 'n eweknie van die vroulike klooster van die heilige hart, met 200 studente.

Die volgende Katolieke hoërskole het sedert die Tweede Wêreldoorlog gesluit:

  • Notre Dame de Namur (Doloresstraat): Gesluit in 1981.
  • Notre Dame des Victoires (Bush Street): Gesluit in 1970.
  • Voorlegging (Turkstraat): Gesluit in 1991.
  • St. Brigid (Van Nesslaan): Gesluit in die 1950's.

Klasfoto, kollege van Notre Dame -poskaart aan mevrou Amy Fickett [Teenoorkant wys Edith, my oudste dogter, Harriet La C.], 6 September 1910 -

'N Voortdurende afname in die bevolking van kinders op skoolgaande ouderdom in San Francisco, plus toenemende bedryfskoste, sal beslis in die komende jare tot meer veranderings lei.


Chinese immigrasie na die Verenigde State

Die grootste deel van die vroeë Chinese immigrasie na die Verenigde State kan teruggevoer word na die middel van die 1800's. Hierdie vroeë immigrante — ongeveer 25 000 in die 1850's alleen — het ekonomiese geleenthede in Amerika gesoek.

Die Chinese wat in San Francisco aangekom het, wat hoofsaaklik uit die Taishan- en Zhongshan -streke sowel as die Guangdong -provinsie op die vasteland van China gekom het, het dit gedoen op die hoogtepunt van die California Gold Rush, en baie het gewerk in die myne wat versprei was oor die noordelike deel van die staat.

Ander het werksgeleenthede aangeneem as plaasmanne of in die ontluikende kledingbedryf in die stad by die baai. Nog meer arbeiders by die sentrale Stille Oseaan en die transkontinentale spoorweë, en het 'n belangrike rol gespeel in die bou van die vervoerinfrastruktuur wat gehelp het om die uitbreiding na die westelike rigting van die Verenigde State voor, tydens en na die burgeroorlog.


Buurte in San Francisco: Waar op aarde het die naam vandaan gekom?

Volgens sommige tellings het San Francisco meer as 140 verskillende buurte - waarvan sommige meer houding as breedtegraad is. Name is dikwels gebaseer op historiese grondtoelaes, en word soms deur inwoners opgestel. Vir die eerste besoeker kan dit 'n bietjie verwarrend wees. Om u te help om deur sommige van ons belangrikste buurte te gaan, het ons 'n aantal bronne geraadpleeg, waaronder Gerald Adams se "The Neighborhoods of San Francisco." Adams, 'n voormalige personeelskrywer vir die San Francisco Eksaminator en later 'n bydraer tot San Francisco Chronicle wie se klop die verhoor van die beplanningskommissie en stadsbeplanning ingesluit het, het probeer om dit wat hy '' gemors 'noem, op te klaar in 'n definitiewe gids wat in 1977 as aanvulling op die San Francisco Sunday Examiner and Chronicle. Ons het ook na die San Francisco Almanak, gepubliseer in 1995 deur Gladys Hansen, die stadsargivaris van die San Francisco Public Library vir 47 jaar, sowel as Wikipedia.

Die woonbuurte hieronder stem ooreen met gebiede wat op ons amptelike kaarte gedek word, wat gewilde besienswaardighede en inhoud op ons webwerf aandui. Net nog een kant, baie van die name is van Spaanse oorsprong, waaronder San Francisco, wat Spaans is vir St Francis, bekend as die beskermheilige van diere en die omgewing.

Alamo -plein
Die omgewing vir die beroemde "poskaartry" van die Victoriaanse in San Francisco wat deur wolkekrabbers in die middestad neergelê is, is in die 1860's genoem. Alamo is die Spaanse woord vir katoenhout of populier.

Bayview
Die naam vir Bayview, een van die suidoostelike buurte, is afgelei van 'n renbaan van 1864, Bay View Track.

Bernal Heights
Stel u voor dat u 4,446 hektaar in die huidige San Francisco besit. Volgens Wikipedia is hierdie Mexikaanse grondtoelaag aan José Cornelio Bernal gegee in 1839. Die toelae het uit twee toelaes bestaan: Rincon de las Salinas ('hoek van 'n soutmoeras' rondom Islais Creek) en Potrero Viejo ('ou weiding'). Rincon de las Salinas omvat die huidige suidelike San Francisco -woonbuurte Bernal Heights, Excelsior en die buitenste sending. Potrero Viejo het Bayview en Hunters Point van vandag ingesluit.

Sentrale mark
Carolyn Diamond, wat al 30 jaar by die Market Street Association werk, meen dat San Francisco's Market Street-en in hierdie spesifieke notasie, praat ons oor die gebied waarna verwys word as Central of Mid-Market en meer onlangs as die ' Twitterhood ”vanweë die hoëtegnologie -huurders - het sy naam gekry van die hoofstam van Philadelphia, wat oorspronklik High Street genoem is.

Castro
Castro is vernoem na die straat met die naam van die familie van die Mexikaanse generaal Jose Castro (1808-1860). Hierdie gebied noordoos van Twin Peaks is sedert die sewentigerjare die middelpunt van die LGBT-gemeenskap van San Francisco.

Chinatown
'Little China', 'Chinese Quarter', 'Little Canton' en tot in die 1850's het Chinatown, die historiese hart van die Chinese Amerikaanse gemeenskap van San Francisco, grootgeword rondom China Street (nou Sacramento genoem).

Burgersentrum
Die stadsaal en 'n aantal federale en staatsgeboue maak van hierdie gebied die 'burgerlike' hart van die San Francisco waar die besigheid om 'n stad (en graafskap) te wees, hanteer word.

Cole Valley
R. Beverly Cole, 'n voormalige stadsbeoordelaar omstreeks 1916, word vereer in hierdie woonbuurt wat grens aan die Haight, waar die gemiddelde waarde van huise nou $ 1,7 miljoen is. Cole sou 'n gelukkige man wees.

Koei hol
Dit is in die 1870's genoem as gevolg van 'n toename in melkplase in die omgewing, en dit is nou 'n speelplek vir duisendjariges wat die boetieks en kroeë langs Unionstraat besoek.

Dogpatch
Adams verdra hom op Hansen en skryf die naam toe aan pakke honde wat eens in die omgewing rondgeloop het. Dit lok vandag kunsgalerye en groepe vir uitvoerende kunste en is die 'Do' in DoReMi, die nuwe bynaam vir 'n gebied met 10 blokke wat dele van Dogpatch, Potrero Hill en die missie insluit.

