Richard Tidd

Richard Tidd



We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Richard Tidd is gebore in Lincolnshire in 1775. Hy verhuis in sy jeug na Londen en word skoenmaker by Hole-in-the-Wall Passage 5, 'n krotbuurt naby Gray's Inn Lane. Hy het aanvanklik goed gevaar as skoenmaker, maar die uitbreek van die oorlog met Frankryk het 'n insinking in sy onderneming veroorsaak. Die vader van agt kinders, en nou desperaat arm, het Tidd by die Britse weermag aangesluit. Met 'n vals naam het hy weggegaan sodra hy sy premie ontvang het. Tidd beweer dat hy dit die afgelope paar jaar verskeie kere gedoen het.

In 1806 het Tidd die Radikale kandidaat, sir Francis Burdett, gehelp in sy poging om in die Laerhuis vir Middlesex verkies te word. Om vir Burdett te stem, het hy valslik beweer dat hy 'n vrye eienaar van Middlesex was. Tidd is van meineed aangekla, maar voordat hy gearresteer kon word, het hy na Skotland gevlug waar hy die volgende vyf jaar gebly het. In 1814 was Tidd terug in Londen. Deur die jare het sy politieke idees meer revolusionêr geword en was hy nou 'n volgeling van Thomas Spence.

Na die dood van Spence in 1814 het James Watson en Arthur Thistlewood gehelp om die Vereniging van Spaanse Filantrope te stig. Ander lede van die groep was John Brunt, James Ings, William Davidson, Thomas Preston en John Hopper. Die regering het baie bekommerd geraak oor hierdie groep en het 'n spioen, John Castle, gebruik om by die Spenceans aan te sluit en verslag te doen oor hul aktiwiteite. In Oktober 1816 het Castle aan John Stafford, toesighouer van spioene van die binnekant, gerapporteer dat 'n klein groepie Spanjaardes van plan was om die Britse regering omver te werp.

Op 2 Desember 1816 het die Spenseense groep 'n massavergadering gereël in Spa Fields, Islington. Die sprekers by die vergadering was Henry 'Orator' Hunt en James Watson. Die landdroste het besluit om die vergadering uiteen te sit en terwyl Stafford en tagtig polisielede dit doen, is een van die mans, Joseph Rhodes gesteek. Vier leiers van die groep, James Watson, Arthur Thistlewood, Thomas Preston en John Hopper is gearresteer en aangekla van hoogverraad.

Richard Tidd het voortgegaan om Spencean -vergaderings in Londen by te woon. Tidd was veral ontsteld oor die Peterloo -bloedbad en het daarna gepraat oor die moontlikheid om Lord Castlereagh en Lord Sidmouth te vermoor vir hul rol in hierdie gebeurtenis.

Op 22 Februarie 1820 wys George Edwards aan Arthur Thistlewood 'n item in die Nuwe tye dat verskeie lede van die Britse regering by Lord Harrowby se huis op Grosvenorplein 39 gaan eet. Richard Tidd het ingestem om by Thistlewood en en sewe-en-twintig ander Spenceans aan te sluit om die ministers van die regering op 23 Februarie by Lord Harrowby se huis te vermoor.

Op 23 Februarie vergader die bende van Thistlewood in 'n hooikloof in Catostraat, 'n entjie van Grosvenor Square af. Ministers van die regering vergader egter nie by die huis van graaf van Harrowby nie. Die Spenceans is gestig deur George Edwards, 'n spioen van die regering wat die Spencean Society binnegedring het. Dertien polisiebeamptes onder leiding van George Ruthven het die hooivlok bestorm. Verskeie lede van die bende het geweier om hul wapens in te gee en een polisiebeampte, Richard Smithers, is deur Arthur Thistlewood vermoor. Vier van die samesweerders, Thistlewood, John Brunt, Robert Adams en John Harrison het uit 'n venster ontsnap, maar die polisie -spioene het geweet wie hulle is en al vier is gedurende die volgende paar dae gearresteer.

Elf mans is uiteindelik daarvan beskuldig dat hulle betrokke was by die Cato Street Conspiracy. Die aanklagte teen Robert Adams is laat vaar toe hy ingestem het om getuienis teen die ander mans in die hof te lewer. Op 28 April 1820 is Richard Tidd, Arthur Thistlewood, James Ings, John Brunt en William Davidson skuldig bevind aan hoogverraad en ter dood veroordeel. John Harrison, James Wilson, Richard Bradburn, John Strange en Charles Copper is ook skuldig bevind, maar hul oorspronklike vonnis van teregstelling is daarna lewenslank na vervoer vervoer. Richard Tidd is op 1 Mei 1820 in die Newgate -gevangenis tereggestel.

Die laksman, wat baie bewe, was lank besig om die gevangenes vas te maak; terwyl hierdie operasie aan die gang was, heers daar 'n doodse stilte onder die skare, maar die oomblik toe die daling val, het die algemene gevoel gemanifesteer deur diepe sugte en kreun. Ings en Brunt was die enigste wat pyn geopenbaar het terwyl hulle gehang het. Eersgenoemde wriemel 'n paar oomblikke; maar laasgenoemde het etlike minute lank uit die gruwelike kronkels van sy aangesig die mees ondraaglike marteling gelyk.

Thistlewood het 'n paar minute effens gesukkel, maar elke poging was flouer as die voorafgaande; en die liggaam draai gou stadig om, asof by die beweging van die hand van die dood.

Tidd, wie se grootte aanleiding gegee het om te veronderstel dat hy met min vergelykende pyn sou "slaag", het skaars na die val beweeg. Die stryd van Ings was groot. Die assistente van die laksman trek sy bene met alle mag; en selfs dan sou die onwilligheid van die siel om van sy geboortestoel af te skei waargeneem word in die hewige pogings van elke deel van die liggaam. Davidson het na drie of vier ritte roerloos geraak; maar Brunt het baie gely, en aansienlike inspannings is deur die beulte en ander gedoen om sy pyn te verkort.


Die topleiers van AEP is van 1906 tot 2011 uiteengesit

Nicholas K. Akins word beskou as die 10de president en sesde hoof uitvoerende beampte van American Electric Power en sy voorganger, American Gas & amp Electric (AGE), in die geskiedenis van die onderneming plus 104 jaar. Voor die vroeë 1960's was daar geen pos by AEP wat spesifiek die hoof uitvoerende beampte was nie.

Nadat AGE op 20 Desember 1906 gestig is, het 'n aantal individue die leierskap van die nuwe onderneming gedeel. Millard Humstone is tot president verkies en Brigham Curtis is as voorsitter van die direksie aangewys. Hulle beklee hul onderskeie posisies tussentyds vir 25 dae, en bedank toe. Permanente beamptes is verkies tot 15 Januarie 1907.

Van 1907 tot 1910 is AGE gelei deur die triumviraat van Henry L. Doherty (1870-1939), Sidney Z. Mitchell (1862-1944) en Richard E. Breed (1866-1926). Mitchell was verantwoordelik vir die finansiering, Doherty het ingenieurswese en bedrywighede behartig, en Breed was verantwoordelik vir die franchise van die onderneming.

AEP se top -leierskap deur die jare (boonste ry, links na regs): Richard Breed, George Tidd, Philip Sporn, Donald Cook (onderste ry, links na regs): Pete White, Richard Disbrow, Linn Draper, Mike Morris.

Breed word toe president van 1910 tot 1923 en was voorsitter van 1923 tot 1926.

In 1923 het George N. Tidd (1874-1952) as president oorgeneem totdat sy ampstermyn geëindig het in 1947 was hy voorsitter van 1947 tot 1949.

Philip Sporn (1896-1978) volg Tidd op as president van 1947 tot 1961. Hoewel hy ook in baie ander leiersfunksies gedien het, is die posisie van die voorsitter opgeskort na die ampstermyn van Tidd, en die pos van uitvoerende hoof het toe nie bestaan ​​nie.

Donald C. Cook (1909-1981) was die eerste persoon wat amptelik as uitvoerende hoof verkies is. Hy word president en hoof uitvoerende beampte van die maatskappy in 1961 en behou die posisie van president tot 1972 (hy was president en voorsitter van 1971 tot 1972 en slegs voorsitter tot 1976). George V. Patterson (1912-1993) was president van 1972 tot 1977.

W.S. “Pete ” White Jr. (geb. 1926) het van 1976 tot 1991 as voorsitter en uitvoerende hoof gedien. en uitvoerende hoof in 1991, en is in 1992 as voorsitter en uitvoerende hoof aangewys.

Dr E. Linn Draper, jr. (Geb. 1942), word president in 1992 en volg Disbrow op as voorsitter en uitvoerende hoof in 1993 en dien in al drie poste tot 2003.

Michael G. Morris (geb. 1946) het op 1 Januarie 2004 voorsitter, president en uitvoerende hoof geword. Op 1 Januarie 2011, Akins (geb. 1960), tot president verkies, het hy op 12 November hoof uitvoerende beampte geword, 2011. Morris gaan voort as voorsitter.

Bronne: And There was Light: The Story of American Electric Power, Its First 85 Years — 1906-1991, deur William W. Corbitt, 1991 American Electric Power: A Century of Firsts, deur Luke Feck, 2006 AEP Now: AEP Geskiedenis.


