15 Mei 2011 Nakba -dag - wat gebeur het en wat dit beteken - geskiedenis

15 Mei 2011 Nakba -dag - wat gebeur het en wat dit beteken - geskiedenis



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'N Daaglikse analise
Deur Marc Schulman

15 Mei 2011 Nakba-dag- wat het gebeur en wat dit beteken

Vandag, 15 Mei, was "Nakba -dag", die dag waarop die Arabiere herdenk, wat vir hulle 'die groot ramp' was, die skepping van die staat Israel. Alhoewel 'n mens die feit kan aanvaar dat die skepping van die staat Israel inderdaad 'n slegte dag vir hulle was, moet iemand ook daaraan herinner dat dit nie die moeite werd is om te luister nie. As die Palestyne die VN -verdelingsplan sou aanvaar het, kon 60 jaar van bloedvergieting, vlugtelinge en alles wat gebeur het, vermy gewees het. 15 Mei kon 'n dag van gesamentlike viering gewees het; aan die einde van die Britse koloniale mandaat. Maar ek dink dit was nie ons gesamentlike lot nie.

Dit was hul besluit, nie ons s'n nie, om die VN -oplossing teë te staan. Elke keer as u debatte of besprekings voer oor die regte en onregte van die Palestina-Israeliese konflik, let op dat die somtotaal van al die foute wat Israel deur die jare gemaak het, bleek is in vergelyking met hierdie aanvanklike fout wat die Palestyne gemaak het. Verder is die kern van die Palestina-Israeliese konflik tot vandag toe die versuim om die VN-plan te aanvaar. Die afgelope 20 jaar van vredespogings het uiteindelik misluk weens die onwilligheid van die Palestyne om die plan te aanvaar. 'N Paar aan die Joodse kant is ewe skuldig, maar hulle is 'n duidelike minderheid. Die opposisie aan die Palestynse kant is 'n baie groter probleem. Kom ons hoop dat dit nie meer as 62 jaar sal duur voordat beide groepe die plan aanvaar wat in 1947 reg was nie. Dit is hierdie oorspronklike plan, met enkele wysigings wat die enigste lewensvatbare plan is om die konflik te beëindig.

Vandag het ons 'n poging van president Assad, saam met sy ondersteuners van Hizbollah en Hamas, gesien om die belangstelling van die wêreld af te lei van sy slagting van sy mense en na gebeure in Israel. In 'n beweging wat deur die Siriese regime georkestreer is, is 'n busvrag Palestyne na die grens by Majdal Shams gebring. Hulle het deur 'n taamlik patetiese grensheining gebreek en die Druze -dorpie daar binnegegaan. Die bevelvoerder van die Israeliese weermag op die toneel, wat verbaas was oor die optrede (die Israeliese weermag verwag iets soortgelyks by Qunetra, en ook in die Golanhoogte), beveel mense verstandig om nie dodelike geweld te gebruik nie, en om die rots toe te laat betogers om die grens oor te steek. As gevolg hiervan is slegs twee dood, in plaas van die honderde, waarop ek glo Assad gehoop het. Die Israeliese magte was bekommerd dat daar 'n poging sou wees om Israeliese soldate te ontvoer. Hulle moes dus duidelik op hul hoede wees en 'n mate van krag uitoefen. Die Druze inwoners het gewerk om hierdie betogers te laat vertrek en na Sirië terug te keer. Die burgemeester van die Druze dorp het dit baie duidelik gemaak dat hy dink dat dit 'n provokasie van Assad is. Die burgemeester het verder gesê dat die Arabiese volk dit sal deurkyk. Dit was een van die sterkste veroordelings van Assad deur 'n Druze leier op die Golan, 'n groep wat ywerig probeer het om neutraal te bly in die voortgesette geweld in Sirië.

Soortgelyke pogings is aan die Libanese grens aangewend. Die Libanese weermag het die betogers probeer keer. Dit lyk asof die Libanese wat vermoor is, deur die Libanese weermag vermoor is en nie deur die IDF nie- ondanks bewerings dat Israel op hulle geskiet het. Daar was 'n soortgelyke poging uit Gaza, maar die Egiptiese weermag het geen Egiptiese betogers uit Egipte toegelaat nie. As gevolg hiervan was betogings in die Suide beperk. Daar was ook 'n beperkte aantal probleme op die Wesbank. Die enigste belangrike kontakpunt was die Kalandia -kontrolepunt tussen Ramallah en Jerusalem; 'n gereelde konflikpunt. Die Palestynse Owerheid het nie toegelaat dat betogers van ander dele van die Wesbank daarheen kom nie. Die groter vraag is wat gebeur as die Palestynse en die Arabiese wêreld hierdie tipe optrede in groter getalle uitbrei?

Laastens was daar vandag 'n terreuraanval in Tel Aviv. 'N Israeliese Arabier het sy vragmotor as 'n wapen gebruik om ander motors aan te val en een Israeli doodgemaak. Hierdie aand het die nuus gekom dat die bestuurder pas teruggekom het uit Saoedi -Arabië. Die bestuurder beweer dat sy optrede heeltemal 'n ongeluk was.


Betogers op die Nakba -dag beskuldig Israel se grens 8 dood

U moet u pet vir Israel se vyande kantel. Hulle weet presies hoe om die Joodse staat in 'n onmoontlike posisie te plaas, terwyl dit laat blyk dat Israel skuldig is aan ernstige menseregteskendings.

Byvoorbeeld, honderde betogers uit Sirië en Libanon, wat op die grens met Israel byeengekom het, het aanvalle teen Israeliese soldate uitgevoer wat hulle geen ander opsie gegee het as om te skiet nie. Agt betogers is dood en Israel het nog 'n nagmerrie in openbare betrekkinge.

Haaretz:

Na berig word, is vier mense doodgeskiet deur die Israeliese weermag se troepe toe hulle op 'n groot aantal infiltreerders losgebrand het wat probeer het om die suidelike grens van Israel met Israel te breek. Daar word gesê dat nog vier mense aan die Libanese kant van sy gedeelde grens met Israel vermoor is, as Palestynse protesoptogte vir die jaarlikse Nakba -dag. wat rou oor die stigting van die staat Israel, het regoor die streek posgevat.

In Majdal Shams, wat langs die grens tussen Israel en Sirië loop, het talle Palestynse vlugtelinge uit Sirië die stad ingestroom. Die Magen David Adom -reddingsdiens het gesê dat ongeveer 'n dosyn ander gewond is. Die Israeliese weermag het bevestig dat daar op infiltreerders losgebrand kan word.

Ongeveer 70 mense, die meeste van hulle Palestynse vlugtelinge, het volgens plaaslike inwoners daarin geslaag om die grens oor te steek. Aanvanklike verslae het die aantal infiltrators in honderde getel.

"Soos dit aan my gerapporteer is, het hulle deur die heining gebreek," het Dolan Abu Salah, die burgemeester van Majdal Shams, aan Army Radio gesê.

[. ]

Deur Palestynse vlae te dra en te sing, wil ons ons land teruggee, en duisende Palestyne het probeer om die elektriese heining te benader wat Libanon van Israel skei, maar die Libanese weermag het in die lug geskiet en die skare beveel om terug te keer na die byeenkoms.

Die betogers het die Libanese troepe met klippe bestook terwyl hulle gesukkel het om hulle van die heining af te weer.

Maar ongeveer 50 betogers het daarin geslaag om die heining te bereik en begin klippe gooi na die Israeliese soldate aan die ander kant van die heining, wat die IDF -troepe aangespoor het om koeëls en traangas op die betogers af te vuur.

Tot dusver het ons net een kant van die saak - die Palestynse kant. Israeliese soldate is goed opgelei en kan nie op burgerlikes losbrand nie, tensy hulle op die een of ander manier bedreig voel. Dit sal interessant wees om die Israeliese kant van die storie te hoor, wat sekerlik verlore gaan of geïgnoreer sal word in die dekking van al die "onbetwiste" Palestyne wat net hul land wil terugkry.

U moet u pet vir Israel se vyande kantel. Hulle weet presies hoe om die Joodse staat in 'n onmoontlike posisie te plaas, terwyl dit laat blyk dat Israel skuldig is aan ernstige menseregteskendings.

Byvoorbeeld, honderde betogers uit Sirië en Libanon, wat op die grens met Israel byeengekom het, het aanvalle teen Israeliese soldate uitgevoer wat hulle geen ander opsie gegee het as om te skiet nie. Agt betogers is dood en Israel het nog 'n nagmerrie in openbare betrekkinge.

Haaretz:

Na berig word, is vier mense doodgeskiet deur die Israeliese weermag se troepe toe hulle op 'n groot aantal infiltreerders losgebrand het wat probeer het om die suidelike grens van Israel met Israel te breek. Daar word gesê dat nog vier mense aan die Libanese kant van sy gedeelde grens met Israel vermoor is, as Palestynse protesoptogte vir die jaarlikse Nakba -dag. wat rou oor die stigting van die staat Israel, het regoor die streek posgevat.

In Majdal Shams, wat langs die grens tussen Israel en Sirië loop, het talle Palestynse vlugtelinge uit Sirië die stad ingestroom. Die Magen David Adom -reddingsdiens het gesê dat ongeveer 'n dosyn ander gewond is. Die Israeliese weermag het bevestig dat daar op infiltreerders losgebrand kan word.