Embarcadero
Die Embarcadero loop langs die rand van San Francisco -baai en het sy naam gekry van 'n Spaanse woord wat "landing" of "kaai" beteken. Tans roep meer as 80 vaartuie jaarliks ​​en veerbote gaan na Marin County, Vallejo, Oakland, South San Francisco en Alameda.

Excelsior
In haar boek vermoed Hansen dat die naam toegeskryf kan word aan 'n Griekse woord, excelsior, wat 'altyd opwaarts' beteken. Die naam was 'n gewilde sentiment in die 19de eeu en dateer uit 1869 toe die Excelsior Homestead Association gestig is.

Fillmore
Vernoem na Millard Fillmore, die 13de president van die VSA (9 Julie 1850-4 Maart 1853), ondersteun die straat 'n uiteenlopende verskeidenheid ondernemings, van jazzklubs tot boetieks van hoë gehalte, van die begin af in Lower Haight tot waar dit eindig in die Distrik Marina.

Finansiële Distrik
Die Finansiële Distrik is 'n bietjie eenvoudiger as die meeste tradisioneel, dit verwys na Montgomerystraat tussen Market en Columbus. Bank of America en die Transamerica -piramide is een van die meer opvallende strukture in die omgewing, sowel as die voormalige tuiste van die Stille Oseaanbeurs by 301 Pine St.

Fisherman's Wharf
Fisherman's Wharf oos van Aquatic Park dateer uit 1900, een van die gewildste besoekersattraksies in die stad; dit is die tuiste van vissersbote, seekosrestaurante en historiese skepe.

Glen Park
Glen Park, wat maklik deur BART bereik is, was die promosienaam vir hierdie gebied wat die Crocker Estate Company in 1910 gekies het en verwys na 'n nabygeleë canyon, of 'glen' wat deur plaaslike hondestappers (en af ​​en toe coyote) verkies word.

Haight-Ashbury
Daar is 'n Haightstraat. Daar is 'n Ashburystraat. En die kruising waar Haight-Ashbury ontmoet, simboliseer 'n transformerende era in die geskiedenis van San Francisco. Die gebied het in die laat 1960's beroemd geword toe Flower Power, die Summer of Love en hippiekultuur die stad verander het en baie sou saamstem, die Verenigde State, saam met die buitelandse kommissie, Henry H. Haight, die 10de goewerneur van Kalifornië (5 Des. , 1867-8 Des. 1871), onderhandel oor die grondooreenkoms wat die oprigting van die nabygeleë Golden Gate Park in 1870 moontlik maak. Stanyan is vernoem na een van die kommissarisse.

Hayes Valley
Hayes Valley, wat in 1850 vernoem is na kolonel Thomas Hayes, 'n grondeienaar en ontwikkelaar, is omring met galerye, boekhoeke, kafees en winkels met sorgvuldig saamgestelde ware.

Hunters Point
Nie genoem na jagters nie, soos baie vermoed het. Na baie dekades van Spaanse benoemings, is dit in die 1860's Hunters Point genoem na twee plaaslike grondeienaars: Robert E. en Philip Hunters.

Ingleside
Die ovaalvoetspoor van die Ingleside -renbaan wat in 1895 hier geopen is, is in die 1930's ontwikkel en is nog steeds sigbaar in die omgewing rondom Urbano Drive. Die woord self kom van die Britse dialek wat 'vuurmaakplek' beteken.

Japantown
Volgens die Japantown Merchants Association het baie Japannese en Japannese Amerikaners na die aardbewing en brand in 1906 na hierdie gebied verhuis naby Geary en Laguna. Oorspronklik was Japantown 'Nihonjin Machi' of Japanese People's Town, wat 30 blokke beslaan het. Na die Tweede Wêreldoorlog toe baie van die voormalige inwoners weens die interneringskampe verhuis het, het die woonbuurt verander na die meer verspreide karakter van die naoorlogse gemeenskap, van Nihonjin Machi tot Nihonmachi of Japantown.

Marina
Een van die meer treffende buurte in San Francisco, die jachthaven wat sy naam kry van die Spaanse of Italiaanse woord vir kus of kus, en meer onlangs as 'n hawe vir klein bote, het 'n oorvloed van al drie.

Mission Bay
Soutmoerasse en strandmere was aan die orde van die dag tot in 1998 toe stadsamptenare op die gebied gefokus het as 'n geleentheid vir ontwikkeling. Dit is nou 'n mediese en biotegnologiese hoofkwartier en die toekomstige tuiste van die Golden State Warriors.

Mission Creek
'N Groot deel van die spruit word deur ondergrondse riviere geloods, behalwe 'n klein gedeelte wat in die China -kom stroom.

Sendingdistrik
Misión San Francisco de Asís is op 29 Junie 1776 gestig onder leiding van vader Junipero Serra en is beide die oudste oorspronklike ongeskonde sending in Kalifornië en die oudste gebou in San Francisco. Hierdie gebou is die oorsprong van die Sendingdistrik.

Nob Hill
Die tuiste van luukse hotelle en deur twee kabellyne gekruis, was dit eens die tuiste van Leland Stanford, stigter van die Stanford Universiteit, en drie ander ryk lede van die Big Four (Collis Huntington, Mark Hopkins en Charles Crocker). Die woord "nabob", 'n Anglo-Indiese woord vir 'n opvallend welgestelde man, is aangepas vir die deftige bevolking en word uiteindelik tot Nob Hill verkort.

Noe -vallei
José de Jesús Noé, die laaste Mexikaanse alcade (burgemeester) van Yerba Buena (nou bekend as San Francisco), het die deel van sy Rancho San Miguel besit wat nou Noe Valley genoem word. Hy verkoop die grond in 1854 aan 'n Mormoonse immigrant, John Meirs Horner.

NOPA
Die mense by Hoodline het baie gegrawe om die naam van hierdie woonbuurt, wat noord van die Panhandle is, die lang "panhandle" van Golden Gate Park, wat ongeveer agt blokke strek, te bespeur voordat dit by die hoofpark aansluit. Die naam bestaan ​​al lank, maar het in 2006 meer gewild geword toe die gewilde restaurant, Nopa, geopen is.

Noordstrand
Besoekers moet daarop let dat daar geen strand in North Beach is nie, en die Italiaanse woonbuurt kry sy naam omdat dit die noordelike oewer van die San Francisco-baai volg.

Noordpunt
Dit is 'n bietjie raai van ons kant, maar hierdie straat wat deur Fisherman's Wharf sny, verwys waarskynlik na die North Point -dok aan die noordekant van Telegraph Hill wat in 1853 gebou is.