Biografie

Oorsprong

Daar is geen bewyse van die oorsprong of ouers van John Tidd nie, maar Anderson aanvaar die omstandigheidsgetuienis dat hy van Hertfordshire afkomstig is. [5] John Tidd en Anna Dane as ouers is as onseker gemerk ter voorbereiding op hul verwydering. Geen noemenswaardige genealoog noem hulle die ouers nie, en hulle kom uit Yarmouth. John se naam is in sy testamentrekord 'Tid' gespel en 'Tidd' in sy testament. Nadat sy seun John volwasse geword het, word hulle gewoonlik 'senior' en 'junior' genoem om hulle in plaaslike rekords te onderskei. Latere geslagte het meestal gestandaardiseer op die 'Tidd' -spelling.

'N Handgeskrewe tydskrif gepubliseer as "John Dane's Narrative, 1682", verwys na 'n "A Mr. Tead, wat hom later in Charlstoune gevestig het, was ongeveer 1630 'n kleermaker in Hertford, Hertfordshire, Eng. Hy was 'n jong man dan. " Die skrywer spesifiseer geen gegewe naam nie, en daar was 'n Joshua Tidd wat hom later in Charlestown gevestig het, maar die ligging en besetting dui daarop dat dit ten minste dieselfde streek en familie is as John van Woburn, wat homself 'Taylor' noem sy testament. [6] Dit kan die onbewese hipotese verklaar dat die moeder van Johannes van Woburn Dane genoem is. [7]

Migrasie en verblyf

John Tidd en sy gesin het "vroeg gekom" volgens Mary Backus, aangesien hy in 1637 in Charlestown, Massachusetts gewoon het. [1] (Charlestown is in 1628 gestig en in 1629 gevestig.) Op 23 April 1638 was die Tidd -gesin lot nommer 68 in Charlestown gegee. [4] Hy het op 10 Mei 1643 aansoek gedoen om vrymanskap. [8]

Op 18 Desember 1640 was John Tidd een van twee-en-dertig mans wat die oorspronklike stadsordes onderteken het van wat amptelik in 1642 die naam Woburn sou he. [9]

In 1652 doen John Tid aan William Johnson, skeepsbouer laat van Henry Bullock in Charlestown, naby John Burridge, getuies: Michael Bakon en John Seer. [10]

In 1655 verskyn John Tidd, Sr. en sy seun John Tidd, Jr. op die belastinglys in Charlestown.

Familie

John trou eers met Margaret (geboorte naam onbekend, beweer sommige Greenleaf). Hy trou met die tweede Alice (geboorte naam onbekend, beweer sommige Teel of Clayton), wat in sy testament genoem word. (Alice het hom oorleef en trou met die volgende William Mann.)

Hierdie inskrywing in Torrey's dui beslis daarop dat Alice Teel genoem is, maar dat daar geen werklike huweliksrekord gevind is nie, en Teel kan maklik 'n drukfout wees van 'Teed', een van die variasies van 'Tidd' wat deur hierdie familie gebruik word.

  1. Samuel Tidd b 1617
  2. Mary Tidd b 1620 m Francis Kendall
  3. Ebenezer Tidd
  4. Joseph Tidd b na 1620
  5. Hannah Tidd b. 1622 m William Savell
  6. Elizabeth Tidd b 1622 m ____ Fuller
  7. John Tidd b. 1625
  8. James Tidd b. 1627

Dawes-Gates [4] gee slegs vyf bekende kinders, almal gebore in Engeland, met die geboorte volgorde onbekend: Samuel, Hannah, Mary, Elizabeth en John (geb. 1618-19)

Dood

John is op 24 April 1656 te Woburn oorlede. [13] (Om een ​​of ander rede word die datum dikwels as "24 April 1656/7" gekopieer, maar April of 2de maand is nie onderhewig aan dubbele datering nie.)


Woensdag, 16 Desember 2020

Totsiens vir 2020!

Die koms van verskeie entstowwe het ons egter nuwe hoop gegee dat ons binnekort weer ons geliefdes veilig kan omhels.

Dit is nie weergewys 'n goeie tyd van die jaar nie. Maar ek geniet die klein dingetjies terwyl ek nie kan reis nie: die vreugde om ons inwoner, Robin Redbreast, die laaste paar krismisrose te sien wat die Desember -reën trotseer en die eerste voorlopige voorspellers van die lente wanneer volgende jaar se bolle begin verskyn.

Ek wens julle almal 'n Geseënde Kersfees toe en die beste wense vir die nuwe jaar.

Hier is 'n beter tyd volgende jaar!

Beeld: The Aurora Borealis in Lapland. Penny Tydskrif, 21 Desember 1833.


Richard Tidd - Geskiedenis

Bron:
& quot Geskiedenis van Hardin County Ohio, met 'n geskiedenis van die graafskap, sy dorpe, dorpe, kerke, skole, ensovoorts, algemene en plaaslike statistieke Militêre rekordportrette van vroeë setlaars en prominente mansgeskiedenis van die geskiedenis van die noordwestelike gebied van Ohio, verskillende sake, ens. , Ens., & Quot
Chicago: Warner, Beers & amp. 1883.

Getranskribeer deur L. Dietz en K. Torp


Rondkop
Dit was eintlik die eerste georganiseerde township van die vyftien onderafdelings van Hardin County, dit is 'n jaar voor die organisering van hierdie graafskap in 1833 opgerig en het oorspronklik 'n groot landgebied noord en oos van die huidige grense omvat. Met die verloop van die jare is ander townships opgerig en Round Read tot sy huidige dimensies verminder. Die eerste algemene verkiesing van provinsiale amptenare is gehou in die kajuit van Jonathon Carter op 1 April 1833, met 'n aantal drie-en-sestig stemme. Van hierdie verkiesing en die uitslae daarvan word die leser verwys na die algemene geskiedenis, waar 'n oorsig van die pionierverkiesings en amptenare onder hul onderskeie hoofde gevind sal word.
Hierdie township is amper 'n reghoekige parallelogram in vorm, wat byna agt myte van noord na suid strek, met 'n gemiddelde breedte, van oos na wes, van ongeveer drie en 'n kwart myl. Dit word in die noorde begrens deur Marion Township, in die ooste deur McDonald Township, in die suide deur Logan County en in die weste deur Auglaize County. Dit omvat sowel die kongres- as die militêre lande van Virginia. Die grootste deel van die lande noord van die Scioto -rivier is van die voormalige klas, en die gedeelte suid van die genoemde rivier is van die laasgenoemde klas lande.

STROME, OPPERVLAK, GROND EN PRODUKTE
In die noordwestelike hoek van die township, wat van wes na oos deur die middel van afdeling 6 loop, vandaar in 'n noordoostelike koers oor die noordwestelike deel van afdeling 5, na Marion Township, is 'n klein stroompie, bekend as Pretty Ran. 'N Bietjie meer as 'n kilometer suid hiervan, in afdeling 7, is Ford's Run, wat van Auglaize County af kom, en in noordoostelike rigting loop deur genoemde afdeling 7 en afdelings 8, 9 en 4, wat na Marion Township in die noordoostelike hoek loop van laasgenoemde afdeling. Maar die belangrikste stroom is die Scioto -rivier, wat sy opkoms neem in die prairie in die westelike deel van hierdie township en die oostelike deel van Auglaize County, in die suidwestelike hoek van afdeling 30, en loop in 'n suidoostelike rigting: vandaar oos en noordoos totdat dit die oostelike lyn van die township by die noordoostelike hoek van Artikel 33 bereik, vanwaar die koers noord en noordoos is, wat die oostelike grenslyn van die township vorm, totdat dit Marion Township op sy noordoostelike hoek binnegaan. Die oppervlak is gelyk en rol. In die suidelike sentrale gedeelte, 'n entjie aan elke kant van die Scioto en langs die stroompie in die oostelike deel van die township totdat dit die moeras bereik, is die oppervlak golwend en op sommige plekke 'n bietjie heuwelagtig. Die balans van die gemeente is oor die algemeen gelyk. Die grond is hoofsaaklik 'n klei en leem, behalwe sommige van die onderste, plat lande en die moeras, wat bestaan ​​uit 'n diep, swart leem. Dit is byna almal ryk en produktief, en. as 'n township, is 'n uitstekende grond vir landboudoeleindes. Die moeraslande in hierdie township beslaan ongeveer twaalf tot vyftienhonderd hektaar, wat tans nog byna nutteloos is, aangesien dit te nat is vir verbouing, maar hieroor sal ons niks verder skryf nie, soos volledig in 'n hoofstuk in die algemene geskiedenis van die provinsie. Koring, mielies, hawer, aartappels en hooi word in volop gewasse geproduseer. Die land was oorspronklik swaar getimmer, die woude bestaan ​​uit die variëteite wat hiervoor in die ander townships van hierdie graaf genoem is, naamlik: Wit, swart en rooi eikebome, as, elm, beuk, esdoorn, okkerneut, hickory, buckeye en sycamore.

PADE EN SNELLE
Hierdie stad word nie bevoordeel deur 'n spoorweg binne sy perke nie, die naaste stasie en die afleweringspunt is Belle Center. Maar vir paaie en snoeke is daar 'n oorvloed materiaal, die heuwels en golwende lande is bedek met goeie gruis. Die Round Head & amp; Ada snoek loop deur die hele lengte van die township, naby die sentrum, van noord na suid. Die Round Head & ampy Belle Center en die Kenton & amp Round Head, saam met een of twee ander, is almal goeie snoeke en maak dit maklik en aangenaam om na alle belangrikste punte te reis.