Ongeveer 70 mense, die meeste van hulle Palestynse vlugtelinge, het volgens plaaslike inwoners daarin geslaag om die grens oor te steek. Aanvanklike verslae het die aantal infiltrators in honderde getel.

"Soos dit aan my gerapporteer is, het hulle deur die heining gebreek," het Dolan Abu Salah, die burgemeester van Majdal Shams, aan Army Radio gesê.

[. ]

Deur Palestynse vlae te dra en te sing, wil ons ons land teruggee, en duisende Palestyne het probeer om die elektriese heining te benader wat Libanon van Israel skei, maar die Libanese weermag het in die lug geskiet en die skare beveel om terug te keer na die byeenkoms.

Die betogers het die Libanese troepe met klippe bestook terwyl hulle gesukkel het om hulle van die heining af te weer.

Maar ongeveer 50 betogers het daarin geslaag om die heining te bereik en begin klippe gooi na die Israeliese soldate aan die ander kant van die heining, wat die IDF -troepe aangespoor het om koeëls en traangas op die betogers af te vuur.

Tot dusver het ons net een kant van die saak - die Palestynse kant. Israeliese soldate is goed opgelei en kan nie op burgerlikes losbrand nie, tensy hulle op die een of ander manier bedreig voel. Dit sal interessant wees om die Israeliese kant van die storie te hoor, wat sekerlik verlore of geïgnoreer sal word in die dekking van al die "onbetwiste" Palestyne wat net hul land wil terug.


NAKBA DAG - 15 Mei Profesie !!


Januarie
1/1 S Nuwejaarsdag
1/5 P Shivaratri (nag van die skepper/vernietiger van Shiva)
1/5 S twaalfde nag
1/6 P Dionysian Revels
1/6 P Kore gee geboorte/manifestasie van goddelikheid
1/6 S Epifanie
1/7 S St Winebald Day
1/9 S Volmaan
1/12 N geboorte van beide Rosenburg en Goering, nazi -leiers in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog
1/19 N Martin Luther King -dag
1/17 S Feast of Fools (Old Twelfth Night)/Sataniese en duiwelse onthullings
1/18 S Ou Epifanie
1/18-1/22 P Droomfees (Pleiades)
1/20 S St. Agnes Eve
1/21 S Nuwemaan
1/30 N Hitler aangewys as kanselier van Duitsland


Februarie
2/1 ­ 3 P Mysteries of Persephone/Imbolc (Druid Earth Mother)
2/2 S Kersfees (Imbolc)
2/6 S Volmaan
2/12 S Lincoln se verjaardag
2/13 S Vrydag die dertiende
2/14 S N Valentynsdag
2/15 P Lupercalia (sy-wolfmoeder van Romulus en Remus: vereering van Pan)
2/16 S Presidentsdag
2/22 S Washington se verjaardag
2/ 21-22 P Feralia/ Terminalia (Roman All Souls/ grensdag)
2/20 S Nuwe maan
2/24 S N Shrove Tuesday (Mardi Gras)
2/25 S N Aswoensdag (begin van Lent)
2/29 S Skrikkeljaar
Maart
3/1 S St. Eichatadt
3/6 S Volmaan
3/9 P fees van Ishtar (Astarte, Aphrodite, Venus)
3/15 P Ides of March: Rites of Cybele & Attis (begin met twaalf dae dood en opstandingsritueel)
3/7 N Purim begin
3/17 S St Patrick's Day
3/18 SP Sheila-na-gig (Sheelah ¹s Day, Sheelahis Day: Celtic Creatress): Jacques De Molay Day (Tempeliers)
3/20 S Nuwemaan
3/20 S N Spring Equinox
3/20-22 P Pelusia, aanroeping van Isis (Hindi) Holi/Tubulustrum Romeinse suiwering/Shab-i-barat. Nag van vergifnis (Islam)
3/24 SP Fees van die dier/¹Bruid van Satan '/Fees van Priapus/Fees van Isis)
April
4/1 S April Fools Day
4/4 S Palmsondag
4/5 S Volmaan
4/6 S N Pasga begin
4/8 S Dag van die Meesters
4/8 N Maundy Thursday
4/9 S N Goeie Vrydag
4/11 S N Paasfees
4/13 S N Laaste dag van die pasga
4/19 S Nuwemaan
4/22-29 S Voorbereiding vir opoffering in sommige sataniese sektes (derde week van April)
4/19 S Gedeeltelike sonsverduistering in suidelike Afrika
4/20 N Hitler se verjaardag
4/24 S Markusaand
4/26-5/1 P Corpus de Baahl
4/29 S N Walpurgisnacht (May Eve)
4/30-5/5 S Grand Climax/Da Meur/Beltane
4/30 N herdenking van Hitler se dood


Nakba Sondag by Maroun al Ras

Maroun al Ras is 'n pragtige Libanese dorpie op 'n heuwel op die grens met Palestina. 63 jaar gelede het sy dorpsbewoners vandag hul ligte opgehef om etnies gesuiwerde Palestyne te verwelkom, wat deel was van die ongeveer 129 000 van 531 dorpe wat deur Sioniste geplunder en verwoes is en tydelike skuiling in Libanon gesoek het. 'N Soortgelyke aantal Palestynse verdrevenes het Sirië 'n paar kilometer na die Weste binnegekom en nog 'n halfmiljoen is na Jordanië en Gaza gedwing.

Op Nakba (“Catastrophe ”), Sondag 15 Mei 2011, verwelkom Maroun al Ras ongeveer 27 persent van alle Palestynse vlugtelinge in Libanon, hierdie keer uit die teenoorgestelde rigting terug na hul huise in Palestina. Palestyne in Libanon tel nou ongeveer 248,000, van wie ongeveer die helfte in 12 skelm kampe woon en net soveel as 8220 byeenkomste, hoewel 423,000 steeds by UNWRA geregistreer is.

Die verskil in getalle word verklaar deur die feit dat Palestynse vlugtelinge uit Libanon, sonder enige van die mees elementêre burgerregte, (in stryd met die toestande in enige van die ander 45 kampe in die Midde -Ooste en in stryd met die internasionale reg sowel as Die Grondwet van Libanon en tweesydige en multilaterale ooreenkomste,) is geneig om Libanon te verlaat om werk, ordentlike behuising en 'n beter lewe te soek wanneer hulle 'n visum na Europa of elders kan kry.

Vir die meerderheid van die meer as 72 000 (sommige skattings is vanoggend meer as 100 000 omdat baie vlugtelinge en ondersteuners onafhanklik suid gereis het en nie geregistreer of gebruik gemaak het van vervoer nie) wat in meer as 1200 busse en bestelwagens aangekom het, en baie te voet, uit al die kampe en in die uithoeke van Libanon, was dit die eerste keer dat hulle hul land gesien het. Die Libanon -wet het lankal verhoed dat Palestyne naby die blou lyn kom om selfs na hul gesteelde huise en gronde te kyk of om die Litanirivier noord van Tirus oor te steek. Hierdie jaar het die Libanese owerhede slegs een dag teësinnig besluit om nie in te meng met hierdie strewe na menseregte nie.

Vir die tieners in die stampvol bus waarmee ek vanuit Shatila-kamp gery het, het hulle oor hul ouers en grootouers se verhale en beskrywings van Palestina op die internet gepraat.

? Toe ons Maroun al Ras nader, was sommige angstig, ander stil en weerkaatsend, en sommige, soos baie tieners uit my generasie wat die Beatles of Elvis wou sien, was woelig en skreeuend terwyl die bus 'n draai in die pad suid van Aitayoun afrond. en ons kyk na die heuwels wat nader kom. “ Is dit my land Palestina daar?, ” Ahmad, 'n gegradueerde in ingenieurswese wat in die kamp Shatila gebore is. “Nam Habibi! ” (“Ja Beste! ”) kom die antwoord uit die mikrofoon van ons “bus -moeder en gryp haar knipbord vas en kyk na die name om haar kudde by te hou. Hierdie bus het skynbaar opgeblaas met delirium terwyl ons almal glimlag en skree. Sommige van die passasiers het bordjies voorberei wat lui: “Mense wil na Palestina terugkeer, ” geïnspireer miskien deur die slagspreuk wat bekend gemaak is in Egipte en Tunisië, “Mense wil die val van die regime hê. ”

Die esprit herinner aan 'n Mississippi -vryheidsrit wat James Farmer van CORE ons vertel het, en ek het aan Ben Gurion gedink dat die ou mense sal sterf en dat die jonges Palestina sal vergeet. Die Sionistiese leier kon nie meer verkeerd gewees het nie. Die ou mense, baie wat nog steeds lewensnoodsaaklik is, en diegene wat hierdie lewe verlaat het, onderrig en inspireer die jongmense uit hul nog onthoude verhale, en verseker dat die droom van elke Palestyn nooit sal sterf nie.

Die organiseerders van die kampe het hulle uitstekend van hul taak gekwyt, maar niemand kon die groot getal verwag het wat sou deelneem aan hierdie werklik historiese en waarskynlik streekveranderende geleentheid nie.

Al die Palestynse organisasies en faksies was verenig vir hierdie projek.

Hezbollah het 'n lae profiel gehou om die fokus op die Nakba te behou. Toe die organiseerders egter verlede week 'n tekort aan busse ontdek, het Hezbollah gereël vir meer, selfs uit Syrië wat self gister meer as 800 busse gebruik het om Palestyne uit Sirië se 10 Palestynse kampe, insluitend Yarmouk, na die Siriese Golan -grens te neem. met die besette Palestina.

