Die geboorte van SEAL -span ses

Die geboorte van SEAL -span ses



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Nadat meer as 3 000 mariniers in die Slag van Tarawa (November 1943) doodgemaak is, het dit duidelik geword dat die Amerikaanse weermag beter intelligensie voor die inval nodig gehad het. Voer die Naval Combat Demolition Units en Underwater Demolition Teams (UDTs) in, die voorlopers van vandag se seëls. Na die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het hierdie spesiale operasionele magte egter grootliks ontbind. Maar sedert 1950, met die uitbreek van die Koreaanse Oorlog, het die vloot weer 'n beroep op die UDT "padda's" gemaak, en hul werking vinnig uitgebrei.

In 1962, toe konflik in Viëtnam begin toeneem, het president John F. Kennedy die eerste twee Navy SEAL -spanne uit die bestaande UDT's gestig. Die SEAL -akroniem kom van Sea, Air en Land, die drie omgewings waar die spesiale operasionele magte van die vloot opgelei word om te werk. Op die hoogtepunt van die konflik in Viëtnam is agt SEAL -pelotons daar op 'n roterende en deurlopende basis ontplooi, en bykans 50 SEAL's is van 1965 tot 1972 in Viëtnam dood.

Aan die einde van 1980, na die vernederende mislukking van Operasie Eagle Claw, die afgebroke missie om 53 Amerikaanse gyselaars te red wat by die Amerikaanse ambassade in Teheran in beslag geneem is, het die vloot bevelvoerder Richard Marcinko gevra om 'n SEAL -eenheid te bou wat vinnig en kwaai kan reageer op terreurkrisisse. Marcinko was 'n ervare veteraan en het in 1958 by die vloot aangesluit. Hy het twee toere in Viëtnam gedien, waar hy 'n baie gevreesde SEAL-peloton was, en die Silver Star, vier bronssterre, verdien met 'n geveg "V" (dui op heroïsme), twee lofprysingmedaljes en die Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry met Silver Star. Na verneem word, het hy ses maande tyd gekry om die nuwe terrorismebestryding aan die gang te kry, anders word die hele projek geskrap.

Alhoewel daar destyds slegs twee SEAL -spanne bestaan ​​het, het Marcinko die nuwe groep SEAL Team Six gebel, vermoedelik omdat hy gehoop het dat Sowjet -ontleders die grootte van die Amerikaanse mag sou oorskat. Twee aanvalsgroepe, vernoem na die vlootkleure van blou en goud, vorm die kern van die groep. Die Blou Eskader, met die Jolly Roger seerowervlag as sy kentekens, het gou 'n reputasie vir roekeloosheid verwerf, terwyl die Goue Eskader meer identifiseer met ridders of kruisvaarders. Marcinko het na 'n paar jaar vertrek (hy het in 1984 'n ander anti-terroriste-eenheid, Red Cell, gestig, maar in 1990 is hy skuldig bevind aan militêre kontrakbedrog en het hy 15 maande tronkstraf uitgedien) en in die vroeë 1990's het die vloot na bewering ingegryp om Team Six leierskap en bedrywighede, en verander dit in die professionele en effektiewe, maar steeds grensverskuiwende krag wat dit vandag is.

Amptelik bestaan ​​SEAL Team Six nie eens nie. Soos Dick Couch en William Doyle in hul boek "Navy SEALS: Their Untold Story" van 2014 skryf, erken die Amerikaanse departement van verdediging feitlik nooit die bestaan ​​van die Naval Special Warfare Development Group, of DevGru, die voornaam vir Team Six nie. Sy amptelike missie is om nuwe toerusting en taktieke te ontwikkel vir die algemene Navy SEAL -organisasie, wat ook nege ongeklassifiseerde spanne insluit. Nie -amptelik voer SEAL Team Six egter 'n paar van die gevaarlikste missies van die weermag uit, dié wat as te gevaarlik beskou word vir konvensionele troepe.

Sedert die terreuraanvalle van 11 September 2001 speel Team Six en die res van die Navy SEALs 'n meer aktiewe rol as ooit, van die afgeleë bergagtige streke van Afghanistan tot oorloggeteisterde stede soos Bagdad. Die SEALs, insluitend Team Six, voer klandestiene operasies met 'n hoë impak uit wat onmoontlik sou wees vir groter, konvensionele magte. Hulle voer ook op die grond verkennings- en intelligensie-insameling uit voor die beplande aanvalle deur die groter magte. Alhoewel SEAL's tradisioneel die meeste verband hou met (ten minste gedeeltelik) missies op waterbasis, is dit ook waarskynlik dat hulle missies op land en in die lug uitvoer.

Drie suksesvolle operasies die afgelope jare het die SEALS, en veral Team Six, uit die skadu getrek en vierkantig in die wêreldwye kollig getrek. In April 2009 het Somaliese seerowers kaptein Richard Phillips van die handelsskip MV Maersk Alabama gevange geneem en hom as gyselaar in 'n klein, omheinde reddingsboot vasgehou. Die Amerikaanse vernietiger USS Bainbridge het die boot na kalmer waters in die Indiese Oseaan gesleep toe losprysonderhandelinge tot stilstand gekom het, en die drie SEAL Team Six -skerpskutters op die oorlogskip het die drie seerowers wat Phillips vasgehou het, doodgeskiet. Besonderhede oor die redding het internasionale nuus gemaak en vorm die basis vir 'n groot Hollywood -film, "Captain Phillips", met Tom Hanks in die hoofrol. In Januarie 2012 het Team Six -operateurs in Somalië geval om twee gyselaars, die Amerikaanse hulpverlener Jessica Buchanan en haar Deense kollega Poul Thisted, te red.

Verreweg die hoogste profiel van Team Six-operasie-en die beroemdste spesiale operasie-aanval in die geskiedenis-was Operation Neptune Spear, wat geëindig het in die moord op die meesterbrein van Al Qaeda Osama bin Laden in Abbottabad, Pakistan in Mei 2011. Die hoogtepunt van 'n 10 -jarige jagtog onder leiding van die Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), is die aanval op bin Laden se kompleks uitgevoer deur 23 of 24 SEALs (volgens verskillende weergawes), vergesel van 'n Pashto -vertaler en 'n gevegshond. Dit het minder as 40 minute geneem.

Aangesien die rol en belangrikheid van SEAL Team Six sedert 9/11 aansienlik uitgebrei het, neem die gevaar toe. Soos die New York Times in 2015 berig het: 'Meer lede van die eenheid is die afgelope 14 jaar dood as in die vorige geskiedenis. Herhaaldelike aanrandings, valskermspronge, harde klim en ontploffings deur plofstof het baie mense, fisies en geestelik, geteister. ”

Vandag is die top-geheime hoofkwartier van SEAL Team Six geleë by die Dam Neck Annex van die Oceana Naval Air Station, net suid van Virginia Beach. Elite -operateurs uit gewone SEAL -spanne word gekies om by Team Six aan te sluit in 'n mededingende proses wat bekend staan ​​as 'Green Team'. Nog twee aanrandingsgroepe, Rooi Eskader en Silwer Eskader, het by die Blou en Goud aangesluit, vir 'n totaal van ongeveer 300 operateurs. Lede van die Grey Squadron, bekend as die vikings, word spesifiek opgelei om die snelbote en ander voertuie wat Team Six gebruik, te bestuur, terwyl die Black Squadron, wat begin het as die sluipskutter-eenheid van Team Six, sedertdien die voortou geneem het met die insameling van intelligensie die 9/11 aanvalle. Vroue - wat uitgesluit is van die res van span ses - kan dien in die Black Squadron, wat na raming ongeveer 100 lede regoor die wêreld gestasioneer het.


Beyond Neptune Spear: The Secret History of SEAL Team Six (Deel 6)

Op hierdie stadium is die geklassifiseerde bestaan ​​van SEAL Team Six en die status daarvan as 'n toppunt van terrorismemag onder die geheime wat die slegste bewaar is in die geskiedenis van geheime.

Die eenheid het in 1993 die eerste keer wyd aandag getrek met die vrystelling van die boek van Richard Marcinko, Rogue Warrior, wat die oorsprong daarvan uiteengesit het. DEVGRU het egter vir die komende twee dekades in wese verborge gebly totdat sy rol in Operation Neptune Spear onthul is en 'n kollig van ongehoorde intensiteit op sy aktiwiteite verskyn het.