PIONIERS.
Die eerste setlaar van hierdie township was Samuel Tidd, 'n boorling van Pennsylvania, wat hom in Februarie 1822 op afdeling 21 gevestig het, waar hy op 8 Maart 1851 oorlede is. Daarna, in die volgorde van tyd, kom die weduwee Richey, saam met haar twee seuns, Samuel en Andrew, en geleë op Afdeling 20. Hulle was ook van Pennsylvania, waarvandaan hulle na Logan County, Ohio, geëmigreer het. Hier sterf die vader, en op die datum genoem, verhuis die gesin na hierdie township, waar die seuns nog woon. 'N Vollediger skets van hierdie gesinne sal in die algemene geskiedenis van die provinsie gevind word.

James Hilt kom gedurende die jaar 1825 na Round Head Township en vestig hom ook op afdeling 20. Hy is gebore naby Baltimore, Md., Daarvandaan na Lancaster County, Penn., En daarna na Logan County, Ohio, daarvandaan na Hardin. Hy het hier een of twee jaar gebly en teruggegaan na Logan County, maar in 1833 het hy weer na hierdie township gekom en op dieselfde gedeelte geleë, waar hy gesterf het, 25 September 1862, nege en negentig jaar oud. Sy vrou sterf in 1851 in die ouderdom van sewentig jaar. Gedurende die laaste elf jaar van sy lewe was hy totaal blind. Hy was 'n lid van die Presbiteriaanse Kerk gedurende sy jongmens, daarna het hy met sy vrou saam met die Methodist Episcopal Church verenig en was hy meer as sestig jaar lank 'n ernstige en praktiese, daaglikse Christen en toegewyde lid van hierdie kerk. Hy was die vader van die volgende kinders: John C., Nancy, Martin, Sarah, James, Rosanna, Samuel en Mary, almal nou oorlede, maar. James, wat nou naby Huntersville woon.

John Mahan, 'n boorling van Kentucky, trou met Susannah Tillott, en verhuis daarna na Ross County, Ohio, en kom in Oktober 1828 na Round Head Township en vestig hom in die suidoostelike kwart van afdeling 19, waar hy tot sy dood woon. . Hy sterf op 30 April 1845, agt en sestig jaar oud. Sy vrou sterf op 4 September 1862, twee en sestig jaar oud. Mnr. Mahan, 'n paar jaar nadat hy hom hier gevind het, het die ongerief gesien om twintig myl of meer na Logan County te gaan om te slyp, dit is die naaste meulens van hierdie nuwe nedersetting, en hy het dadelik 'n perdekragmeule opgerig. Die buhrs is gemaak van nierkopsteen: die dryfwiele van houtblokke, driehoekige vorm, die basis ovaal en op die omtrek geplaas, met die punt in die middel. Hierdie wiel is dan met die perdekrag verbind deur 'n gordel van hickory-bas, en die perd, wat in 'n sirkel moes rondbeweeg, vasgemaak aan die sweep-paal, het die hele masjinerie aan die gang gesit toe die graan in die bak geplaas is het tussen die buhrs oorgegaan en is dus tot maaltyd gemaal. Alhoewel dit effens onvolmaak en traag was in vergelyking met ons meulens van vandag, was dit 'n groot gerief en besparing van baie tyd en moeite vir die vroeë setlaars, en dit het die mense 'n paar jaar lank voorsien totdat dit beter was meulens opgerig. Mnr. Mahan was twee keer getroud. Na die dood van sy eerste vrou, trou hy met Susan Hillman, 'n boorling van Pennsylvania. Sy kinders, deur sy eerste vrou, was Mary, Mattie, Nancy, Elizabeth, James, John en Lydia-almal nou oorlede, maar Charles, Nancy en Lydia. Deur sy tweede vrou het hy Samuel, David, Wesley, William, Henry, Sarah J., Eliza Ann, Asa, Edward H., Margaret en Clay gehad, laasgenoemde is in die weermag tydens die opstand vermoor.

Joseph W. Bowdle, 'n boorling van Maryland, emigreer in 1800 na Ross County, Ohio, waar hy trou met Lucretia Brown, 'n boorling van die staat Delaware. in die noordwestelike kwart van afdeling 19, waar hy tot sy dood gewoon het, in November 1856, en sy oorskot rus nou in die Salem -begraafplaas in Allen County. Sy vrou is etlike jare voor sy dood oorlede. Hy was 'n mede -regter van Hardin County van 1833 tot 1839. Hulle kinders was James B., Jesse L., Rebecca C., Nelson R., Priscilla, Isaac N., Thomas W., Milton W., Ann C. en William D. Mr. Bowdle was een van die eerste mede -beoordelaars van hierdie land. In godsdiens was hy 'n Metodis, en was hy 'n uitstaller in die kerk vir baie jare, selfs lank voordat hy hom in Hardin County gevestig het.

Jesse Bowdle, 'n broer van die bogenoemde Joseph Bowdle, trou met Lillie Bowdle in Ross County, en kom hier in die herfs van 1832 en vestig hom aan die oostelike helfte van die suidwestelike kwart van afdeling 18, waar hy in 1862 sterf. Meneer Bowdle was meer as veertig jaar lank 'n plaaslike prediker in die Metodistekerk. Sy kinders was David S., Samuel P., Henry S. en Elizabeth.

Onder die vroegste setlaar van hierdie deel van Hardin County was William en Jane Given. Hy was 'n boorling van Maryland en sy vrou van Virginia. In 1797 emigreer William Given na Ross County, Ohio: was daar getroud, en. in 1829 verhuis na Round Head Township, Hardin Co., Ohio, waar hy woon tot sy dood in 1848, sy weduwee oorleef hom tot 1851, toe sy ook oorlede is. Van hul kinders oorleef Alexander nog steeds en woon hy in McDonald Township, in die geskiedenis waarvan 'n biografie van hom gevind sal word.

William Ford kom hier uit Adams County, Ohio, en vestig hom in 1831-1832 op die noordoewer van die Scioto-rivier, net bokant Round Head. Hy trou met mev. Elizabeth Donaldson, van Adams County. Hy het hier gebly tot sy dood. Hy sterf op 9 September 1865, drie en sewentig jaar oud. Sy vrou sterf net 'n jaar later, 9 September 1866, sewe en sestig jaar oud. Kinders -William, Ellis, Harvey, Milton en Jane.

Jacob Thomson is in Ross County gebore, getroud met Elizabeth Clark, in Pickaway County, en het hom ongeveer 1832-33 in Round Head gevestig, waar hy die eerste kajuit opgerig het nadat die stad aangelê en platgemaak is. Ho het hier gebly tot sy dood. Sy kinders was soos volg: Elizabeth, William, Henry, Martha en Lewis.

John T. Scott kom hier uit Champaign County, Ohio, en vestig hom op die noordoewer, op die grond langs William Irwin in die suide. Hy trou met Lucy Henry, van Logan County, Ohio, deur wie hy die volgende kinders gehad het: John, Eliza, Benjamin, Jane, Permelia, Nancy en miskien 'n paar ander.

David Groves, 'n boorling van Virginia, gebore in Frederick County, in 1798, getroud met Sarah Sheets, na Maryland vandaar na Madison County, Ohio, en het in 1833 na hierdie township gekom en hom gevestig in die suidwestelike kwart van afdeling 7, waar hy 160 hektaar ingegaan het, ook tagtig hektaar aangrensend, in Afdeling 18. Hier woon hy ongeveer dertig jaar, toe hy sy plaas verkoop het, en uiteindelik op Afdeling 8, waar hy oorlede is 26 Februarie 1880. Hy was byna lid van die Metodiste Kerk sy hele lewe lank, en jare lank 'n plaaslike prediker. Kinders-Mary, Sevilla, Henry, Sarah, Ann, Rebecca en Jane is almal nou oorlede behalwe Sarah en Jane.

Richard Rutledge kom uit Logan County en vestig hom in die noordoostelike kwartaal van Artikel 19, in die herfs van 1832, en bly 'n inwoner, hier en in die aangrensende gedeelte tot sy dood. Hy sterf op 12 Januarie 1875, ses en sewentig jaar oud. Hy was twee keer getroud: eers met Mary Lewis, deur wie hy die volgende kinders gehad het: Lewis, Benjamin W., Thomas J., Harriet en ander wat jonk gesterf het. Sy tweede vrou was mev Sarah Lay, deur wie hy 'n seun gehad het-Sampson M. Mnr. Rutledge het verskeie jare as vrederegter gedien: was 'n toegewyde lid van die Metodiste Kerk, 'n vriendelike buurman en 'n waardige burger.

Thomas Livingston het hierheen gekom uit Clark County, Ohio, en hom in 1834 in Round Head gevestig, waar hy sy kajuit opgerig het en die eerste kajuit ooit in die stad gehou het. Hy trou met Nancy Reed. Hulle woon hier tot ongeveer 1840, toe hulle na Roes County verhuis: vandaar na Indiana, en is nuwe inwoners van Winchester, in die staat. Van hul kinders leer ons die volgende name: Maria, Johnson, Sophronia, Thomas en Sarah. Mnr Livingston was 'n gelisensieerde prediker in die Methodist Episcopal Church.