Pacific Heights
Na 'n lang gevaarlike reis het die Portugese seevaarder Ferdinand Magellan die onbekende waters binnegegaan en dit as 'vreedsaam' genoem. Kombineer dit met die hoë hoogtes van hierdie gesogte woonbuurt, en u het die naam Pacific Heights.

Parnassus Heights
Hierdie heuwel is van Griekse oorsprong slegs ongeveer 400 voet hoog teenoor Parnassus in Sentraal -Griekeland, wat meer as 8.000 voet styg.

Park Merced
'N Beplande gemeenskap naby die San Francisco State University het sy naam gekry van Lake Merced wat oorspronklik in 1775 deur Kaptein Don Bruno de Heceta deur Laguna de Nuestra Señora de la Merced (Lady of Mercy) gedoop is.

Polk Gulch
Hierdie gedeelte van Polkstraat, vernoem na James K. Polk, die 11de president van die VSA (4 Maart 1845-4 Maart 1849), val tussen die strate van Geary en Union.

Potrero Hill
Spaanse sendelinge het vee op hierdie heuwel laat wei en dit Potrero Nuevo genoem, wat 'nuwe weiding' beteken.

Presidio
Hierdie woord in Spaans verwys na 'n versterkte gebied of vesting. Die Presidio van San Francisco -terrein dateer uit 1776 en was oorspronklik 'n Spaanse fort wat deur Juan Bautista de Anza gestig is.

Richmond
Volgens Hansen het vroeë kaarte van die gebied dit as die 'Great Sand Waste' genoem, des te meer rede om die welige groen hektaar van Golden Gate Park te geniet. Een van die vroegste inwoners van die buurt, George Turner Marsh, 'n Australiese immigrant en kunshandelaar, noem sy huis 'die Richmond House' na 'n voorstad van Melbourne, Australië.

Russiese heuwel
Soos die verhaal vertel, is verskeie Russiese matrose hier begrawe. Setlaars in die Gold Rush -era het 'n klein Russiese begraafplaas bo -op die heuwel ontdek.

SOMA
Ou tyders het vroeër na enigiets suid van Marketstraat verwys as “suid van die gleuf”. Skrywer Jack London, wat in hierdie gebied in Third Street 615 gebore is, skryf in die uitgawe van Mei 1909 van Die Saturday Evening Post: "Die slot was 'n ysterkraak wat in die middel van Marketstraat geloop het, en uit die slot kom die gril van die eindelose, eindelose kabel wat na willekeur gekoppel was aan die motors wat dit op en af ​​gesleep het."

Suidstrand
Die meeste bronne beskryf dit as 'n nuut ontwikkelde gebied, maar dit sluit wel die South End Historic District in. Airbnb noem "uitstekende vervoer, pragtige uitsigte en eetplekke" die kenmerke van die gebied, wat AT & ampT Park en 'n marina insluit.

Sonsondergang
Ironies genoeg word een van die mistiger woonbuurte in die stad die sonsondergang genoem. Historici, volgens Wikipedia, verskil oor die oorsprong van die naam. Ontwikkelaar Aurelius Buckingham het moontlik die naam geskep, of dit kan spruit uit die California Midwinter Exposition in 1894, ook bekend as "Sunset City."

Varkhaas
Dit is 'n ou term, en besoekers kan meer te wete kom oor die oorsprong van die naam in die Tenderloin Museum, 'n woonbuurt in New York wat bekend is vir ent en/of die 'sagte onderbuik' wat vleis sny, 'n teorie. Ander skryf die naam toe aan 'n polisiekaptein wat beweer het dat hy 'n beter vleis sou eet toe hy na hierdie woonbuurt in New York oorgeplaas is.

Skat-eiland
Hierdie meestal deur die mens gemaakte eiland was die tuiste van die Golden Gate International Exposition in 1939 ter herdenking van die voltooiing van die Golden Gate-brug, die naam is 'n huldeblyk aan Treasure Island, Robert Louis Stevenson se verhaal oor begrawe goud en buccaneers.

Twin Peaks
Hierdie een is redelik vanselfsprekend. Kyk na Market Street en daar is hulle - twee pieke, noord en suid, elk ongeveer 274 meter hoog. Aan die begin van die 18de eeu het Spaanse veroweraars die gebied "Los Pechos de la Chola" of "Breasts of the Indian Maiden" genoem, en die gebied is gebruik vir boerdery.

Union Square
Union Square, wat vernoem is na betogings teen die Unie aan die vooraand van die burgeroorlog, is in 1850 deur die burgemeester van San Francisco, John Geary, gebou en toegewy.

Visitacionvallei
Terug na die Spaanse erfenis van San Francisco na 'n woord wat 'besoek' beteken. Die vallei se naam kom van 'n groot grondtoelaag genaamd Rancho Cañada de Guadalupe la Visitación y Rodeo Viejo.

Wes -portaal
Die Twin Peaks -tonnel wat in 1918 geopen is, gebruik deur verskeie Muni -tramlyne (K, L en M) wat in hierdie buurt by die "westelike portaal" of ingang verlaat.

Westerse toevoeging
Alles wes van Larkinstraat is in die 1850's as die Western Addition aangewys weens die Van Ness -verordening. Sowat 500 blokke val onder hierdie maatreël.

Yerba Buena
Yerba Buena was die oorspronklike naam van die Mexikaanse nedersetting wat San Francisco geword het. Dit kom van 'n plant (Yerba Buena of 'goeie kruie') wat volop in die omgewing was.


Nob Hill - 'n tikkie klas

Vir meer as 'n eeu word die Nob Hill van San Francisco verbind met die boonste kors, die beau monde, la dolce vita. Die naam verwys na die vroegste setlaars.

Nob, soos getroue aanhangers van 'The Jewel in the Crown' weet, is 'n inkrimping van die Hindoe -woord nabob of nawwab: ''n Persoon, veral. 'n Europeër, wat 'n groot fortuin in Indië of 'n ander land in die Ooste 'n baie welgestelde of magtige persoon gemaak het.

Die edeles van San Francisco het in die middel van die 1800's in die Weste hul fortuin verdien in goud, silwer en die Central Pacific Railroad.

In die jare onmiddellik na die goue staking van 1848, bied die heuwelbedekte heuwel wat 376 voet bo die waterkant styg, 'n ontsnapping uit die onbuigsaamheid en die onstuimigheid van die boomstad hieronder. totdat die pas rykes dit as hul voetstuk beskou het.

Onder die eerstes wat hul herehuise gebou het, was die spoorwegbaronne wat in die 1870's bekend was as die Groot Vier - Charles Crocker, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins en Collis Huntington. Op hul hakke kom die bonanza -konings van die Comstock Lode, James Flood en James G. Flair. Hulle argitektoniese oordrewe was van so 'n aard dat die laaglanders in groot skare kom kyk. 'Die heuwel van paleise' was hoe Robert Louis Stevenson die toneel in 1882 beskryf het.