Op sekere punte langs die smal en kronkelende dorpsweë in Suid -Libanon sou die konvooi stilstaan ​​en Hezbollah -lede verskyn en bottels water, vars croissants en groot sjokoladekoekies versprei. Hulle het ook verkeersbeheer gedoen en het burgerlike verdediging en mediese dienste gelewer indien nodig. 'N Mens verbeel jou dat dit hulle ouens is wat die nuwe padtekens regdeur die Suide opgerig het wat die afstand na Palestina wys met 'n pyl wat na Jerusalem wys. Elke keer as die busse by een van die bordjies wat in Arabies en Engels staan, byvoorbeeld, “ Palestina: 23 km ”, verbysteek, sou ons bus juig.

Die Mabarat -liefdadigheid, gestig deur wyle geleerde Mohammad Hussein Fadallah, afkomstig van die dorpie Bint Jbeil naby Maron al Ras, en wat liefdadigheidsorganisasies verskeie vulstasies bedryf, waarvan die opbrengs weeskinders ondersteun, het gas op Nakba -dag vir honderde gas afslag gegee. busse en bakkies.

Dit is moeilik om die kameraadskap, emosie en blote krag van die gebeurtenis te oordryf. Hulle het hul verbintenis hernu en die wêreld 'n boodskap gestuur dat hulle vasbeslote is om na hul land terug te keer, ongeag die opofferings wat vereis word. Vir sommige wat Palestina besoek het, insluitend sommige van diegene wat uit hul huise en uit hul lande gedwing is, het dit 63 jaar gelede amper 'n heilige en godsdienstige daad gelyk.

Een man, wat blykbaar in sy 80's was, het nie ver van my af gestaan ​​nie en kyk na sy gesteelde grond naby Akka, in die verte gesien. Skielik sak hy op die grond neer. Twee van ons lig sy bene op en probeer om hom gemaklik te maak op die klipperige grond totdat noodhulp opgedaag het.

My beste vriend in die Shatila -kamp, ​​Zeinab Hajj, wie se pa as kind uit sy dorpie Amouka naby Safad gestap het, staar na Safad, ook in die verte sigbaar. Trane loop oor Zeinabs se wange toe sy na haar dorpie kyk. Dit was 'n algemene gesig onder oud en jonk. Selfs kleuters wie se ouers wou hê dat hulle moes getuig en deel was van hierdie historiese dag, het blykbaar die plegtigheid en belangrikheid daarvan begryp.

Vir die groot Amerikaanse kontingent en ander internasionale gaste was dit 'n majestueuse en gekoesterde ervaring om die Nakba -dag 2011 by Maroun al Ras te vier.

Maar soos die wêreld gou geleer het, is 10 Palestyne deur Israeliese skerpskutters vermoor en meer as 120 gewond, sommige kritiek. Nie een van die betogers het wapens gehad nie. Die vermoorde was almal burgerlikes uit die kampe en koelbloedig geskiet terwyl hulle gewelddadig Palestynse vlae by die heining geplaas het en die vredes- en oorwinningsteken gegee het. Nadat Israeliese troepe op hulle losgebrand het, het sommige klippe na die soldate gegooi.

Gelukkig is sommige lewens gered deur 'n veldhospitaal verbonde aan die groep, die Martyr Salah Ghandour -hospitaal, van die nabygeleë Bint Jbeil.

Intussen het Libanon 'n klag teen Israel ingedien by die VN se Veiligheidsraad waarin 'n beroep op die Veiligheidsraad gedoen word om Israel te druk om sy vyandige en uitlokkende beleid teen Libanon te stop en dit aanspreeklik te hou vir die moord op burgerlikes.

Hezbollah se sekretaris-generaal Hassas Nassrallah het vanoggend die Palestyne van Libanon geprys toe hy sy interpretasie van die Nakba-dag 2011 verduidelik: 'U aanvaar nie 'n ander vaderland as Palestina nie, en laat niemand dus die naturalisasie in Libanon vrees nie, want u vaste besluit is om terug te keer. U harde en duidelike boodskap aan die vyand is dat u vasbeslote is om die land te bevry, ongeag die opofferings, en die lot van hierdie entiteit (vyand) is ondergang en dat geen inisiatiewe, verdrae of grense dit sal beskerm nie. U terugkeer na Palestina is 'n onvervreembare reg, en die besef daarvan het nader gekom as enige ander tyd. “

Die woorde van Hassan Nassrallah vereis dat die volgende parlement in Libanon, met die volle, aktiewe, direkte en ondubbelsinnige steun van Hezbollah, onmiddellik die rassistiese en diskriminerende wet van 2001 wat die eienaarskap van huiseienaarskap vir Palestyne in Libanon verbied, onmiddellik herroep en dat die Palestyne in Libanon onmiddellik onmiddellik herroep word kry die reg om te werk net soos alle vlugtelinge wêreldwyd doen en alle buitelanders in Libanon dit geniet.

Daar mag geen weerstand meer wees dat Palestyne die elementêre reg op werk en 'n huis besit nie. Gister het die Palestyne in Maroun al Ras in Libanon weer die reg verdien om waardig te lewe en vir hul gesinne te sorg totdat hulle terugkeer. Terwyl die Palestyne hul stryd om elementêre burgerregte hier in die onmenslike kampe van Libanon voortsit, word hulle en die advokate bemoedig deur die woorde van Hassan Nassrallah van 'n paar uur gelede:? ” Ons is by u en aan u sy. Ons is bly vir u geluk en hartseer vir u hartseer, ons dra dieselfde hoop en pyn saam met u, en gaan saam voort op die pad van weerstand, sodat ons ons oorwinnings kan voortsit en al ons land en heilighede kan bevry.

Hopelik sal Palestynse vlugtelinge uit Libanon na 63 jaar in Libanon internasionale burgerregte kry.


Herdenking

Reeds in 1949, een jaar na die stigting van die staat Israel, is 15 Mei in verskeie stede op die Wesbank (onder Jordaniese bewind) gekenmerk deur betogings, stakings, die opheffing van swart vlae en besoeke aan die grafte van mense wat tydens die dood gesterf is die oorlog van 1948. Hierdie geleenthede is gereël deur werkers- en studenteverenigings, kultuur- en sportklubs, verkenningsklubs, vlugtelingkomitees en die Moslem -broederskap. Volgens die skrywer Tamir Sorek het die sprekers tydens hierdie byeenkomste die skuld vir die Arabiese regerings en die Arabiese Liga gegee omdat hulle nie daarin kon slaag om Palestina te red nie. Teen die laat vyftigerjare sou 15 Mei in die Arabiese wêreld bekend staan ​​as Palestina Day, wat deur die media in Arabiese en Moslemlande genoem word as 'n dag van internasionale solidariteit met Palestina. [13]