Die Amerikaanse vloot het lankal die krag van openbare betrekkinge erken en die boodskap beheer. Van Bobaas aan Heldedaad, het die vloot deurgaans daarin geslaag om sy meer glansryke missies doeltreffend ten toon te stel. Voornemende rekrute is gegrond om aan te neem dat die aansluiting by die vloot nie net eerbaar is nie, maar eerlik koeler as om op die stippellyn vir die weermag, lugmag of mariene korps te teken. ek

En as sodanig was die vloot slim om gelyktydig SEAL Team Six seëvierings te verberg en te adverteer. Selfs met die onlangse mediablits rakende die eenheid, is daar nog steeds groot verwarring onder die algemene publiek oor die onderskeidende ST6 van die nie-JSOC, en#8220white ” SEAL-spanne. En voor 2 Mei 2011 het 99,9%+ van die algemene bevolking geen idee gehad dat SEAL Team Six aansienlik anders was as byvoorbeeld SEAL Team Two of SEAL Team Ten nie.

Televisiedokumentêre en verhale wat jare lank aan die pers gelek is, spog al jare met die merkwaardige prestasies van generiese handelsmerke “U.S. Navy SEALs. ” Dit was 'n goeie werwingsvoorwaarde, maar het ook die kredietwaardigheid van 'n geklassifiseerde eenheid suksesvol omseil. ii

Dit was 'n taktiek wat die weermag nie maklik kon herhaal nie, byvoorbeeld om Ranger -werwing te bevorder met verhale oor Delta Force -uitbuiting.

Lees verder: Beyond Neptune Spear: The Secret History of SEAL Team 6 (Deel 2)

As gevolg hiervan het die Vloot óf die stryd in die pers gewen of verloor, afhangende van die een se standpunt, DEVGRU en Delta het sedert 9/11 'n soortgelyke katalogus van prestasies behaal, maar die een eenheid oortref die ander in die ander terme van persknipsels.

Daar is ook aangevoer dat die algehele kultuur van die SEAL -gemeenskap minder weerstand bied teen sulke aandag, wat verder bydra tot die wanbalans. iii

Na die moord op Osama bin Laden, is die deksel van die deksel van die eenheid afgewaai, en 'n groot fassinasie van die publiek het die voortgesette aandag van die media voortgesit.

Onder 'n gemeenskap wat trots is op sy geheimhouding en operasionele veiligheid (OPSEC), word die gevolglike erkenning algemeen as 'n gevaarlike presedent beskou, hoewel presies hoe die bykomende dekking blyk te bly gesien word.

Aan die ander kant, die bykomende blootstelling van spesiale operasionele magte en veral SEAL Team Six, dryf nie net werwing nie, maar kan ook 'n afskrikmiddel wees, aangesien potensiële ontvoerders en dies meer bewus gemaak word van die SMU's in Amerika en die 8217's buitengewone vermoëns.

Daar kan ook geargumenteer word dat die Amerikaanse publiek die reg het om ten minste in breër terme ingelig te word oor die optrede van sy weermag, veral dié wat tot die belangrikste gebeurtenisse van die moderne tyd behoort. En daar is 'n gesamentlike hupstoot vir nasionale trots wat u kan bied deur oorwinnings te erken, soos om Osama bin Laden voor die gereg te bring. iv

Daar word egter gevrees dat die toenemende aandag en bewustheid hierdie vermeende klandestiene troepe en hul gesinne meer in gevaar kan stel, sowel as by die ontplooiing en tuis. v

En sommige missies is so sensitief dat hul uitstappie ernstige gevolge vir die nasionale veiligheid kan inhou.

Lees verder: Beyond Neptune Spear: The (Open) Secret History of SEAL Team Six (Deel 1)

Daar is ook die konstante vrees dat 'n ingeligte vyand 'n moeiliker doelwit en 'n moontlike hinderlaag kan wees as dit aangehelp word deur meer kennis van 'n eenheid se TTP's (tegnieke, taktiek en prosedures).

Op 'n manier is daar geen volledige geheimhouding in 'n wêreld van eksponensieel uitbreiding van sosiale media nie, en 'n 24/7 nuussiklus is onmoontlik. Dit gaan terug na die idee om die boodskap te beheer, maar dit is weer betwisbaar of waarheid of misleiding die voorkeur -middel is om dit te begelei.

Ondanks die status van 'n bekende persoon, word SEAL Team Six steeds swak verstaan. 'N Google -soektog sal toon dat daar 'n groot aantal mense is wat meen SEAL Team Six is ​​'n klein groepie mans en is in wese 'n enkele groep.

Baie van hierdie mense meen ook dat die hele SEAL Team Six en die span wat bin Laden in Abbottabad gekry het#8212 uitgewis is tydens die afpersing 17 -ongeluk (alhoewel die insidente betrokke was by verskillende eskaders). vi Aan die positiewe kant is jihadiste afgeraai om wraak te neem op 'n groep wat hulle glo nie meer bestaan ​​nie. Minder aantreklik is die samesweringsteoretici wat aangevuur word deur die oortuiging wat feitlik skree dat ST6 deur sy eie nasie se teregstelling tereggestel is as 'n soort toesmeerdery wat verband hou met die lot van Bin Laden. viii

USSOCOM -bevelvoerder Adm. William McRaven — self 'n skrywer wat aanvanklik geïnspireer is om 'n loopbaan in spesiale operasies te volg deur die John Wayne -rolprent Die Groen Barette — aanvaar die onvermydelike en bepleit ten minste 'n mate van groter deursigtigheid deur spesiale operasionele magte. ix

Selfs McRaven is egter ver bo sy meer vrygewige grense gestoot deur sommige van die meer afskuwelike voorbeelde, veral Geen maklike dag nie, die pas vrygestelde verslag van Operation Neptune Spear geskryf deur die skuilnaam ‘Mark Owen, ’ 'n oud-Red Squadron DEVGRU-operateur wat aan die missie deelgeneem het.

In reaksie hierop het McRaven 'n gedetailleerde memorandum uitgereik wat die gemeenskap herinner aan hul geheimhoudingsooreenkomste. Hy het gedreig dat USSOCOM in geval van oortredings alle beskikbare opsies sal volg om lede aanspreeklik te hou, insluitend kriminele vervolging, waar van toepassing. ” x

Dit is 'n moeilike situasie wat waarskynlik nie binnekort definitief op die een of ander manier beantwoord sal word nie. Maar in elk geval is daar geen einde aan ST6-manie in sig nie. DEVGRU-gesentreerde films is in die werke van Hollywood-swaargewigte soos Oscar-wenners Kathryn Bigelow en Mark Boal (Nul donker dertig, wat die verhaal vertel van die jag op bin Laden) en Tom Hanks (Kaptein Phillips, wat handel oor die redding van die mariene handelaars van Somaliese seerowers). Daar word gerug dat selfs Steven Spielberg, ten minste aanvanklik, daarin belang gestel het om die regte op die film na te streef Geen maklike dag nie.

Boonop word 'n netwerk -televisiedrama oor die eenheid ontwikkel, xi en boeke van en oor SEALs — ST6 of andersins — is nie te kort nie. xii

Daar moet nog gesien word of die wegholsukses van Geen maklike dag nie maak die sluise oop vir verdere memoires van post-9/11 JSOC SMU-operateurs. Maar selfs al doen dit nie, is ondersoekende joernaliste soos Mark Bowden en Sean Naylor besig om nuwe titels voor te berei wat beloof om nog meer lig op die aktiwiteite van die eenhede te werp.

Selfs die koninkryk van videospeletjies het die OPSEC -vraag nie heeltemal ontgaan nie. xiii Die Medalje van eer Die reeks spog met 'n aantal outentieke besonderhede wat voorheen nie in die medium gesien is nie, xiv, wat hoofsaaklik te wyte is aan die aktiewe konsultasie van 'n aansienlike versameling voormalige DEVGRU- en Delta Force -operateurs. xv

Dit is ook 'n situasie wat waarskynlik nog leliker sal word, aangesien dit 'n bitter-gedebatteerde politieke kwessie na vore gekom het. xvi

Die show op die pad

Die Rooi Eskader en 'n inval in Pakistan om bin Laden uit te skakel, en die reddingsoperasies wat op Somaliese seerowers gemik was, was nie 'n enkele voorval nie, net 'n blik op wat plaasgevind het in die skaduwee weg van die meer sigbare oorlogsgebiede van Irak en Afghanistan.