Uriah McKennan kom hier in 1834 uit Logan County, Ohio, en vestig hom op afdeling 17, waar hy sterf. Hy was twee keer getroud, eers met juffrou Inskeep, by wie hy John M., Margaret A., Benjamin W., Levi en Daniel F. gehad het. Sy tweede vrou was Jane Sharp, wat vir hom Nancy en Henry gebaar het: daar was 'n paar ander, maar hulle is jonk dood. Mnr. McKennan was 'n man van karakter en bekwaamheid en bedien baie jare lank die evangelie.

Alexander Templeton, 'n boorling van Pennsylvania, maar wat 'n vroeë setlaar geword het in Bellefontaine, waar hy handel dryf, en in 1833 na Round Head verhuis, het die eerste winkel ooit in die stad geopen. Hier het hy etlike jare handel gedryf en daarna aandag gegee aan landboubedrywighede tot sy dood, 10 September 1863. Hy trou met Mary Ann Wapace, 'n boorling van Virginia. Sy sterf 25 November 1857. Hulle kinders was Ann Maria, Samuel, W. Wallace, Robert R., Sarah Jane, Milton en David, wat jonk oorlede is. Mnr. Templeton het 'n hoë karakter gehad en is baie gewaardeer en gerespekteer. Hy was 'n heersende ouderling in die Presbiteriaanse Kerk.

Drie broers - William, Robert en Thompson Irwin - inboorlinge van Champaign County, Ohio, vestig hulle in die township in die lente van 1835. Laasgenoemde was toe redelik jonk en woon 'n tyd lank by sy broer, Robert, en gaan daarna weg , maar daarna getroud en teruggekeer en hulle hier gevestig, waar hy sedertdien 'n inwoner gebly het. William, saam met sy pa, Thomas Irwin, vestig hom op die oewer van die Scioto, in afdeling 31. Hy trou met juffrou Eliza J. Zimmerman en woon sedert sy hele lewe sedert, op afdeling 31, waar hy nou woon. Hy is die vader van die volgende kinders: Ruth J., Rachel L., Ahasuerus C. en Robert McHatton. Robert trou en vestig hom net bokant William, op dieselfde gedeelte, waar hy sedertdien gewoon het.

Andrew Zimmerman, 'n boorling van Maryland, trou met Ruth Taylor en emigreer na Ross County, Ohio, omstreeks die jaar 1800. In die herfs van 1835 verhuis hy na hierdie township en vestig hom in die noordwestelike kwart van afdeling 32, waar hy sterf, September 14, 1844, sewentig jaar oud. Sy vrou sterf, 24 November 1855, sewentig jaar oud. Hulle kinders was John, Andrew, Jefferson, Obadiah, Elijah D., George, Elizabeth, Margaret, Delilah, Maria, Lavinia en Eliza Jane.

Michael Zimmerman, broer van bogenoemde Andrew, trou met Barbara Taylor en vestig hom hier op dieselfde datum in die suidwestelike kwart van afdeling 33, naby Round Head, waar hy oorlede is, 12 Maart 1849, twee en sewentig jaar oud. Sy vrou sterf, 21 September 1852, ses en sewentig jaar oud. Hul kinders was Henry, Michael, Samuel, Cynthia, Maria en 'n paar ander wat jonk gesterf het. Robert Breece, van Walliese afkoms, kom hier uit Logan County en vestig hom op afdeling 32 in die herfs van 1835. Hy trou met juffrou Lydia Henry van Logan County. Hy sterf op 19 Julie 1849, vyf en vyftig jaar oud. Sy vrou is op 9 November 1866 oorlede, 'n leeftyd van drie en sestig jaar. Hulle kinders was John, George, William, Griffith, Jane, Nancy, Margaret, Mary en Amanda.

John F. Henkle, 'n boorling van Virginia, kom van daar af in Logan County, in Maart 1835, kom hy na Round Head Township en vestig hom op afdeling 10, waar hy 'n paar jaar woon, waarna hy na Round Head verhuis en in die stad woon en baie jare, maar daarna het hy na Kenton verhuis, waar hy gesterf het, 11 November 1872. Hy was eers twee keer getroud met Sarah Vanmeter, deur wie hy die volgende kinders gehad het: Henry R. Ann Maria, Mary E., Seth V. en Ira A. Sy tweede vrou was Eliza A. Scott, wat vir hom drie kinders, Scott, John F. en Eva, gebaar het.

Reuben Henkle, toe hy tien jaar oud was, kom saam met sy vader se gesin uit Bedford County, Va., Na Clark County, Ohio, waar hy daarna met Elizabeth Yazel trou, en in Februarie 1838 na hierdie township verhuis en hom in die suidoostelike kwartaal vestig. van Artikel 20, waar hy oorlede is, 23 Oktober 1854, vyftig jaar oud. Sy vrou oorleef nog steeds en woon op die ou opstal. Hulle kinders was soos volg: Eliza A., Maria, Sarah, Isaac, Amanda, John M., Cyrus W., Ambrose D., Mary en Lather.

William Moore, 'n boorling van Pennsylvania, trou met Sarah Sample en verhuis in die lente van 1834 na Ohio en roep sy suster, mev. George Hoover, in Logan County, waar hy sy gesin vir 'n paar weke verlaat terwyl hy het na Round Head Township gekom en 160 hektaar grond binnegekom- die suidoostelike kwart van afdeling 5-, en in Junie van dieselfde jaar het hy met sy gesin op die genoemde grond gevestig, waar hy tot sy dood gebly het. Hy sterf, 9 Februarie 1853, drie en sestig jaar oud, sy vrou sterf, 3 September 1851, drie en sestig jaar oud. Mnr. Moore was 'n smid in die handel, die besigheid wat hy gevolg het in verband met boerdery deur die lewe. Hy was die vader van die volgende kinders: John, James, Jane, Eliza, Asenith, William, Sarah, Huldah, Diary, Letitia en Urzilla.

Watson Spencer kom hier in 1835 uit Champaign County, Ohio. Hy trou met Nellie Rutledge, deur wie hy die volgende kinders gehad het: Mary Ann, Thomas Jefferson, Elizabeth, Louisa, Melissa en John. Sy vrou sterf, en hy trou daarna met Nancy Rutledge, deur wie hy verskeie kinders gehad het, van wie Alexander en James was.

Lorenzo Dow Lay het een van die vroeë intrekkers van hierdie township geword, maar dit is seker al in 1832-33 hier gevestig, maar het 'n paar jaar hier gebly tot sy afsterwe.

Daar word geglo dat George Blalock 'n setlaar was, so vroeg as 1830-31 was hy 'n eienaardige smid, wat ons maar min geleer het.

Bogenoemde omhels, dink ons, die belangrikste vroeë intrekkers tussen 1822 en 1835, waarna die dorp redelik vinnig gevestig is.

SKOLE.
Na die eerste setlaars in hierdie deel van die graafskap was hulle jare lank so ver uitmekaar, die hele land was 'n digte bos, dat dit onmoontlik was om skole te vestig, maar net sodra daar genoeg setlaars in 'n woonbuurt was Om 'n bedrag wat voldoende is om 'n onderwyser in diens te neem, in te samel, vind ons die nodige stappe om dit te doen. Op 'n vroeë dag het verskeie gesinne hul pogings verenig en 'n blokhut op afdeling 21 opgerig, waar Peter C. McArthur as eerste onderwyser aangestel is. Dit is vermoedelik die eerste skool in Round Head Township. 'N Ander skool is spoedig in die Bowdle- en Rutledge -omgewing gehou, en daarna een by Round Head. Uiteindelik is die gemeente verdeel in skooldistrikte, die vryskolewet is ingestel en die skole het toegeneem en floreer. Die gemeente is nou verdeel in sewe sub-skooldistrikte, met sewe goeie skoolhuise met agt kamers, met agt onderwysers. Gemiddelde lone wat onderwysers per maand betaal het, manlik, $ 36. vroue, $ 24. Gemiddelde aantal weke wat die skole bygewoon het, 30. Inskrywing van skoliere, seuns, 151 meisies, 128 in totaal, 279. Totale ontvangste vir skooldoeleindes, $ 3,104,08 totale uitgawes, $ 2,332,38 balans op hande 1 September 1882, $ 771,70 totale waardasie van skool eiendom, $ 4,200.

DORPE EN DORPE.
Hierdie dorp besit slegs een dorpie - Round Head - wat deur James W. Marmon, landmeter van Logan County, opgemeet en in lotte, strate en stegies afgelê is, vir Jonathan Carter, eienaar, 16 Julie 1832. Die oorspronklike plaat is opgeneem in Logan County Records, Book D, page 356, and contained thirty-six lots. Jonathan Carter's Northern Addition was made and surveyed October 17, 1839, and the acknowledgment made before Richard Rutledge, a Justice of the Peace, April 30, 1841. The town never has had the advantages of a railroad or manufacturing interests to enhance its growth, but has been a strictly rural village. A post office was early established here, and a considerable amount of mercantile trade has continued to be done down to the present time. The first cabin erected here was by Mr. Carter, when he first settled here, but after the town was laid out, Jacob Thompson is said to have built the first house. Thomas Livingston kept the first tavern. Alexander Templeton opened the first store. Dr. Smith and Dr. Starrett were the first physicians.