Herdenking van die Nakba deur Arabiese burgers van Israel

  • Amqa
  • Arabiese al-Samniyya
  • al-Bassa
  • al-Birwa
  • al-Damun
  • Dayr al-Qassi
  • al-Ghabisiyya
  • Iqrit
  • Iribbin
  • Jiddin
  • al-Kabri
  • Kafr 'Inan
  • Kuwaykat
  • al-Manshiyya
  • al-Mansura
  • Mi'ar
  • al-Nabi Rubin
  • al-Nahr
  • al-Ruways
  • Suhmata
  • al-Sumayriyya
  • Suruh
  • al-Tall
  • Tarbikha
  • Umm al-Faraj
  • az-Zeeb
  • Arabiese al-'Arida
  • al-Bira
  • Beisan
  • Danna
  • Farwana
  • al-Ghazzawiyya
  • Jabbul
  • Kawkab al-Hawa
  • Qumya
  • Sirin
  • al-Tira
  • Yubla
  • Arabiese Suqrir
  • Barbara
  • Barqa
  • al-Batani al-Sharqi
  • Bayt Daras
  • Bayt Jirja
  • Bayt Tima
  • Burayr
  • Dayr Sunayd
  • Dimra
  • al-Faluja
  • Hamama
  • Hatta
  • Hiribya
  • Huj
  • Ibdis
  • Irak al-Manshiyya
  • Irak Suwaydan
  • Isdud
  • al-Jiyya
  • Julis
  • al-Jura
  • Karatiyya
  • Kawfakha
  • Kawkaba
  • al-Masmiyya al-Kabira
  • al-Masmiyya al-Saghira
  • al-Muharraqa
  • Najd
  • Qastina
  • al-Sawafir al-Shamaliyya
  • Simsim
  • Summil
  • Lang al-Turmus
  • Yasur
  • Abu Zurayq
  • Arabiese al-Fuqara
  • Ayn Ghazal
  • Ayn Hawd
  • Balad al-Sjeik
  • Daliyat al-Rawha '
  • Hawsha
  • Ijzim
  • al-Jalama
  • Kafr Lam
  • Khubbayza
  • al-Mansi
  • Naghnaghiya
  • Qamun
  • Qannir
  • Qira
  • Qisarya
  • Qumbaza
  • Sabbarin
  • al-Sarafand
  • Khirbat al-Sarkas
  • al-Sindiyana
  • al-Tantura
  • al-Tira
  • Wadi Ara
  • 'Ajjur
  • Bayt Jibrin
  • Bayt Nattif
  • al-Dawayima
  • Deir al-Dubban
  • Dayr Nakhkhas
  • Kudna
  • al-Qubayba
  • Ra'na
  • Vertel es-Safi
  • az-Zakariyya
  • Zayta
  • Zikrin
  • al-'Abbasiyya
  • Abu Kabir
  • Abu Kishk
  • Bayt Dajan
  • Biyar 'Adas
  • Fajja
  • al-Haram
  • Ijlil al-Qibliyya
  • Ijlil al-Shamaliyya
  • Jarisha
  • Kafr 'Ana
  • al-Khayriyya
  • al-Mirr
  • Rantiya
  • Salama
  • Saqiya
  • al-Shaykh Muwannis
  • Yazur
  • Allar
  • Artuf
  • Bayt 'Itab
  • Bayt Naqquba
  • Dayr al-Shaykh
  • Deir Yassin
  • Ayn Karim
  • Ishwa
  • Islin
  • Jarash
  • Lifta
  • al-Maliha
  • al-Qabu
  • Qalunya
  • al-Qastal
  • Sar'a
  • Saris
  • Sataf
  • Sjeik Badr
  • Suba
  • al-Walaja
  • Abu al-Fadl
  • Abu Shusha
  • Aqir
  • Barfiliya
  • Onbeskof
  • Bayt Jiz
  • Bayt Nabala
  • Bayt Susin
  • Dayr Ayyub
  • Idnibba
  • Jimzu
  • Kharruba
  • Khulda
  • al-Latrun
  • Lydda
  • Majdal Yaba
  • al-Muzayri'a
  • al-Nabi Rubin
  • Qatra
  • Qazaza
  • Qula
  • Ramla
  • Sajad
  • Salbit
  • Sarafand al-Amar
  • Shahma
  • al-Tira
  • Yibna
  • Abil al-Qamh
  • 'Akbara
  • Alma
  • Ammuqa
  • Arabiese al-Shamalina
  • Arabiese al-Zubayd
  • Ayn al-Zaytun
  • Biriyya
  • al-Butayha
  • al-Buwayziyya
  • Dallata
  • Dayshum
  • al-Dirdara
  • al-Farradiyya
  • Vir hulle
  • Ghabbatiyya
  • Harrawi
  • Hunin
  • al-Husayniyya
  • Jahula
  • al-Ja'una
  • Jubb Yusuf
  • Kafr Bir'im
  • al-Khalisa
  • al-Khisas
  • Khiyam al-Walid
  • Lazzaza
  • Madahil
  • Al-Malkiyya
  • Mallaha
  • al-Mansura
  • Marus
  • Meiron
  • al-Nabi Yusha '
  • al-Na'ima
  • Kadas
  • Qaddita
  • Safsaf
  • Saliha
  • al-Salihiyya
  • Sa'sa '
  • Tulayl
  • al-Wayziyya
  • Awlam
  • Hadatha
  • al-Hamma
  • Hittin
  • Kafr Sabt
  • Lubya
  • al-Majdal
  • Nasir al-Din
  • Nimrin
  • Samakh
  • al-Shajara
  • al-Tabigha
  • Wadi Hamam
  • Khirbat al-Wa'ra al-Sawda '
  • Yaquq
  • Op foto's: protesoptredes van 'Catastrophe Day', BBC News
  • nakba - Daaglikse nuus en stryd uit die Palestynse gebied, Nakba -nuus

Die somer is op pad

Dit was die oomblik waarvoor ons almal al dekades lank asem opgehou het - vir presies 63 jaar. Palestyne het oral die ontvouende toneel dopgehou en ontstel. Die kamera het die bewegings gevolg van 'n klein groepie mense wat uit die massa betogers gevorder het. Hulle was versigtig op pad teen 'n heuwel in die rigting van die hoë heining wat die gemynde veld afsluit wat Sirië skei van sy eie besette gebied van die Golan wat grens aan die historiese Palestina, nou Israel.

Hulle was meestal jong Palestyne, afkomstig uit die meer as 470 000 vlugtelinge in Sirië: uit Yarmouk-vlugtelingkamp in Damaskus, uit Khan el-Sheikh-kamp daarbuite, uit Deraa- en Homs-vlugtelingkampe in die suide, uit Palestynse byeenkomste regoor die land .

Stadig, en ten spyte van die geskreeu waarskuwings van die dorpenaars uit Majdal Shams oor die dodelike myne wat die Israeliese weermag tot by die heining geïnstalleer het, het hierdie merkwaardige gewone jongmense - Palestynse vlugtelinge - begin om te klim en na die heining te stoot. Ons sou huis toe gaan.

Dit was 'n baie revolusionêre oomblik, want hierdie honderde jongmense wat Majdal Shams binnekom het verlede Sondag die privaat hart van elke Palestynse burger, wat sedert 1948 elke dag in die noodkrisis van 'n katastrofe geleef het, openbaar gemaak. Wag, en sukkel, en organiseer net vir twee dinge: bevryding en terugkeer.

Wat het hierdie oomblik en ander daarvan in die hele gebied so radikaal gemaak in gebare, demokraties van doel en universeel in opset? Dit het die hele wêreld skielik van aangesig tot aangesig gebring met die intieme en onmiddellike in die menslike stryd om vryheid van elke Palestyn, of dit nou vlugtelinge is of nie. Drie en sestig jaar gelede is die hele politieke liggaam van die mense van Palestina gewelddadig vernietig en versprei. Alle Palestyne, hetsy as vlugtelinge of nie, deel die verskriklike geskiedenis - dit is wat ons verenig.

Dit is die gedeelde ervaring wat ons elke jaar op Nakba-dag herdenk: die jarelange verdrywing van honderdduisende Palestyne wat in 1947 begin het en reguit deur 1948 tot in die verskriklike sneeustormwinter van 1949 voortgesit het, wat tot dusver die wêreld se grootste is. vlugtelinge bevolking.

Sondag is hierdie oomblik van terugkeer gelyktydig uitgevaardig in Haifa en onder Palestyne wat ontheemd was binne Israel, op die grense van Libanon, Egipte, Jordanië en Gaza, in die Wes -oewer naby die vlugtelingkamp Qalandia - waar ook al die meer as 7 miljoen staatlose Palestyne vlugtelinge woon nou, baie naby hul oorspronklike dorpe en dorpe. Net buite sig, oor die heuwel, oor die grens.

Hierdie basiese onreg moet nog aangespreek word deur enige van die skemas wat tans op die tafel is om die Palestynse kwessie op te los. Want dit gaan nie oor die versoening van politieke partye, die soeke na 'n staat of die totstandkoming van twee, onderhandelinge of die gebrek daaraan nie, die uitstoot van 'n derde van ons mense oor die ontbreek van die res.

Wat Sondag gebeur het, was inderdaad nie die plan van Salam Fayyad, die premier van die Palestynse Owerheid nie, en ook nie die van Fatah of Hamas nie, dit was beslis nie die Amerikaanse, Europese of Israeliese plan vir die hantering van die Palestynse volk nie. Net soos die res van die Arabiese mense wat hul lot in eie hande geneem het - en sodoende vir die res van die wêreld lesse en modelle in die betekenis van demokrasie en burgerskap aan die res van die wêreld verskaf het - het die Palestyne dit nogal perfek bewys en met groot moed, wat dit is om volkome mens te wees, en hoe om vas te hou aan die mensdom ten spyte van meer as ses dekades van gewelddadige onderdrukking.

Aktiviste wat in Majdal Shams woon, het dit nie verwag nie en was heeltemal verbaas toe hulle sien hoe die dosyne busse aan die ander kant van die vallei ry. Baie van hierdie jong Palestynse vlugtelinge, meestal universiteitstudente, wat grootliks telefonies en internet georganiseer is, ken mekaar nie eens nie.

Hulle weet beslis nie wat met hulle gaan gebeur nie. Israeliese soldate het lewendige ammunisie afgevuur op die betogers, wat slegs gewapen was met die dade van hul eiendom, of verouderde foto's van hul ouers en#8217 plase. Een jong man het sy ouma in sy arms gedra.

Qais Abu Alheija (van Houd, distrik Haifa), Bashar Ali Shahabi (van Lubya, distrik Tiberias), Samer Khartabeel (van die stad Tiberias), Abadah Zaghmout (van die dorp Safsaf, distrik Haifa - 'n poging om sy lewe te red in die kliniek van Golan vir ontwikkeling in Majdal Shams misluk): almal is Sondag dood in die Golan, huis toe gestap. Die Palestynse lente het beslis aangebreek: dit is net die begin, en die somer is op pad.


11 Mei 2011

Alain Gresh oor Palestynse versoening

Van Le Monde Diplomatique, 3 Mei 2011. Vertaalmyn.

Op Woensdag 4 Mei kom verteenwoordigers van dertien Palestynse faksies in Kaïro byeen om die ooreenkoms te onderteken wat hulle bereik het. Hierdie seremonie volg op 'n verstandhouding wat 'n paar dae gelede bereik is tussen Hamas en Fatah, onder leiding van Egipte.