SEAL Team Six, wat nou volstaan ​​met die wêreldwye mandaat waarop dit gestig is, sal in die toekoms waarskynlik toenemend op wêreldwye skaal werk. Aandag het lankal van Irak af weggedraai, en die veldtog in Afghanistan is onlangs in 'n paar belangrike opsigte herorganiseer: Afghaanse kommandokandaks neem al hoe meer verantwoordelikheid vir die aanvalle in hul vaderland, xvii en die pogings van Tier 1 -eenhede is gestrem xviii deur verhoogde bedryfsbeperkings. xix

Om sy reikwydte te vergroot, het JSOC baie belê in die ontwikkeling van 'n offensief-ingestelde eweknie van die burgerlike National Counterterrorism Center. Met wolknetwerk met groot netwerk kan JSOC nuwe intelligensie vinnig verwerk en ontgin, en op sy beurt aanval op terroriste deur die gebruik van gewapende hommeltuie of doelgerigte spesiale operasie-aanvalle oral op die planeet met min vooraf kennisgewing. xx

Afhangende van die behoeftes van die land en die besonderhede van sy sensitiefste aktiwiteite, werk DEVGRU onderling uitruilbaar onder titel 10, wat van toepassing is op militêre mag, en, wanneer “ op lening ” aan die CIA, onder titel 50, wat van toepassing is geheime intelligensie -aktiwiteite. xxi

Die boeie is dramaties losgemaak as dit nie sedert 9/11 heeltemal gestroop is nie. Die AQN ExOrd (al-Qaeda Network Execute Order), wat eers in 2004 deur die destydse minister van verdediging, Donald Rumsfeld, onderteken is, het die voorwaardes gestel vir DEVGRU en Delta Force om in ongeveer 15-20 verskillende lande teen Al-Qaeda optrede te onderneem. xxii

Die magtiging is sedertdien uitgebrei, onder meer deur 'n geheime opdrag wat onderteken is deur genl David Petraeus in 2010 met die uitdruklike doel om terroriste -netwerke in die hele Midde -Ooste binne te dring, te ontwrig, te verslaan of te vernietig. xxiii

Alhoewel dit in frekwensie toeneem, is dit nie 'n besonder nuwe ontwikkeling nie. Voor die bin Laden -aanval het DEVGRU na verneem word (Pakistan) by tien tot twaalf vorige geleenthede binnegekom. ” xxiv

In September 2008 het SEAL Team Six 'n grensoverschrijdende operasie in die dorp Angoor Ada in Suid-Waziristan uitgevoer, tot groot ontsteltenis van die Pakistaanse regering.

Die heliborne-aanval voor die dagbreek, wat op die Haqqani-netwerk gemik was, het gesien hoe een helikopter van bo af afkyk terwyl twee ander 'n ST6-slagmag by die teikenplek aflaai. Die operateurs het na berig word tussen een en twee dosyn individue doodgemaak terwyl hulle ander aangehou het in wat Amerikaanse amptenare daarna as 'n suksesvolle operasie beskou het. ”

Intussen, in 'n voorloper van die uitval van die Operation Neptune Spear, noem Pakistan die aanranding en 'n ernstige oortreding van Pakistan se gebied. ” xxv

As gevolg van die protesoptogte in Pakistan is grensaanvalle 'n tyd lank gestaak na die Angoor Ada-operasie. xxvi ST6 het vroeër in die GWOT, gedurende 'n tydperk van 2002 tot vroeg in 2003, binne die stamgebiede van Pakistan gewerk met toestemming van die gasheernasie. xxvii

In 2009 het 160ste SOAR- en DEVGRU-operateurs die bedreiging met sukses uitgewis deur die Keniaanse Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan, een van die drie voorste al-Qaeda-figure wat aktief is in Somalië.

In Operation Celestial Balance het 'n groep AH-6 en MH-6 Little Birds met 'n Amerikaanse vlootvaartuig in die Indiese Oseaan na die kus van Somalië vertrek. xxviii The Night Stalkers het die konvooi van twee voertuie van Nabhan onderskep en een van die vier mede-samesweerders gesoek in verband met die 󈧆 Mombosa-aanvalle — waar die groep gestop het om ontbyt te eet, naby die al-Shabaab-beheerde stad Barawe. xxix

Die helikopters het in een pas op die terroriste afgevuur en daarna teruggekeer sodat ST6-operateurs van die buiteboordbanke van 'n MH-6 kon afklim om die moord te bevestig en die oorskot van Nabhan en drie ander op te haal. xxx

Na bewering was die aanval die sesde in 'n reeks Amerikaanse moord op al-Qaeda-agente in (Somalië) en#8221 wat binne 'n tydsbestek van minder as drie jaar plaasgevind het. xxxi 'n Paar van die moordenaars het gekom toe JSOC -operateurs herhaaldelik vanuit Dire Dawa, Ethiopië, na Somalië gekom het om senior AQ -figure te jag. xxxii

In 2011 het JSOC die Somaliese Ahmed Abdulkadir Warsame, 'n koördineerder tussen al-Shabaab en AQAP, gevange geneem en hom maande lank aan boord van 'n vloot vaartuig aangehou voordat hy op terrorisme aangekla is. xxxiii

Gekombineerde CIA/JSOC jagter-moordenaarspanne was ook dodelik in Jemen, wat talle leiers van Al-Qaeda, die Arabiese Skiereiland (AQAP) uitgeskakel het. xxxiv

Verslae dui ook aan dat KMO's van JSOC aktief was in lande soos Libanon, Libië, Jemen, Madagaskar, Bolivia, Ecuador, Georgië, Paraguay, Peru, die Filippyne en die Oekraïne. xxxv

Intussen word die aandag steeds na die Amerikas xxxvi verskuif namate kommer ontstaan ​​oor die groeiende bande wat wêreldwye kriminele en terroriste -organisasies verbind. xxxvii Onlangs het (omstrede) berigte verskyn wat beweer dat die Pentagon die Mexikaanse dwelmbaas Joaquin ‘El Chapo ’ Guzman, die hoof van die genadelose en uiters kragtige Sinaloa Cartel, in die visier van SEAL Team Six geplaas het. xxxviii

Om as 'n wêreldwye treffer -span te werk, het 'n ongekende inmenging van die vermoëns van JSOC en die CIA geverg, wat voorheen bitter mededingers was wat gereeld in die grasveldoorloë betrokke was toe JSOC sy voet gevind het. xxxix

Vandag is die samewerking egter so groot en so roetine dat die lyne byna heeltemal vervaag is. xl DEVGRU het 'n de facto operasionele bate van die CIA geword in die mate dat dit genoem word die CIA ’s Praetorian Guard ” met verwysing na die uitgesoekte mag van krygers wat aangekla is van die verdediging van Romeinse keisers. xli

Dit alles verteenwoordig byna net 'n geringe persentasie van die groot operasionele geskiedenis wat SEAL Team Six ’'s na die 9/11-werklikheid was. Selfs die min wat bekend is, maak duidelik dat 'n ewekansige maand of selfs week van hedendaagse DEVGRU-operasies 'n aantal hoog aangeskrewe CT-eenhede voor 11 September 2001 letterlik sou definieer (en selfs tot vandag toe in baie voorbeelde).

'N Enkele missie word egter gereeld as 'n eenheidsondertekening gehou, soms selfs dekades daarna. Vir die Britse SAS is die handtekening die beleg van die Iraanse ambassade en vir die Israeliese Sayeret Matkal is dit Entebbe.

Net so is die reputasie van SEAL Team Six vir ewig bevestig deur hul deurslaggewende rol in Operation Neptune Spear, en dit is onwaarskynlik dat enige SOF -eenheid in die afsienbare toekoms met 'n duideliker kenmerk sal spog.

Dit word egter beter beskou as nie net 'n enkele oorwinning nie, en eerlik gesê, 'n relatief maklike een vir ST6 —, maar eerder die hoogtepunt van duisende der duisende operasies wat gehelp het om die eenheid te vorm tot 'n mag waarvoor die taak om Osama bin Laden te neutraliseer, was 'n taktiese roetine -opdrag.

En Operation Neptune Spear kom ook nie naby aan die einde van hierdie verhaal nie. Hoewel die dood van bin Laden as 'n natuurlike boekhulp vir die aanvalle van 9/11 kan dien, het die operateurs in die Abbottabad -kompleks ywerig gewerk, selfs nadat die moord plaasgevind het, en troppe intelligensiemateriaal versamel wat 'n reeks opvolg operasies. xlii

ST6 is die eens skelm organisasie wat gegroei het tot 'n versameling dodelik bekwame professionele persone. Terwyl die onwettige wortels behou word, word die ruwe rand nou kundig toegepas deur 'n effektiewe kombinasie van leierskap, dissipline, talent en toewyding.

Die eenheid is nie meer net 'n rat in 'n stowwerige gebeurlikheidsplan wat die daad herleef om lewens te red en terreurbedreigings meer gereeld uit te skakel as wat dit werklik die pligte uitvoer nie. Dit staan ​​eerder nou op die voorpunt van die Amerikaanse buitelandse beleid in 'n gevaarlike tyd, en 'n keuse -instrument wat daagliks 'n beroep op die land se belange en sy mense se vryhede beskerm.