This town was named after the township, which is said to have been named in honor of the Indian chief of that name, of whom a further account is given-together with the Indian town at this place in the general history of the county. Some fine, large apple trees are still standing here, which are said to have been planted by Indians. One tree, on Mr. Jacobs' lot, is a very large and thrifty tree, and continues to bear good crops of fine apples. The business interests of Round head now embrace four general stores, one saw mill, two blacksmith shops and one blacksmith and carriage and wagon shop, one drug store, one milliner and dress-maker, two hotels, one livery and feed stable and two physicians.

CHURCHES
Methodist Episcopal Church, of Round Head.
-- The exact date of the organization of the first class here is difficult to figure with certainty, but from certain circumstances and evidences that are obtainable, it was probably between 1830 and 1832, and consisted of the following persons: Donald McArthur and wife, John McArthur and wife, Margaret McArthur, Jonathan Carter and wife, William Given and wife, James D. Lay, Rebecca Campbell and perhaps a few others, with Rebecca Campbell as Class Leader. The class, it is believed, was organized at the house of Donald McArthur and services were held there, and at the house of Jonathan Carter for several years. About 1840-42, a house was erected for church purposes, which served them until about 1852-54, when they erected their present frame church, in which services have since been held. The present membership of the church is twenty-seven, with Jeremiah Kelly as Pastor, and Marion Herford as Steward Class Leader, Martin Wilson, Trustees, Marion Herford, Isaac Gilman, William Jacobs and Hiram Cooney.

Fletcher Chapel Methodist Episcopal Church
-- This society was organized, it is believed, in the fall of 1832, at the house of Joseph W. Bowdle, consisting of the following members: Joseph W. Bowdle, Lucretia Bowdle, James B. Bowdle, Elizabeth Bowdle, Jesse L. Bowdle, Rebecca Bowdle. Priscilla Bowdle, James Hill, Sarah Hill, John Hill, Martin Hill, Nancy Hill, James Hill, Jr., David Groves, Sarah Groves, Richard Rutledge, Mary Rutledge, Harriet Rutledge, and, it is possible, one or two others, with Joseph W. Bowdle as Class Leader. Services were held at Mr. Bowdle's house, until the erection of a log house on the same lot occupied by the present house, which served as a house of worship and it was burned in 1860. Then, in the same, year, they erected the present frame house, at a cost of about $700, besides voluntary contributions in labor and material. Some of the early ministers who served as pastors of this church, were Revs. John Stewart, Patrick G. Good, Daniel D. Davidson, Ethan Allen and Spafford. Early class leaders: Aaron Oram, Samuel P. Bowdle and Joseph W. Bowdle. The church now has a membership of about seventy, with Jeremiah Kelly as Pastor F. A. Perry, William Lowrey and William B. Bowdle. Class Leaders William T. Bowdle, Steward, and F. A. Berry, William Ohler, William Hiatt and James B. Bowdle, Trustees.

Pleasant Hill Methodist Episcopal Church.
-- About 1835, this society was organized at the house of James Hill, by Rev. John Brakefield, consisting of the following members: James Hill, Elizabeth Hill, Samuel Rutledge, Rosanna Rutledge, James Lay, Viletta Lay, and possibly one or two others, with James Hill as Class Leader. They held services at the house of Mr. Hill, until the erection of a log house for church purposes, in 1848, which was built on the same lot of the present church. This house served them until, in 1856, the present frame house was erected, at a cost of about $800. The church was dedicated in December of that year, by Rev. Hiram Shaffer. The following ministers have served this church as pastors: Revs. Brakefield, Wareham, S. L. Yourtee, Aries Rumfield, John Blanpied, William Godman, Thomas Gard, Hibbard P. Ward, Jacob Holmes and Samuel Boggs. Class Leaders: James Hill, John A. Dunlap, William Romack, John Goslee, Samuel Hill, Alexander Dempster, Jacob Johnson, Samuel Tidd, Thomas Birchfield, Marion Dunlap and J. R. Hill. The present membership is about fifty, with Rev. J. S. Kelly as Pastor Thomas Birchfield, Marion Dunlap and J. R. Hill, Class Leaders Arsamous Ripley and James Goslee, Stewards, and John Goslee, A. Ripley, Harrison Waiters, A. Dempster and J. R. Hill, Trustees.

Methodist Protestant Church
-- It is difficult now to ascertain the exact year in which this society was organized, or what minister officiated in its organization But from the best and most definite information we could gather, a class must have been formed about 1840, embracing the following persons: John Mahan and wife, Mathew Mahan and wife, Reuben Henkle and wife, Mr. McGinnis and wife, Uriah McKennan and wife, and two or more of John Mahan's children. Services were held in private houses and in the schoolhouse until about 1858-60, when they erected the present frame church, which has served them to the present time as a house of worship.

United Presbyterian Church of Round Head
-- This society was organized at the Newburg Church, May 2, 1859, by Rev. Joseph McHatton, with the following members: A. Templeton, C. I. Brooks. John Ghormley, Samuel G. Rogers, Samuel Templeton, Robert Irwin. Sr., Robert Irwin Jr., Harriet N. Brooks, Jane Irwin, Ann E. Rogers, M. N. Rogers, Agues Coffelt, Eliza Hindman, Joseph Junkins, Martha Junkins, Ira Morton, Sarah J. Templeton, Robert R. Templeton, Milton Templeton, Minerva J. Ghormley, William Erwin, Eliza J. Erwin, Andrew Reed, Mary Reed and Eliza Irwin with Alexander Templeton, William Irwin and C. I. Brooks elected Ruling Elders. Services have been held every four weeks, with considerable regularity, in the Methodist Church at Round Head, until about one year ago, since which they have been without a pastor. The following ministers have served the church: Revs. John L. Bull, William C. Dun, J. L. Buchanan, the latter eleven years, followed by J. E. Kerr, William Brooks and Rev. Ferguson. Present membership, about thirty. Present Elder: William Irwin, Robert Irwin, John J. Irwin and Russell Hutchison.

CEMETERIES.
Henkle Cemetery - This piece of land is situated on the extreme southeast corner of the southeast quarter of Section 20, and was donated for this purpose by Reuben Henkle. The first occupant of this land was James Hill, who settled here in 1825, and whose aged mother died either in 1825 or in 1826, and was the first person interred in this cemetery. The second person was Phoebe Lay, since which it has received the remains of many of the pioneers - John Mahan, Samuel Tidd, William Given and others.

Round Head Cemetery - This was first dedicated to use by the reception of the body of Samuel Zimmerman, a son of Michael Zimmerman, who died August 1, 1836, aged nineteen years since which the grounds have been filled with the dead of the early settlers and others of this vicinity. A few years since, the Trustees purchased grounds just east of Round Head, on nice, elevated lands, which they have laid off into lots and fenced and improved, so that it is now a pleasant location, and well suited for the purposes intended.

Pleasant Hill Cemetery -- This consists of about two-thirds of an acre, which was donated for the purpose by James Hill, about 1848. The first person buried here was Margaret Sharp. It has since become nearly filled. In the spring of 1879, the Trustees purchased two acres of land of Samuel J. Wirick, a little south of the church, and on the east side of the pike, fenced and laid it off into lots, and have made it a nice cemetery. First buried here was Marietta Hill, a daughter of James R. and Elizabeth Hill. She died November 11, 1879.


Fascinated by Charlestown, MA and the Tidd Family

When studying the Tidd family, who seem to have first come to the colonies in about 1637, I reviewed the works of many authors. Recently I purchased two books relative to the town of Charlestown, Massachusetts where they are known to have first inhabited. The first book is From Deference to Defiance, Charlestown, Massachusetts, 1629-1692 by Roger Thompson, published by the New England Historical Genealogical Society, Boston, 2012, 593 pages. The second book is Charlestown, Mass. Vol. 1Vital Records to 1850 by Roger D. Joslyn, published by the New England Historical Genealogical Society, Boston, 1984, 919 pages.

The first book covers the following topics, with notations about the Tidd family:
Peopling, the Origins - includes the tax list of 16 November 1658, Josh Tid page 49.
Town - includes a list of officeholders, J. Tidd held several, pages 60, 62, 73, 77.
Land - includes a map ca. 1638 showing Tidd property between Harvard St. and Crooked Lane, page 100 Josiah Tidd one of the founding elite, page 96.
Sea - includes a list of Charlestown Maritime Inhabitants, 1630-1685, J Tidd merchant and retailer 1656-1678, page 150 Joshua Tidd battle with neighbor John Trumball, page 155 Joshua Tidd v. Richard Collicutt court case 1656-1657, pages 174-180 his eldest daughter Sarah married the successful sea captain Zechariah Long, page 176 Trumball cases and Tidd family references, note on page 176 Joshua Tidd merchant, small business, Maine, pages 255, 258 Sarah (Tidd) Long died on 3 July 1674, page 274.
Church
Women
Violence - Joshua Tidd customer of John Cromwell embroiled in the beaver trade with the Indians in the Kennebec Valley in Maine, other customers were Francis Norton, Richard Russell, and Richard Sprague, found in Cromwell's records, page 474 and note.
Defiance
Epilogue
Index - pages 537-593.