Die skerp graad (24,8 persent aan die suidekant) was moeilik vir perde en miljoenêrs. Dus het die trotse heuwelbewoners hul eie kabelbaan, die St.

Ander herinneringe aan hierdie flambojante era bly. Die groot hout villas het gebrand ná die aardbewing in 1906. Maar die indrukwekkende bruinsteen James Flood wat in 1886 by 1000 California St opgerig is, oorleef. Dit is, soos altyd, agter sy soliede koper-filigraanheining, die Pacific Union Club, 'n eksklusiewe domein van hedendaagse magnate.

Die P-U, soos dit oneerbiedig bekend is, word in die weste omring deur Huntington Park waar die Huntington-woning eens gestaan ​​het. Hierdie blomme-plein, wat die regte plek is vir slanke perambulators en goed versorgde poedels, is in 1984 aantreklik opgeknap. Sy middelpunt-'n kopie van Rome se Fontana delle Tartarughe (Fontein van die skilpaaie) deur Taddeo Landini (1585)-was 'n geskenk van die Crocker gesin.

Oorkant Masonstraat van die PU, wat die blok James G. Fair aan sy kinders beset, is die Fairmont San Francisco Hotel met 606 kamers. Die hoofgebou met sy elegante porte-cochere en ruim voorportaal wat in 1907 geopen is, die toring in 1961. Die Penthouse-suite-op die dak, kos regtig $ 18,000 per dag, diensmeisie, huishulp en limousines ingesluit. In 1972 is die Stanford Court by die Nob Hill -hotelkwartet gevoeg. Die massiewe graniet- en basaltmuur wat aan twee kante van die blok geleë is, is geleë in Kalifornië en Powellstraat, waar die stad se drie kabellyne mekaar kruis, die enigste oorblyfsel van die landgoed Leland Stanford.

Van 1912 tot 1971 behoort hierdie modieuse adres aan 'n luukse woonstel met 'n binnehof. Die struktuur van agt verdiepings is van binne af opgeruim en herbou om die Stanford Court met 394 kamers te akkommodeer, net so gevier vir sy onberispelike diens en aandag aan detail as vir sy smaakvolle dekor. Deesdae is die binnehof gedompel in glas in Tiffany-styl.

Die Stanford se bure langsaan was die Hopkins. Mary Hopkins se oormaat, 'n kasteel wat so pronk was dat dit belaglikheid veroorsaak het, is vervang deur die statige (19 verdiepings, 392 kamers) Mark Hopkins Inter-Continental Hotel. The Mark, wat in 1926 geopen is, het 'n geskiedenis van debute, aandete, dans in die Junior League en hoëprofiel-wittebrood. Dit stel die styl in lugruim in 1939. Vir die Stille Oseaan se strydmagte van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog wat duisende na die Top of the Mark gestroom het, het die panoramiese balkie 537 voet bo die baai 'n simbool geword van die goeie lewe by die huis. Die legende leef voort.

Histories gesproke behoort die Huntington Hotel The Tobin te wees. Alhoewel dit uitkyk op Huntington Park, is die hoek wat dit oorheers in Kalifornië, en Taylor is die eerste keer deur die ryk 49-jarige Richard Tobin se Victoriaanse manse gesier. Die gebou van 12 verdiepings het woonstelbewoners gehuisves van 1924 tot 1945 toe dit in 'n hotel omskep is.

Die Huntington se 140 kamers en suites het 'n opeenvolging van koninklikes (prinsesse Margaret en Grace, prins Charles) afgesonder, en dit is 'n gunsteling wegkruipplek van die beroemdheidstel. Die Big Four -restaurant, vasgesteek in sy rooi baksteenhoeke, herdenk die stigters van die heuwel (gekenmerk deur meer as een navorser as genadelose winsmakers) met skilderye, afdrukke en ander memorabilia.

Die historiese gebou met 17 kolomme langs Stocktonstraat tussen Kalifornië en Pine is die tuiste van die nuutste toevoeging tot die paleise van Nob Hill. Die Ritz-Carlton, San Francisco, wat in 1991 geopen is, verteenwoordig een van die beste voorbeelde van neo-klassieke argitektuur in San Francisco. Die voormalige 'tempel van handel' in 1909 het vyf keer uitgebrei as die hoofkwartier van die Pacific Coast van die Metropolitan Life Insurance Company en huisves nou 336 gastekamers, 44 suites, aangelegde binnehof en 'n bekroonde restaurant, die eetkamer, onder andere luukse geriewe.

Die groot, grys eminensie bo Nob Hill in Kalifornië, is die Grace Cathedral, die grootste Gotiese struktuur in die Weste. Die Crocker -gesin het hierdie hele blok aan die Episcopal Bisdom van Kalifornië geskenk nadat die '06 -brand hul twee koshuise daar verwoes het. Die hoeksteen is in 1910 gelê, maar groot konstruksie het eers in 1927 begin.

Van die vele prag van die katedraal is niemand meer opvallend as die gegote van die vergulde bronsdeure wat deur Lorenzo Ghiberti vir die doopkapel in Florence geskep is nie. Dit is die portale van die 15de eeu wat Michelangelo as die poorte van die hemel beskou het (Porta del Paradiso). Hulle 10 reghoekige reliëfs beeld tonele uit die Ou Testament uit. Hulle staan ​​bo -op die trappe na die oostelike ingang van die katedraal.

Die hange van Nob Hill omvat 'n ander skat. Die unieke kabelkar-skuur- en amp-museum is twee blokke bergaf van die Fairmont Hotel, by Mason- en Washingtonstraat. Besoekers kan vanuit die mezzanine-galery (gratis vir die publiek, daagliks van 10:00 tot 18:00) die onwaarskynlike masjinerie waarneem wat die stad se motorlose museumstukke aan die gang hou.

Nie verrassend nie, bevat hierdie spoggerige gebied sommige van die mooiste fynproewers van San Francisco. Die groot hotelle huisves restaurante wat van skurfte in Armagnac tot foie gras en soetkoek bedien.

Gaste wat by een van hierdie deftige woonwaens stop, kan by die voorportaal uitstap en op 'n Kaliforniese straat -kabelkar ry om een ​​van die mees uiteenlopende half myl van die stad af te ry. Die spore loop parallel met juweelagtige huise, beskeie woonstelle, Chinese tempels en die torings van finansies.

In Marketstraat skakel die kabelkar van spoor af terug van die werksdag na die skaars.