Versterk bo alle redelike verwagtinge wanneer dit uiteindelik losgelaat word, het DEVGRU die post-9/11-wêreld sy eie gemaak.


SEAL Span 6: 'n geheime geskiedenis van stil moord en vaag lyne

Hulle het dodelike missies van geheime basisse in die badlands van Somalië beplan. In Afghanistan het hulle so intiem geveg gehad dat hulle deurdrenk was in bloed wat nie hul eie was nie. Op klandestiene aanvalle in die nag, het hul wapens van keuse gewissel van pasgemaakte karabiene tot oer -tomahawks.

Regoor die wêreld het hulle spioenasiestasies bedryf wat as kommersiële bote vermom is, hulle as burgerlike werknemers van voorondernemings voorgedoen en onder ambassades as ambassadeurs as man-vrou-pare gewerk.

Hierdie operasies is deel van die verborge geskiedenis van die Navy SEAL Team 6, een van die land se mees mitologiese, mees geheimsinnige en minste ondersoekde militêre organisasies. Sodra 'n klein groepie gereserveer was vir gespesialiseerde, maar skaars missies, is die eenheid wat veral bekend is vir die moord op Osama bin Laden, deur meer as 'n dekade van gevegte omskep in 'n wêreldwye jagmasjien.

Hierdie rol weerspieël Amerika se nuwe manier van oorlog, waarin konflik nie onderskei word deur oorwinnings en verliese op die slagveld nie, maar deur die meedoënlose doodmaak van vermeende militante.

Byna alles oor SEAL Team 6, 'n geklassifiseerde spesiale operasie -eenheid, is in geheimhouding gehul - die Pentagon erken die naam nie eens in die openbaar nie - alhoewel sommige van die voordele daarvan in die afgelope jare grootliks bewonder het. Maar 'n ondersoek na die evolusie van span 6, gemaak uit tientalle onderhoude met huidige en voormalige spanlede, ander militêre amptenare en resensies van regeringsdokumente, onthul 'n baie meer komplekse, uitdagende verhaal.


Ses ’: Geskiedenisbaas oor waarom die militêre drama na 2 seisoene gekanselleer is

Geskiedenis was die eerste keer op die mark met sy Navy SEAL -dramareeks Ses, Dit was 'n uitstekende treffer toe dit vroeg in 2017 debuteer, wat vinnig 'n hernuwing in die tweede seisoen oplewer.

Tydens Ses‘s Seisoen 2 -hernuwing in Maart 2017, militêre dramas was reeds 'n warm neiging, met drie uitsendingsdrama -vlieëniers in die genre wat bestel is. Al drie, CBS en#8217 SEAL -span, NBC ’s Dapper en die CW ’s Dapperheid, het dit gemaak na reekse, wat almal in die herfs 2017 in première was Dapper en Dapperheid het nie terugbestellings gekry nie en slegs een seisoen geduur, SEAL -span, met David Boreanaz in die hoofrol, was redelik suksesvol en het 'n eerste seisoen van 22 episodes uitgesaai en vir seisoen 2 hernu.

Ons is ongelooflik trots op Ses,” Geskiedenis EVP -programmering, Eli Lehrer, het vandag by Deadline by TCA gesê. Ek dink wat ons gevind het, tussen die einde van Seisoen 1 en die bekendstelling van Seisoen 2, het die mark ongelooflik stampvol geword met soortgelyke, kan 'n mens afgeleide vertonings sê. Toe ons terugkeer vir die tweede seisoen, was dit 'n uitdaging vir ons reeks om homself te herstel. Ons het 'n afname in die graderings as gevolg hiervan. ”

Verwante verhaal

'Ses ' Musiekstelle September Broadway Return vir 'n lang vertraagde openingsaand

As gevolg van al die kompetisie, het History die debuut van die tweede seisoen vertraag Ses tot na die einde van die uitsaaiseisoen einde Mei. Tog het graderings in seisoen 2 gedaal, met 50% laer as die gemiddelde van seisoen 1 in Live+dieselfde dag, wat gelei het tot die besluit van History ’s verlede maand om die reeks te kanselleer.

Die kansellasie is nie 'n weerspieëling van SesLehrer se kwaliteit was vinnig om uit te wys. Ons was kreatief baie tevrede met die vertoning as ek iets dink dat seisoen 2 ooit beter was as seisoen 1, en hy het gesê. Maar ek dink op so 'n oorvol mark is dit moeiliker om mense se aandag te trek aangesien hulle 'n seisoen lank gekyk het SEAL -span op CBS, Dapperheid en Die brawe. As gevolg hiervan het ons vertoning minder uniek gevoel op die mark. ”

Van A+E Studios, Ses het Navy SEAL Team Six onder leiding van Joe & lsquoBear & rsquo Graves (Barry Sloane) gevolg in 'n missie om die terroriste -netwerk wat verantwoordelik was vir die skietery van hul voormalige spanleier Richard & ldquoRip & rdquo Taggart (Walton Goggins), te vernietig. Die seisoen 2 — en nou reeks — finale word volgende Woensdag uitgesaai.

Geskiedenis en rsquos -reeks -reeks -portefeulje bevat vlagskip Vikings, Knightfall, wat ek hoor, maak gereed vir 'n tweede seisoen en die komende Robert Zemeckis-vervaardigde UFO-reeks Blou boek.


Keuring en opleiding

Dit is moeilik om 'n SEAL te word, nog moeiliker om by die DEVGRU uit te kom. Die uitsakkoers is 80% deur BUD/s. As die operateurs eers by Green Team is, misluk 50% van die SEALs die keuse. As u slaag, word u prentjie op 'n bord aangebring, en die span keur u goed of verwerp u. Ek dink dit moet eenparig wees om dit goed te keur, anders word u verwerp. Die SEAL -gemeenskap is redelik klein, so 'n goeie kans dat almal jou ken of van jou gehoor het.

Die operateurs wat bereid is om by SEAL Team 6 (DEVGRU) aan te sluit, moet eers 5 jaar in een van die gewone SEAL -spanne deurbring, dan kan hulle aansoek doen. Eerstens gaan hulle deur 'n PT -toets. Dit bestaan ​​uit drie dae fisiese en sielkundige toetsing, insluitend 'n fisiese siftingstoets (PST). Kandidate moet die minimum vereistes oorskry en op hul hoogste moontlike vlak presteer.

Navy SEALs tydens die BUD/s (Foto: XY)

In die volgende fase word 'n onderhoud met die kandidaat gevoer deur 'n paneel van span 6 -lede. As die kandidaat gekies word, word hy na die Groen Span gestuur vir 'n ses tot agt maande lange Operators Training Course. Dit is 'n evalueringspan waar kandidate baie fisiese dinge doen, CQB, baie tyd spandeer by “Kill House, ” en meer.

Die opleidingskursus is hoog, gewoonlik ongeveer 50 persent tydens een keuringskursus, uit die oorspronklike 20 kandidate het 12 die kursus voltooi. Diegene wat nie die keuringsfase slaag nie, word teruggestuur na hul vorige opdragte en kan in die toekoms weer probeer. Die ander word toegewys aan die een DEVGRU -eskader.

'N Interessante feit is dat die Central Intelligence Agency se hoogs geheimsinnige sentrum vir spesiale aktiwiteite (SAC) en, meer spesifiek, sy elite Special Operations Group (SOG), dikwels saamwerk en werf uit Seal Team 6 (DEVGRU).


SEAL Team 6, die CIA en die geheime geskiedenis van Amerikaanse gruweldade in Afghanistan

Dié bevelvoerder, destyds-lt. Stanley A. McChrystal, reageer deur die Naval Special Warfare Development Group - in die volksmond bekend as SEAL Team 6 - los te laat op 'n verskeidenheid missies waarby die eenheid gewoonlik nie betrokke sou gewees het nie, volgens 'n ondersoekende verslag wat deur die New gepubliseer is York Times Saterdag. Sommige van die operasies het daartoe gelei dat burgerlikes dood is, het verskeie voormalige SEALs in onderhoude gesê, volgens die verslag.