On page 176, " Joshua Tidd or Tead (1607-78), by now about fifty, had arrived in Charlestown in 1637 from Hertford, a renowned Puritan center twenty-five miles north of London, which gave its name to the capital of Connecticut. He became a church member in 1639. By trade he was a carpenter, a highly valued and well paid profession. He served the town as constable, and Middlesex County as grand juryman, acting as foreman in 1655. In 1648 he built a shop and portal by the east door of the meetinghouse. In the 1660s and 1670s he was twice a selectman, as well as rate commissioner, ensign, and then lieutenant of the militia. In the year of the seizure, his eldest daughter Sarah married the successful sea captain Zechariah Long. During the 1650s, Tidd used Chelmsford fur trader John Cromwell as his agent in small transactions with Indian trappers. He also dealt with Captain John Trumbell for English goods, especially fabrics and haberdashery. His bruising experiences with both Trumball and the Kennebec residents seem to have driven him back to woodworking. In 1668, he managed major renovations of the meetinghouse. Inside the building he had been recruited as reliably orthodox by the three deacons in 1665 to help them contain and control the Baptist challenge. He refused an unusual third term in the responsible but time-consuming job of constable, and his reasons were eventually accepted. He lived a long and useful life in Charlestown, a reliable middle manager in the militia, church, and town government. The Kennebec imbroglio appears a rare external venture."
The sources for this information include Hertford: "John Dane's Relation", R8 (1854), 147-56 life: Wyman, Savage, Cromwell Rodgers, 2:60, and below, "Mass Violence." Trumbull and Tidd fell out in 1658 and again in 1663Tidd won three cases of debt as defendant, MxCCRB, 1:161, 278, 292 D&O, 1 docs 758, 763, 2228, 2245, 2253 see above, "The Sea: Introduction." On 31 December 1671, he had bought L5 worth of carpenters' nails and steel imported from London. Hull, Letter Book, 46."

The second book covers the following topics, with notations about the Tidd family:
Earliest Charlestown Vital Records in the Massachusetts Bay Colony Record Volume, pages 1-10
Charlestown Vital Records in Middlesex County Records, pages 11-32
Charlestown Town Vital Records Volume 1- Part I, pages 33-262
Charlestown Town Vital Records Volume 1- Part II, pages 263-446
Charlestown Marriage Intentions Volume 1- Part I, pages 447-496
Charlestown Marriage Intentions Volume 1- Part I, pages 497-586
Charlestown Marriage Intentions Volume 2, pages 587-742
Charlestown Marriage Intentions Volume 3, pages 743-752
Other Charlestown Marriages from Transcript, pages 753-756
Index of Persons, pages 757-910
Index of Subjects and Places Outside of Charlestown, pages 911-919

Tidd, Ted, Teed, Tid
Elizabeth Ted married Samuel Lords, by Mr. Ric. Russell, Oct. 15 [altered from 10], 1667, page 25.
Miss Hannah Tidd of Medford, married Mr. Caleb Brooks of Charlestown, entered Sept. 7, 1806, page 524.
John Tid, son of Joshua & Sara, b. 15 (4) 1641, page 9.
Joseph Tid, son of Joshua & Sarah, b. 15 (10) 1643, page 9.
Joshua pages 9 as above, 103 as below.
Samuel Tidd of Woburn & Lucy Gardner of this town, entered Dec. 9, 1769, page 488.
Sara Tid, page 9 as above.
Sarah Tid, pages 9 as above Sarah Tid married Zach. Long by Mr. Ri. Russell, Commr. Sept. 24, [16] 56, page 20 Sarah Teed, wife [of] Joshua Teed, 71, d. Oct. 15, 1677, page 103.

His will dated Apr. 9, 1656, probated Nov. 10, 1656, bequeathes to wife Alice, son John, Daus. Mary and Elizabeth to son Savell's children, Benjamin, Hannah, John and Samuel to son Samuel's daus. to grandchildren, Thomas Fuller and John Kendall.
The Snow-Estes Ancestry at ancestry.com

In the first book on page 125 there is the following:
"In 1637, Charlestown's grazing common, on the Mainland (roughly modern Somerville), was assigned by the town meeting to a hundred and thirteen inhabitants, known as the Proprietors."
Were John and Joshua part of this group?

From the Hertford, England church records three of the children of Joshua and Sarah have been located. Their family is as follows:
1. Joshua Tidd, christened 17 June 1631/32 in Hertford, married Ruth Gardner 15 Oct. 1677 in Charlestown.
2. Elizabeth Tidd, christened 20 August 1634 in Hertford, married Samuel Lords 15 Oct. 1667 in Charlestown.
3. Sarah Tidd, christened 15 January 1636 in Hertford, she probably died there.
4. Sarah Tidd, christened 2 June 1639 in Charlestown, married Zachariah Long 24 September 1656 in Charlestown, died 2 July 1674 in Charlestown.
5. John Teed, born 15 June1641 in Charlestown, married Mary Jennings in 1666 in Huntington, Suffolk, New York, and died there in 1685.
6. Joseph Teed, born 15 December 1643 in Charlestown, died 15 September 1678.

From the Field Dalling, Norfolk, England church records the first five children of John and his wife Margaret Greenleaf have been located. Their family is as follows:
1. Elizabeth Tidd, 15 September 1617 in Field Dalling, married Thomas Fuller 13 April 1643 in Woburn, died in 1684.
2. Susan Tidd, born in 1619 in Field Dalling.
3. John Tidd, born in 1621 in Field Dalling, married Rebecca Wood 14 April 1650 in Woburn, died 13 April 1703 in Lexington.
4. Mary Tidd, born in 1623 in Field Dalling, married Francis Kendall 24 December 1644 in Woburn, died 1705 in Woburn.
5. William Tidd, born 1626 in Field Dalling, no record in New England.
6. Samuel Tidd, birth unknown, married Sarah 13 April 1650 in Salem.
7. Hannah Tidd, birth unknown, married William Savell, children Benjamin, Hannah, John and Samuel, she died before 1656.

Many people have researched these families. With the availability of records increasing every day, there may be answers to the questions surrounding them. They were held in high esteem in each of their respective towns. Reading the first book, From Deference to Defiance, I am learning more about the cultures that they lived in even if little of the information is specific to them. It is time that I return to the original records available for these locations and explore the records for more information about the Tidd famiies. From the information about the children's births it appears that the families lived in specific locations in England. Learning about whom they may have traveled with, the direct connection between John and Joshua, and then what became of their children will help me in piecing together the family history. I appreciate that I came across both books and ordered them for personal reading. It takes a lot of time to read and decipher the content, but I am gaining valuable insight into the records that will help in my search.

Consider ordering a book about a locality you are researching to explore the culture that affected your ancestor's lives. Now I need to go finish reading the first book, as I am still only halfway through.


Another Version

Thomas Spence, a schoolteacher from Newcastle arrived in London in December 1792. Over the next twenty-two years Spence developed a reputation as an important radical figure in Britain. He wrote books, pamphlets and produced a journal, Pigs Meat, where he argued for the radical transformation of society. The publication of this material resulted in him enduring several periods of imprisonment.

Spence did not believe in a centralized radical body and instead encouraged the formation of small groups that could meet in local public houses. At these meetings Thomas Spence argued that "if all the land in Britain was shared out equally, there would be enough to give every man, woman and child seven acres each". At night the men walked the streets and chalked on the walls slogans such as "Spence's Plan and Full Bellies" and "The Land is the People's Farm". In 1800 and 1801 the authorities believed that Spence and his followers were responsible for bread riots in London. However, they did not have enough evidence to arrest them for this offence.

Drawing of Arthur Thistlewood killing Richard Smithers

Thomas Spence died in September 1814. He was buried by "forty disciples" who pledged that they would keep his ideas alive. They did this by forming the Society of Spencean Philanthropists. The men met in small groups all over London. These meetings mainly took place in public houses and they discussed the best way of achieving an equal society. Places used included the Mulberry Tree in Moorfields, the Carlisle in Shoreditch, the Cock in Soho, the Pineapple in Lambeth, the White Lion in Camden, the Horse and Groom in Marylebone and the Nag's Head in Carnaby Market.

The government became very concerned about this group that they employed a spy, John Castle, to join the Spenceans and report on their activities. In October 1816 Castle reported to John Stafford, supervisor of Home Office spies, that the Spenceans were planning to overthrow the British government.

On 2nd December 1816, the Spencean group organised a mass meeting at Spa Fields, Islington. The speakers at the meeting included Henry 'Orator' Hunt and James Watson. The magistrates decided to disperse the meeting and while Stafford and eighty police officers were doing this, one of the men, Joseph Rhodes, was stabbed. The four leaders of the Spenceans, James Watson, Arthur Thistlewood, Thomas Preston and John Hopper were arrested and charged with high treason.

George Cruikshank, Cato Street Conspiracy (1820)

James Watson was the first to be tried. However, the main prosecution witness was the government spy, John Castle. The defence council was able to show that Castle had a criminal record and that his testimony was unreliable. The jury concluded that Castle was an agent provocateur (a person employed to incite suspected people to some open action that will make them liable to punishment) and refused to convict Watson. As the case against Watson had failed, it was decided to release the other three men who were due to be tried for the same offence.

The Spenceans continued to meet after the trial but the members now disagreed about the future strategy of the group. Arthur Thistlewood was convinced a successful violent revolution was possible. James Watson now doubted the wisdom of this strategy and although he still attended meetings, he gradually lost control of the group to the more militant ideas of Thistlewood.