Etimologie van Pine Street in San Francisco - Geskiedenis

DIE STORIE VAN CHINATOWN

Die verhaal van Chinatown is die verhaal van 'n woonbuurt in 'n Amerikaanse buurt, 'n ou woonbuurt, 'n immigrantebuurt, waar die ou land nog steeds in die nuwe woon. Die verlede en die hede is onlosmaaklik aanmekaar geweef in hierdie buurt wat gedefinieer word in Broadway, Kalifornië, Kearny en Powell strate.

In die middel van die 1840's, na 'n nederlaag deur Brittanje in die eerste Opiumoorlog, het 'n reeks natuurrampe in China plaasgevind wat hongersnood, boereopstande en rebellies tot gevolg gehad het. Begryplik genoeg, toe die nuus van goud en geleenthede in die verre Gum San, (Golden Mountain- die Chinese naam vir Amerika) China bereik, het baie Chinese die geleentheid aangegryp om hul fortuin te soek.

Die Chinese het dubbelsinnige gevoelens gekry deur die Kaliforniërs. In 1850 nooi die burgemeester van San Francisco, John W. Geary, die "China Boys" na 'n seremonie om hul werksetiek te erken. However, as the American economy weakened, the Chinese labor force became a threat to mainstream society. Racial discrimination and repressive legislation drove the Chinese from the gold mines to the sanctuary of the neighborhood that became known as Chinatown. The only ethnic group in the history of the United States to have been specifically denied entrance into the country, the Chinese were prohibited by law to testify in court, to own property, to vote, to have families join them, to marry non-Chinese, and to work in institutional agencies.

The success and survival of Chinatown depended a great deal on the family and district benevolent associations which served as political and social support systems to newcomers. The members strove to meet the basic needs of the community, and represented a united voice in the fight against discriminatory legislation process.

"CHINATOWN" offers a revealing look at how a group of people bound geographically, culturally, linguistically and economically during hostile times has flourished to become a vibrant, courageous and proud community for Chinese Americans and greater San Francisco, referred to as Dai Fao (Big City) in Chinese.

Return to the Chinatown Resource Guide Table of Contents

FROM MOTHER LODE AND RAILROAD TO A NEW ECONOMY

Depression followed the completion of the railroad. In 1869 twenty thousand Chinese were suddenly out of work. Many traditional means of wage earning were inaccessible to the Chinese.

Their farm laboring skills produced superior varieties of rice, oranges, apples, cherries and peaches. The Chinese filled the need for domestic services in white homes and developed laundry businesses. They became successfully involved in the restaurant business, fishing and shrimping industries, and leather goods manufacturing. As soon as their new businesses flourished, they were targeted as unwelcome competition to the struggling economy of San Francisco.

The Burlingame Treaty of 1869 encouraged the Chinese to emigrate to the United States in greater numbers. Reacting to the America's fear of the "yellow peril," in 1877 Denis Kearney organized the Workingman's Party with the rallying cry, "The Chinese Must Go!" which led to the looting and burning of many Chinese businesses.

More than thirty anti-Chinese legislations were enacted during the l870's at both the state and local levels. (See legislation section) The result of this codified racism was to exclude Chinese from many occupations and to deprive them of full participation in a society they had helped to build. Culmination of this discriminatory legislation resulted in the Chinese Exclusion Act of May 6, l882. This act suspended the immigration of Chinese laborers for ten years.

Return to the Chinatown Resource Guide Table of Contents

BUILDING PORTSMOUTH SQUARE

The American flag was raised in Portsmouth Square, on July 9, 1846. The small frontier town rapidly grew into a city after the discovery of gold. Portsmouth Square, served as a cow pen, surrounded by tents and adobe huts in 1848, and by brick and stone buildings, hotels, business offices, shops, gambling places and restaurants by the late 1850's. At that time hundreds of Chinese strategically chose to locate their laundries, restaurants and shops close to the center of the city, Portsmouth Square to cater to mining related needs. They were established on or within a block of the square, and gradually branched out to Dupont (present-day Grant) and Kearny Streets. The area referred to as "Little Canton," had thirty-three retail stores, fifteen pharmacies/Chinese herbalists and five restaurants. In 1853 the neighborhood was given the name "Chinatown" by the press. The first Chinese hand laundry was started on the corner of Washington Dupont Streets in 1851. By 1870 some 2,000 Chinese laundries were in the trade growing to 7,500 in 1880. Merchants and peddlers provided fresh fruits, vegetables and flowers. As San Francisco became a recreation center, the Chinese seized opportunities to provide festive activities. In addition an entire theater building was imported from China and erected in Chinatown to house the Chinese theatrical troupe.

Chinatown's twelve blocks of crowded wooden and brick houses, businesses, temples, family associations, rooming houses for the bachelor majority, (in 1880 the ratio of men to women was 20 to 1) opium dens, gambling halls was home to 22,000 people. The atmosphere of early Chinatown was bustling and noisy with brightly colored lanterns, three-cornered yellow silk pennants denoting restaurants, calligraphy on sign boards, flowing costumes, hair in queues and the sound of Cantonese dialects. In this familiar neighborhood the immigrants found the security and solidarity to survive the racial and economic oppression of greater San Francisco.

Return to the Chinatown Resource Guide Table of Contents

EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE DESTROY CHINATOWN

On April 18, 1906, San Francisco was devastated by a huge earthquake. As fires raged, Chinatown was leveled. It seemed that what the city and country wanted for fifty years, nature had accomplished in forty-five seconds. Ironically, because the immigration records and vital statistics at City Hall had been destroyed, many Chinese were able to claim citizenship, then send for their children and families in China. Legally, all children of U.S. citizens were automatically citizens, regardless of their place of birth. Thus began the influx of"paper sons and paper daughters" - instant citizens - which helped balance the demographics of Chinatown's "bachelor society." Finally, Chinatown had what it had been missing for so long - children.

The city fathers had no intention of allowing Chinatown to be rebuilt in its own neighborhood, on valuable land next to the Financial District. While they were deciding where to relocate the Chinese, a wealthy businessman named Look Tin Eli developed a plan to rebuild Chinatown to its original location. He obtained a loan from Hong Kong and designed the new Chinatown to be more emphatically "Oriental" to draw tourists. The old Italianate buildings were replaced by Edwardian architecture embellished with theatrical chinoiserie. Chinatown, like the phoenix, rose from the ashes with a new facade, dreamed up by an American-born Chinese man, built by white architects, looking like a stage-set China that does not exist.