Daar is geen syfers in die openbaar beskikbaar wat die aantal klopjagte wat span 6 in Afghanistan of hul tol uitgevoer het, uitbreek nie, ” die Times berig. Militêre amptenare sê dat geen skote op die meeste aanvalle gevuur is nie. Maar tussen 2006 en 2008, het span 6 -operateurs gesê, was daar intense periodes waarin hul eenheid vir baie weke op 'n slag 10 tot 15 kills doodgemaak het, en soms tot 25. ”

Die verslag, wat al lank in die Pentagon en die Amerikaanse intelligensiewêreld gerugte was, gee 'n uiteensetting van die toenemende gebruik van die elite-mag, een van Amerika se mees vereerde, maar die minste verstaan. Dit wys ook op die gebrek aan toesig wat spanlede ontvang. Onder die besonderhede wat gerapporteer is:

SEALs en die CIA ’s Omega Program SEAL Team 6 -lede het saam met die CIA aangesluit in iets wat bekend staan ​​as die Omega -program, wat Taliban -vegters gejag het met minder beperkings as ander militêre eenhede, het die Times berig. Saam het hulle ontkenbare operasies in Pakistan uitgevoer volgens 'n model wat ooreenstem met die Phoenix-program, 'n poging uit die Vietnam-era waarin spesiale troepe ondervragings en sluipmoorde uitgevoer het, berig die koerant.

Die bestaan ​​van Omega -spanne is voorheen aangemeld. In September 2011 het die Washington Post, Greg Miller en Julie Tate, berig dat 'n groot aantal eenhede van CIA-personeel en troepe met JSOC saamgevoegde basisse in Irak, Afghanistan en Jemen gebruik het. Die verhaal het opgemerk dat hulle ten minste vyf keer na Pakistan gewaag het.

Diegene wat in Afghanistan werksaam was, was hoofsaaklik ontwerp teen spesifieke hoë-doelwitte met die doel om oor die grens na Pakistan te kyk, het 'n voormalige senior Amerikaanse militêre amptenaar destyds in 'n onderhoud gesê oor die “omega ”-spanne. Hulle het burgerlike klere gedra en met Toyota Hilux -vragmotors gereis, eerder as militêre voertuie, het die amptenare bygevoeg. Daardie verhaal berig nie dat SEAL Team 6 spesifiek betrokke was nie.

Min buite -opsig

The Times reported that there are numerous instances in which SEAL Team 6 members have been accused of killing civilians during raids, spawning investigations by JSOC. A “half-dozen” former members of the unit told the Times they were aware of civilian deaths that the team had caused.

“Do I think bad things went on?” one former officer told the newspaper, speaking on the condition of anonymity to discuss classified operations. “Do I think there was more killing than should have been done? Sure.”

That same person added that there was a “natural inclination” to kill what were perceived as threats but that he doubted SEALs intentionally killed people who didn’t deserve it.

One example raised was a 2008 operation in Afghanistan’s Helmand province in which a Taliban official identified as Objective Pantera was to be taken out. Numerous allegations were made that civilians in the village involved were killed, prompting a SEAL Team 6 commander, Navy Capt. Scott Moore, to ask for a JSOC investigation, the Times reported.

JSOC cleared the SEALs involved of any wrongdoing in the Pantera operation, the Times reported, citing two unnamed team members. But SEALs were sometimes sent home from deployments when concerns about questionable killings were raised, the story added.

Tomahawks used in combat

Some SEAL Team 6 members used specialized tomahawk axes in raids, and at least one SEAL killed an insurgent with one, the Times reported.

The newspaper quoted one former team member, Dom Raso, who said the tomahawks were used for breaching doors, in hand-to-hand combat and for other roles.

According to the Times, one former senior enlisted SEAL said: “It’s a dirty business. What’s the difference between shooting them as I was told and pulling out a knife and stabbing them or hatcheting them?”

At times, the SEALs cut off fingers or patches of scalp from dead militants so that DNA analysis could be performed, the story adds. It does not specify which weapons were used to do so.


Jason Hayes Edit

Master Chief Special Warfare Operator (E-9) A Jason M. Hayes a.k.a. Bravo 1/1B, leader of a Navy SEAL team (Bravo Team), portrayed by David Boreanaz. In the series pilot, Jason is referred to as a Senior Chief Petty Officer, but in "Collapse", he calls himself an "E-9" Master Chief.

As revealed in "God of War", in 2007, Jason was serving as Bravo 3/3B under Team Leader Eddie Guzman (Bailey Chase).

In the pilot, Jason is still dealing with the loss of one of his best friends and teammates, Nate Massey, who was killed the previous December he has also separated from his wife, Alana, in the intervening months, with whom he has two children, Emma (then age 15/16) and Michael "Mikey" (then age 11). [1] Although he and Alana attempt to reconcile, she ultimately asks him for a divorce just before his deployment to Jalalabad, Afghanistan in early 2018. Later that year, Alana dies following a car accident in season 2's "The Worst of Conditions". Jason takes a leave of absence from the Teams and even considers resigning in order to ensure that his children at least have one parent left (it was mentioned that Jason and Alana had frequently made plans should he be killed in action, but never even considered that she might be the parent who died first), but Emma convinces him to stay on Bravo Team.

During Season 3, Jason mentions that he enlisted in the Navy and completed BUD/s in June 2001, just a few months before 9/11, and has spent his entire career fighting in the War on Terror. It's also revealed that he has twelve deployments in Afghanistan.

In the aftermath of "Forever War", Jason decides to transfer off Bravo Team as of "The New Normal", he is assigned as the N3 Operations Chief for DEVGRU while waiting for his enlistment to be up. Jason later changes his mind during "All In" and returns to Bravo Team at the start of "A Cover For Action."

Clay Spenser Edit

Special Warfare Operator Second Class (E-5) Clay Spenser a.k.a. Bravo 6/6B, a second-generation Navy SEAL. He's portrayed by Max Thieriot.

During the first part of season 1, he's a member of Green Team training for Tier One status, and his readiness for combat is questioned. [1] His attitude changes after he loses his friend and fellow trainee Brian Armstrong during a parachuting training accident in the episode "Borderlines". He becomes a member of Bravo Team at the end of "The Exchange".

In season 2, he briefly served as the team's second-in-command following Senior Chief Ray Perry's assignment to Green Team he again serves as Bravo-2 during Ray's temporary promotion while Jason is on medical leave. After being injured in "Paradise Lost", Clay returns home to the United States to recover, during which time he makes it his mission to ensure that a fellow Navy SEAL, now retired and suffering from traumatic brain injury, could receive a Purple Heart. In "The Strength of the Wolf", Master Chief Hayes and Senior Chief Perry speculate that in 10 years, Clay will be leading Bravo Team.

During the events of Season 3 – particularly after meeting Ambassador Marsden – Clay begins to wonder how he can "point the spear, not just be the tip" (i.e. have some say in what missions the SEALs, especially Bravo, are deployed). In "Rules of Engagement", CAPT Lindell volunteers to nominate Clay for STA-21, one of the Navy's officer-commissioning programs after spending a few weeks thinking about it (and although the nomination doesn't go over well with Jason or especially Sonny), Clay decides to explore the option of possibly becoming an officer. However, after coming forward in "Forever War" admitting to writing a letter to Ambassador Marsden's husband that was given to the media after the State Department declared Marsden a rogue diplomat in order to cover up Ray's participation of the act, CAPT Lindell immediately revoked his STA-21 nomination and assigned him to a desk job in the Logistics Division - and in "The New Normal", Clay is told that he will be able to operate again in the near future, but it won't be with Bravo Team. Clay's suspension from Bravo was suspended after Jason volunteers himself and Clay to join Bravo's rescue efforts to save Ray from enemy captivity. Shortly after the rescue mission, Clay's suspension from Bravo was removed on a permanent basis. He and Stella start dating again and they get married at the end of the fourth season.

Clay has four deployments in Afghanistan, two with Team 3 and two with DEVGRU Bravo Team.

Amanda Ellis Edit

Officer Amanda Ellis [1] is Bravo Team's CIA liaison. She's portrayed by Jessica Paré.

Due to her actions of giving up the location of a CIA asset in "My Life For Yours," in season 3 Mandy is demoted from her rank of officer and is now serving as an interrogator for the CIA. [2] She rejoined Bravo around the time of their mission to Venezuela and after the conclusion of their deployment to Afghanistan in "Forever War", Mandy resigned from the CIA due to burnout.

Raymond "Ray" Perry Edit

Chief Warrant Officer 2 (W-2) (promoted from Senior Chief Special Warfare Operator (E-8)) Raymond "Ray" Perry a.k.a. Bravo 2/2B is Jason's most trusted friend and the longest tenured member of the team. [1] He's portrayed by Neil Brown Jr.

As revealed in "God of War", in 2007, Ray was the newest member of Bravo Team, serving as Bravo 6/6B under Team Leader Eddie Guzman (Bailey Chase).

During season 1, Ray lied about a shoulder injury due to the fear of losing the extra pay that came with deployment, which his family needed. When Jason learned about it during season 1's finale, Ray was reassigned to Green Team while he recovered. During season 2 premiere, set six months later, Jason rebuffed his attempts to return to Bravo, saying Ray had lost his trust. However, when Jason took a leave of absence in second season's episode "The Worst of Conditions", he requested Ray to return to Bravo.