The government remained concerned about the Spenceans and in January, 1817 John Stafford asked a police officer, George Ruthven, to join the group. Ruthven discovered that the Spenceans were planning an armed rising. Arthur Thistlewood, claimed at one meeting that he could raise 15,000 armed men in just half an hour. As a result of this information, John Williamson, John Shegoe, James Hanley, George Edwards and Thomas Dwyer were also recruited by Stafford to spy on the Spenceans.

The Peterloo Massacre in Manchester increased the amount of anger the Spenceans felt towards the government. At one meeting a spy reported that Arthur Thistlewood said: "High Treason was committed against the people at Manchester. I resolved that the lives of the instigators of massacre should atone for the souls of murdered innocents."

On 22nd February 1820, George Edwards pointed out to Arthur Thistlewood an item in the New Times that said several members of the British government were going to have dinner at Lord Harrowby's house at 39 Grosvenor Square the following night. Thistlewood argued that this was the opportunity they had been waiting for. It was decided that a group of Spenceans would gain entry to the house and kill all the government ministers. The heads of Lord Castlereagh and Lord Sidmouth would be placed on poles and taken around the slums of London. Thistlewood was convinced that this would incite an armed uprising that would overthrow the government. This would be followed by the creation of a new government committed to creating a society based on the ideas of Thomas Spence.

Over the next few hours Thistlewood attempted to recruit as many people as possible to take part in the plot. Many people refused and according to the police spy, George Edwards, only twenty-seven people agreed to participate. This included William Davidson, James Ings, Richard Tidd, John Brunt, John Harrison, James Wilson, Richard Bradburn, John Strange, Charles Copper, Robert Adams and John Monument.

William Davidson had worked for Lord Harrowby in the past and knew some of the staff at Grosvenor Square. He was instructed to find out more details about the cabinet meeting. However, when he spoke to one of the servants he was told that the Earl of Harrowby was not in London. When Davidson reported this news back to Arthur Thistlewood, he insisted that the servant was lying and that the assassinations should proceed as planned.

One member of the gang, John Harrison, knew of a small, two-story building in Cato Street that was available for rent. The ground-floor was a stable and above that was a hayloft. As it was only a short distance from Grosvenor Square, it was decided to rent the building as a base for the operation. Edwards told Stafford of the plan and Richard Birnie, a magistrate at Bow Street, was put in charge of the operation. Lord Sidmouth instructed Birnie to use men from the Second Battalion Coldstream Guards as well as police officers from Bow Street to arrest the Cato Street Conspirators.

Birnie decided to send George Ruthven, a police officer and former spy who knew most of the Spenceans, to the Horse and Groom, a public house that overlooked the stable in Cato Street. On 23rd February, Ruthven took up his position at two o'clock in the afternoon. Soon afterwards Thistlewood's gang began arriving at the stable. By seven thirty Richard Birnie and twelve police officers joined Ruthven at Cato Street.

The Coldstream Guards had not arrived and Birnie decided he had enough men to capture the Cato Street gang. Birnie gave orders for Ruthven to carry out the task while he waited outside. Inside the stable the police found James Ings on guard. He was quickly overcome and George Ruthven led his men up the ladder into the hayloft where the gang were having their meeting. As he entered the loft Ruthven shouted, "We are peace officers. Lay down your arms." Arthur Thistlewood and William Davidson raised their swords while some of the other men attempted to load their pistols. One of the police officers, Richard Smithers, moved forward to make the arrests but Thistlewood stabbed him with his sword. Smithers gasped, "Oh God, I am. " and lost consciousness. Smithers died soon afterwards.

Some of the gang surrendered but others like William Davidson were only taken after a struggle. Four of the conspirators, Thistlewood, John Brunt, Robert Adams and John Harrison escaped out of a back window. However, George Edwards had given the police a detailed list of all those involved and the men were soon arrested.

Eleven men were eventually charged with being involved in the Cato Street Conspiracy. After the experience of the previous trial of the Spenceans, Lord Sidmouth was unwilling to use the evidence of his spies in court. George Edwards, the person with a great deal of information about the conspiracy, was never called. Instead the police offered to drop charges against certain members of the gang if they were willing to give evidence against the rest of the conspirators. Two of these men, Robert Adams and John Monument, agreed and they provided the evidence needed to convict the rest of the gang.

William Davidson said in court: "It is an ancient custom to resist tyranny. And our history goes on further to say, that when another of their Majesties the Kings of England tried to infringe upon those rights, the people armed, and told him that if he did not give them the privileges of Englishmen, they would compel him by the point of the sword. Would you not rather govern a country of spirited men, than cowards? I can die but once in this world, and the only regret left is, that I have a large family of small children, and when I think of that, it unmans me."

On 28th April 1820, Arthur Thistlewood, William Davidson, James Ings, Richard Tidd, and John Brunt were found guilty of high treason and sentenced to death. John Harrison, James Wilson, Richard Bradburn, John Strange and Charles Copper were also found guilty but their original sentence of execution was subsequently commuted to transportation for life. Thistlewood, Davidson, Ings, Tidd and Brunt were executed at Newgate Prison on the 1st May, 1820.


Inquisitive Minds Want to Know - Part III

By now you are probably wondering if Part III of this series is ever going to be posted. Rest assured that this inquisitive mind has been hard at work comparing the families who settled in Charlestown, MA by 1640. Twenty-three of them are on the map of the town created in 1638 and are the focus of the study.

From the book, Charlestown Vital Records to 1850, by Roger D. Joslyn, we learn more about the makeup of these early families. Other details were gleaned from the book, Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New England, by John Farmer. The following is a synopsis of the twenty-three families and the information found with regards to the recorded events in their lives. Keep in mind that in some of the lists all of the children's births are listed together, which makes the birth information questionable.

This group is from the center of the town. In this area are the Three Cranes Tavern, the Market Place, the Meeting House and Windmill Hill.

Nowell/Newell is probably Increase and his wife Parnell of Middlesex, Stepney. The births of their children are recorded from 1630-1643. He preformed several marriages in 1654, probably as a town official as he was the town assistant from 1630-1655. In 1632 he was a founder of the church. From 1644-1649 he was the Secretary of the Colony. Parnell died 2 May 1683, but there is no record of his death.
Mary Newell of Bristol, the widow of a Mariner, is included in the list of immigrants.

Harvard surely refers to John and he is noted to have had a wife, but probably no children. He was a minister from Surrey, Southwark, S. Saviour and came to New England in 1636, and admitted freeman in 1637. John died 14 September 1638, leaving money for what is now Harvard College.

Allen is probably Thomas and his wife Anna. He was a minister of Charlestown. Coming to New England in 1638, admitted to the church in Boston in 1639, then moving to Charlestown. The births of their children are recorded from 1639-1646. He died 21 September 1673, age 65, in England.
Ship Captain John Allen and his wife Sarah, from Norfolk or Suffolk, were also there early. He was in Salem in 1626, came to Charlestown in 1639 and admitted freeman 1640. The births of their children are recorded from 1640-1643, but some were born in Salem from 1627. He was born in 1602 and died 27 March 1675.

Symmes is probably Zechariah and his wife Sarah from Bedfordshire, Dunstable. He was the second minister, settled in 1634, and admitted freeman 1635. The births of their children are recorded from 1635-1642, but others were probably born elsewhere. He was born 5 April 1597 in Canterbury and died 4 February 1670.

Long is probably Robert and his wife Elizabeth from Bedfordshire, Dunstable. He was the Innkeeper of the Three Cranes Tavern in the center of the town, which would have been the primary gathering place of the early settlers. The births of their children are recorded from 1673-1647 but others were probably born elsewhere. He served several times as representive of the town and admitted freeman 1635. Robert died on 9 January 1663 and Elizabeth died on 29 May 1687, both in Charlestown.

Hills is probably Joseph and his wife Rose, of Essex, Billericay, with whom he had several children and two of their births are recorded in 1639 and 1640. He came to New England early, was a merchant and was admitted freeman in 1645. Moved to Malden and then to Newbury where he died 5 February 1688. Married second to Anne the widow of Henry Lunt.
Abraham Hills and Sarah also were in Charlestown early. The births of their children are recorded from 1640-1643.

Sedgewick is probably Robert of Surrey, Southwark, who was a merchant and was admitted freeman in 1637. There is no mention of a wife, only two possible sons William and Robert. He served in the military for most of his life, both in New England and abroad. In Charlestown he was owner of a brew house and a merchant. Robert died 24 May 1656 in Jamaica.

Converse is probably Edward and his wife Joanna who died in 1677. They were of Essex, Navestock or Stenfield. He was in New England early and admitted freeman in 1630. By 1643 he was in Woburn. He operated the Charlestown ferry.

This group is just southwest of the center of the town, living along the shoreline just up from the Willoughby shipyards and ferry.

Graves or Greaves is probably Thomas and his wife Katherine. He was in Salem June 1629 and went to Charlestown that same year. The birth of their son is recorded in 1645. He died in Charlestown 31 July 1653. There is a record of a request to be made free on 19 October 1630 and a reference that he served as a rear admiral in England. He was a ship captain.