Return to the Chinatown Resource Guide Table of Contents

ANGEL ISLAND: PORT OF ENTRY

Angel Island, the immigration station on San Francisco Bay, opened in 1910 to enforce the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, is where two hundred fifty thousand Chinese immigrants were processed. The average detention was two weeks, the longest was twenty-two months. Conditions on Angel Island were harsh, families were isolated, separated, and the interrogated. Detainees were questioned in great detail about who they were and why they were claiming the right to enter the United States. Those whose answers were unacceptable to the officers were denied admission. To prepare for the questions, immigrants often relied on coaching papers which contained details on the background of individuals who could legally claim American citizenship. Typically such papers were purchased as part of the package of tickets and information about entering the United States.

Angel Island Station was closed in 1940 after a fire destroyed many of the buildings. The Exclusion Act was repealed in 1943 and in 1962 most of Angel Island was converted to state park.

Return to the Chinatown Resource Guide Table of Contents

WORLD WAR II's IMPACT ON CHINATOWN

As with the Great Quake and fire of 1906, the catastrophic events of World War II and it's aftermath benefited the Chinese in America. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941) became a vehicle of opportunity for the Chinese Americans. China became an ally in the war against Japan, and public sentiment in favor of America's Chinese allies surged. For the first time, Chinese aliens entered the mainstream of American society. Chinese Americans wore the same uniform as American soldiers, and fought side by side with them under the American flag. Labor shortages on the homefront opened jobs previously closed to them.

The most important declaration came on December 17, 1943, halfway through the war, when President Roosevelt signed the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act, ending more than sixty years of legalized racism and discrimination. This did not guarantee instant acceptance by the dominant society. After the repeal of the Exclusion Act and the enactment of the War Bride Act, acculturation and assimilation began to take place. The once bachelor society began to shift toward a new American Chinese community filled with families and children. Finally Chinese immigrants were legally allowed to become citizens and to own property.

Return to the Chinatown Resource Guide Table of Contents

CHINATOWN TODAY

Today's Chinatown is a unique neighborhood defined by its people, its institutions and its history - a history of welcome, rejection and acceptance. Chinese-style buildings and the narrow bustling streets give Chinatown its character. Beyond the gilded storefronts you will find tenements crowded with elderly people and new immigrants struggling with problems left by years of exclusion and discrimination - unemployment, health problems and substandard housing. Core Chinatown itself, limited by its capacity to grow, no longer serves as the major residential area for the Chinese of San Francisco. Many have moved out of crowded Chinatown to the Richmond and Sunset districts.

In 1977, the Chinatown Resource Center and the Chinese Community Housing Corporation launched a comprehensive improvement program striving to find solutions for land use changes. Since 1895 the Chinese American Citizens Alliance has fought against disenfranchisement of citizens of Chinese ancestry and sponsored a number of community projects.

Today, San Francisco's Chinatown has developed cultural autonomy which sustains many activities: dance, music groups, a children's orchestra, artists, a Chinese Culture Center, and the Chinese Historical Society of America. A result of the community's commitment to excellence in education is its involvement in the legal debates of affirmative action vs. school desegregation for Asian-American youth.

"Viewed within the context of the City of San Francisco, Chinatown is one of many culturally distinct neighborhoods that together make up the backbone of the City. Viewed within the context of America, Chinatown is an American working class community that has been a partner in building this nation with every other American working class community. Like all other American neighborhoods, Chinatown has been developed by the will and energies of immigrants."*

* Elaine Joe, "American Communities Built on Multiculturalism," Neighborhood Bulletin, A Newsletter of the Chinatown Resource Center and Chinese Community Housing Corporation vol.17, no.4 (Fall 1995).


Chinatown’s Grant Avenue: A look back at one of San Francisco’s oldest streets

Much ink has been spilled on the history of Chinatown and Grant Avenue, billed as San Francisco’s oldest street, which runs north to south starting at Market Street and ending at Francisco Street in North Beach. While surveying the entirety of Grant is an epic undertaking, a closer look at a few notable spots along Chinatown’s busiest thoroughfare offers a glimpse into this popular yet overlooked neighborhood.

"San Francisco's oldest street" is a major claim. Back in the early 19th century, the city was established as Yerba Buena by William Richardson, the town's first land grantee. He established a trading post settlement in 1835 with today’s Portsmouth Square as the plaza and the first street drawn as Calle de la Fundación (“street of the founding”).

Richardson built his family a hodgepodge tent-shack on the hillside along Grant Avenue between Clay and Washington streets, establishing the first residence in what would later become San Francisco.

William Richardson’s 1835 map of Yerba Buena with Calle de la Fundacion as the only street Image via UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library

In 1839 a survey of Yerba Buena was drawn by Jean Vioget, a surveyor and sea captain, including the current layout of Grant Avenue. While credited as the first surveyor of Yerba Buena, he didn’t name any of the streets.

Jasper O’Farrell’s 1847 survey map with added street names. Image via UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library

When Commander John Montgomery of the USS Portsmouth took possession of Yerba Buena in 1846, his administration hired Jasper O’Farrell, first surveyor for San Francisco and mind behind Market Street, to enlarge the Vioget survey that serves as the early iteration of the downtown area.

O’Farrell, he of the eponymous street in the Tenderloin, named all the streets in his survey, and Calle de la Fundación was renamed Dupont Street in honor of the USS Portsmouth’s admiral.

1839 Jean Voiget plan of Yerba Buena. Image via UC Berkeley, Bancroft

By the late 1800s, the street had become home to Chinese immigrants who were escaping persecution or following the Gold Rush. “Du Pon Gai,” as many Chinese called it, already had a reputation for opium dens, sing-song girls (an English term for the courtesans in 19th-century China), the Tong wars, and criminal organizations.

The street was also flamed by a prejudice that plagued the residents from the earliest days of the city. In an attempt to upgrade the area, downtown merchants renamed a portion the street after President Ulysses S. Grant.

Dupont north from corner of Clay, circa 1880. Photo via San Francisco History Center/SF Public Library

"Dead Wall Bulletin Board" for Tong grievances on Dupont Street at Washington, circa 1889. Photo via San Francisco History Center/SF Public Library

While the area proved to be one of the most thriving in the city, everything changed after the 1906 earthquake and fire. Chinatown was leveled, and reconstruction efforts facilitated a new facade for the historically Chinese neighborhood.

Grant Avenue before the 1906 earthquake and fire. Photo via San Francisco History Center/SF Public Library

California Street between Stockton and Dupont, 1906, post-quake. Photo via California Historical Society

While the previous buildings looked contiguous with the rest of the city, despite their Chinese tenants, the newly constructed Chinatown featured designs reminiscent of China.