Die teks maak voorsiening vir die vorming van 'n regering van tegnokrate of onafhanklikes, die hou van presidents- en wetgewende verkiesings binne 'n jaar, die hervorming van die Palestina Liberation Organization (PLO) en 'n oplossing vir die verdeling van die veiligheidsmagte. Volgens die Oslo-ooreenkomste, is die PLO en dit alleen die bevoegdheid om vredesgesprekke met die Israeliese regering te voer (lees & quot; Palestynse faksies teken versoeningskontrak, & quot Al-Jazeera, 3 Mei)

Hierdie teks sal ongetwyfeld die veldtog van die Palestynse Owerheid bevorder vir erkenning deur die Algemene Vergadering van die VN van 'n onafhanklike Palestynse staat aan die grense van 1967, met Oos -Jerusalem as hoofstad. Om hierdie rede het dit 'n onmiddellike verwerping van die Israeliete ontlok - wat reeds begin het om vergeldingsmaatreëls te tref, insluitend die betaling van belasting wat hulle namens die Palestynse Owerheid invorder - en 'n baie koue ontvangs van die Amerikaanse administrasie ontvang het. Dit is nog onduidelik hoe dit geïmplementeer sal word, maar die teks weerspieël die ingrypende veranderinge wat die streek beïnvloed.

Die ooreenkoms tussen Fatah en Hamas het almal wat al jare lank kyk hoe die twee partye onderhandel sonder sukses verbaas. Die redes vir hierdie ooreenkoms is talle, sommige het betrekking op die Palestynse situasie, ander op streeksontwikkelings, veral veranderinge in Egipte.

Die motivering vir Fatah en Hamas

Sedert die rewolusies in die Arabiese wêreld het albei partye die opkoms van 'n werklike, indien beperk, protesbeweging in die gesig gestaar. Hier was die doel nie "die val van die regime" nie, maar "die val (dit wil sê die einde) van die afdeling." Beide reageer met 'n mengsel van druk en onderdrukking, maar ook deur die algemene eise te stel.

Meer algemeen is die twee organisasies in 'n strategiese dooiepunt. Die vredesproses is dood, en die hele Fatah/PA -onderhandelingsbeleid is deur die Israeliese regering sterk verwerp. Net so, Hamas, wat praat van verset, maar in die praktyk poog om 'n skietstilstand met Israel te handhaaf en dit selfs op ander Palestynse faksies af te dwing.

Die frustrasie van Mahmoud Abbas word goed geïllustreer deur die artikel in die Newsweek (Dan Ephron, 24 April) & quotThe Wrath of Abbas. & Quot; veral noem hy sy gesprek met Barack Obama, wat hom gevra het om die konsep uit die bespreking in die VN se Veiligheidsraad te onttrek. resolution condemning Israeli settlement. He denounced the pressure and even threats of U.S. President. Remember that this resolution was defeated by one vote (with veto power), the United States, against the votes of all fourteen other member states. It's also apparent that the Palestinian president had to take account of developments in Egypt - to which I'll return below.

Hamas is also struggling on the ground. In addition to the strategic stalemate, it faces Salafist groups, some linked to al-Qaida, which accuse Hamas of failing to resist and of not bringing about sufficient Islamization of society. On the other hand, the continued Israeli blockade and the daily difficulties of the population have partly undermined its strength in Gaza.

But other reasons, also related to the Arab Revolt, have pushed Hamas towards compromise. The demonstrations in Syria and their violent repression by the regime weaken one of their main allies, an ally which has hosted the external leadership of Hamas since its expulsion from Jordan. The fact that Sheikh Youssef Al-Qardhawi, one of the most popular preachers in Sunni Islam, who is seen as linked to the Muslim Brotherhood (from which Hamas is an offshoot), has strongly condemned Assad only lead the organization to distance itself, although it has denied any intention to settle elsewhere. (On the situation in Syria, read the article in Le Monde Diplomatique's May edition by Patrick Seale, "Fatal blindness of the al-Assad in Syria") . On the other hand, events in Bahrain and the violent anti-Shiite propaganda issuing from the Gulf countries, have exacerbated tensions between Shiites and Sunnis in the region. Hamas is not only part of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, but also receives some of its funding from wealthy Gulf businessmen, who do not have look at all favorably upon its alliance with Iran. Under these conditions, a reconciliation with Fatah and especially with Egypt is a necessity for Hamas.

Changes in Egypt

The agreement between Hamas and Fatah reflects above all the new Egyptian foreign policy. Cairo - without breaking with the U.S., and without jeopardizing the peace treaty with Israel - is extricating itself from the policy of submission to American and Israeli interests. Mubarak opposed unity between Fatah and Hamas, mainly because he feared the influence of the Muslim Brotherhood in his country. He saw Gaza as a security issue, and participated in its blockade. Now that the Muslim Brothers are preparing to participate in the September elections in Egypt, and perhaps even in government, such fears are no longer appropriate. Especially since the democratic climate in Egypt allows for stronger expressions of popular solidarity with the Palestinians and massive rejection of the blockade, which the government has to take into account.

The Egyptian foreign minister has insisted that the Rafah crossing point be opened, calling the Israeli blockade "shameful" (read "Egypt to throw open Rafah border crossing with Gaza", Ahram online, 29 April). Almost more important is the statement by Egyptian Chief of Staff Sami Anan,  who warned Israel against any attempt to interfere in Cairo's decision (Egypt warns Israel: Don't interfere with opening of Gaza border crossing, Haaretz, 30 April). Another Israeli source reported him saying: "The Israeli government must show restraint when it discusses peace talks. It must refrain from intervening in internal matters of Palestine". ("Egypt to open Rafah crossing", Y-Net, 29 April).

This turnaround is reflected in Egypt's relations with Iran, where there is talk of restoring diplomatic relations between the two countries. Tehran, like Damascus, has welcomed the inter-Palestinian agreement. "There's a new feeling in Egypt, that Egypt should be respected as a regional power," said an Egyptian specialist in international relations, quoted by David Kirkpatrick, "In Shift, Egypt Warms to Iran and Hamas, Israel's Foes", New York Times, April 28, 2011.


Nakba Day Refusing To Recognize The Nation State Of The Jewish People


by Sarah Ann Haves

This weekend, Israeli Arabs and Palestinians took to the streets to protest the existence of the state of Israel. Clashes with IDF forces resulted in deaths and injuries, as Israeli troops tried to quell the riots.

In an alleged terrorist attack on Israeli citizens in Tel Aviv, a truck driven by an Israeli Arab crashed into pedestrians and cars, killing one person and injuring more than a dozen others.

Clashes also occurred on the northern border with Syria and Lebanon, as Palestinians and Druze tried to cross into Israel, resulting in the deaths of several protestors. IDF forces also clashed with Palestinians in Gaza, in the West Bank, and in Jerusalem.

This weekend, Israeli Arabs and Palestinians took to the streets to protest the existence of the state of Israel.

Tens of thousands of Palestinians joined in protests throughout the world.

The occasion is Nakba Day, the day of &ldquocatastrophe&rdquo for Arab and Palestinian communities in the Middle East, who are protesting the League of Nations decision on May 15, 1948, to establish the modern state of Israel as a homeland for the Jewish people.

In a cabinet meeting this weekend, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated: &ldquoI regret that there are extremists among Israeli Arabs and in neighboring countries who have turned the day in which the State of Israel was established, the day on which the Israeli democracy was established, into a day of incitement, violence and rage. There is no place for this for denying the existence of the State of Israel No to extremism and no to violence. The opposite is true.&rdquo

For two years now, since Netanyahu became Prime Minister of the State of Israel for the second time in his political career, he has entreated the international community to recognize Israel as the nation state of the Jewish people. During his tenure, he has also spent much time laboring over the fact that Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas has not wanted to enter into direct negotiations with Israel, except during a brief period last year. Abbas has also been unwilling to recognize Israel as the state of the Jewish people.

During Nakba demonstrations, Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh has called on Moslems in Gaza to pray for the end of Israel. This coincides with the Hamas charter which calls for Israel&rsquos destruction. Now that Hamas in Gaza and Fatah in the West Bank have reconciled and signed a unity agreement, the new government they form can be expected to follow in the footsteps of Hamas — no recognition of Israel.

In the meantime, over 150 countries throughout the world have recognized and supported the establishment of a Palestinian state. In September, Abbas plans to go before the UN General Assembly, unilaterally declaring statehood, hoping to take future peace negotiations out of the hands of American brokers, and into the hands of international diplomats within the UN, Quartet and EU. If the UN officially recognizes Palestinian statehood this paves the way for direct negotiations between &ldquoPalestine&rdquo and Israel, which would give the Palestinians equal footing, diplomatically, in a land they do not possess, except in their own verbal decrees.

In this kind of environment, Hamas says it will accept, for a limited time only, a Palestinian state on the land beyond the 1967 Green Line. This is spelled out in the Arab Peace Initiative. This would include all of the West Bank (Judea and Samaria). A Hamas-Fatah government would agree to a temporary cessation of violence against Israel. They would also allow Palestinian negotiators to enter into a temporary peace agreement with Israel, until, at which time, the unified government felt Israel was weak enough to go to war against the Jewish state. Then they would look to occupy all of the territory that is currently the Jewish homeland. These are the intentions of both Hamas and Fatah whether clearly stated publicly or not.

This is a plan that Abbas is willing to accept for the Palestinian people, along with solving the so-called Palestinian &ldquorefugee&rdquo problem. Recently, Abbas reiterated that the &ldquorefugees&rdquo must be able to return to their homes in Israel in any negotiated peace settlement.