During Season 3, Ray learns that he has been selected for promotion to Master Chief, but after some consideration (including for financial reasons as well as to remain with Bravo Team), Ray decides to put in for a warrant officer commission. Unknown to the rest of the team, Ray secretly wrote a letter defending Ambassador Marsden, only for Clay to take the blame on his own volition. In "Forever War", following their deployment to Afghanistan, Ray was notified that he would be spending the next two months in Newport, Rhode Island at Chief Warrant Officer School, and in "The New Normal", he returns to Bravo Team with his new rank.

Ray is married to Naima and they have a daughter, Jameelah, and a son, Raymond Jr. The family experiences financial difficulties during season 1 and 2.

Sonny Quinn Edit

Special Warfare Operator First Class (E-6) Percival "Sonny" Quinn a.k.a. Bravo 3/3B, a loyal but sometimes volatile SEAL from Texas who is at his best in firefights and prefers them over a leadership position. [1] He's portrayed by A. J. Buckley.

Since season 2, Sonny is involved in a secret relationship with Lisa Davis, which goes against the fraternization rules, until she breaks up with him in season 3's episode "The Strength of the Wolf".

In "Rules of Engagment", Sonny gets into a scuffle with a patron in a Washington, D.C. bar who was falsely claiming to be a Navy SEAL. In "Last Known Location", CAPT Lindell, who had heard about the altercation through channels, temporarily reassigned Sonny to Laughlin Air Force Base for six weeks of advanced armory school, during which time he reconnected with his estranged father and his old high school best friend, Hannah Oliver (Rachel Boston). After completing his "punishment", Sonny returned to Bravo Team in Jalalabad in "No Choice in Duty".

Lisa Davis Edit

Lieutenant Junior Grade (formerly Logistics Specialist First Class) Lisa Davis, assigned to Bravo Team. [1] Earlier in her career, she was a Yeoman. In Season 2, after eight years in the Navy, she is accepted into Officer Candidate School and received her commission upon graduation in "Rock Bottom". As of "Welcome to the Refuge", ENS Davis serves as a DEVGRU Intelligence Officer assigned primarily to Bravo Team, after accepting LCDR Blackburn's offer. In "The New Normal", ENS Davis is notified by CAPT Lindell that she's in line for a promotion. In "Rearview Mirror", Davis is seen wearing the rank of Lieutenant Junior Grade. She's portrayed by Toni Trucks.

Her past is explained in season 2's episode "Rock Bottom". When she was 11 years-old, Lisa's house burned. She tried to save her two sisters, Ronnie and Michelle, but couldn't reach the latter and had to take the decision to save Ronnie only. Her mother blamed her for Michelle's death because she wasn't about to blame herself. Ronnie still resents her for it and they're estranged as a result.

In season 1, Lisa dated former SEAL Danny Cooper, until he fell back into his drug addiction. During season 2, she started a relationship with Sonny Quinn, which was against the fraternization rules. She broke things off with him in season 3's episode "The Strength of the Wolf”.

Eric Blackburn Edit

Commander Eric Blackburn is Bravo Team's commanding officer (recurring season 1 main season 2–4 [3] ). He's portrayed by Judd Lormand.

In Season 4, LCDR Blackburn is promoted to Commander and named the new Executive Officer of DEVGRU, leaving Bravo Team.

A Enlisted SEALs have Special Warfare Operator specific ratings. See US Navy SEAL ratings.

Bravo Team Edit

Trent Sawyer Edit

Trent Sawyer a.k.a. Bravo 4/4B is a Special Warfare Operator First Class (E-6) and member of Bravo Team who serves as the Lead Corpsman. He's portrayed by Tyler Grey. Grey is a former Army Sergeant First Class, having served in Iraq as a member of 2nd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, then in Afghanistan and Iraq again as a member of A Squadron, 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta. It was there he was hit with an IED, leaving him with the right arm that is seen in the show whenever he wears short sleeves.

Brock Reynolds Edit

Brock Reynolds a.k.a. Bravo 5/5B is a Special Warfare Operator First Class (E-6), a member of Bravo Team and handler of the team's canine, Cerberus. He's portrayed by Justin Melnick. Melnick was a police officer in Daleville, Indiana and originally hired purely as the show's canine handler but was told he "looked like a SEAL" and appeared in the pilot episode as an extra, which became a co-starring role. [4]

Cerberus Edit

Cerberus is Bravo Team's canine, portrayed by Dita the Hair Missile. Dita is a 7-year-old, female KNPV-line Belgian Malinois and is a cousin of the dog who played Bear on Person of Interest. [5]

After the conclusion of their deployment to Afghanistan in "Forever War" (during which Cerberus was injured), Brock and the team decided it was time for him to retire. As of "The New Normal", Cerberus is living with Jason as his personal dog.

Adam Seaver Edit

Master Chief Special Warfare Operator Adam Seaver is the trainer of the Green Team SEALs. He is portrayed by Michael Irby.

In season 2 episode 3, "The Worst of Conditions", Adam takes over as Team Leader of Bravo Team during Master Chief Jason Hayes' leave of absence. He is killed in the line of duty in "Say Again Your Last", the fifth episode of season 2.

Summer Kairos Edit

Summer Kairos, portrayed by Ruffin Prentiss, is a Navy Explosive Ordinance Disposal technician assigned to Bravo Team during season 2. [6]

Scott Carter Edit

Senior Chief Special Warfare Operator Scott "Full Metal" Carter is former team leader in Alpha, who joins Bravo Team after Clay is injured in an explosion in season 2's episode 17, "Paradise Lost". Since mid-season 2, Carter is serving as support personnel in Bravo Team. Metal dies in the final episode of the fourth season. He is portrayed by Scott Foxx, who also serves as one of the show's military advisors. Foxx is a nine-tour SEAL veteran in real life. He retired at the rank of Senior Chief Special Warfare Operator with two Bronze Stars with Valor device, a Navy Cross and a Purple Heart. [ aanhaling nodig ]

Victor Lopez Edit

Victor "Vic" Lopez is a Special Warfare Operator First Class, portrayed by Lucca De Oliveira. In season 3, he is the newest member of Bravo Team (Bravo 7/7B) until he is removed from Bravo Team and the SEAL community during the events of "Fog of War" for lying about the accidental killing of a hostage the team was rescuing.

Michael Chen Edit

Special Warfare Operator Michael "Thirty Mike" Chen a.k.a. Charlie 2/2C, portrayed by Tim Chiou. Chen is a member Charlie Team who is provisionally replacing Sonny in Bravo Team during the first half of deployment in Afghanistan. It is also revealed that he was previously a member of Bravo Team, prior to Jason becoming team leader, serving alongside Jason and Ray when they were Bravo 3/3B and Bravo 6/6B, respectively. As of "The New Normal", Thirty Mike is the interim Bravo 1/Team Leader until Command can assign a permanent replacement for Master Chief Hayes.

Family and friends Edit

Stella Baxter Edit

Stella Baxter is a grad student who becomes Clay's girlfriend in season 1. She is portrayed by Alona Tal.

They break up in season 2 episode 6, "Hold What You Got", when she could no longer deal with the stress of dating a SEAL. She is then reintroduced in season 2 episode 21, "My Life for Yours". They break up again but get back together in season 4, and get married in the season finale. [7]

Alana Hayes Edit

Alana Hayes (seasons 1–2) is Jason's estranged wife, portrayed by Michaela McManus. She dies following a car accident in the second-season episode "The Worst of Conditions", leaving Jason and their children devastated.

Emma Hayes Edit

Emma Hayes, Jason and Alana's daughter, portrayed by Kerri Medders.

At the end of season 2, she graduates from high school and moves to New York where she's enrolled in college at New York University Tisch School of the Arts.

Michael "Mikey" Hayes Edit

Michael Hayes is Jason and Alana's son, portrayed by Ammon Jacob Ford. Starting in season 2, he begins to attend boarding school.

Linda Hayes Edit

Linda is Jason's mother, who comes to help him after Alana dies in season 2. She's portrayed by Wendy Phillips.

Naima Perry Edit

Naima Perry is Ray's Kurdish wife and mother of his children, Jameelah and Raymond Jr. Naima, a nurse, is the one who takes care of the family's finances. She's portrayed by Parisa Fakhri.

Ash Spenser Edit

Ash Spenser is Clay's father and a retired Senior Chief Special Warfare Operator who wrote a tell-it-all book. He's portrayed by C. Thomas Howell.

He was a SEAL for 15 years and a member of the Tier One SEAL unit formerly known as SEAL Team Six, where he served alongside future Green Team Master Chief Adam Seaver. He currently own a firearms training company and a security consulting company, and appears often in the media as a tactics and security expert.