One of the first buildings to incorporate this new aesthetic was the Sing Fat Company building at the southwest corner of California and Grant. Built by (non-Chinese) architects Ross and Burgren, the pagoda-roofed building was billed as an “Oriental Bazaar” with additional branches in Los Angeles and New York.

Postcard of Sing Fat Company building, circa 1910. Photo via Palos Verdes Library District, Local History Collection

The building is still standing today with retail shops, but has lost much of its original ornamentation.

Across the street from Sing Fat Company, at the northwest corner, the Sing Chong building (also designed by Ross and Burgren) opened at the same time as another bazaar. It was later converted to the Cathay House Restaurant in 1942.

The Sing Chong building illuminated during the Portola Festival, 1909. Photo via San Francisco History Center/SF Public Library

The Sing Chong building illuminated during the Portola Festival, 1909. Photo via San Francisco History Center/SF Public Library

The Sing Chong building, 1910. Photo via California Historical Society.

Inspired by its standout look, many other buildings on the street started featuring similar architectural treatments. For instance, the Bank of America building at 701 Grant, originally the Nanking Fook Wo Inc., featured traditional dragon motifs.

Chinatown branch of Bank of America at 701 Grant, 1964. Photo via San Francisco History Center/SF Public Library

The ubiquitous red lantern street lamps that line Grant Avenue, a popular attraction today for tourists and local photographers, were installed for the 1939 Panama-Pacific International Exposition.

Street lamps installed for World’s Fair, 1938.

Photo via San Francisco History Center/SF Public Library

Local lore has it that chop suey, the popular American-Chinese dish, originated in Gold Rush-era San Francisco when hungry miners barged into an area Chinese restaurant, which was just about to close, demanding food.

The chef scraped leftovers off other plates, slapped some sauce on it, and served it to them as chop suey (a mixed-up version of Cantonese for “odds and ends”). Regardless of its origins, chop suey was a mainstay in mid-20th-century Chinatown.

Grant between Pacific and Broadway, 1944. Photo via San Francisco History Center/SF Public Library

The Shanghai Low sign at 532 Grant once shone bright on the building built in 1908. Though the sign technically still exists, the “Chop Suey” signage has been replaced with “Lotus Garden,” the original marquee was replaced by generic vinyl awnings along the street, and all the cornice ornamentation has been removed.

Chinatown in the 1940s. Photo via the California State Library

Photo via California State Library

The 1913 Western States Importing Company at 400 Grant looks very much the same today as it did in 1951, though its setting has changed with the addition of the Chinatown entrance gates at Grant and Bush.

Shanghai Low building at 532 Grant, 1976. Photo by San Francisco Planning Department

Corner of Grant Avenue and Bush Street, 1951. Photo via San Francisco History Center/SF Public Library

One of the most iconic (and photographed) spots on Grant Avenue is the Dragon Gate entrance at Bush Street. Dedicated in 1970, the gate features Chinese gateway standards using stone throughout.

With a design by Chinese-American architect Clayton Lee, who based it on Chinese ceremonial gates, it features motifs of fish and dragons with two lion statues on each side. Lee’s design won a contest in the late 1960s and includes a wooden plaque with a quote from Dr. Sun Yat-sen, which hangs from the main archway bearing gilded words that read, “All under heaven is for the good for the people.”


Etymology of Pine Street in San Francisco - History

National Register of Historic Places in San Francisco

The Lower Nob Hill Apartment Hotel District is located in downtown San Francisco on the south slope of Nob Hill. The district is bounded by Bush Street on the north, the Financial District on the east, the Tenderloin on the south, and the Polk-Van Ness corridor on the west.

It is a close-packed district of residential buildings with a height of three to seven stories. The buildings are unequaled in quantity and quality anywhere in California except possibly in the Tenderloin. For blockfront after blockfront, the apartments and hotels march along at nearly even cornice lines, breasting similar bay windows and fire escapes above the sidewalk steps and store fronts, agreeing on the form of dress and the vocabulary of ornament.

Most were constructed between 1906 and 1925, giving them a remarkable consistency of style. Most remain nearly intact. There are almost no new buildings.

It has always been a residential district - apartments, residential hotels and apartment hotels with a few office conversions. It remains what it was when constructed a century ago.

Source: Adapted from the NRHP nomination submitted in 1991.

Contractor P. L. Pettigrew built this brick-clad, eight-story hotel in the Renaissance revival style.

When we photographed the building in November 2019, it housed the WorldMark San Francisco Hotel.

This seven-story, stucco-clad building with Renaissance ornamentation, originally housed apartments and two stores. It was built by James L. McLaughlin.

This seven-story, brick building with galvanized iron cladding and Mission/Spanish Colonial Revival ornament was designed by Rousseau and Rousseau.


The view from Dashiell Hammett Street. Die
highrise is the Medical Dental Building on Sutter
Street.

Originally an apartment hotel and stores, this six-story building was designed by Righetti & Headman. It is clad in stucco and galvanized iron with Renaissance ornamentation.

The building faces Dashiell Hammett Street, a one-block alley that runs between Bush Street and Pine Street.

When we photographed the building in November 2019, it housed apartments.

Architects Righetti & Headman designed this five-story apartment building. The design includes tapestry brick, galvanized iron cladding and Renaissance ornament

When we photographed the building in November 2019, it was still an apartment building doing business under the name Angelus Apartments.

The highrise behind the building to the left is the Medical Dental Building on Sutter Street.

The building to the right is a modern building which does not contribute to the historic district. When we photographed it, it was doing business as the Orchard Hotel.

This eight-story building was designed by Cunningham & Politeo as a residential hotel. It is clad in stucco, brick and galvanized iron with Art Nouveau ornamentation.

The dark highrise in the background is 555 California Street (formerly the Bank of America Center) which was the tallest building west of the Mississippi River when it was completed in 1969.

When we photographed the former Colonial Hotel, it was doing business as the Orchard Vintage Hotel.

1907 Rendering
Source: NRHP Nomination Form

The Alcazar in Toledo, Spain
Photographed by the Author on 6 November 2013

The Kenilworth Apartments building was designed by architects Sutton & Weeks. The five-story building is clad in rough stucco and clinker brick with ornamentation in the Spanish Colonial Revival style.

The Kenilworth Apartments building, as conceived by the architects with an imposing look-out tower at each corner, reminds me of the Alcazar in Toledo, Spain, and other fortified buildings in Iberia. The impression of impregnability must have been comforting one year after the neighborhood had been destroyed by the 1906 Earthquake and Fire.

This painted brick and cast concrete building was designed by architect A. A. Cantin in the Beaux Arts style. It is the only building in the district known to have survived the 1906 Earthquake and Fire.