Over 150 countries throughout the world have recognized and supported the establishment of a Palestinian state.

In 1948, rather than accepting a two-state solution, the Arab world went to war against Israel. They told Israeli Arabs to flee Palestine, and most did. The Arab nations lost that battle, dubbed &ldquoIsrael&rsquos War of Independence&rdquo. Now, the children of that generation want to return to the area. What is the goal of these Palestinians who today live in Lebanon, Jordan, Gaza, the West Bank, and in other parts of the world? They do not want to enjoy the privileges of their own independent state in the West Bank and Gaza. A majority of these &ldquorefugees&rdquo want to use the keys given to them by their ancestors and take over Jewish property in Israel which they continue to claim belongs solely to them. If they do not recognize the state of Israel as the homeland of the Jewish people, then as they lay claim to homes and apartments in the land, would they not be expected to try and expel the Jews?

Currently, Netanyahu is being pressured by the international community to offer more concessions to the Palestinians, through a new diplomatic initiative he is supposed to spell out before Congress and AIPAC, in the coming days. Pressure is mounting, again, from the U.S. Administration as well as Europe, to get Netanyahu and Abbas back to the peace negotiating table no matter what turmoil is going on in the Middle East. Upheaval in Arab countries clashes on Israel&rsquos borders uprisings in the West Bank and Gaza riots on the streets of Israeli neighborhoods demonstrations throughout Israel, the Middle East and the world are, supposedly, all because these two men haven&rsquot achieved peace. This is what many leaders in the global community believe.

The question is, what can Israel offer the Palestinians that would satisfy their appetite when the Palestinians have already declared their intentions? Whether it is step-by-step, accepting the partial plan of Palestinian statehood on part of the land, pushing Israeli communities back to the Green Line or, whether it is the intention of taking the whole land by peace or by war, it is clear what they want. Yet, it is still not clear to the international community what the aspirations are of the Palestinian people.

In fact, American and European diplomats are looking to find a way of accepting a unified Palestinian government even without the stipulation by the Quartet that Israel be recognized by Hamas. Abbas has provided an answer for them. If the international community will accept that the newly formed Hamas-Fatah government will consist of technocrats, and not political leaders, then there won&rsquot be a problem. In other words, because these technocrats would simply be figureheads, not involved in political negotiations with Israel, and not involved in violent force against Israel, this would pave the way for the international community to accept the Palestinian unity government.

All parties would be content except Israel. The Jewish state would know no peace have no defensible borders and the very survival of the country would be at stake.

Independently, Abbas could keep pretending that he wants to negotiate with Israel the international community could take ownership of the peace process and, Hamas could keep launching rockets on Israel&rsquos southern communities. Riots, violent demonstrations, terrorist attacks, and flotilla wars against Israel could continue in the name of &ldquofreedom fighters&rdquo who are just trying to help the Palestinians lay claim to their state. The new Palestinian unity government could distance itself from these more radical elements within their society, who they would claim they have no control over.

This way, all parties would be content except Israel. The Jewish state would know no peace have no defensible borders and the very survival of the country would be at stake.

If today&rsquos Nakba demonstrations are any indication, there is no love lost between Israel, the Palestinians, and neighboring Arab countries. As time goes on, Israel should be distancing itself from a failed process of peace that is only bringing more violence to its borders and within its society. Proving that it has the ability to defend itself when provoked by rage and incitement, Israel must unify as the nation state of the Jewish people and, along with pro-Israel supporters throughout the world, stand strong in the face of growing adversity, worldwide.

&ldquoWhy do the nations rage and the people plot a vain thing?&rdquo Psalm 2:1

Ms. Haves is a news analyst, reporting on political, diplomatic, military and spiritual issues in Israel and the nations.

(c) 2011 Messianic Vision all rights reserved. This article is not reproducible except with permisson from Messianic Vision.

Unless otherwise indicated, Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright ©1979, 1980, 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. Alle regte voorbehou.


Israeli military attacks Nakba Day protests with live fire

Protestor shot in his leg with live ammunition during protest in West Bank village of Kafr Qaddum. (Photo: International Solidarity Movement)

Israeli forces open fire on Nakba protests
NABLUS (AFP) 16 May — Israeli soldiers fired tear gas, rubber and live bullets at Palestinians in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip on Friday, wounding at least 21 people, medics and security sources said. Clashes took place near Ramallah and farther north in Nablus, after a new Israeli cabinet took office and as Palestinians marked 67 years since the Nakba, or “catastrophe,” that befell them when Israel was established in 1948. At a demonstration outside Ofer military prison near the West Bank administrative center of Ramallah, dozens of protesters stoned soldiers who responded with tear gas and rubber bullets, an AFP correspondent said. Medics said seven Palestinians were wounded. In separate clashes in the northern West Bank city of Nablus, rubber bullets and live fire by soldiers wounded at least 10 Palestinians, security sources and witnesses said. The Israeli army confirmed the clashes, but denied that live rounds were fired. More than 1,000 settlers from nearby Jewish settlements were bused into the city to visit Joseph’s Tomb early in the day, and soldiers blocked off roads leading to the pilgrimage site, Palestinian witnesses and security sources said. Palestinians protested, some throwing stones, before clashes with the army erupted …
In Gaza, which is still recovering nine months after last summer’s devastating war between Israel and de facto rulers Hamas, Israeli troops on the border fired live rounds at Nakba Day protesters, wounding four, the enclave’s interior ministry medical spokesperson said. Three demonstrators were hit at a demonstration staged by dozens of people near the border fence east of Gaza City, and a fourth was shot at a similar protest near Khan Younis in the south, Ashraf al-Qudra said. The Israeli army said it had fired at the “lower extremities” of five people who approached the border fence, after warning them not to come any closer. Under Israel’s blockade of the coastal territory, Gaza residents are not allowed within 100 meters (yards) of the border fence on foot, or 300 meters in a vehicle. Israeli soldiers often fire at Palestinians who come closer. The protests were significantly smaller than the main demonstration in Gaza City, which was attended by 2,000 people, an AFP correspondent said.
http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765441

Hundreds of unarmed demonstrators confront live fire at Kafr Qaddum on Nakba Day
[with photos] KAFR QADDUM, Occupied Palestine (ISM, Huwarra Team) 15 May — Today (Friday, 15th of May), during the Nakba day demonstration in Kafr Qaddum, four young men were shot with live ammunition in their legs. One of the men got a serious bone fracture. Apart from the live ammunition being shot from all directions, Israeli forces fired several rounds of rubber coated steel bullets, tear gas and stun grenades. Throughout the protest, the Israeli military forces used a skunk truck to force the demonstrators back from reaching the closed road closed since 2002 due to the building of the settlement Kedumim. ISMers in the demonstration saw houses and gardens being sprayed, and a boy as young as four crying, covered in the noxious chemical skunk ‘water’. Before the prayer had started, which end usually marks the beginning of the demonstration, soldiers attacked the gathered crowd with the chemical-laced water from the skunk truck. About 200 protesters marched up towards the closed road and were chanting words of freedom. 67 years later, the Nakba is still going on.
http://palsolidarity.org/2015/05/hundreds-of-unarmed-demonstrators-confront-live-fire-at-kafr-qaddum-on-nakba-day/

Israeli forces suppress Bil‘in weekly march on Nakba Day
RAMALLAH (Ma‘an) 16 May — Dozens of activists suffered from excessive tear gas inhalation as Israeli forces violently dispersed participants in the Bil‘in weekly march, as at least 21 people were injured across the West Bank and Gaza Strip Friday. Palestinian, Israeli, and international activists participated in the march which started from the center of the village, raising Palestinian flags and signs marking the anniversary of the Nakba. Palestinians across the world commemorate the Nakba every year on May 15, this year marking 67 years since an estimated 760,000 Palestinians fled or were expelled from their homes in during the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. Last year Israeli forces shot and killed two unarmed Palestinian teenagers during a rally marking the 66th anniversary of the Nakba outside of the Ofer detention center near Ramallah.
For Palestinians living within Israel, commemoration of the Nakba also comes at a price. The 2011 “Nakba Law,” Amendment No. 40 to the Israeli Budgets Foundations Law, authorizes the Finance Minister to reduce state funding to an institution if it holds an activity commemorating “Israel’s Independence Day or the day on which the state was established as a day of mourning,” according to Israeli legal center Adalah. The center argues the law “causes major harm to the principle of equality and the rights of Arab citizens to preserve their history and culture. The law deprives Arab citizens of their right to commemorate the Nabka, an integral part of their history.”
http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765442

Violence / Raids / Clashes / Suppression of protests / Arrests

Israeli forces shoot 3 children, detain 6 near Ramallah
RAMALLAH (Ma‘an) 14 May — Israeli forces injured three Palestinian children with live fire during severe clashes that erupted between soldiers and school students in the Jabal al-Tawil neighborhood of al-Bireh in the occupied West Bank Thursday, witnesses said. The injured children were taken to a hospital for treatment, while Israeli forces detained six Palestinian children, all under 10 years of age, and took them to the nearby Psagot settlement, locals told Ma‘an. Israeli forces had reportedly set up an ambush for the students prior to the clashes, locals added … Palestinian children routinely come under live fire and excessive force from Israeli forces, according to children’s rights group Defense for Children International- Palestine.Israeli forces shot and injured at least 30 children across the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem since the beginning of this year as of March 24, 2015, DCIP reported. While Israeli military regulation permits the use of live ammunition when a direct mortal threat exists, the DCIP found no evidence that any of the children injured in 2015 thus far posed such a threat to Israeli forces or settlers.
http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765415