In season 1, he has a rocky relationship with his son, mainly for having written his book, which made him a traitor in the eyes of other SEALs.

In the later part of Season 2 and early part of Season 3, Clay convinces Ash to use his notoriety to champion the cause of awarding Purple Hearts to veterans with post-traumatic stress syndrome and traumatic brain injuries.


Memoir offers inside view of SEAL Team Six

“Through my Leupold 10-power scope, I saw a militiaman 500 yards away firing through an open window at the helos. I made a mental note to keep my heart rate down and centered the cross hairs on him as my muscle memory took over — stock firmly into the shoulder, cheek positioned behind the scope, eye focused on the center of the cross hairs rather than the enemy, and steady trigger squeezing. I felt the gratifying recoil of my rifle. The round hit him in the side of the chest, entering his left and exiting his right. He convulsed and buckled, falling backward into the building — permanently. I quickly got back into my scope and scanned. Game on now.

“Another militiaman carrying an AK-47 came out a fire escape door on the side of a building 300 yards away from me and aimed his rifle at the Delta operators assaulting the garage. From his position, I’m sure he thought he was safe from the assaulters, and he probably was. He was not safe from me — 300 yards wasn’t even a challenge. I shot him through his left side, and the round exited his right. He slumped down onto the fire escape landing, never knowing what hit him. His AK-47 lay silent next to him. Someone tried to reach out and retrieve the weapon — one round from my (rifle) put a stop to that. Each time I made a shot, I immediately forgot about that target and scanned for another.

“Chaos erupted inside and outside of the garage. People ran everywhere. Little Birds and Black Hawks filled the skies with deafening rotor blasts. I was in my own little world, though. Nothing existed outside my scope and my mission. Let the (Delta Force) guys handle their business in the garage. My business was reaching out and touching the enemy.”

People are hungry for information about SEAL Team Six, the elite, secretive Navy counterterrorism unit that killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan last weekend. Howard E. Wasdin finds himself the right man at the right time.

He’s the co-author of a new book about the team, a memoir from his time in the 1990s as a sniper with the unit. Written well before the raid on bin Laden’s compound, and originally scheduled for publication May 24, “SEAL Team Six” is now due out Tuesday.

It offers a rare glimpse into the thinking, training and tactics of the special forces at a time when their shadowy work is playing an increasingly crucial role in the war on terror.

Like all SEALs, Wasdin, 49, did his inaugural six-month training in Coronado. He writes about being so disoriented during the notoriously grueling, sleep-deprived “Hell Week” that he mistook a chow hall tray table for a buck deer and went after it with a knife.

“In the dark recesses of my mind, I sometimes flash back to Coronado,” he laughed during a brief phone interview with the Union-Tribune, part of a media whirlwind — some 50 newspaper, radio, TV and Internet interviews in four days — triggered by the bin Laden mission.

Wasdin was on SEAL Team Two initially. There are about 3,000 SEALs in all, with odd-numbered teams based in Coronado and even-numbered ones in Virginia Beach. Team Six, so secretive that government officials don’t acknowledge its existence, reportedly has about 300 members.

After a tour in Desert Storm, Wasdin joined Team Six. He fought in the 1993 “Black Hawk Down” battle in Mogadishu, Somalia, where his right leg was nearly blown off by bullets from an enemy AK-47. Unable because of his injuries to do the work for which he was trained, he retired from the Navy in 1995. He is now a chiropractor in Georgia.

If he’s learned much through the SEAL grapevine about what happened in Abbottabad last weekend, he didn’t share it in the interview. Once a SEAL, always a SEAL.

Question: Will we ever learn the name of the guy who shot bin Laden?

Answer: If you do, it will probably be 15 or 20 years from now when he writes his memoir, assuming the information is declassified, and depending on where we are in the war on terror. He might write it under an alias. It will certainly be when he’s retired. Nobody would want to risk compromising themselves or their team members, certainly not while they’re still in uniform.

Q: What kind of reaction is he getting in the SEAL community?

A: For one thing, he’ll never have to buy another beer again, not as long as he’s around other SEALs. We are a community that likes to rib each other, that’s the way we’re built, so I’m sure he’s getting some of that, too. You know, “Hey, your shot was off by 2 millimeters.” Stuff like that.

Q: Is it hard in our celebrity-obsessed culture not to be able to take public credit for something like that?

A: Nobody does it for the glory. I didn’t do it for the glory, and I didn’t write this book for the glory. Nobody says they want to join the SEALs so they can get a Silver Star. Because that’s all it is — a piece of metal. I had mine in a shoe box somewhere until my wife took it out and put it in my (chiropractic) clinic. Look, Lindsay Lohan is always going to be more popular. That’s just the way the world is.

Q: What’s the most misunderstood thing about Navy SEALs?

A: People think they’re brainwashed, windup assassins. They’re not. The SEALs are the elite, and SEAL Team Six is the elite of the elite, but they’re human beings. I was doing an interview with CNN earlier this week, on a balcony overlooking Ground Zero in New York, and it was very emotional for me. I did not realize it would have that kind of effect on me. I had a lump in my throat. I don’t think I would have had a lump in my throat if I was an inhuman, coldblooded killer.

Q: Who does this kind of work?

A: They’re just the good-old boys next door. One common bond is they really love their country. They have the mental toughness to endure the training and the drive to become one of the best warriors in the world.

Q: What makes SEAL Team Six different?

A: What I noticed was a dramatic increase in close-quarters combat, which is what the bin Laden mission was. You train for it day in and day out, in all kinds of weather, with all kinds of contingencies.

Q: Why did you write this book?

A: Believe it or not, it’s an overcoming adversity book. Hey, you can have a messed-up childhood and overcome it, still serve your country. You can find out you are no longer an asset to your government (because of his injuries), you’re a liability, and you can get over that, too, and still make something of your life.

I started writing it 16 years ago and had to wait for the CIA to declassify everything. The fact that it’s coming out now is just coincidence. It has nothing to do with the bin Laden mission. I kind of feel bad about that. Those guys did all the work and I’m the one talking. My hat’s off to them.

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How to prepare for the ‘Murph’ fitness challenge

Posted On April 29, 2020 15:49:27

The Memorial Day Murph, a workout created in honor of Michael Murphy, a Navy SEAL awarded the Medal of Honor for Operation Redwings in Afghanistan 2005 requires an intermediate to advanced level of fitness to complete.

The challenge is popular with many tactical athletes, CrossFit, and other exercise groups and can be found at The Murph Challenge.

Here is a way to help prepare for the high repetitions of pullups (100), pushups (200), and squats (300). Over the next several weeks, progress throughout the pyramid below a few days a week and see if you score better each week, by moving up the pyramid. See below:

Warmup

You should warm up well with this workout, in fact, the warmup/run pyramid works well to not only prepare you for higher rep sets but will help you slowly accumulate repetitions for the grand 100,200,300 grand totals.

U.S. Air Force Senior Airman Derek Seifert, 633rd Air Base Wing photojournalist, performs a pull-up during a Memorial Day Murph and Pararescue Workout event

(U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Areca T. Bell)

Pushups / Squat Pyramid: Run 100m, 1 pushup/squats, Run 100m – 2 pushup/squats run 100m – 3/3…up to 10/10. This warmup will yield 55 squats and 55 pushups to add to the Murph Workout (100 pullups, 200 pushups, 300 squats) below:

This Half Pyramid has you starting at 1 and building up to level 10 in ten sets.

PT HALF Pyramid 1-10 (*1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)

  • pullups x 1 (55 reps)
  • Pushups x 2 (110 reps) (*2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20)
  • Squats x 3 (165 reps) (*3,6,9,12,15,18,21,24,27,30)
  • Run 400m

For clarity, the sets of the PT Pyramid breaks down like this:

  • Set 1: Pullup 1, Pushups 2, Squats 3, run 400m
  • Set 2: Pull-ups 2, Pushups 4, Squats 6, run 400m
  • Set 3: Pull-ups 3, Pushups 6, Squats 9, run 400m…Keep going up the pyramid until you fail, then resort in reverse order after failing at two exercises.

Reverse PT Pyramid with Pull-ups and Squats with cardio of choice each set to recover from each set

  • Pull-ups x 1 – total for day equals 100 pull-ups
  • Squats x 3 – total for day equals 300 squats

U.S. Air Force Tech. Sers. Jared Martin, 633rd Security Forces Squadron police services NCO in charge, performs a push-up during a Memorial Day Murph and Pararescue Workout event.

(U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Areca T. Bell)

For more information on the PT Pyramid, see the full article, The PT Pyramid is what I call a Foundation Workout. It helps the user build a solid foundation of calisthenics and increases volume so you will improve your previous limits. Once you get to level 10 and back down to 1 again you will have done 100 pullups, 200 pushups, and 300 squats. You do this each set by doubling each pull-up set for pushups, and tripling each pull-up set for squats.