Etymology of Pine Street in San Francisco - History

There still stands at 722 and 724 Montgomery Street a building which in the [eighteen-] fifties was for a brief period utilized as a theatre, called “The Melodeon.” Joe Murphy, Lew Rattler, Frank Hussey, the Worrell Sisters and other early day favorites played there. The admission was 25 cents.

San Francisco’s very first entertainment was given by Stephen C. Massett, better known as “Jeemes Pipes of Pipesville,” who on June 22nd 1849, at the Police Office, rendered a program consisting of vocal music and recitations. The front row was reserved for ladies. Four attended.

Among the first regular places of amusement were Robinson and Evrard’s Dramatic Museum on California Street, on about the spot where now stands the San Francisco Bank the first Jenny Lind Theatre at Kearny and Washington, and the first Adelphi Theatre on Clay Street between Kearny and Montgomery. All these were destroyed in the big conflagration of May 4th 1851, and on June 22 a second disastrous fire reduced to ashes the second Jenny Lind Theatre and the Theatre of Arts on Jackson Street.

With undaunted spirit of pioneer managers began rebuilding and before the year was over a third Jenny Lind was erected by Tom Maguire, on the same site as the two previous theatres of that name. The elder Booth played there, as did also Edwin Booth and Mrs. and Mrs. Junius Brutus Booth, Jr. It was a substantial structure, which after a brief occupancy, Maguire sold to the city and was for many years used as a City Hall. With the money thus gained, Maguire bought a one story building on Washington Street above Montgomery, known as San Francisco Hall and converted it into a three-story theatre, changing its name to Maguire’s Opera House. During the sixties many famous actors played there, including Edwin Forrest, Edwin Booth, John McCullough, Lucille Western, Frank Mayo, Matilda Heron and Adah Isaacs Menken.

Maguire’s Opera House passed out of existence in 1873 and the no less famous Metropolitan Theatre on Montgomery Street between Washington and Jackson, shared the same fate, the cutting through of Montgomery Avenue, now known as Columbus Avenue, necessitating the sacrifice. A slice of the Metropolitan stood, however, until the big fire of 1906.

On the corner of Sansome and Halleck Streets stood the American Theatre, where Lola Montez, Kate Hayes, Mr. and Mrs. James Stark, C.R. Thorne and Eph Horn held sway.

In the sixties Maguire built the Academy of Music on Pine Street, below Montgomery, but his several seasons of grand opera were unsuccessful and after several uphill years, the Academy was converted into Cole’s Furniture Warerooms.

It was at Egyptian Hall, a “store show” theatre, at 22 Geary Street, that David Belasco first gave evidence of his genius as a dramatist in 1878. The “Egyptian Mysteries,” a variation of the illusion known as “Pepper’s Ghost,” was exploited there and the program also consisted of one- act farces and dramas which young Belasco wrote and appeared in.

In the seventies the hub of theatrical activity shifted to Bush Street. Above Kearny was located the California Theatre where even after a lapse of half a century the “old California Stock Company” is still gratefully remembered. Below Kearny, on the south side, was the Bush Street Theatre, originally called the Alhambra. After Charles E. Locke gave up the house in the late seventies, Mike Leavitt took charge and it was under his regime that Jos. Gottlob, Charles P. Hall and George Broadhurst received their early theatrical training.

Directly opposite was the old Standard Theatre, previously known as Gray’s Opera House and Congress Hall. Here for several years Emerson’s Minstrels with Billy himself and the redoubtful Charley Reed shone forth resplendent.

The first regularly established variety theater was the Bella Union, located on Washington Street above Kearny. When the latter thoroughfare was widened in 1869, the house was rebuilt and the entrance shifted to 805 Kearny Street. This house had a career of over forty years and among the top- notchers that performed there were Lotta [Crabtree], Ned Harrigan, Elise Biscaccianti, Charley Reed, Thomas C. Leary, Elias Lipsis, half brother of Adah Isaacs Menken, James A. Herne, Pauline Markham, Patti Rosa and Bob Scott, Charles Ross and Mabel Fenton, Johnny Ray, Harry Montague, Junie McCree and Weber and Fields.

The Orpheum Circuit of today is an evolution of the managerial acumen of Gustav Walter, who came to San Francisco in the seventies and successfuly conducted the Fountain at Sutter and Kearny, the Vienna Gardens at Sutter and Stockton and the Wigwam, where the City of Paris now stands [at Stockton and Geary streets]. At this latter house he made enough money to build the O’Farrell Street Orpheum, which opened in 1887 with Rosner’s Hungarian Orchestra and a big Variety bill.


Virtual Home Remedy 2021: An Event Benefitting Pine Street Inn

Founded in 1969, Pine Street Inn provides a comprehensive range of services to nearly 2,000 homeless men and women each day. We are the largest homeless services provider in New England, and could not do this important work without the support of our donors and local community.

Since that time we have been providing a comprehensive range of programs and services, including housing, emergency services, and workforce development. Our ultimate goal is to end homelessness by making permanent housing a reality for all.

Pine Street Innsider: May 2021

Our May Innsider is out! Read Lewis' story as a Pine Street tenant dine for Pine learn new updates about our housing development in Jamaica Plain, in partnership with The Community Builders, Inc. and more! Read the May issue.

Framingham State University and Boston College To Recognize Lyndia Downie

Downie will deliver the commencement address at Framingham State University on Sunday, May 23, celebrating the class of 2020 whose original graduation had been postponed from last year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The following day, on May 24, Downie will be awarded an honorary degree from Boston College during their commencement ceremony. Read the Framingham Source article.

Boston Globe: Apartments for homeless to be built in Jamaica Plain

We are glad this housing development can now move forward in partnership with The Community Builders. “This is literally a groundbreaking project for us,” Pine Street Inn President & CEO Lyndia Downie notes. “The people we’re targeting for this [housing development] have been homeless the longest and have the hardest situations,” Downie said. “The support services are the glue that helps folks acquire and stay in the housing they need.” Check out the latest developments in The Boston Globe.

Dine for Pine and support our local restaurants

We are thrilled to announce Dine for Pine - a way to enjoy a delicious meal (at a discount) while supporting local restaurants. Make a gift to Pine Street Inn through www.dineforpine.org and you will receive the promotional discount code to apply to your order at any of our partner restaurants! Participate in Dine for Pine

Pine Street Innsider: April 2021

The April eNews shares how we support and empower individuals moving out of homelessness. Read Troy's story of hope about moving into an apartment of his own after experiencing homelessness for 10 years, register for Home Remedy 2021, and more. Read the April Innsider


Kyk die video: 2110B Pine Street San Francisco CA HD