Willoughby is probably Francis and his wife Sarah of Middlesex, Stepney. The birth of their daughter is recorded in 1643. He probably married second to Mary and the births of their children are recorded in 1644 and 1647. Then there is a possible third marriage to Margaret and the births of their children recorded in 1662 and 1664. He came in 1638, admitted freeman in 1640, served as Deputy Governor and Governor, and worked as a shipwright or ship builder. Francis died 4 April 1671.

Edward Johnson and his wife Susan were of Kent, Canterbury, arrived in 1630 and admitted as freeman 18 May 1631. He worked as a joiner and a ship builder. Later he was a founder of Woburn and the church there. He was the town clerk of Woburn for about thirty years and a well-known historian. The births of their seven children are not listed in the Charlestown records.
William Johnson and his wife Judith of Bedfordshire, Dunstable,
arrived before 1643, as that is when the birth of their son James was recorded. William worked as a brickmaker. He died 9 December 1677.

This group is just northwest of the center of the town, living along Crooked Lane and continuing up the shoreline.

Trerice is probably Nicholas and his wife Rebecca of Middlesex, Stepney or Wapping. They first settled in Charlestown in 1636, and were there for the birth of their first son John in 1639. By 1643 they were in Woburn for the birth of their second son Samuel. He was a ship captain and she was a retailer.

Lynde, Lind or Line, is probably Thomas and his wife Margaret of Bedfordshire, Dunstable. He was admitted freeman in 1635 and served the town in many positions, for many years. The births of their children are listed from 1636-1647. He worked as a malster, making malt for brewing beer. Sometimes referred to as Deacon Thomas, he performed two marriages in 1656. He died 30 December 1676 and Margaret died 23 August 1662, both in Charlestown.

Tidd or Tead, is probably Joshua and his wife Sarah of Hertfordshire, Hertford. The births of their children are recorded in 1639, 1641 and 1643, but they had three other children born in England from 1631- 1636. The marriages of his two daughters are recorded: Sarah married Zachariah Long in 1656 and Elizabeth married Samuel Lords in 1667. Joshua was admitted to the church, March 10, 1639 and admitted as a freeman May 22, 1639. He worked as a carpenter and at times was a merchant/retailer transporting his goods by ship. Joshua died 15 September 1678 and Sarah, his wife, died 15 October 1677 age 71, both in Charlestown. Several stories about him are included in the book, From Deference to Defiance.
Sargeant John Tead and his wife Margaret of Norfolk, Norwich were in Charlestown by 1637 when he was listed as a proprietor and the next year owned eight lots, the sixth which was in Waterfield (now Woburn). They removed to Woburn, where he subscribed to "Town Orders," in December, 1640 and admitted as a freeman May 10, 1643. He worked as a tailor. There are no other records for this family in Charlestown. He died 24 April 1656 and Margaret died 15 October 1651, both in Woburn. Prior to his death he married Alice Teel and she is listed in his will, as well as his children.
Richard Tidd was admitted as a freeman in 1643m but there is no further information about him.

This group is just northeast of the center of the town and continuing east on Dock Wapping Road going out to Moulton's Point. There is located the Bunker and the Fort/Battery.

R. Cole is probably Rice who was from Kent, Sandwich. He was admitted as a freeman in 1633 and died 15 May 1646. Rice worked as a carpenter and was a selectman in 1634.
He may have been the father of Isaac, who with his wife Joannah were the parents of Abraham 1636, Jacob 1641, and Elizabeth 1643. Isaac was admitted as a freeman in 1638 and died 10 June 1674.

Stitson is probably William and his wife Elizabeth of Gloucestershire, Bristol, came early. He was admitted as a freeman in 1633 and served the town in many positions, over many years and the church as Reverend and Deacon. Elizabeth died 16 February 1669 age 93. William married the widow Marie Norton on 22 August 1670. He died 11 April 1691 age 91. No other records for the family are listed.

Coytmore is probably Thomas and his wife Martha of Middlesex, Stepney or Ratcliffe, came in 1636. He was a Ship Captain and died 27 December 1645 on the coast of Wales. The births of their sons are recorded, Thomas 1641 and William 1643 who died at twelve days.
Martha remarried to Governor Winthrop December 1647.
Isaac Coytmore was in Charlestown in 1639.
Katherine Coytmore was a widow in 1638 and she died in 1659.

W. Palmer is probably Walter J. and his wife Rebecca of Dorsetshire, Yetminster, was a selectman in 1634 and a constable in 1636. He was admitted as a freeman in 1638. The birth of his son Benjamin born 30 March 1642 is recorded.
William Palmer of Middlesex, Stepney or Norfolk, Ormsby, Great. He was in Newbury in 1637 and admitted as a freeman in 1638. He died August 1676.
John Palmer died a single man on 24 August 1677 in Charlestown.
Abraham of Kent, Canterbury, was admitted as a freeman in 1631. He worked as a merchant.

Walker is probably Augustine and his wife Hannah, of Northumberland, Berwick, who came in 1638. He was admitted as a freeman in 1641 and died before 1655. He worked as a shipwright and was a Ship Captain. The births of their children are recorded from 1640-1648.
Richard Walker of Hampshire, Keaton, lived in Lynn in 1630 and had four children. He was admitted as a freeman in 1634.
Robert Walker of Lancashire, Manchester, lived in Boston and was admitted as a freeman in 1634. He had six sons, all born in Boston.
William Walker of Norfolk, Norwich, was in Hingham in 1636.

So, how does all of this information help us to understand the town of Charlestown, MA. First of all it is a port town, where seafaring men and merchants met to exchange wares and arrange to transport items and people between England and the colony. Second it was made up of families, most seem to have married before coming to New England and brought children with them, while some had children born during this developing period. Some were famiies of Ship Captains who were gone for long periods of time, and yet these women carried on in the daily tasks of providing for their families. The risk of death to seafaring men was high, and at times their widows would have to carry on without them. I was pleased to identify the names of so many of the wives.

One can imagine that often more than one family would live together until more housing could be built. Compared to England they now lived in a culture where they could work hard and prosper. Every individual brought or would develop talents that would benefit the community. From the details listed above we can see that from this group and in blue those from the addendum to follow there were many types of occupations:


ExecutedToday.com

On this date in 1820 — which was not yet a red-letter day on the leftist calendar — five radicals were hanged at Newgate Prison for a plot to overthrow the government.

A British government that had tilted from reactionary after the French Revolution to furiously repressive after defeating Napoleon was energetically at work stamping out the wide-ranging upheaval convulsing the isles.

This day’s conspirators plotted to overturn the authoritarian rule of Lord Liverpool by murdering his ministers at a dinner party. Next steps:

This excellent plot was hatched by none other than a government informant, who planted the idea among the circle and arranged their arrest when they took the bait. Already-notorious subversive Arthur Thistlewood was the jewel in the crown’s crown, particularly after having slain an arresting officer in the fray when the trap was sprung.

Ten were condemned to death, five of those sentences commuted to transportation — leaving Thistlewood to hang* along with John Brunt, James Ings, Richard Tidd and the Afro-Caribbean tradesman William Davidson. The crowd was reportedly vocally supportive of the condemned.


The Cato Street Conspirators hanged. As represented at the bottom of the scaffold: the dead men were cut down after their execution and posthumously beheaded.

It was in the aftermath of this shocking affair that Byron completed his work on a long-ago Venetian putsch, Marino Faliero, with such stirring reflections upon the blood sacrifice of liberty as

They never fail who die
In a great cause: the block may soak their gore:
Their heads may sodden in the sun their limbs
Be strung to city gates and castle walls —
But still their Spirit walks abroad. Though years
Elapse, and others share as dark a doom,
They but augment the deep and sweeping thoughts
Which overpower all others, and conduct
The world at last to Freedom.

Still, even from the safety of Italy, the rakish rebel had a gentleman’s disdain for these lowborn butchers overpowering anything at all.

What a set of desperate fools these Utican conspirators seem to have been. As if in London, after the disarming acts, or indeed at any time, a secret could have been kept among thirty or forty. And if they had killed poor Harrowby — in whose house I have been five hundred times, at dinners and parties his wife is one of ‘the Exquisites’ — and t’other fellows, what end would it have answered? ‘They understand these things better in France’, as Yorick says, but really, if these sort of awkward butchers are to get the upper hand, I for one will declare off. I have always been (before you were, as you well know) a well-wisher to, and voter for reform in parliament but ‘such fellows as these, who will never go to the gallows with any credit’ … and make one doubt of the virtue of any principle or politics which can be embraced by similar ragamuffins. I know that revolutions are not to be made with rose water, but though some blood may, and must be shed on such occasions, there is no reason it should be clotted in short, the Radicals seem to be no better than Jack Cade or Wat Tyler, and to be dealt with accordingly.

They were. Archive.org has the free text of An authentic history of the Cato-Street conspiracy with the trials at large of the conspirators, for high treason and murder a description of their weapons and combustible machines, and every particular connected with the rise, progress, discovery, and termination of the horrid plot. With portraits of the conspirators, taken during their trials, by permission, and other engravings.

Here’s a topical YouTube mashup combining the stylings of the band Cato Street Conspiracy with video of a different executed conspirator against the English government.

* “The men died like heroes. Ings, perhaps, was too obstreperous in singing ‘Death or Liberty’, and Thistlewood said, ‘Be quiet, Ings we can die without all this noise.'”


Kyk die video: How Credit Growth And Liquidity Drive Todays Economy With Richard Duncan, Complete Version