You have 35 pushups to complete the FULL Murph 100,200,300 rep challenge and at the same time, work on your goal pace running intervals for future timed run events.

U.S. service members and their families participate in a 1-mile run during the Memorial Day Murph and Pararecue Workout event.

(U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Areca T. Bell)

YES, this is 10 sets of 1/4 mile runs at goal mile pace for timed runs. Arrange as needed (use a treadmill or track if pull-up bar nearby)

Finish the workout with a Mini Mobility Cooldown that has some form of non-impact/walking, stretching, and foam rolling of muscles that will be sore – thighs, hamstrings, chest, upper back/lats, and arms.

Repeat 2 times

Good luck with preparing for this journey and a worthy reminder of our fallen heroes.

Hierdie artikel verskyn oorspronklik op Military.com. Follow @militarydotcom on Twitter.

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UPDATE: Fact check (September 2020)

Biden did not leak the names of SEAL Team 6 members after Osama bin Laden’s death

According to the various fact-checkers, the claim that Joe Biden leaked the information about Navy SEAL Team 6 members who were killed in the Extortion 17 tragedy is false. Indeed, he is not responsible or involved in any of those claims.

The opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Spec Ops Magazine.

8 comments

I would seriously question the USA Today as an unbiased fact-checker. Also I would consider getting more than one “Fact-Checker’s” opinion on this before acquiescing to a checkers reliability.

Besides that….fact checker libtards….any mention of Seal Team, let alone 6 absolutely should not have been done by ANYONE….especially the VP of the USA. Biden is absolutely responsible for the lives lost that day. He has a big mouth and dementia, hence his totally off the wall out bursts even in present day. He needs to be held accountable to these men and their families! EVERY.STINKIN.ONE.

Read the transcript of the speech in question, and you’ll see that Biden credited “Navy SEALs,” not a particular unit and certainly not any individual operators. If you don’t like USA Today, try Politifact, Reuters, and Snopes, all of which have covered this false claim:

You’d have to question what the USA was doing in Afghanistan to begin with.

Perhaps these grunts got their just desserts in the end. As for shooting Bin Laden, hilarious. That ghost has been dead for years, but the gullible yankees will believe anything.

Several Gold Squadron guys have debunked the theories that the crash was an inside job. Just an RPG

Yes, and the theories about the betrayal of the Seal Team 6 has been proven to be wrong by various sources and fact-checked by multiple independent sources.

This article is a load of nonsense. The Taliban had no idea who was on the helicopter. This helo was the IRF for a Ranger operation that had commenced about an hour earlier, and there were limited areas in that valley where a Chinook could land, so it was a no-brainer to station a few fighters at each. As the helo slowed to land, they fired a volley of RPGs at it. One hit the rear rotor assembly. The Chinook crashed into a creek bed. (And yes there was a flood in that creek bed that washed away a lot of debris.) The bodies WERE burned beyond recognition. The bird burned all night. I know this because I was with the Task Force sitting in the JOC at Camp Alpha when it happened. I watched it all unfold from the ISR feed, and I later saw the gun camera footage from the AWT helos (Apaches) that were orbiting the HLZ in support. It was a lucky shot, nothing more. Tragic, but in war the enemy gets a vote.

This is by far the most ludicrous example of “fact-based”journalism, reporting, or anything remotely resembling news.

I always assume authors on these sites are conservative and that’s fine. I’ve read other summaries of SOF & SF units here and they managed to remain politically neutral if not also slightly generic. I’m a liberal California democrat who likes & respects firearms, appreciates the immediately brutal but highly nuanced DNA engineered & bred into the rifles needed by our military servicemen and women even when they’re so often withheld in lieu of something cheaper, less reliable, antiquated, impersonal, distressed, and rendered even more deadly for American soldiers through the dependable process of bureaucratic bastardization (ie from ArmaLite to M16). I’m not a Hawk, but if Congress insists we allocate billions USD to military R&D, I’d rather it go towards replacing every M16A2-4, M4A1, & Beretta M9 trickling into the USMC with the HK416/7, Sig553, and FN handgun rather than 19 pointless fighter jets that will rarely do more than explode in training exercises. Or we could have designed the original digital camouflage pattern rather than stealing CADPAT to finally replace Tiger Stripe with the equally ineffective UCP/ACU. Is the UGL320 now universal or will most rifleman still carry the UGL203? At least we can still rely on the HUMVEE to direct IED blasts upwards & away fro—wait no, I was thinking of The UK’s new vehicle fleet.

We know how much the last administration respected POWs, veterans, Lucky Swift Boat Captains without bone spurs, amputees, the psychologically traumatized, & especially Senator McCain, so it stands to reason that the Fiscal conservatism of Reps like Darrel Issa probably benefited the VA. That makes the most sense since there’s been no direct evidence linking those massive tax cuts to funding cuts in government programs or profit increases for the family members of Blackwater CEO, Eric Prince—like sister and Education Secretary Betsy DeVos. Who wouldn’t agree that the facts are all right there between the lines?

As for SEAL-gate, it IS unbelievable that both men overwhelmingly elected to office would announce to the entire world that 1 of just 10 Navy Seal Teams—only one of which is the most internationally recognized American Tier 1 SF unit since Reagan told the USSR about them in the 80s—was responsible for dispatching the most wanted terrorist & mass murderer in world history. As soon as Obama announced it, we all knew immediately that he’d milk that to try winning another election. It’s like…let it go right? It’s not like he stood on rubble and yelled through a megaphone in front of the American Flag while saying he was “America’s President” right? What kind of President of the United States plug his own accomplishment for such obvious personal gain?! It’s almost as heinous a scandal as if one of the DEVGRU operators wrote a book falsely claiming to have fired the heroic kill shot from the floor while ducking bullets from an AK-74. Or if the producers of a blockbuster movie about the raid had learned highly classified information from top CIA Officials who wouldn’t stop openly congratulating themselves and ST6’s specific breaching tactics during an open CIA event.

And if we’re getting down to “brass tacks,” you’re saying that President Biden is the reason why an ancient chinook—neither variant of which has a “BLACK BOX”—was brought down specifically because SEALs were suddenly targets?! So normal Americans or 75th Rangers or MARSOC or 24th STS would’ve been fine? Or did the Taliban only want SEALs? And did they just want DEVGRU or did they want the tier-2 SEALs also?

Or maybe when the Taliban fired a single RPG into a chinook in 2005 during Op Red Wings because 4 operators from ST5/10 seemingly got ambushed after zip-tying some goat herders after Lutrell lost his rifle before emptying any of his 11 magazines because….they realized how easy it is to track tier 2 SEALs using helicopters that were audible from the Pashtun village below. The Taliban learned everything they needed from that: attack American soldiers, chinook comes FULL of SEALs without any gunships to rescue them over unmanageable terrain, gigantic door opens, boom.

It’s horribly tragic for the families and I’m not trying to mock their loss. They were killed by the same formidable enemy as always…months after actual tier-1 DEVGRU SEALs killed Bin Laden in Pakistan before getting exfil by a chinook (pattern?) because they crashed their classified tech black Hawk.

Tier 2 SEALs had been spending years training Afghan SF that had ties to the Taliban (because literally everyone did)…I bet Afghan forces with Taliban moles or spies or even scouts learned how predictable SOCOM & JSOC operations could be in that region. So in November 2011, Military forces need emergency backup in terribly inhospitable conditions and do exactly what they’d done for years…send a chinook even more full with SF operators to where the Taliban are waiting….hover…open your huge bay door for the slowest possible helocasting exercise at the lowest altitude in the largest helicopter without supporting gunships….the Taliban could’ve used a grenade in a slingshot and had nearly the same result.

Most bodies would’ve been burned beyond what a family could endure. Maybe a few weren’t burned as badly…but that’s an awkward funeral (“sorry you just get the urn, but it’s their lucky day!! You get your son’s whole body!!”) No. They were brothers that died together. They’ll be buried together.

The tragedy isn’t my mockery of a horrible situation. It’s not even the mistakes command might have made that maybe could’ve prevented this outcome. The tragedy is you using a 10yr old massacre to spread the mind-blowingly stupid and pretty evil conspiracy theory that their current commander in chief, former vice commander in chief, and father to a deceased combat veteran…that he sold out two dozen of America’s elitest warriors to the Taliban because why? Because Obama rhymes with Osama? I have nothing good to say about Trump, but even I wouldn’t accuse him of such a ludicrous accusation.

How does this conversation go down with the ladies? Fucking pathetic. Go play your Arma MilSim.


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