Palestinian youth injured during clashes in Bethlehem
BETHLEHEM (Ma‘an) 14 May — A Palestinian youth was injured with a rubber-coated steel bullet during clashes with Israeli soldiers at the northern entrance of Bethlehem op Thursday. Medical sources said that a youth was injured in the leg by Israeli soldiers before he was detained and taken to an unidentified location during clashes in the Rachel Tomb’s area in Bethlehem. Violent clashes erupted between youths and Israeli soldiers near the northern entrance of Bethlehem as youths threw rocks and Molotov cocktails at an Israeli military tower. Israeli soldiers responded with live fire, rubber-coated steel bullets and tear gas … The incident came ahead of Nakba Day, when Palestinians commemorate the exodus of hundreds of thousands of people who fled or were expelled from their homes during Israel’s creation.
http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765418

Dozens injured in Silwad and Beitunia, near Ramallah
IMEMC/Agencies 16 May — Israeli soldiers invaded, on Friday afternoon, Silwad and Betunia towns, near the central West Bank city of Ramallah, and attacked dozens of Palestinians marking the Nakba Day. The Palestine TV has reported that several military vehicles invaded the southern area of Silwad town, and clashed with dozens of local youths. The soldiers fired dozens of gas bombs, concussion grenades, rubber-coated metal bullets, and several rounds of live ammunition. Medical sources said ten Palestinians suffered the effects of tear gas inhalation, and received treatment by local medics. During the clashes, a number of youths hurled Molotov cocktails on the invading soldiers, while the army also fired the “Tutu” live ammunition on the protestors. The Tutu live rounds cause larger bodily harm, and were outlawed by an Israeli court in 2001, but the army continues to use them. Israeli sources said a number of soldiers were mildly injured during the clashes with local youths in the town, while a few soldiers received treatment for the effects of tear gas inhalation, after the protesters managed to throw back some of the gas bombs fired at them.
In addition, clashes took place in Betunia nearby town, after the soldiers invaded it, and attacked local protesters marking the Nakba, and marking the first anniversary of the deaths of Nadim Nuwwara en Mohammad Abu Thaher, who were killed by Israeli army fire on May 15 2014. The soldiers fired dozens of gas bombs, in addition to rubber-coated metal bullets and live rounds, while local youths hurled stones and empty bottles on the soldiers several Palestinians suffered the effects of tear gas inhalation.
http://www.imemc.org/article/71607

Israeli forces chase 5-year-old with skunk water
QALQILIYA (Ma‘an) 16 May — Amateur photographer Ahmad Nazzal captured Israeli forces spraying “Skunk” water at a Palestinian child during the Kafr Qaddum weekly march in the occupied West Bank on Friday. Five-year-old Muhammad Riyad appears standing in front of Israeli forces wearing a Palestinian keffiyeh before the forces began chasing him with Skunk water, the boy eventually falling to the ground. The foul-smelling liquid has been used by the Israeli military as a form of non-lethal crowd control since at least 2008 and can leave individuals and homes smelling like feces and garbage for weeks. Skunk water was developed by Israeli company Odortec Ltd. in conjunction with the Israel Police and is generally sprayed from specially designed trucks up to a range of 30-40 meters, according to Israeli human rights organization B’Tselem. An Israeli army spokesperson has reported that Skunk contains “organic material and has been approved for use by the Israeli Ministry of the Environment and the Chief IDF Medical Officer,” however exact contents of the rancid liquid have been contested, B’Tselem says. The rights group documented regular use of Skunk water by Israeli forces, and has accused the forces of using the substance as collective punishment, citing instances of Israeli security forces driving Skunk trucks down the streets of villages known for active demonstrations while spraying the substance into residents’ homes.
http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765453

VIDEO: Security camera captures Gush Etzion vehicular attack
Ynet 15 May by Itay Blumenthal, Yoav Zitun — Security footage [10 seconds] from the scene of the vehicular attack outside Alon Shvut on Thursday, which left four people wounded, shows the terrorist driving his car at high speed and ramming into two of the victims. After hitting the pedestrians who were waiting at a bus stop outside the Gush Etzion settlement, the car is seen speeding away … The IDF set up roadblocks and searched for the perpetrators in the Halhul area and in villages north of Hebron. Kfir Brigade troops arrested the suspected driver minutes after the attack. The Shin Bet said Thursday evening it arrested the suspected driver, 22-year-old Muhammad al-Rafahiya from Hebron, who was released a year ago from Israeli prison after serving time for offenses of rock-throwing and carrying of cold weapons.In his initial interrogation, al-Rafahiya admitted to committing the attack and said he was operating to hurt Israelis out of nationalistic motives. The Shin Bet said they were looking into the possibility that “incitement online and on Facebook cause him to commit the attack, similar to previous lone attackers.” At around 1:15 pm, a black vehicle drove at high speed heading east on a road outside Alon Shvut and then veered sideways onto a hitchhiking station, hitting a group of people waiting for the bus.
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4657675,00.html

Israeli settlers throw stones at Palestinian vehicles near Nablus
NABLUS (Ma‘an) 14 May — Israeli settlers on Thursday pelted Palestinian cars with stones on a main road near the illegal Yitzhar settlement in Nablus, a Palestinian official said. Ghassan Daghlas, who monitors settlement activity in the northern West Bank, told Ma‘an that dozens of settlers threw stones at vehicles, while others set fire to land in the village of Burin south of Nablus. Israeli forces closed the Huwwara checkpoint both ways following the incidents. In 2014, there were 324 incidents of settler violence against Palestinians in the occupied West Bank, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765416

UPDATE: Israel detains 14 Palestinians in West Bank, youth in Jerusalem
RAMALLAH (WAFA) 14 May – Israeli forces detained overnight [Wed-Thu] 14 Palestinians, including four between the ages of 16 and 19, from various West Bank districts, in addition to a youth in Jerusalem, said Palestine Prisoner’s Club (PPC). PPC said that Israeli forces raided Nablus city, where they proceeded to detain three Palestinians after breaking into and ransacking their homes. The detainees were identified as Jehad ‘Akkah, Ahmad al-Faqih and Naser al-Khatib. Forces also stormed the Tubas village of Wadi al-Far‘ah and detained three Palestinians after breaking into their homes. They were identified as Bashar Barahma, Fares Salahat and Muhammad Janajra. Meanwhile in Bethlehem district, forces stormed al-Khader town to the south of the city, where they detained two Palestinians identified as Tareq Jahalin, 19, and Zeyad ‘Issa, 16. Forces also arrested 16-year-old Khalil Salah after appearing at the Israeli intelligence in Gush Etzion settlement bloc. Forces further summoned Fadi Adawin, 32, from al-‘Izza refugee camp to the south of Bethlehem to appear for interrogation before the Israeli intelligence at Gush Etzion settlement bloc. In the meantime in Hebron district, forces detained two Palestinians, including one from Deir Samet town. One of the two detainees was identified as Muhammad Abu Hamad, 18. In Ramallah district, forces raided Beitello village, where they detained three Palestinians after storming their homes. The detainees were identified as Wasfi Bazzar, Basil Darwish, and Mahdi Rayyan. Meanwhile, Israeli police arrested a Palestinian youth near one of al-Aqsa mosque’s gates. He was led to a police station in Jerusalem.
http://english.wafa.ps/index.php?action=detail&id=28501

Israel detains 52 Palestinian workers overnight
BETHLEHEM (Ma‘an) 15 May — Israeli forces detained 52 Palestinian workers overnight Friday near the Modin settlement west of Ramallah as they were heading to work in Israel without permits. Israeli media reported that an Israeli police unit and border guards searched a commercial vehicle normally used for carrying goods on its way to central Israel from Latrun road after the deemed it suspicious. The police found and arrested 26 Palestinian workers without working permits hiding inside of the vehicle after a spare tire fell from the vehicle, forcing the driver to pull over. Later, another vehicle of the same type came under suspicion, and Israeli police found another 26 workers the driver fled the scene when the police stopped the car. According to Israeli human rights group B’Tselem, tens of thousands of Palestinian workers are forced to seek a living by working in Israel as the growth of an independent Palestinian economy has been stifled in the West Bank under the ongoing Israeli military occupation.
http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765432

Gaza officials: 70 hurt as Israel ordnance explodes
GAZA CITY (Ma‘an) 14 May — Dozens of Palestinians were injured in a large explosion in the northern Gaza Strip on Thursday, witnesses and medics said. Medical sources said at least 70 Palestinians were injured. Fifteen of those were taken to al-Shifa hospital for treatment as a result of the explosion. The Palestinian ministry of interior said the explosion happened during the dismantling of an unexploded F16 rocket left by the Israeli army. Ambulances rushed toward the scene of the blast in the al-Atatra neighborhood of Gaza City, with black smoke plumes visible from a distance. Locals reported that the blast caused an electricity blackout in the area.
http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765419

Mainstream media version:
50 hurt in blast at Gaza terror training camp
AFP 14 May — At least 50 Palestinians were wounded in a blast that occurred Thursday inside a terror training camp in Gaza, Hamas officials, medics and witnesses said. “An explosion happened inside a post of the resistance in Beit Lahiya,” said interior ministry spokesman Iyad al-Bozum, in reference to the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas. The Health Ministry spokesman in Gaza, Ashraf al-Qudra, said the blast wounded 50 people, five of them in a serious condition, and including children. Witnesses said the blast took place inside a training camp of the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades in the northern Gaza Strip, where Hamas is the de facto power. A doctor in the coastal enclave, Baker Abu Safia of Al-Awda Hospital, said 30 wounded people were brought to his establishment, most of them women and children. He said the hospital “declared a state of emergency” after the explosion took place. Islamist terror group Hamas, which rules Gaza, is committed to the destruction of Israel.
http://www.timesofisrael.com/50-hurt-in-blast-at-gaza-terror-training-camp/

3 Palestinians in Gaza shot, injured in Nakba Day protest
GAZA CITY (Ma‘an) 15 May — Three Palestinians were injured by live fire during a Nakba Day demonstration in the Gaza Strip on Friday, witnesses said. Locals told Ma’an that Israeli soldiers opened fire on peaceful demonstrators east of Gaza City, hitting three men in the legs. Dozens of Palestinians were taking part in the march to commemorate the 67th anniversary of the mass displacement of Palestinians during Israel’s creation.
http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765431

Soldiers open fire on farmers and fishers in Gaza
IMEMC/Agencies 16 May — Israeli soldiers opened fire, on Saturday morning, on Palestinian farmers in their own lands, east of the al-Maghazi refugee camp, in central Gaza, while navy ships opened fire on fishing boats in southern Gaza. Media sources said several soldiers and armored military vehicles advanced close to the border fence, and fired rounds of live ammunition on the farmers, and on a number of Palestinian shepherds. The attack did not lead to casualties, but the residents had to leave the area fearing addition Israeli fire, and escalation.
In addition, Israeli navy ships fired dozens of live rounds targeting a number of Palestinian fishing boats in Gaza waters, close to the Khan Younis shore, in the southern part of the coastal region. The attack caused property damage but no injuries the fishers sailed back to shore to avoid further navy fire.
http://www.imemc.org/article/71608

Gaza-bound Freedom Flotilla III banned by Israel
World Bulletin 14 May — Israel will not allow unauthorized boats to enter its territorial waters, a Foreign Ministry spokesman said Monday as a trawler left Sweden Sunday intending to break the legal naval blockade of Gaza, the Jerusalem Post reported. A Swedish boat, named Marianne of Gothenburg, announced it set off from Sweden, to take part in the flotilla, several days ago. The boat is named after Marianne Skoog, a veteran member of the Swedish Palestine Solidarity movement, who died in May 2014. Foreign Ministry spokesman Emmanuel Nachshon described the action as “unnecessary provocation”. He added: “If the so-called helpful Gaza flotillas were really interested in the welfare of the population in Gaza, they would send their aid via Israel.” … The Ship to Gaza organization is calling for an immediate end to the naval blockade of Gaza opening of the Gaza Port and secure passage for Palestinians between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In 2010, Israeli commandos attacked the Freedom Flotilla II when it entered Gaza’s territorial waters, killing ten people on board.
http://www.worldbulletin.net/news/159171/gaza-bound-freedom-flotilla-iii-banned-by-israel

[with VIDEO] Even in Gaza, you can’t have a film festival without a red carpet
+972 Blog 14 May by Avi Blecherman — The human rights film festival sends a message that Gaza is not just a strip of flattened homes, poverty and militants, as the media tends to portray it, says one of the organizers. ‘The people of Gaza are human beings, who love life, who seek peace, and who want to go to the movies, to live normal lives.’ — While Israeli entertainment reporters have been busy covering the DocAviv documentary film festival in Tel Aviv in recent days, nearby, another rather exceptional film festival came to a close Thursday evening in the Shujaiyeh neighborhood of Gaza City — a festival dedicated entirely to films about human rights … I spoke with festival organizer Saud Aburamadan, a veteran journalist and resident of Gaza on Thursday … The image of the red carpet with destroyed homes on both sides is spine-tingling. Who walked down it? Well, you can’t have a film festival without a red carpet. We took that symbol and made it work for the our reality here in Gaza. For us, red is first and foremost the the color of so much blood that was spilled here this summer. The blood of women, men and children. There was a family in Shujaiyeh, the al-Hilu family, which lost 11 people in a bombing, most of them women and children. Usually the people walking down the red carpet at a film festival are VIPs. Here, we laid down the 70-meter red carpet on one of the main roads that leads to where we screened the films, a road that has nothing but destroyed homes. We invited all of the residents to walk down the red carpet to the premiere. It was our way of saying that each and every one of them is important.
http://972mag.com/even-in-gaza-you-cant-have-a-film-festival-without-a-red-carpet/106723/

Gazans scavenge for food, recyclables
GAZA CITY (Al-Monitor) 13 May by Rasha Abou Jalal — In light of the dire economic conditions generated by the Israeli siege, Gazans search for food to eat and recyclables to sell — At sunrise, Wael Naim starts his arduous task of sifting through piles of waste in Gaza City, looking for anything that can be recycled. His efforts are a major source of support for his five-member family. Naim, 14, who is the oldest child in his family, told Al-Monitor, “My father used to work in contracting, but he stopped working more than half a year ago due to the recent Israeli war on Gaza, which destroyed the concrete factory that he used to work in. Israel also restricted the entry of cement into Gaza. So now I have a responsibility and look for [ways to make a living].” He said that he searches the piles of garbage for anything that he can sell, such as plastic, copper and iron, to factories and blacksmiths that recycle them into products such as water drums, as well as nuts and bolts made of copper and iron, which are used as machine spare parts. “I stop work at sunset and make about 20 Israeli shekels (about $5) a day, which I give in full to my father. He buys cheap bread and food for my family, as this amount doesn’t even buy half a kilogram [1 pound] of meat,” Naim added.
http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/05/gaza-garbage-economic-situation-israel-siege-contraband.html

Pregnant Gaza woman blocked from joining husband in Australia
EI 15 May by Patrick O. Strickland — Mohammed Suliman does not know if he will be able to attend the birth of his first child. His wife Layla has been blocked from leaving Gaza to join him in the Australian city of Adelaide. Their baby is due in August. “We are racing against the clock,” Mohammed said this week, adding that he is focused on trying to get Layla out of Gaza. “So far there has been no progress, so I’m very worried,” he added. “Once she becomes seven months pregnant, she won’t be able to travel.” Mohammed left Gaza through the Erez crossing between Gaza and present-day Israel in late March. Despite having an Australian visa and having paid national health insurance in Australia, Layla was denied exit by the Israeli authorities. Granted a full scholarship to a PhD program in Adelaide University, Mohammed was a couple of months late for his classes by the time he arrived. He had made numerous attempts to leave Gaza before eventually succeeding in doing so. Tight restrictions have been placed by Israel on the number of Palestinians passing through Erez. The Rafah crossing that separates Gaza from Egypt has been completely closed — with some rare exceptions — since the last week of October 2014.
http://electronicintifada.net/content/pregnant-gaza-woman-blocked-joining-husband-australia/14525

Bill introduced to Knesset to cancel 2005 disengagement from Gaza
JP Updates 14 May by Eliyahu Berkowitz — The last elections brought many surprises, so it should be anticipated that even more surprises are in store. MK Betsalel Smotrich (Bayit Yehudi/Tkuma) presented a new bill to cancel the disengagement law that led to Israel’s withdrawal from Gush Katif, Gaza, in 2005. The bill was submitted to the Knesset Secretariat but wasn’t discussed even in a preliminary reading. It would cancel the laws pertaining to the disengagement which prohibit the entry and stay in the areas evacuated under the program, and the elimination of the rights of those who lived in them. The sections dealing with compensation and rehabilitation of deportees will be left standing. “Today it is clear to all that the expulsion from Gush Katif and northern Samaria was a foolish mortal blow to Zionism and the settlement, and brought about the Hamas takeover of the Gaza Strip and the difficult security situation,” said Smotrich. “It’s time to fix it, and not just through words”.
http://jpupdates.com/2015/05/14/bill-presented-in-knesset-to-cancel-2005-disengagement-from-gaza/

Ongoing land, property theft & destruction / Ethnic cleansing / Memories of the Nakba / Discrimination


Objections to commemoration

Shlomo Avineri has criticised observance of Nakba Day on the grounds that a more important issue is the failure to solidify a stronger national movement for Palestinian citizens as a foundation for nation-building. ⎦] ⎧] Arab citizens of Israel have also been admonished for observing Nakba Day in light of their higher standard of living when compared to that of Palestinians who reside outside of Israel. ⎨ ]

On 23 March 2011, the Knesset approved, by a vote of 37 to 25, ⎩] a change to the budget, giving the Israeli finance minister the discretion to reduce government funding to any non-governmental organization (NGO) that commemorates the Palestinian Nakba instead of the Israeli Day of Independence. ⎪] ⎫] A previous form of the bill, which first came under consideration by the Knesset in July 2001 and again in 2006, established the commemoration of the Nakba Day as a criminal offense, subject to 1-year imprisonment and/or a fine of NIS10,000 (∼$2,500). Palestinians argue that the bill imposes restrictions on freedom of speech and expression, curtails equality, and applies conditions that suppress the national consciousness and historical narrative of the Palestinian people. ⎬]